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Research Challenges, 2000. Proceedings. Academia/Industry Working Conference on

Date 27-29 April 2000

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 56
  • Proceedings Academia/Industry Working Conference on Research Challenges '00. Next Generation Enterprises: Virtual Organizations and Mobile/Pervasive Technologies. AIWORC'00. (Cat. No.PR00628)

    Publication Year: 2000
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 367 - 370
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Business models for coordinating next generation enterprises

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 163 - 168
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
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    Today most medium sized companies just start trying to optimize the coordination of their supply chain and the communication with their internal and external customers by using electronic networks together with electronic commerce techniques. However, the great majority of these enterprises are not exhausting the full potential that advanced support concepts like modern business to business coordination allow. First steps usually include the introduction of standard groupware applications and collaboration tools, e.g. company wide directory services, email, common server workspaces, shared timers, and organizers as a needed foundation to offer support for any distributed project or team structures. Those services are only semi-integrated on a low level within individual scope rather than an automated integration with all interaction processes. A more advanced component-based approach like taking active, adaptive, and automated agent technology for (semi-)automatic coordination of business tasks and distribution of information throughout the whole production networks allows for fall back concepts and ad-hoc workflow management. In addition, it sets up the basis for a successful knowledge management. Although these concepts have been addressed for some time in the scientific community, they still have not found their way into the business coordination within production networks. We present an approach on how to integrate some of these concepts into next generation business models that are characterized by electronic collaboration and the ongoing emergence of electronic markets View full abstract»

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  • Metaphors of information system for e-commerce

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 115 - 119
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    Four different metaphors of information technologies are investigated for appropriate understanding of human-computer interaction. These four metaphors can help understand different types of e-commerce. The contexts that are compatible to each metaphor are identified by critical review of activity theory and action theory. Appropriate IS research disciplines and perspectives are discussed according to each different metaphor View full abstract»

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  • A generic architecture for virtual enterprises in TeleSurve

    Publication Year: 2000
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    In TeleSurve (Telematics based Virtual Service Enterprise, a project supported by the European Commission 1998-1999 under Esprit 25537) an electronic commerce framework for the virtual service enterprise was developed and demonstrated. Partners were Empirica GmbH (D), Pallas Athena BV (NL), Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (GB), PC Security Ltd. (GB, now Netlexis Ltd.) as technical solution providers and Caliber Logistics Europe BV (NL, now FDX Supply Chain Services Europe BV) as the user organization View full abstract»

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  • Subscriber based TDOA location techniques for the Motorola iDEN system

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 215 - 220
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    This paper discusses development of the technology required to enable location services on Motorola's iDEN cellular phone system. Our approach consists of handset based time difference of arrival (TDOA) measurement. The performance of this system has been determined both by computer simulation and field trials. The overall TDOA system and specific algorithms utilized are described. Performance estimates for numerous special cases are discussed. These cases include highway, in-building, and coverage fringe. Particular attention is paid to the effects of propagation environments (e.g., urban, rural, etc.) on accuracy performance. In addition, bench test and field test performance data is reported and compared to computer simulation predictions View full abstract»

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  • eFlow: a platform for developing and managing composite e-services

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 341 - 348
    Cited by:  Papers (14)  |  Patents (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (184 KB)  

    Today, companies are using the Web to connect with their back-end systems and perform e-commerce transactions. The next chapter of the Internet story is the evolution of today's access/content focused portals into e-services hubs. While many traditional services become available on the Internet as e-services, almost all of them are single point services. In order to offer higher value, end-to-end services, it should be possible to compose, customize, and deploy e-services in a very flexible and efficient way. To support e-service delivery, we have developed a platform, called eFlow, that provides the service developer with a simple, easy to use, yet powerful mechanism for defining the composite service starting from basic services. Composite services can be preassembled or created on the fly, and can dynamically adapt to changes in the business environment, such as the introduction of new basic services. In addition, eFlow includes components that allow users to monitor, analyze, and modify a service while in execution View full abstract»

