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Robot and Human Communication, 1992. Proceedings., IEEE International Workshop on

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  • Proceedings. IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Communication (Cat. No.92TH0469-7)

    Publication Year: 1992
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • A prototype of goldfish software robot with real-time response function by a parallel computer

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):323 - 328
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (744 KB)

    This paper describes a parallel computing system and a software algorithm for real-time interaction between a human user and the synthesized moving goldfish images. Two realistic goldfish agents appearing on a display can recognize the palm position and finger motion (finger sign) of the user, then respond to them in real-time. The authors have named this kind of interactive agent a `software robo... View full abstract»

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  • Hybrid architectures for intelligent robotic systems

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):329 - 334
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (484 KB)

    Hybrid architectures, based on combinations of analogic, symbolic, and neural methods, are well suited for real-time applications in advanced robotics. Real-time industrial applications are mainly based on the correction of preplanned programs. So far, the planning and control modules of these kind of applications are often unable to react and/or classify un-expected events. The approach described... View full abstract»

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  • A target tracking robot based on fuzzy control

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):335 - 340
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (356 KB)

    A fuzzy tracking system of an irregular movement object is presented. The system consists of a manipulator with 3-degrees of freedom, an image processor, a personal computer, a wooden board equipment (like pinball) and 2 controllers. An arriving line is set up on the pinball board. A black ball used as the dropping object drops from the top of the board. Before reaching the arriving line, the imag... View full abstract»

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  • A discrimination system using neural network for EMG-controlled prostheses

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):63 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (17)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (344 KB)

    The electromyographic (EMG) signal from active muscle is observed on the surface of the living body, and considered for controlling an externally powered upper extremity prosthesis. However, the EMG signal depends on physical condition, the state of mind and so on. So it is difficult that the original EMG signal could be used as a command for controlling an externally powered upper extremity prost... View full abstract»

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  • Operation modes for cooperating with autonomous functions in intelligent teleoperation systems

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):275 - 281
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (548 KB)

    The authors propose four operation modes for cooperation between manual operation and autonomous functions in intelligent teleoperation systems. They specify the sequence of mode change so that the operator can change these operation modes intuitively and smoothly. They describe the control schemes of master-slave arms in each mode based on the new bilateral control scheme which was previously pro... View full abstract»

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  • A hybrid model and sensor-based control using logical sensor

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):341 - 346
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (388 KB)

    This paper describes the progress of a research program on intelligent autonomous systems. The research program concentrates on equipping robots with a capability of handling the exceptions autonomously during the execution of their programs. An intelligent robot control system has been developed, which has the capability of exception handling. An intelligent sensor system with a similar capabilit... View full abstract»

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  • A basic study on the tactile display for tele-presence

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):58 - 62
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (340 KB)

    Tactile informtion processing was studied based on psychophysical experiments in order to design the tactile display for tele-existence robots or virtual reality. The characteristics of the tactile sense were obtained when strain forces with various velocities and directions were applied horizontally on a fingertip surface. The absolute thresholds of the contactor displacement were measured as fun... View full abstract»

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  • A digital control method applied to master-slave manipulator systems

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):282 - 285
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB)

    This paper presents experimental results on the digital control of a master-slave manipulator system, which is designed to realize high-fidelity telemanipulation and stability even though the task object parameters are changed. The authors design a double structured digital controller consisting of disturbance observers and a master-slave controller. The validity of the proposed control method is ... View full abstract»

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  • EMG pattern classification for a prosthetic forearm with three degrees of freedom

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):69 - 74
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (568 KB)

    The authors developed an EMG controlled prosthetic forearm with three degrees of freedom actuated by small size ultrasonic motors. Its weight is less than 700 g and the size is the same as the adult's forearm. The interface between the amputee and the prosthetic forearm was designed on the basis of the fact that the amputee still preserves the phantom limb motor map after amputation. The paper pro... View full abstract»

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  • Rule tree and man/machine interface for a two-robot cooperative system

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):347 - 352
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (316 KB)

    A two-robot cooperative system, which can do the chance game, move an object jointly and wind wire into a coil, is proposed. The two manipulators in this system move independently based on the three-level rule base. A competitive learning rule and the communication between the subsystems are introduced to improve the flexibility of the system. In the man/machine interface (MMI), two kinds of MMI, ... View full abstract»

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  • A robot teaching method using Hyper Card system

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):410 - 412
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    Human and robot communication is becoming more important for the next generation robot systems. This paper describes a robot teaching system with user friendly interfaces in order to improve the conventional teaching methods. The hyper card system in the Macintosh computer is used for the robot teaching system because of its easy handling and excellent human interfaces. The program in the Hyper Ca... View full abstract»

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  • Human factor considerations in the implementation of flexible automatic production systems

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):137 - 142
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (420 KB)

    A theoretical frame for the task allocation problem in a multiproduct production environment is presented. Conditions under which tasks should be or shouldn't be assigned to humans are presented. Human factor considerations in implementation of systems where, humans, machines and computers simultaneously interact with each other, are also included View full abstract»

