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Record of the IEEE 2000 International Radar Conference [Cat. No. 00CH37037]

12-12 May 2000

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 157
  • The Record of the IEEE 2000 International Radar Conference [front matter]

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):i - xvi
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Vision on aviation surveillance systems

    Publication Year: 2000
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (72 KB)

    Summary form only given. The FAA's future aviation surveillance system is based on the use of various technological surveillance elements, each tailored to the airspace and capacity requirements within a particular geographic area. The Primary Surveillance Radar (PSR), Monopulse Secondary Surveillance Radar (MSSR), Mode S, Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) and ADS-Contract (C) are... View full abstract»

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  • Record of the IEEE 2000 International Radar Conference [Cat. No. 00CH37037]

    Publication Year: 2000
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):893 - 894
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Space-time adaptive processing in airborne radar systems

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):711 - 716
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (536 KB)

    This paper presents an overview of the use of space-time adaptive processing (STAP) in modern radar systems. The focus is on airborne systems that operate in the presence of strong interference and jamming. A brief overview of the methodology is presented. The paper then describes issues relating to the application of STAP in hot clutter and inhomogeneous radar environments which result in a non-s... View full abstract»

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  • Pandora multifrequency FMCW/SFCW radar

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):750 - 757
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)

    This paper pertains to the design aspects of a multifrequency FMCW/SFCW radar with emphasis on the engineering problems involved in its implementation. The paper mostly discusses the FMCW mode of operation. This system can also be used for generating SFCW signals. The implications in this mode are also examined. In the FMCW mode, this radar generates 8 separate FMCW signals which are then additive... View full abstract»

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  • Mine detection using a maximum likelihood estimator and in-field GPR data

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):294 - 298
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (380 KB)

    This contribution addresses the signal preprocessing and a detection algorithm applied to measured ground penetrating radar (GPR) data. The measurement setup consists of a GPR system and inert mines in five different environments. The statistics of the output variable of a maximum likelihood detection algorithm which also reduces the signal to clutter ratio (SCR) is analyzed. As a result the thres... View full abstract»

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  • Recent advances in radar technology and techniques for affordable planetary remote sensing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):12 - 16
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    To enable a low-cost radar mission, various radar techniques and technologies are being developed at many institutions in the world. We summarize several research activities at JPL in this paper View full abstract»

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  • Theory and application of optimum transmit-receive radar

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):705 - 710
    Cited by:  Papers (34)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (392 KB)

    Recent advances in linear amplifier and arbitrary waveform generation technology have spawned interest in adaptive transmitter systems as a means for both optimizing target signal gain and enhancing ID. In this paper rigorous theoretical performance bounds are constructively established for the joint transmitter-target-channel-receiver optimization problem in the presence of additive colored noise... View full abstract»

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  • Tracking wild maneuvers at low data-rate, using curved-track state parameters

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):87 - 92
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (428 KB)

    A rapidly adapting tracking filter, working with a comparatively low data-rate, is described. The filter uses position, course, turn rate, speed and speed rate as the state parameters to handle the curved parts of the trajectory better. The trajectory is continually modeled as moving under a transverse acceleration and a longitudinal acceleration, each large or negligible, which change the turn ra... View full abstract»

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  • Resolution of range and velocity ambiguity for a medium pulse Doppler radar

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):560 - 564
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (288 KB)

    In medium pulse repetition frequency (MPRF) radars, ambiguities exist both in range and Doppler measurements. Some efficient techniques have been established to resolve the range and velocity ambiguity of the target using multiple PRF. In this paper, a simple algorithm is proposed to resolve both range and velocity ambiguity based on residue arithmetic. This algorithm makes out the unambiguous res... View full abstract»

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  • Multifrequency radar signals

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):683 - 688
    Cited by:  Papers (27)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (460 KB)

    A multifrequency radar signal is considered. It employs M subcarriers simultaneously. The subcarriers are phase modulated by different sequences that constitute a complementary set. Such a set can be constructed, for example, from the M cyclic shifts of a perfect phase-coded sequence of length M (e.g., P4). The subcarriers are separated by the inverse of the duration of a phase element by yielding... View full abstract»

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  • Pulse-diverse radar/sonar FSK-PSK waveform design to emphasize/de-emphasize designated Doppler-delay sectors

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):745 - 749
    Cited by:  Papers (7)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (424 KB)

    This paper explores how pulse-diverse modulation of an FSK-PSK modulated pulse train enhances the flexibility to shape the size and distribution of the pulse train's ambiguity volume on the Doppler-delay plane. Pulse-diverse modulation compresses each pulse in the pulse train differently. Based on a priori information of the relative criticality of various Doppler-delay regions (e.g., the presence... View full abstract»

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  • Distributed detection fusion with fuzzy priori probabilities and fuzzy cost functions

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):146 - 150
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (260 KB)