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  • A knowledge-based decision support workbench for advanced Ecommerce

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 93 - 100
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    Development of large scale and advanced Ecommerce (EC) sites is an expensive and risky undertaking. At Telecordia Technologies, we have developed an EC Workbench that attempts to reduce the EC effort to less than a month and minimize the risks. This knowledge-based decision support workbench asks the user a small number of questions that guide him/her to appropriate strategic choices, architectural configurations, COTS (commercial off the shelf) technologies and project plans View full abstract»

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  • Strategic information management: organizational and performance aspects

    Publication Year: 2000
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    We enhance the formally defined strategic information management (SIM) process. The SIM process suggested treats the information from a resource based perspective and formalizes the links and the interaction with the strategic management (SM) process. The subprocesses, which constitute the SIM process, are explicitly defined. An explicit and well-defined integration is proposed between the SIM and the SM processes through a specific framework. It is emphasized how information management can aid in strategic decision making View full abstract»

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  • An e-education framework for training in the next generation enterprises

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 139 - 144
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    Internet and World Wide Web-based technologies have become a popular platform for the development of distance education (DE) programs. Several corporations and education institutions have started offering DE on the Web. There is a need for a set of guidelines to help educators in the planning and delivery of the training programs for next-generation enterprises. This paper begins this process by presenting an e-education framework that describes how the Web can be used to enhance training and education in next-generation enterprises. This framework utilizes the e-commerce frameworks that have been successfully used by many corporations to “Web-enable” their business. An electronic course was developed with the guiding principles of this framework to demonstrate how it can be used to develop and deliver DE on the Web View full abstract»

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  • Dynamic customer value management in a supply chain: asset values under demand uncertainty using airline yield management techniques

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 147 - 156
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    We demonstrate the close links between the airline and the manufacturing industries in so far as some of their decision support problems are concerned. We show that the yield management problem for the airline characterized by perishable and limited resources has a counterpart in manufacturing although with some variations. In the process of establishing similarities we highlight the importance of the concept of value of assets/resources, known as bid price in the airline parlance, that helps to tie the two. Several examples of its calculations and uses are provided. We believe that this new paradigm will open up new avenues for profits for manufacturers in the new era of e-commerce where the businesses shall have to be increasingly customer centric including pricing functions View full abstract»

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  • Towards a mobile enterprise framework

    Publication Year: 2000
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    The RM-ODP Enterprise Language comprises concepts, rules and structures for the specification of a community, where a community comprises objects (human, software, or combinations thereof) formed to meet an objective. The Enterprise Language focuses on the purpose, scope and policies of the community, where an enterprise policy is a set of rules with a particular objective related to the community's purpose described as obligations, prohibitions, and permissions. In order to enable adaptations of the enterprise's objectives, structure, policies and roles, we are designing a conceptual architecture with a process-oriented view of roles and policy adaptation mechanisms. Mobile enterprise objects interact with the rest of the community via processes called role-proxies View full abstract»

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  • Telemedicine: the next generation is here

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 197 - 203
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
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    Telemedicine is a discipline that has existed as a next generation enterprise for over four decades. This paper discusses the history, driving forces, funding and specialties included in telemedicine as they manifest the characteristics of NGEs. Industry examples are described View full abstract»

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  • CoMedia-an international collaboration best practice case

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 71 - 78
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
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    What is CoMedia-Cooperation Multimedia? CoMedia is a multi-disciplinary and international research project between the Rogers Communications Center at Ryerson Polytechnic University, Toronto, Canada and the Fraunhofer- Institute for Industrial Engineering (IAO), Stuttgart, Germany. Its aim is to develop an Internet-based cooperation platform for multimedia companies and to develop a Knowledge-Product for an end user manufacturing company as a business case using the platform. Partnering with the research institutes in Canada and Germany are small multimedia production companies and a large manufacturing organization. CoMedia intends to strengthen the competitiveness of multimedia companies in building up a client oriented cooperation network and testing several collaborative multimedia production services (storage, e-commerce, video shaping rendering). In this case study we also trace the history of the CoMedia project including the starting conditions and how and in which way the partners initiated successful collaborative work packages without being trapped in their previous context. This case study also demonstrates that international cooperation (between both industrial companies and research institutions) can be strengthened on the basis of WIN-WIN oriented cooperation strategies and concepts View full abstract»

