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2014 IEEE Symposium on Product Compliance Engineering (ISPCE)

5-7 May 2014

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  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s): c1
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  • [Copyright notice]

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s): ii
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):iii - vii
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  • [Front matter]

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):viii - xxiv
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  • Breaking through the BRICs, Part 2

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):1 - 6
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (863 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The emergent markets in Brazil, Russia, India and China, popularly referred to by the acronym BRIC, now are responsible for a growing portion of profits for global companies. Working against this prize is a formidable maze of culture, laws, and overlapping regulations, causing confusion surrounding the regulatory requirements. For those entering the BRIC marketplace with electrical and electronic ... View full abstract»

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  • Applying toy tests to consumer products

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):72 - 81
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1168 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Many electronic products commonly found in the household are not considered children's products and are not regulated as such. However, these products may still be accessible to children, and in some cases, they may have designs that make them appealing to young children. Toddlers and young children will pick up and play with devices ranging from remote controls to cell phones. Although regulation... View full abstract»

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  • An implementation of toy safety assessment model

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):12 - 16
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3820 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Many toys manufacturers developed the new products in order to survive in the serious market competition. They relied on the current toys product safety assessment model. In the current toy product safety testing, the third party testing laboratories just followed the mandatory safety regulations and standards to test the products. Some newly developed feature or function of the products were not ... View full abstract»

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  • Safe product design, forensic engineering, and Asimov's Laws of Robotics

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):17 - 24
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1731 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Isaac Asimov wrote a series of science fiction stories regarding failure analysis of complex systems: his fictional positronic brained robots. The stories revolved around his “Three Laws of Robotics”. One, a robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction allow a human being to come to harm. Two, a robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders ... View full abstract»

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  • What does your touch current look like? Making proper touch current measurements

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):25 - 28
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1024 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper responds to continued questions regarding the measurement of non-sinusoidal touch current with `spikes' as introduced by Switched Mode Power Supplies and their performance modifiers - PFC correction circuits and Energy Efficiency control circuits. The history is given to provide the proper background, The IEC electric shock level requirements are reviewed especially pointing out the fac... View full abstract»

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  • Injury from thermal energy

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):29 - 36
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (806 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Thermal energy transfer is responsible for many different types of injuries, most of which are called burns. Common to all of these injuries is the basic injury model: all injuries require a hazardous energy source, a means of transferring the energy to the body, and susceptibility of the body to the amount of energy transferred to it. This paper develops and discusses a basic model of how certain... View full abstract»

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  • Why 500VA for hipot testers? A TC66 investigation to explore the necessity of the 500VA hipot tester

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):37 - 40
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1196 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The IEC 61010-1 3rd Edition standard for measurement and control equipment for laboratory use stipulates that a 500VA dielectric withstand tester must be used to test product insulation as part of testing for electrical hazards. This requirement harks back to a time when most withstand tester outputs were unregulated and could cause problems with load regulation. Advancements in withsta... View full abstract»

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  • Hazard based safety engineering in relation to injury epidemiology and etiology

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):41 - 49
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (372 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Principles of hazard based safety engineering involve the study of the sources and mechanisms of injury in order to best protect against it. This approach is used to support risk assessment, with various stages to identify, analyze and evaluate risk, and to reduce risk as needed. For example, hazard based safety engineering applied to product safety is based on the premise that various forms of in... View full abstract»

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  • Rechargeable battery condition monitoring using vibrational properties

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):50 - 53
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (792 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A method is proposed for monitoring sealed battery condition, especially gas formation between electrode layers by detecting the vibrational characteristics on audio frequency range or low ultrasonic frequency range, measured using an actuator and one or more vibration sensors. The method can use driving point response, transmission response, or both to determine the battery status. Experimental r... View full abstract»

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  • Residential solar and electric vehicle bonding and grounding methods for galvanic compatibility

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):54 - 59
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1142 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Residential Photovoltaic (PV) panels are typically roof-top mounted and their accompanying DC/AC inverters are either collocated or installed inside the building. The PV panels and associated DC/AC inverter metal enclosures must be interconnected and grounded to a grounding-electrode according to NEC690.41-64. A small potential difference exists between the enclosure and its interconnection to the... View full abstract»

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  • Historical methods of testing EMI gaskets

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):60 - 62
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (784 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper presents the various test methods developed and employed to grade the effectiveness of EMI gaskets in sealing the seams of EMI shielded boxes and enclosures. The test methods presented and evaluated are: 1) Shielding Effectiveness Testing a. MIL-STD-285 b. MIL-STD-285 as re-defined by the EMC design engineering community c. SAE, ARP-1173 prepared by the EMC design engineering community ... View full abstract»

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  • Equipotentiality and grounding Derivation of grounding resistance for equipment

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):63 - 67
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1044 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Equipotentiality is one means of preventing electric shock. Grounding is a specific kind of equipotentiality. For most power distribution systems, the resistance of the grounding circuit in an electrical product is critical to establishing equipotentiality. This paper explains equipotentiality and how it provides protection against electric shock. This paper also describes the grounding circuit fo... View full abstract»

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  • Are amps and volts created equal?

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):68 - 71
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (549 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper briefly reviews the way current IT and consumer electronics safety standards treat the risk of electrically caused fire is purely proportional to power. That implies it is symmetrical in regards to available voltage and current. It then proposes a simple general model to divide electrical failure modes that may be fire risks into two distinct types series and parallel resistive faults. ... View full abstract»

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  • Lightning surge damage to Ethernet and POTS ports connected to inside wiring

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):72 - 81
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (738 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In recent years, many suppliers of telecom equipment have reported higher than expected rates of lightning damage to Ethernet and POTS ports connected to cables located entirely within the same building. There are three known mechanisms by which lightning surges can be coupled onto inside wiring, but these mechanisms are statistically infrequent. Given the reported rates of surge damage, these kno... View full abstract»

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  • Quantitative solder inspection with computed tomography

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):82 - 85
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1621 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper we present a quantitative, three-dimensional method to analyze solder characteristics and defect voids using X-ray Computed Tomography (CT). We also present a range of case studies where this methodology has enabled a more precise and time-efficient quality assurance process for printed circuit board suppliers, manufacturers and designers. This methodology also allows a comprehensive... View full abstract»

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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2014, Page(s): 86
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