Scheduled System Maintenance
On Friday, October 20, IEEE Xplore will be unavailable from 9:00 PM-midnight ET. We apologize for the inconvenience.
Notice: There is currently an issue with the citation download feature. Learn more.

Proceedings the Ninth International Symposium on High-Performance Distributed Computing

4-4 Aug. 2000

Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 47
  • The Ninth International Symposium On High-performance Distributed Computing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):iii - viii
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (218 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Records of the IEEE International Workshop on Memory Technology, Design and Testing

    Publication Year: 2000
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (197 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Proceedings of the Tenth IEEE Workshop on Statistical Signal and Array Processing (Cat. No.00TH8496)

    Publication Year: 2000
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (212 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):315 - 316
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (90 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • A distributed multi-storage resource architecture and I/O performance prediction for scientific computing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):21 - 30
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (928 KB)

    I/O-intensive applications have posed great challenges to computational scientists. A major problem of these applications is that users have to sacrifice performance requirements in order to satisfy storage capacity requirements in a conventional computing environment. Further performance improvement is impeded by the physical nature of these storage media, even if state-of-the-art I/O optimizatio... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A monitoring sensor management system for grid environments

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):97 - 104
    Cited by:  Papers (23)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    Large distributed systems, such as computational grids, require a large amount of monitoring data be collected for a variety of tasks, such as fault detection, performance analysis, performance tuning, performance prediction and scheduling. Ensuring that all necessary monitoring is turned on and that the data is being collected can be a very tedious and error-prone task. We have developed an agent... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Incorporating job migration and network RAM to share cluster memory resources

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):71 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (12)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (696 KB)

    Job migrations and network RAM are two approaches for effectively using global memory resources in a workstation cluster, aimed at reducing page faults in each local workstation and improving the overall performance of cluster computing. Using either remote executions or pre-emptive migrations, a load-sharing system is able to migrate a job from a workstation without sufficient memory space to a l... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • High performance communication using a commodity network for cluster systems

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):139 - 146
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (644 KB)

    Proposes a scheme to realize a high-performance communication facility using a commodity network. This scheme does not require any special hardware or hardware-specific device drivers in order to adapt to many kinds of network interface cards (NICs). In this scheme, a reliable lightweight network protocol is handled directly on a data link layer called by a network device driver. An interrupt reap... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Constructing the ASCI computational grid

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):193 - 199
    Cited by:  Papers (15)  |  Patents (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (660 KB)

    The Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI) computational grid is being constructed to interconnect the high performance computing resources of the nuclear weapons complex. The grid will simplify access to the diverse computing, storage, network, and visualization resources, and will enable the coordinated use of shared resources regardless of location. To match existing hardware platfor... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Application placement using performance surfaces

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):229 - 236
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (724 KB)

    Heterogeneous parallel clusters of workstations are being used to solve many important computational problems. Scheduling parallel applications on the best collection of machines in a heterogeneous computing environment is a complex problem. Performance prediction is vital to good application performance in this environment since utilization of an ill-suited machine can slow the computation down s... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • RAID-x: a new distributed disk array for I/O-centric cluster computing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):279 - 286
    Cited by:  Papers (28)  |  Patents (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (848 KB)

    A new RAID-x (redundant array of inexpensive disks at level x) architecture is presented for distributed I/O processing on a serverless cluster of computers. The RAID-x architecture is based on a new concept of orthogonal striping and mirroring (OSM) across all distributed disks in the cluster. The primary advantages of this OSM approach lie in: (1) a significant improvement in parallel I/O bandwi... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Distributed data access in the Sequential Access Model at the D0 experiment at Fermilab

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):310 - 311
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (188 KB)

    Presents the Sequential Access Model (SAM), which is the data-handling system for D0, one of two primary high-energy experiments at Fermilab. During the next several years, the D0 experiment will store a total of about 1 PByte of data, including raw detector data and data processed at various levels. The design of SAM is not specific to the D0 experiment and carries few assumptions about the under... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • An enabling framework for master-worker applications on the Computational Grid

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):43 - 50
    Cited by:  Papers (55)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (556 KB)

    Describes MW (Master-Worker) - a software framework that allows users to quickly and easily parallelize scientific computations using the master-worker paradigm on the Computational Grid. MW provides both a “top-level” interface to application software and a “bottom-level” interface to existing Grid computing toolkits. Both interfaces are briefly described. We conclude with... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Event services for high performance computing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):113 - 120
    Cited by:  Papers (33)  |  Patents (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (680 KB)