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  • Collaborative design system for performance

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 59 - 63
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    In this paper, the prototype concept of a virtual collaborative design system for mechanical performance is presented. The characteristics of this system are analyzed in depth and their theoretic frameworks are depicted. Relevant techniques and principle questions are then discussed. Finally, a C-Design system that we have developed based on the Web is described. The structure of the C-Design system is a client/server system. The main function modules and their realized schemes are considered, such as the management module and collaboration module View full abstract»

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  • E-commerce extended platform

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 121 - 126
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    The lack of infrastructure performance for Web-based applications often translates into lost revenues and customers. While a classic Web site could survive with 95% availability, an e-commerce solution could hardly last with a few hours of downtime in a week. For e-commerce, like any other new technology, there comes a time when the infrastructure must achieve unprecedented levels of reliability, scalability and robustness. Since the platform determines these three attributes, in this paper we address the choices associated with e-commerce platforms View full abstract»

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  • Mobile computing: wireless access to multimedia applications and its implications for a campus network

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 259 - 260
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    The Network and Computing Services section of Cornell Information Technologies, in partnership with the Department of Computer Science at Cornell University is sponsoring a trial for wireless services on campus. This paper presents an evaluation framework, and we report the results that were available as of April 2000. Some 100 students and 12 researchers are contributing to the work, and it is anticipated that this will roll out into a distinct service offering by the end of the calendar year 2000 View full abstract»

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  • Evolving brokering paradigms in e-commerce enabled manufacturing

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 169 - 174
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    Supplier selection and partnership formation is greatly influenced by how inter-organizational practices and organizational forms have evolved. Organizations can be in a number of stages in terms of their organizational practices. These stages and how they manage their relationships will be integral in deciding how they should be formed. One of the important and growing roles of this formation has to do with the introduction of third-party mechanisms or brokers to aid in this formation. These brokers and the roles they play, depending on the organizational form of the proposed inter-organizational relationship, will be defined. Supporting tools, practices and technology are then discussed. The major focus of these support items will be on agent and agent technology. Initially the paper provides a foundational discussion on the corporate (manufacturing) perspective on various practices and the evolving relationships among organizations. The paper concludes with some possible directions available to both managers and researchers in this important and growing area View full abstract»

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  • Virtual organizations: the key dimensions

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 3 - 8
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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    By analyzing the practice of contemporary organizations, this paper explores the concept of virtuality as a nature of organizations. Drawing on research in organizational science and information systems, it proposes a framework containing six critical dimensions, which may be used as a basis to characterize, study and compare virtual organizations. These critical dimensions are purpose, connectivity, technology, boundary, business process and people. Two cases of virtual organizations are described to illustrate the concepts involved. Implications of this study and further research recommendations in this area are discussed at the end of the paper. This paper contributes to the conceptual discussion of virtual organizations and provides some important insights useful in the design of virtual organizations and the transformation of traditional organizations into virtual organizations View full abstract»

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  • Kaleida Health utilization of new network technologies to deliver digital video

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 183 - 189
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (48 KB)  

    As the healthcare industry moves into the next millennium, new technologies in network infrastructure will allow for improved communication between all facets of the organization. Kaleida Health of Buffalo NY has implemented the foundation on which these new technologies will operate. Kaleida Health has evaluated their traditional network architecture and looked at solutions for improving performance not only for data, but also voice, video and digital imaging View full abstract»

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  • Building virtual communities for research collaboration