    The optimal detection fusion in the sense of minimum Bayesian risk at the fusion center is considered when the a priori probabilities and cost functions are fuzzy. The fusion center receives decisions from various distributed sensors and the optimal detection fusion schemes at the fusion center are derived by using the URI (utility ranking index) and TDC (total distance criterion) fuzzy ordering c... View full abstract»

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  • A new pulse compression technique generating optimal uniform range sidelobe and reducing integrated sidelobe level

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):441 - 446
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (380 KB)

    A novel pulse compression technique is developed that produces an optimal uniform range sidelobe of the ideal Barker code level. The newly obtained sidelobe pattern provides an optimal compromise between the range resolution and the peak sidelobe level (PSL), regardless of the signal code length, and also retains the merit of strong resistance to the Doppler shift effect. Very low sidelobe regions... View full abstract»

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  • Dual channel matched filter performance bound

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):289 - 293
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (360 KB)

    Recently, we proposed a dual channel matched filtering system as a replacement for a single channel matched filtering system that requires a transformation that block diagonalizes the correlation matrix. In this paper, we analyze a suboptimal dual channel system that uses a non-block diagonalizing transformation. We provide a lower bound for the efficiency of the suboptimal dual channel system rel... View full abstract»

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  • Radar systems and technologies for Navy air and missile defense

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):9 - 11
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (188 KB)

    New USA Navy missions and operating environments are driving radar requirements and technology needs for future surface combatants. Future Navy ships will likely have a suite of two (or possibly more) radars for providing defense against air targets and theater ballistic missile (TBM). Radar processors with open systems, COTS components, and portable software offer cost savings and the possibility... View full abstract»

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  • A phenomenological model for radar signal propagation in evaporation ducts

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):515 - 520
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (372 KB)

    A phenomenological model is proposed for the propagation of wideband radar pulses through an evaporation duct. The proposed model extends the previous models in two directions: (i) it presents a wideband characterization, thus removing the continuous wave hypothesis of most previous models; (ii) it fully considers the random characteristic of the geometric parameters by providing a statistical mod... View full abstract»

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  • Advanced concepts in STAP

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):699 - 704
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    Multidimensional colored-noise matched filtering is utilized in a broad range of applications for target detection. It is now common to call this filtering space time adaptive processing (STAP), a term originally used to describe the mitigation of ground clutter in the airborne radar application. This paper examines issues related to signal representation in multidimensional spaces and noise field... View full abstract»

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  • Multi-resolution multiple-model target tracking based on model-mixing

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):81 - 86
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (316 KB)

    In this paper, a new multi-resolution multiple-model algorithm based on model mixing is proposed. The algorithm combines the advantages of the multi-resolution multiple-model algorithm with that of the interacting multiple model algorithm, thus it outperforms both algorithms View full abstract»

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  • Refracted propagation effects for airborne radar

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):554 - 559
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (324 KB)

    In this paper, we present results on the consequences of refracted propagation for airborne radar mathematical modeling. That is, given an atmosphere of varying refractive index, the path of EM radiation is curved in general; we look at the effects this has upon radar performance, and at how such effects are to be modeled. An effective Earth radius factor k is derived that is valid for all airborn... View full abstract»

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  • Forward scattering radar moving object coordinate measurement

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):678 - 682
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    The unique features of a forward scattering radar system have been emphasized in some publications. One of the basic problems of implementation of a forward scattering radar system is the problem of moving object trajectory parameter measurement. Methods of this problem solution have been discussed. The comparative analysis of different versions of a bistatic forward scattering radar structure dem... View full abstract»

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  • A novel method of signal processing for VSAR system

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):741 - 744
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (196 KB)

    To improve the low velocity resolution of a VSAR (velocity SAR) system and detect slowly moving targets with a VSAR system, modern spectral estimation in the signal processing of the VSAR system is used instead of the conventional DFT (discrete Fourier transform) method. Using modern spectral estimation one can achieve higher velocity resolution than with the conventional spectral estimation. It c... View full abstract»

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  • A strategy to make future naval air surveillance radars more affordable

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):261 - 266
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (244 KB)

    While the performance of modern radars has improved dramatically, the associated costs of acquisition and operation have also risen sharply. In many cases, the procurement costs of the latest state-of-the art systems far exceed current budgetary constraints. In an effort to develop guidelines for more cost effective radar systems, the NRL Radar Division has investigated various techniques as a way... View full abstract»

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  • Power transmission line detection using an azimuth angular profile matching scheme

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):787 - 792
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (380 KB)

    This paper presents high-voltage power transmission line detection with millimeter-wave (MMW) radar for the purpose of helicopter collision avoidance. In order to improve the detection, an azimuth angular profile matching (APM) scheme of the power transmission line based on the Bragg scattering phenomenon is suggested. For the evaluation of detection, we carried out a Monte Carlo simulation both a... View full abstract»

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