Proceedings the Ninth International Symposium on High-Performance Distributed Computing

4-4 Aug. 2000

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  • The Ninth International Symposium On High-performance Distributed Computing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):iii - viii
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Records of the IEEE International Workshop on Memory Technology, Design and Testing

    Publication Year: 2000
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Proceedings of the Tenth IEEE Workshop on Statistical Signal and Array Processing (Cat. No.00TH8496)

    Publication Year: 2000
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):315 - 316
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Parallel matching and sorting with TACO's distributed collections-a case study from molecular biology research

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):247 - 252
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (432 KB)

    TACO is a template library that implements higher-order parallel operations on distributed object sets by means of reusable topology classes and C++ function templates. We discuss an experimental application that exploits TACO's distributed object groups and collective operations for computing the similarity between groups of molecular sequences, a computationally intensive core problem in molecul... View full abstract»

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  • CAVEStudy: an infrastructure for computational steering in virtual reality environments

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):239 - 246
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (764 KB)

    We present the CAVEStudy system that enables scientists to interactively steer a simulation from a virtual reality (VR) environment. No modification to the source code is necessary. CAVEStudy allows interactive and immersive analysis of a simulation running on a remote computer. Using a high-level description of the simulation, the system generates the communication layer (based on CAVERN-Soft) ne... View full abstract»

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  • A distributed multi-storage resource architecture and I/O performance prediction for scientific computing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):21 - 30
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (928 KB)

    I/O-intensive applications have posed great challenges to computational scientists. A major problem of these applications is that users have to sacrifice performance requirements in order to satisfy storage capacity requirements in a conventional computing environment. Further performance improvement is impeded by the physical nature of these storage media, even if state-of-the-art I/O optimizatio... View full abstract»

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  • Robust resource management for metacomputers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):105 - 111
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (620 KB)

    Presents a robust software infrastructure for metacomputing. The system is intended to be used by others as a building block for large and powerful computational grids. Much effort has been taken to develop a fault-tolerant architecture that does not exhibit a single point of failure. Furthermore, we have designed the system to be modular, lean and portable. It is available as open source code and... View full abstract»

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  • Application placement using performance surfaces

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):229 - 236
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (724 KB)

    Heterogeneous parallel clusters of workstations are being used to solve many important computational problems. Scheduling parallel applications on the best collection of machines in a heterogeneous computing environment is a complex problem. Performance prediction is vital to good application performance in this environment since utilization of an ill-suited machine can slow the computation down s... View full abstract»

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  • Creating large scale database servers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):271 - 278
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (724 KB)

    The BaBar experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) is designed to perform a high precision investigation of the decays of B-meson produced from electron-positron interactions. The experiment, started in May 1999, will generate approximately 300 TB/year of data for 10 years. All of the data will reside in objectivity databases (object oriented databases), accessible via the Advan... View full abstract»

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  • Automatic configuration and run-time adaptation of distributed applications

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):11 - 20
    Cited by:  Papers (15)  |  Patents (25)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (788 KB)

    Increased platform heterogeneity and varying resource availability in distributed systems motivates the design of resource-aware applications, which ensure a desired performance level by continuously adapting their behavior to changing resource characteristics. In this paper, we describe an application-independent adaptation framework that simplifies the design of resource-aware applications. This... View full abstract»

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  • A monitoring sensor management system for grid environments

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):97 - 104
    Cited by:  Papers (23)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    Large distributed systems, such as computational grids, require a large amount of monitoring data be collected for a variety of tasks, such as fault detection, performance analysis, performance tuning, performance prediction and scheduling. Ensuring that all necessary monitoring is turned on and that the data is being collected can be a very tedious and error-prone task. We have developed an agent... View full abstract»

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  • Incorporating job migration and network RAM to share cluster memory resources

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):71 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (12)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (696 KB)

    Job migrations and network RAM are two approaches for effectively using global memory resources in a workstation cluster, aimed at reducing page faults in each local workstation and improving the overall performance of cluster computing. Using either remote executions or pre-emptive migrations, a load-sharing system is able to migrate a job from a workstation without sufficient memory space to a l... View full abstract»

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  • Synchronizing network probes to avoid measurement intrusiveness with the Network Weather Service

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):147 - 154
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (20)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (572 KB)

    Presents a scalable protocol for conducting periodic probes of network performance in a way that minimizes collisions between separate probes. The goal of the protocol is to enable active performance monitoring of large-scale distributed computational systems and networks. We use the protocol to generate time series of measurement data that are then exposed to numerical forecasting models when a p... View full abstract»

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  • A comparative evaluation of implicit coscheduling strategies for networks of workstations