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  • An upper extremity prosthesis using SMA actuator

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):52 - 57
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (520 KB)

    Many kinds of powered upper extremity prostheses with multi-degree-of-freedom have been studied and developed. However, in daily life, there are few upper extremity prostheses which the handicapped can use. In the superior limits of weight and size, the prostheses with multi-degree-of-freedom and multi-functions are requested by the handicapped. To achieve this, the authors tried to develop a pros... View full abstract»

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  • Design of hand force feedback systems for glove-like advanced interfaces

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):286 - 293
    Cited by:  Papers (13)  |  Patents (27)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (624 KB)

    In this paper the general concept of force feedback on the operator's hands is considered by analyzing the contact forces occurring during general exploratory and manipulative procedures performed by both the robot and virtual hands. The design aspect of hand force feedback systems for glove-like advanced interfaces is based on the specific spectrum of forces required to reproduce on the human han... View full abstract»

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  • Hand-over of an object between human and robot

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):199 - 203
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (316 KB)

    In order to control robot hands intelligently as human do, the authors consider a physiological approach motivated by the study of human hands. They analyze the human's grasping behavior, where two frictional point contacts and prismatic grasp are used. And two methods that can predict when and how fingers will slip upon a grasped object are considered. To emulate the human's capabilities, the pro... View full abstract»

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  • A facial image synthesis system for human-machine interface

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):363 - 368
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (568 KB)

    The authors introduce a `face' interface which is a user-friendly human-machine interface with multi-media and can realize a face-to-face communication environment between the operator and the machine. In this system, a human face appears on the display of the machine and it can talk to the operator with a natural voice. This paper describes the face motion and expression synthesis schemes which c... View full abstract»

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  • Towards a new paradigm of human-robot-computer interaction

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):11 - 17
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (588 KB)

    The merging of two lines of research, human-computer interaction and human-robot interaction, can lead to a field of research that might be called human-robot-computer interaction. Human-robot-computer interaction is a research field for understanding how multiple humans, robots and computers interact with each other, and generating effective design methodologies for their interaction. Towards thi... View full abstract»

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  • Recognizing user communicative intention in a consultant system with a natural language interface

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):311 - 316
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (520 KB)

    This paper defines communicative intentions instead of illocutionary acts defined in the speech act theory, and proposes a method of recognizing them from user utterances. Although the speech act theory deals with the complex mental states of humans, similar complexity is not necessary for an effective interface between humans and machines, whose relation is modelled as that of master and slave. T... View full abstract»

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  • Artificial emotion model for human-machine communication by using harmony theory

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):149 - 154
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (516 KB)

    This paper deals with an artificial emotion model for `Active Human Interface' that generates emotions and facial expressions from desire state by neural network application. The harmony theory, a type of Boltzmann machine, is employed in this paper, and for this network system, the authors show a method of learning six basic emotions (joy, anger, sadness, fear, disgust and surprise). They also fo... View full abstract»

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  • A virtual steering system

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):353 - 357
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (312 KB)

    This paper discusses the information needed for the human operator operating the tel-steering systems for mobile robots. The authors elucidate that the non-visual information which is sensitive to human bodies is also useful for the human operators to steer mobile robots with correct orientation View full abstract»

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  • Human-robot interface architecture for distributed environments

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):413 - 418
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (412 KB)

    In order to support the cooperative work of human, the research of computer-supported cooperative work has been evolved, and many groupware have also been developed. In the cooperative work of human, the task may involve in the transportation of physical entities that conventional groupware can not handle. The authors propose an interface architecture for the transportation of physical entities in... View full abstract»

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  • Combination of two methods for isolated word speech recognition

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):129 - 136
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (312 KB)

    The authors present a method for isolated word speech recognition combining hidden Markov models (HMM) and multisection vector quantization (MSVQ) code books techniques. The use of these two techniques together enables the system to correct half of the wrong decisions made when only one technique is used. This system was implemented on a digital signal microprocessor (DSP), and is operating in rea... View full abstract»

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  • Human figure modeling for virtual environment applications

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):117 - 122
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB)

    Many applications would benefit from graphical simulation and emerging virtual environment (VE) technologies, and for many of these cases, the VE system must be able to display accurate models of human figures. The author surveys major modeling techniques for representing and simulating synthetic humans, or virtual actors, and discusses the relative importance of these simulation and modeling tech... View full abstract»

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  • Human-interface by recognition of human gesture with image processing-recognition of gesture to specify moving direction

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):105 - 110
    Cited by:  Papers (7)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (348 KB)

    The authors developed a human-interface system to specify the moving direction by recognition of beckon motion. In this system, the recognition of gesture is performed by using a colour image processing system. The communication between persons are performed by using not only voice but also the gesture. In noisy environment, if machines can recognize the human gesture as a command, one operates th... View full abstract»

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