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2014 IEEE International Symposium on Ethics in Science, Technology and Engineering

23-24 May 2014

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 96
  • Panel - The ethics of nuclear energy in the post- Fukushima Era

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (138 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Worldwide the need for energy is growing. Particularly electricity demands seem to grow twice as fast as overall energy demands, rising by 73% by 2035. The production of nuclear power is also substantially growing in order to meet these electricity demands. The International Atomic Energy Agency estimates that some 50 countries will have nuclear reactors by 2030, up from 30 today, with the latest ... View full abstract»

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  • The law and the loop

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (147 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The law is often called upon when a technology becomes increasingly ubiquitous and thereby presents previously isolated ethical issues to society at large. Automation is no exception and rapid developments in sensors, computing, and robotics, as well as power, kinematics, control, telecommunications, and artificial intelligence, have presented concerns to all sectors of society that were once conf... View full abstract»

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  • Thou shalt not…A look at the ethics of copying software code

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (154 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Since the 1970's, the field of ethics in software engineering has attempted to define the boundaries of what was morally correct when dealing with problems aggravated, transformed, or created by computer technology. Efforts to codify ethics for computer software engineers resulted in bright line rules such as “thou shalt not appropriate other people's intellectual output” [1] and &#x... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics, law and privacy: Disentangling law from ethics in privacy discourse

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 6
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (385 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Numerous science, technology and engineering developments are perceived as raising privacy concerns. As such, privacy repeatedly finds itself addressed through the mixed lens of an `ethical-legal' (if not `ethical-legal-social') perspective. The aim of this contribution is to dispute the validity of this indistinctive approach, to stress its shortcomings, and to investigate the paths that help to ... View full abstract»

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  • Forensic metrology: when measurement science meets ethics

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 6
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (103 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Different definitions can be found for professional ethics. An attractive one, often defined in many codes of ethics, states that, when practicing a profession, an individual must refer to the state-of-the-art knowledge, and should not disregard any of the pieces of information that it provides him or her. There are however important professions, such as forensic metrology, that are across two ver... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics and patents

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (122 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In their jobs, engineers may be exposed to patents if they are inventing new products, features, or processes. Engineers may also be asked to compare their company's products and processes with patents owned by other companies or inventors. Engineers may also be exposed to patents if they are involved in production and need to ensure that the proper patent numbers are marked on the product or prod... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics and military engineering operations

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (163 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Imagine the following three-variable Venn diagram: One circle represents the field of applied and professional ethics, a second circle represents military operations, and the third circle represents the practice of engineering, particularly construction projects. We can, without much difficulty, picture what the overlapping areas between any two circles refer to: engineering ethics, military ethic... View full abstract»

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  • ‘The organization is what the leader is’: An ethical leadership framework for universities and research organizations

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 6
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (202 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    An ethical leader is one whose actions and influence processes are consistent with ethical and moral values. Research indicates the effect of the leaders' values on the ethical choices they make. Ethical leadership percolates down to shape the ethical attitudes of people at lower levels, thereby setting the ethical climate of the organization. This paper identifies the imperative for ethical leade... View full abstract»

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  • Engineering and diversity: A systems engineering perspective

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 6
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1223 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    I argue that systems engineering is better served by greater demographic diversity. Demographic diversity are those characteristics recorded on official records such as census forms, while systems engineering is a holist approach to engineering. Greater demographic diversity amongst a group of engineers leads to better systems engineering outcomes because the diversity increases the probability of... View full abstract»

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  • The ethics of wearable cameras in the wild

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 5
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (159 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Improvements in wearable camera technologies are providing academic and industry researchers with new ways to answer questions about participant behaviour. Although promising, these methods raise a number of ethical concerns in regards to agency, accountability, third party trust, and the delegation of responsibility. In this paper we consider the use of wearable cameras in research through the ut... View full abstract»

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  • Panel - How do practitioners become learned professionals on ethical issues?

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (125 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This panel discussion seeks to engage engineering professionals in a discussion of their responsibilities and obligations to perform duties in an ethical manner. Specifically, the panel will explore how learned professionals learn about these responsibilities and the potential consequences resulting from different responses to a myriad of unforeseen circumstances. The roles of formal education, co... View full abstract»

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  • Reproducibility, correctness, and buildability: The three principles for ethical public dissemination of computer science and engineering research

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 13
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (192 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We propose a system of three principles of public dissemination, which we call reproducibility, correctness, and buildability, and make the argument that consideration of these principles is a necessary step when publicly disseminating results in any evidence-based scientific or engineering endeavor. We examine how these principles apply to the release and disclosure of the four elements associate... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics of scientific peer review: Are we judging or helping the review recipients?