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):221 - 228
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (696 KB)

    Implicit coscheduling strategies enable parallel applications to dynamically share the machines in a network of workstations (NOW) with interactive, CPU and IO-bound sequential jobs. We present a simulation study that compares 12 coscheduling strategies in terms of their impact on the performance of parallel and sequential applications executed simultaneously on a NOW. Our results show that the co... View full abstract»

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  • Distributed data access in the Sequential Access Model at the D0 experiment at Fermilab

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):310 - 311
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (188 KB)

    Presents the Sequential Access Model (SAM), which is the data-handling system for D0, one of two primary high-energy experiments at Fermilab. During the next several years, the D0 experiment will store a total of about 1 PByte of data, including raw detector data and data processed at various levels. The design of SAM is not specific to the D0 experiment and carries few assumptions about the under... View full abstract»

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  • Data mining on NASA's Information Power Grid

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):292 - 293
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (140 KB)

    The paper describes the development of a data mining system that is to operate on NASA's Information Power Grid (IPG). Mining agents will be staged to one or more processors on the IPG. There they will grow using just-in-time acquisition of new operations. They will mine data delivered using just-in-time delivery. Some initial experimental results are presented View full abstract»

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  • dQCOB: managing large data flows using dynamic embedded queries

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):263 - 270
    Cited by:  Papers (22)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (652 KB)

    The dQUOB system satisfies client need for specific information from high-volume data streams. The data streams we speak of are the flow of data existing during large-scale visualizations, video streaming to large numbers of distributed users, and high volume business transactions. We introduce the notion of conceptualizing a data stream as a set of relational database tables so that a scientist c... View full abstract»

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  • An enabling framework for master-worker applications on the Computational Grid

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):43 - 50
    Cited by:  Papers (56)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (556 KB)

    Describes MW (Master-Worker) - a software framework that allows users to quickly and easily parallelize scientific computations using the master-worker paradigm on the Computational Grid. MW provides both a “top-level” interface to application software and a “bottom-level” interface to existing Grid computing toolkits. Both interfaces are briefly described. We conclude with... View full abstract»

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  • Performance evaluation of a firewall-compliant Globus-based wide-area cluster system

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):121 - 128
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (564 KB)

    Presents a performance evaluation of a wide-area cluster system based on a firewall-enabled Globus metacomputing toolkit. In order to establish communication links beyond the firewall, we have designed and implemented a resource manager called RMF (Resource Manager beyond the Firewall) and the Nexus Proxy, which relays TCP communication links beyond the firewall. In order to extend the Globus meta... View full abstract»

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  • QoS and contention-aware multi-resource reservation

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):3 - 10
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (600 KB)

    Presents a QoS and contention-aware multi-resource reservation algorithm to provide end-to-end QoS guarantees for distributed and component-based services. We study a reservation-enabled environment, where each type of resource can be reserved. However, the goals of: (1) achieving the best end-to-end QoS for each client, and (2) increasing the overall success rate of resource reservations for diff... View full abstract»

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  • Using idle workstations to implement predictive prefetching

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):87 - 94
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (604 KB)

    The benefits of Markov-based predictive prefetching have been largely overshadowed by the overhead required to produce high-quality predictions. While both theoretical and simulation results for prediction algorithms appear promising, substantial limitations exist in practice. This outcome can be partially attributed to the fact that practical implementations ultimately make compromises in order t... View full abstract»

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  • Grid-based file access: the Legion I/O model

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):165 - 173
    Cited by:  Papers (15)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (556 KB)

    The unprecedented scale, heterogeneity and varied usage patterns of computational grids pose significant technical challenges to any underlying file system that supports them. While grids present a host of new concerns for file access, we focus on two issues: performance and usability. We discuss the Legion I/O model and interface to address the latter area. We compare the Legion and Globus I/O mo... View full abstract»

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  • A local area system network RHiNET-1: a network for high performance parallel computing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):296 - 297
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    The Real World Computing Partnership (RWCP) has developed a local area system network (LASN) called RHiNET-1 (RWCP High-performance NETwork, version 1) using 1.33-Gbps optical interconnections for high-performance computing using personal computers distributed in an office or laboratory environment. The network interface, RHiNET-1/NI, uses a complex programmable logic device (CPLD) based protocol ... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluating cluster-based network servers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):63 - 70
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (708 KB)

    Uses analytic modeling and simulation to evaluate network servers implemented on clusters of workstations. More specifically, we model the potential benefits of locality-conscious request distribution within the cluster and evaluate the performance of a cluster-based server called L2S (Locality and Load-balancing Server) which we designed in light of our experience with the model. Our most importa... View full abstract»

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