Proceedings 199 IEEE/IEEJ/JSAI International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (Cat. No.99TH8383)

5-8 Oct. 1999

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  • Proceedings 199 IEEE/IEEJ/JSAI International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (Cat. No.99TH8383)

    Publication Year: 1999
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • IEEE Standards Association - Overview for ITSC'99 [slide presentation]

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):412 - 415
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (163 KB)

    This article consists of a collection of slides from the author's PowerPoint conference presentation. The presentation covers: Historical Perspective; IEEE Standards Association: Some Basics; and 1999 Strategic Initiatives. View full abstract»

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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1014 - 1017
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Prediction of daily traffic volumes by using autoregressive models

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):116 - 118
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (392 KB)

    The Chiba Police Headquarters Traffic Control Center has accumulated traffic information such as traffic flows, time occupancy, and travel times. In this paper we attempt to predict the average daily traffic volumes by employing autoregressive models to upgrade the functions of traffic control View full abstract»

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  • Control of an autonomous vehicle: design and first practical results

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):448 - 452
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (408 KB)

    The lateral and the longitudinal dynamics of a vehicle are usually controlled separately. The paper deals mainly with the control concept and presents first practical results of the lateral module of an autonomous road vehicle, which is driven by a robot. The design of a robust H2-controller based on standard H2/H∞-algorithms is described. An additional curva... View full abstract»

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  • A formal design methodology for land-transport operations

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):110 - 115
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (484 KB)

    We propose a supervisory control approach, based on controlled automata concepts, to the planning for online service-operations control of a class of passenger land-transport systems (PLanTSs). The PLanTS belongs to a class of dynamic demand-responsive transportation systems. We first provide an overview of service-operations in PLanTS and present a formal design methodology for service-operations... View full abstract»

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  • An algorithm to estimate vehicle speed using uncalibrated cameras

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):441 - 446
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (500 KB)

    We present an algorithm to estimate speed using a sequence of video images from an uncalibrated camera. The algorithm uses frame differencing to isolate moving edges and track vehicles between frames. The algorithm uses a known vehicle length distribution with image information to estimate speed View full abstract»

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  • Study on the speed-sensation at the situation of high-speed train driving

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):230 - 232
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (360 KB)

    This paper describes the relationship between speed sensation and motion parallax (the effect on speed sensation of what is seen when one is moving at high speed). It is found that people have a much lower speed sensation when their forward field of view is narrow. It can be described by motion parallax. This study is expected to be of value in the design of train cabins View full abstract»

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  • Toward the construction of a physical distribution efficiency support system

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):105 - 109
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (252 KB)

    The National Police Agency (NPA) of Japan has been conducting the research and development of eight subsystems centered around an integrated traffic control system. The NPA aims at the construction of a physical distribution efficiency support system, dealing with the distribution of goods efficiently using infrared beacons. This low-cost system can be introduced with ease even by medium- and smal... View full abstract»

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  • Sophisticated utilization of image information in a control television system

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):845 - 849
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (436 KB)

    The Yamaguchi Prefectural Police headquarters traffic control center maintains traffic signals, vehicle sensors, traffic information signs, and roadside communications constituting a comprehensive traffic control system to control traffic along major highways in Yamaguchi prefecture. This system includes a system of television cameras for control that visually ascertain the flow and state of traff... View full abstract»

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  • EPMS control and a NOx sensor for traffic control systems

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):645 - 648
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (224 KB)

    Environment protection management systems (EPMS) are a component of the “UTMS 21” project formulated by the Japanese National Police Agency. EPMS is a general term for systems that measure the pollutants emitted by road traffic and they use a variety of means, including the control of traffic flows, provision of traffic information and guidance on recommended routes for individual vehi... View full abstract»

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  • Simulator for evaluating traffic management system

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):506 - 511
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    This paper describes a remarkable computer controlled simulator developed by Osaka Prefectural Police with the object of evaluating and verifying the performance of a dynamic traffic management system. It is a simulator that simulates each vehicle, and an evaluation of the signal control parameter using data collected from detectors as well as the one actually operated became possible under variou... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluation of a low cost solid-state accelerometer as a distance measuring sensor for vehicle positioning system

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):435 - 440
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (912 KB)

