By Topic

University as a Bridge from Technology to Society. IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (Cat. No.00CH37043)

8-8 Sept. 2000

Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 57
  • University as a Bridge from Technology to Society. IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (Cat. No.00CH37043)

    Publication Year: 2000
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (265 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s): 0_2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (73 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • New technologies in humanitarian demining operations

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):101 - 105
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (480 KB)

    Widely spread local war conflicts all over the world often involving non-regular (partisan) military units have resulted in intensive use of various types of mine. Mines are installed both in the soil and on its surface and represent a material threat to the peaceful population for a long period after the conflict has been terminated. New technologies and devices are needed to resolve tasks in hum... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Scientific, medical and industrial issues in breast and ovarian cancer genes research

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):91 - 99
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (772 KB)

    This paper explores the strategies used by researchers in the study of breast and ovarian cancer genes. Researchers are confronted with a variety of important issues. First, they vie for financial support and recognition both inside and outside their scientific community. Second, they must deal with industry, whose interest lies in the development of potential tests and therapies. Third, they are ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Implication of new technologies in deafness healthcare: deafness rehabilitation using prospective design of hearing aid systems

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):85 - 90
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB)

    We consider how new technologies could be used, particularly in deafness healthcare. This concerns recent designs of hearing aid systems dedicated to restoring hearing, at least partially. In general, the apparatus could be in two basic forms: a conventional hearing aid dedicated to restore hearing loss that is not severs, and cochlear prostheses dedicated to restoring total or profound hearing lo... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Investigating the OS&H culture of Greek workers from a gender point of view

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):143 - 145
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (272 KB)

    The main purpose of the study was to assess the level of worker's awareness of OS&H work conditions. The methodology was based on a structured questionnaire, delivered by the researchers in association with trade union representatives in the workplaces. Women's response to the questionnaire and the content of their answers are quite different from those of their male colleagues, indicating tha... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A bridge over troubled water. The difficult crossing from academia to the `real world' of industry

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):193 - 195
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (144 KB)

    Addresses the integration of junior scientists and technologists in industry and briefly reports some of the findings of a major survey conducted in Portugal among doctoral students and newly graduated PhDs. This paper examines career prospects and assesses the extent to which postgraduates are receptive to a job in industry. The findings show that postgraduates generally feel they are over-qualif... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The French School's contribution to technological systemics applied to Internet considered as a technological system and a technological object

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):23 - 28
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (540 KB)

    This communication is centred on a presentation of what has been called the French School of technological systemics (systemique), based on contributions from Bertrand Gille and Gilbert Simondon. This approach will be considered as a complementary alternative to the Anglo-Saxon analysis of technological change mainly represented by Thomas P. Hughes. Secondly, a communication aiming at providing a ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A normative approach to technology transfer for information and communication technologies: universities and communities from the ivory tower to the grass roots

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):79 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (364 KB)

    As we enter the 21st century, many universities are rethinking their roles and responsibilities with respect to technology transfer. For our purposes, technology transfer means enabling end-users to take effective advantage of advances in technology. Because technology, especially information and communication technologies (ICTs), are developing at an ever-increasing pace and universities are know... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Utilizing the new media to provide mental health services to young people

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):137 - 142
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (660 KB)

    This paper reports on a project on a mental health service offered on the Web for young people, who have drug problems, especially with ecstasy. The service is offered by the Medical University of Luebeck and was developed in interdisciplinary co-operation between medicine, computer science and design. The focus of the project was on meeting user-specific needs: providing information and help for ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The role of the university in bridging the communication gap between science and technology and society

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):19 - 22
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (340 KB)

    Research and education are keywords for the general universities. Fundamental research at the cutting edge forms the indispensable basis for technological progress. Only a small portion of the scientific results leads to technological innovations that finally reach society and the market. Before arriving at that stage, communication with the public should commence in order to explore the acceptabi... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • AT&T in early broadcasting

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):293 - 296
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (420 KB)

    According to Harry Newton's dictionary (H. Newton, 1991), radio is the “science of communicating over a distance by converting sounds or signals to electromagnetic waves and radiating them through the air or through space”. Does that process seem familiar? A basic definition of telephone transmission could be the same except that telephone signals were originally sent over wire. The di... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Is technology masculine? Theorising the absence of women

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):121 - 126
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (488 KB)