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 14
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (312 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Traditionally, ethics of a profession or organization are laid down by their pioneers, or subtly emerge over time as the organization advance. Getting conversant to these ethics requires teaching new or upcoming professionals, in order to avoid any form of misconduct, either deliberately or unknowingly. Peer review has been used as a quality control measure in the scientific community to ensure th... View full abstract»

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  • Plagiarism: It's not just for students

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 10
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper examines the issue of plagiarism at a professional level, using an ethics lens. It includes information about the general situation, cases in engineering and technology, and suggestions for journal editors and reviewers to help stem the tide of an ethical problem that is on the rise. View full abstract»

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  • Introducing graduate and undergraduate students to research and professional ethics at Columbia University

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (159 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We have developed a several-hour long seminar that introduces students to the responsible conduct of research and ethics of professionalism. A broad spectrum of key issues in ethics is presented using recent reports of real ethical lapses and humorous examples from the public culture, followed by group discussions drawn from an extensive series of mini case scenarios developed by the author that a... View full abstract»

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  • Technology as moral proxy: Autonomy and paternalism by design

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 7
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (214 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper I argue that in cases where technologies provide material answers to moral questions that arise in the use context, they can and should be characterized as moral proxies acting on behalf of a person. Because of this we can accurately characterize the moral link between designers, artefacts and users as a relationship of a particularly moral kind. Moral proxies of the human kind have ... View full abstract»

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  • Towards a philosophy of engineering

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (246 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    “Design as exploration” model is used to describe a generalized design approach focused on a synthesis process. We posit that design synthesis is the differentiating element that separates engineering as fundamentally different from the physical sciences. As such, it is design synthesis that is necessary and sufficient component to a philosophy of engineering. With this end in mind, ... View full abstract»

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  • Embedding philosophers in engineering research and development projects

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (166 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Embedding philosophers in actual engineering R & D projects is advocated in response to claims that it is not really new, that it could not be implemented, and that it should not be implemented because it is too radical a departure from current practices. At a time of rapidly developing innovative technologies, introducing in their development additional expertise from humanities and social sc... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics in engineering

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (697 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Ethical decision-making is central to the solution to design problems, the intellectual core of engineering. No design problem necessitates a particular solution since the gap between a problem and a solution is contingent. But that gap means that ethical considerations could enter into the core of engineering. We need only imagine an evil genius of an engineer who chooses a solution that will cau... View full abstract»

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  • Developing responsible research and innovation for robotics

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 10
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (220 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper develops a framework for responsible research and innovation (RRI) in robot design for roboticists from a study of the processes involved in the design and engineering of a range of robots including standard manufacturing robots, humanoid robots, environmental scanning robots and robot swarms. The importance of an iterative approach to design, the nature of transitions between design ph... View full abstract»

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  • Workshop - Assessing science and engineering ethics outcomes: An interactive review of tools

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (122 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    There remain many opportunities to enhance how the ethical dimensions of science and engineering are taught and assessed. In fact, current trends suggest growing demand for STEM professionals who can deftly navigate the wide range of moral and ethical issues that might be faced during their careers, whether in the private, academic, government, and/or non-profit sectors. Yet even when high quality... View full abstract»

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  • Panel - responsible innovation in research: A reflexive governance to scientific development

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (139 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The EU seeks to become a genuine Innovation Union in 2020 striving for excellent science, a competitive industry and a better society without compromising on sustainability goals as well as ethically acceptable and socially desirable conditions. Europe strongly needs to develop a normative and comprehensive governance framework for Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI). We will both look for t... View full abstract»

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  • Principles for the future development of artificial agents

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (136 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A survey of popular, technical and scholarly literature suggests that autonomous artificial agents will populate the future. Although some visions may seem fanciful, autonomous artificial agents are being designed, built, and deployed in a wide range of sectors. The specter of future artificial agents - with more learning capacity and more autonomy - raises important questions about responsibility... View full abstract»

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  • Acting vs. being moral: The limits of technological moral actors

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (76 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    An autonomous robot (physical or digital artificial being) may be capable of producing actions that if performed by a human could be considered moral, by mimicking its creators actions or following their programmed instructions, but it cannot be moral. Morality cannot be fully judged by any behavioral test, as the answer to moral questions is less important than the process followed in arriving at... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics and design of user-centered multi-agent systems

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (139 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper reports preliminary and personal thoughts about the design of user-centered multi-agent systems in relation with some ethical issues. Although it is highly unlikely that we can achieve ethics by design, we are trying to develop strategies to make systems ethical. The ethics-by-design principles we are presenting are based on twenty-five years of experience. We illustrate the discourse b... View full abstract»

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