    The Internet and the Grid are changing the face of high-performance computing. Rather than tightly-coupled SPMD-style components running in a single cluster, on a parallel machine, or even on the Internet programmed in MPI, applications are evolving into sets of collaborating components scattered across diverse computational elements. These collaborating components may run on different operating s... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Automatic configuration and run-time adaptation of distributed applications

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):11 - 20
    Cited by:  Papers (15)  |  Patents (25)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (788 KB)

    Increased platform heterogeneity and varying resource availability in distributed systems motivates the design of resource-aware applications, which ensure a desired performance level by continuously adapting their behavior to changing resource characteristics. In this paper, we describe an application-independent adaptation framework that simplifies the design of resource-aware applications. This... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Using idle workstations to implement predictive prefetching

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):87 - 94
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (604 KB)

    The benefits of Markov-based predictive prefetching have been largely overshadowed by the overhead required to produce high-quality predictions. While both theoretical and simulation results for prediction algorithms appear promising, substantial limitations exist in practice. This outcome can be partially attributed to the fact that practical implementations ultimately make compromises in order t... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Parallel matching and sorting with TACO's distributed collections-a case study from molecular biology research

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):247 - 252
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (432 KB)

    TACO is a template library that implements higher-order parallel operations on distributed object sets by means of reusable topology classes and C++ function templates. We discuss an experimental application that exploits TACO's distributed object groups and collective operations for computing the similarity between groups of molecular sequences, a computationally intensive core problem in molecul... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Evaluating cluster-based network servers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):63 - 70
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (708 KB)

    Uses analytic modeling and simulation to evaluate network servers implemented on clusters of workstations. More specifically, we model the potential benefits of locality-conscious request distribution within the cluster and evaluate the performance of a cluster-based server called L2S (Locality and Load-balancing Server) which we designed in light of our experience with the model. Our most importa... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Speculative defragmentation - a technique to improve the communication software efficiency for Gigabit Ethernet

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):131 - 138
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (644 KB)

    Cluster platforms offer good computational performance, but they still cannot utilize the potential of Gbit/s communication technology. While the speed of the Ethernet has grown to 1 Gbit/s, the functionality and the architectural support in the network interfaces has remained the same for more than a decade, so that the memory system becomes a limiting factor. To sustain the raw network speed in ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • An evaluation of alternative designs for a grid information service

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):185 - 192
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (660 KB)

    Computational grids consisting of large and diverse sets of distributed resources have recently been adopted by organizations such as NASA and the NSF. One key component of a computational grid is an information service that provides information about resources, services and applications to users and their tools. This information is required to use a computational grid and therefore should be avai... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A local area system network RHiNET-1: a network for high performance parallel computing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):296 - 297
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    The Real World Computing Partnership (RWCP) has developed a local area system network (LASN) called RHiNET-1 (RWCP High-performance NETwork, version 1) using 1.33-Gbps optical interconnections for high-performance computing using personal computers distributed in an office or laboratory environment. The network interface, RHiNET-1/NI, uses a complex programmable logic device (CPLD) based protocol ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Grid-based file access: the Legion I/O model

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):165 - 173
    Cited by:  Papers (15)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (556 KB)

    The unprecedented scale, heterogeneity and varied usage patterns of computational grids pose significant technical challenges to any underlying file system that supports them. While grids present a host of new concerns for file access, we focus on two issues: performance and usability. We discuss the Legion I/O model and interface to address the latter area. We compare the Legion and Globus I/O mo... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A comparative evaluation of implicit coscheduling strategies for networks of workstations

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):221 - 228
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (696 KB)

    Implicit coscheduling strategies enable parallel applications to dynamically share the machines in a network of workstations (NOW) with interactive, CPU and IO-bound sequential jobs. We present a simulation study that compares 12 coscheduling strategies in terms of their impact on the performance of parallel and sequential applications executed simultaneously on a NOW. Our results show that the co... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Data mining on NASA's Information Power Grid

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):292 - 293
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (140 KB)

    The paper describes the development of a data mining system that is to operate on NASA's Information Power Grid (IPG). Mining agents will be staged to one or more processors on the IPG. There they will grow using just-in-time acquisition of new operations. They will mine data delivered using just-in-time delivery. Some initial experimental results are presented View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Creating large scale database servers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):271 - 278
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (724 KB)

    The BaBar experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) is designed to perform a high precision investigation of the decays of B-meson produced from electron-positron interactions. The experiment, started in May 1999, will generate approximately 300 TB/year of data for 10 years. All of the data will reside in objectivity databases (object oriented databases), accessible via the Advan... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.