University as a Bridge from Technology to Society. IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (Cat. No.00CH37043)

8-8 Sept. 2000

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  • University as a Bridge from Technology to Society. IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (Cat. No.00CH37043)

    Publication Year: 2000
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s): 0_2
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Systems analysis as interactive construction: how to distinguish between reliable results and nonsense?

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):151 - 156
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (620 KB)

    The quality assurance of integrative and interdisciplinary research raises specific problems. It is shown that results of systems analysis-being considered as a tool for integrative research in technology assessment-depend on a manifold of preempirical decisions which are made due to ethically, politically or socially relevant criteria. This fact leads to the necessity for interactivity in designi... View full abstract»

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  • Scientific, medical and industrial issues in breast and ovarian cancer genes research

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):91 - 99
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    This paper explores the strategies used by researchers in the study of breast and ovarian cancer genes. Researchers are confronted with a variety of important issues. First, they vie for financial support and recognition both inside and outside their scientific community. Second, they must deal with industry, whose interest lies in the development of potential tests and therapies. Third, they are ... View full abstract»

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  • DVB/Internet interoperability and new possibilities in distance learning

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):207 - 212
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    Presents a Web-based personalized learning assistant (PLA) developed as a prototype of a distance learning application, which uses a multi-purpose multimedia storage device to store a huge amount of multimedia data locally. The storage device is an advanced digital VCR or set-top box (STB) which is also a gateway to the Internet. Because of this, it enables DVB/Internet interoperability, which off... View full abstract»

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  • The university as a bridge between technology and society-in the Indian context

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):147 - 150
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    The concept of Humanism is for the better and peaceful living of the human being. Scientific advancement and technological means would give a better living condition in the changing world. For this, an organised institutional setup is needed. The universities in the new millennium must take the task of channelising the institutions appropriately, to make the people realise the qualitative fruit of... View full abstract»

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  • Implication of new technologies in deafness healthcare: deafness rehabilitation using prospective design of hearing aid systems

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):85 - 90
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (552 KB)

    We consider how new technologies could be used, particularly in deafness healthcare. This concerns recent designs of hearing aid systems dedicated to restoring hearing, at least partially. In general, the apparatus could be in two basic forms: a conventional hearing aid dedicated to restore hearing loss that is not severs, and cochlear prostheses dedicated to restoring total or profound hearing lo... View full abstract»

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  • A normative approach to technology transfer for information and communication technologies: universities and communities from the ivory tower to the grass roots

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):79 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (364 KB)

    As we enter the 21st century, many universities are rethinking their roles and responsibilities with respect to technology transfer. For our purposes, technology transfer means enabling end-users to take effective advantage of advances in technology. Because technology, especially information and communication technologies (ICTs), are developing at an ever-increasing pace and universities are know... View full abstract»

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  • Technological visions for social change - information technology, telework, and the integration of disabled persons

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):263 - 268
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (556 KB)

    Visions involving technology has become common at all levels in society, from governmental plans to individual dreams of self-realisation. The visions especially flourish around new technology like information technology, and the technology is seen as a solution to various sorts of non-technical problems. The paper studies the role technology plays in social visions. It focuses on visions around i... View full abstract»

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  • Science and technology: exploring the new bureaucratic culture

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):115 - 120
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    The aim of this paper is to discuss the intersection of science, knowledge, informatics and technocratic specialization with power. What has been done in the last century was the division between the scientific-technological progress and the ethical progress. The responsibility does not belong to science, but to the political discourse. We often pretend not to see the fact that the technological s... View full abstract»

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  • A critique of the U.S. Genetic Privacy Act

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):279 - 280
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (168 KB)

    The paper critiques and revises the US Genetic Privacy Act that proposes Federal legislation to “protect the genetic privacy of individuals”. The Act safeguards the privacy of an individual from whom genetic information is gathered (the sample source), but fails to protect the privacy of others genetically related to the sample source. E.g., the Act does not prevent a sample source fro... View full abstract»

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  • Investigating the OS&H culture of Greek workers from a gender point of view

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):143 - 145
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    The main purpose of the study was to assess the level of worker's awareness of OS&H work conditions. The methodology was based on a structured questionnaire, delivered by the researchers in association with trade union representatives in the workplaces. Women's response to the questionnaire and the content of their answers are quite different from those of their male colleagues, indicating tha... View full abstract»

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  • The place of focal engineering in university education

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):67 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The engineering enterprise is considered as a contextualized phenomenon. Three layers of context are pointed out. The immediate context is the realm of technological systems. These are embedded in the realm of systems in general. And systems are constructs arising out of the real world. On one hand, the contextualization of the engineering enterprise by socially constituted decisions coming from t... View full abstract»