    Why are women under-represented in engineering and other technological and scientific careers? Is technology masculine? If so, in which ways is it masculine? Is it possible to have `gender-neutral' technology? This paper explores feminist theories of the gender-technology relation in order to answer these and other questions View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The place of focal engineering in university education

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):67 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (828 KB)

    The engineering enterprise is considered as a contextualized phenomenon. Three layers of context are pointed out. The immediate context is the realm of technological systems. These are embedded in the realm of systems in general. And systems are constructs arising out of the real world. On one hand, the contextualization of the engineering enterprise by socially constituted decisions coming from t... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The value of objectivity and objectivity as a value

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):177 - 181
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (396 KB)

    This paper is an exploration of the issue of scientific objectivity and its relationship to social values. Though scientists from quite different political positions have pursued methodological objectivity science and its emergent technology, shapes and is shaped by external factors. However I do not argue for a form of social constructivism here, but rather that science is socially indispensable,... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The breakdown of a theory and the efforts to describe nature

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):47 - 50
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (372 KB)

    Quantum theory and the general theory of relativity are the two celebrated discoveries of the twentieth century. The theory of gravity breaks down at Big Bang-the possible starting phase of the universe. Quantum theory is able to work in lower regimes of dimensions. If the predictions of quantum theory are correct, then it could provide a complete description of nature. Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen par... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Internet marketing, consumer surveillance and personal privacy: social exchange or panoptic control?

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):275 - 278
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB)

    The purpose of the paper is to address the tension between Internet marketers' routine collection and use of personal information, and consumer privacy concerns. Specifically, the paper identifies two contrasting perspectives into consumer surveillance associated with Internet marketing mechanisms and privacy concerns: the social exchange approach and the panoptic control approach. Following the b... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Wireless: from Marconi to McCaw

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):197 - 200
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (332 KB)

    Looks at the new technological miracle known as cellular radio, PCS (personal communication services) or wireless communication. There may be some distinctions in the definition of each of the three, so for my purpose, I just call the subject “wireless”. The author traces the history of the subject, from Guglielmo Marconi (who, although his early experiments were restricted to sending ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Theories of technology and the making of public policy-taking local action in a global information society

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):297 - 302
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB)

    Case studies of community informatics in North West England are used to assess the capacity of theories from the social studies of technology to inform public policy making. Our findings prompt us to look at models which link local action with global developments View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • GSM front-end to forest fire detection

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):133 - 136
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (300 KB)

    Nowadays, University is one of the places where is possible to link the competitive business world and the challenges that society are concerned with. In this paper, a concrete example is proposed in order to show how technology can be used to look for solutions to environmental society concerns. University should not only deal with theoretical research, it must develop real-world products to fulf... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Ethics and engineering design: special session “towards a research program in engineering ethics”

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):187 - 192
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (600 KB)

    This paper aims at contributing to a research agenda in engineering ethics by exploring the ethical aspects of engineering design processes. It is argued that technological development and engineering design are not ethically neutral activities. Different ethically relevant topics with respect to design process are identified. These topics could be a subject for further research in the field of en... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The impact of the individual in IT standardisation

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):217 - 222
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    This paper contributes to a better understanding of how standards actually emerge, by having a closer look at what is going on inside standards-setting committees. It discusses the results of a study of long-standing members of committees in charge of standardising electronic messaging systems, from the ISO, the ITU and the IETF. I look at who they are, where they come from, which roles they assum... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Illusions of plenty: the role of search engines in the structure and suppression of knowledge

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):157 - 161
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (516 KB)

    This paper explores aspects of how publicly accessible Web search engine database content is edited and shaped. It includes an exploration of search engine publicly espoused procedures and policies on content and speculates on what remains unstated. It includes a discussion of the related technological and programmatic issues involved in the preprocessing and filtering of information. Questions of... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Bringing expertise to the people: universities and citizen deliberation in the making of technology policy

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):13 - 18
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (576 KB)

    This paper examines participatory public policy analysis practices and argues that, in light of resident expertise and professional culture, universities are the most appropriate institutional setting for such practices View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Trust and monitoring in the workplace

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):245 - 250
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (580 KB)

    Successful living in groups or in relationships requires some trust. In this paper, the idea of trust is explored and an account is given in terms of “seeing as”. While trust is perhaps not a moral notion, it is closely related to important moral notions, e.g. trustworthiness (obviously), and respect for others. It is difficult to have a well-functioning and happy community or workplac... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.