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 27 - 32
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    This paper discusses the problem of how to grow and evolve virtual infrastructures that support the development and growth of geographically dispersed research communities. It describes ongoing research into personalization within a collaborative environment intended as a “virtual campus”. As part of this research it provides initial reports on a project that is developing collaborative workspaces for dispersed research teams, and reviews relevant literature pertaining to the use of online collaborative workspaces to build virtual communities View full abstract»

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  • Process-based service integration for zero latency supply chains in virtual enterprises

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 263 - 280
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    Supply chains provide composite services or products by utilizing autonomous, heterogeneous and/or conversational services provided by independent enterprises. In this paper, we propose a service-oriented process (SOP) model that can model and construct efficient multi-enterprise supply chains as multi-enterprise processes (MEPs). In particular, the SOP model supports service activities for modeling the services themselves, primitives for composing supply chains from services, and primitives for automating service coordination as required by a supply chain. One of the most important aspects of service modeling in SOP is decoupling the service interface from the service implementation. This enables MEPs and the corresponding supply chains to include placeholders, i.e. activities specified only by an abstract interface. These placeholders are substituted at run-time with one of the available services that implement the specified abstract interface. The SOP service selection policy uses a semantic broker that has knowledge about the service capabilities and quality. Therefore, a MEP (and hence its supply chain) is capable of on-the-fly choice of the service providers that are best suited to its objectives (e.g. cheapest, fastest, or just available) View full abstract»

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  • Exploiting the overlap of security and fault-tolerance

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 361 - 365
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    The need for highly secure, highly dependable computer systems is acute in today's world. As an example, the United States' President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection identifies the nation's electrical, transportation, telecommunication, and financial systems as critical points, all of which heavily depend on computer technology. However, security and fault-tolerance are frequently looked at in isolation to each other as two separate issues. We contend that there are areas where the two goals and methods overlap, and that there is a large benefit to be gained by examining the two in relation to one another. This paper details our reasons for this viewpoint and points out a few examples where it has borne fruit, as well as presenting some of the research challenges that remain to be addressed View full abstract»

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  • Technology and trust in teams

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 15 - 20
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    Organisations today are increasingly utilizing technology to enable more time and cost efficient team working across time and space. However, there are some indications from recent research that communicating `virtually' may affect certain attitudes and behaviors critical to team performance. This paper presents an argument, based on findings from a `real world' exploratory study of organizational teams integrated with literature in the field, that the media of team communications may shape the kind of trust, cohesiveness and conflict experienced in team collaborations. As these factors have implications for team performance, a model based on these arguments, is proposed for testing in the field. It is argued that such testing would contribute to a fuller understanding of the implications of the increasingly prevalent `virtual' team working of today, for both team performance and organizational outcomes View full abstract»

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  • Modelling distributed knowledge processes in next generation multidisciplinary alliances

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 83 - 91
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    Current research on distributed knowledge processes suggests a critical conflict between knowledge processes in groups and the technologies built to support them. The conflict centers on observations that authentic and efficient knowledge creation and sharing is deeply embedded in an interpersonal face to face context, but that technologies to support distributed knowledge processes rely on the assumption that knowledge can be made mobile outside these specific contexts. This conflict is of growing national importance as work patterns change from same site to separate site collaboration, and millions of government and industrial dollars are invested in establishing academic-industry alliances and building infrastructures to support distributed collaboration and knowledge. We describe our multi-method approach for studying the tension between embedded and mobile knowledge in a project funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation's program on Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence. This project examines knowledge processes and technology in distributed, multidisciplinary scientific teams in the National Computational Science Alliance (Alliance), a prototypical next generation enterprise. First we review evidence for the tension between embedded and mobile knowledge in several research literature. Then we present our three-factor conceptualization that considers how the interrelationships among characteristics of the knowledge shared, group context, and communications technology contribute to the tension between embedded and mobile knowledge. Based on this conceptualization we suggest that this dichotomy does not fully explain distributed multidisciplinary knowledge processes. Therefore we propose some alternate models of how knowledge is shared. Finally, we describe the data collection methodologies and present the current status of the project View full abstract»

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