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  • Reflections upon teaching and communicating science in the new millennium

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):41 - 46
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    The authors present a short account of the principal ideas underlying the much-sought reorganisation and re-structuring of traditional university courses in the area of electrical engineering. Critical issues are examined and a set of clarifying methodological principles is proposed. This is, in fact, a so to speak zeroth order treatment: it is more a problem definition, a bunch of puzzling questi... View full abstract»

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  • A decision support system for holistic technology assessment

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):269 - 274
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (468 KB)

    The objective of our decision support system is to provide its users with an independent, objective and credible assessment of both mature and emerging technologies, taking into account aggregated technical, economic, social, strategic, and environmental criteria. It is well known that such holistic technology assessment is a process rather than a set of techniques, and involves consultation and i... View full abstract»

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  • The value of objectivity and objectivity as a value

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):177 - 181
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    This paper is an exploration of the issue of scientific objectivity and its relationship to social values. Though scientists from quite different political positions have pursued methodological objectivity science and its emergent technology, shapes and is shaped by external factors. However I do not argue for a form of social constructivism here, but rather that science is socially indispensable,... View full abstract»

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  • Improving the bridge: making engineering education broader and longer

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):7 - 12
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    In response to the need to prepare engineers to be aware of and sensitive to the cultural, political, and social aspects of their work, McMaster University began a five-year Engineering and Society Programme in 1991. The complete technical education in a selected engineering discipline is supplemented with a set of seven courses which examine the complex interactions between technology and society... View full abstract»

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  • Controversy about possible health effects of mobile telephones and regulation of radiofrequency exposure

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):257 - 260
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    The article reviews recent scientific evidence related to possible links between brain cancer and use of mobile phones. It goes on to outline different open questions that the issue raises, pertinent to regulating health risks from new technologies View full abstract»

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  • Social impact method of energy analysis: improvements and results

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):235 - 244
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (732 KB)

    SIMEA (Social Impact Method of Energy Analysis) is a new methodology to evaluate the environmental impact of energy systems. The SIMEA approach is based on “enlarged environment” definition, considering not only the natural environment but also the “human environment”, including the economic structure, social organisation, cultural and historical aspects of the site. The ai... View full abstract»

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  • Antipersonnel mine detection on infrared images

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):109 - 113
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Detection and clearance of buried mines is a big problem with lots of humanitarian, environmental and economic implications. Classic techniques, such as metal detectors, are not suitable for detecting mines with low or null metal content. In this work we propose a novel method based on the analysis of the different thermodynamic behaviour of the mines and the soil using a sequence of infrared imag... View full abstract»

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  • Wireless: from Marconi to McCaw

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):197 - 200
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    Looks at the new technological miracle known as cellular radio, PCS (personal communication services) or wireless communication. There may be some distinctions in the definition of each of the three, so for my purpose, I just call the subject “wireless”. The author traces the history of the subject, from Guglielmo Marconi (who, although his early experiments were restricted to sending ... View full abstract»

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  • Utilizing the new media to provide mental health services to young people

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):137 - 142
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (660 KB)

    This paper reports on a project on a mental health service offered on the Web for young people, who have drug problems, especially with ecstasy. The service is offered by the Medical University of Luebeck and was developed in interdisciplinary co-operation between medicine, computer science and design. The focus of the project was on meeting user-specific needs: providing information and help for ... View full abstract»

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  • Promoting Internet literacy in isolated communities: a teaching experiment on information society at the University of the Aegean

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):63 - 66
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (300 KB)

    Communicating science and technology (S&T) to the public has been revolutionised by the emergence of Internet. Since the early 1970s computer literacy has occupied the agenda of awareness actions addressed to the general public through the use of traditional channels of communication. Since 1994 ICT or rather Internet literacy has been at the center of concerns due to the exponential growth of... View full abstract»

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  • An exploratory study on business-to-consumer electronic commerce in China

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):229 - 233
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (400 KB)

    International businesses have utilized the Internet with innovative strategies to expand their market and customer bases. Electronic commerce (e-commerce) is profoundly impacting and changing how business is conducted. It presents enormous opportunities for businesses and consumers throughout the world. While business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce has become an important issue with the rapid growth... View full abstract»

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  • On complexity and interdisciplinarity: or how to bridge disciplinary cultures

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):35 - 40
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    The paper argues that the analysis of complex real systems requires two simultaneous strategies: progressive composition of factors and disciplinary interactions. Interdisciplinary curricula should be developed in the universities in order to promote creative “associations d'idees” to deal with complex situations View full abstract»

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