    Describes an evaluation of a low cost, solid state accelerometer as a distance-measuring device. A Kalman filter was applied to reduce random noise existing in the sensor. The random bias drift of the accelerometer was found to be 2.5 mg. The accelerometer was moved back and forth eight times for a distance of 40 cm with an acceleration of 10 m/s2 and the distance error accumulated was ... View full abstract»

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  • Utilizing picture information in the traffic field: the intelligent integrated ITV systems (IIIS)

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):224 - 229
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (388 KB)

    This paper reports in general on the introduction of digital picture technology in the traffic field and specifically on the intelligent integrated ITV systems (IIIS), one subsystem of UTMS21, which makes picture traffic information collected by cameras applicable for improving the conventional illegal parking prevention system. The IIIS uses inexpensive CCD cameras to help detect and eliminate il... View full abstract»

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  • A flexible architecture for intelligent cruise control

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):958 - 963
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (700 KB)

    We present a concept of a flexible and modular architecture for intelligent cruise control (ICC). The architecture can be subdivided into three different processing steps: object-related analysis of sensor data, behavior-based scene interpretation and behavior planning. Each step works on collected sensor information as well as on a knowledge base, which can be broadened by external knowledge like... View full abstract»

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  • Counter-measures against traffic congestion in middle-sized cities

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):100 - 104
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (208 KB)

    The city of Yonezawa has installed an automatic route induction coordinate signal control system that controls traffic signals for each route unit since 1974. However, the growing traffic volume in the city has reached the limits of capacity. Therefore, the prefecture established the Yonezawa traffic control sub-center in 1998 and installed an area-wide signal control system. In order to confirm t... View full abstract»

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  • Signal control setting for speeding vehicle control and its effects

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):839 - 844
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (280 KB)

    A so-called industrial road within the city of Kagoshima had been frequented by traffic accidents due to speeding vehicles in the night-time. To prevent such accidents, the Kagoshima Prefectural Police HQ decided to adopt a new signal control setting scheme which makes it difficult for vehicles to travel by speeding. This paper introduces this new signal control setting scheme for speeding vehicle... View full abstract»

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  • Plan for introducing new traffic control system

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):585 - 588
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (184 KB)

    The Ibaraki Prefectural Police HQ plans to introduce a new traffic control (TC) system based on the National Police Agency's concept of Universal Traffic Management Systems (UTMS) by taking an opportunity of its movement to a new building in the spring of 1999. This paper describes the system design concept of the new TC system with emphasis on its new information system functions most characteris... View full abstract»

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  • Traffic information collection system powered by solar cells

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):870 - 873
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (288 KB)

    One requirement for a vehicle detector, which is one type of traffic information collection system, is low power consumption and wireless operation. Behind this requirement is the desire to collect traffic information without the need to supply AC power on roads where a commercial power source is unavailable, the importance of aesthetics in urban settings, and conversion to the wireless transmissi... View full abstract»

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  • A study of traffic signals with a localizing function for visually-impaired persons

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):148 - 151
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (296 KB)

    The Engineering Department of the University of Tokushima Graduate School conduct this study to investigate traffic signals with a localizing function (that indicates the location of the traffic signal device) for visually-impaired persons, as the study project leader. We at the Traffic Management and Control Division, Traffic Department, Tokushima Prefectural Police, intend to actively support th... View full abstract»

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  • A system for small target detection, tracking, and classification

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):639 - 644
    Cited by:  Papers (6)  |  Patents (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (620 KB)

    A system is developed for small target detection, tracking and classification. The specific application of interest is an automatic headlight dimming system (AutoDim) for automotive night-time driving use. The burden of controlling the state of the vehicle's headlights (high or low beam) is taken away from the driver and shifted on to the AutoDim system. AutoDim's decision as to whether or not to ... View full abstract»

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  • 3 DOF modular eye for smart car

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):501 - 505
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (408 KB)

    We present our work on the design of a 3 DOF modular eye for a smart car. This design is specially guided by the requirement of facilitating the cancellation of the camera frame (i.e., the merging of the camera frame with the pan-tilt frame). The design solution and the vision principle of canceling the camera frame are discussed in detail with real results View full abstract»

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  • Autonomous driving on vehicle test tracks: overview, implementation and vehicle diagnosis

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):62 - 67
    Cited by:  Papers (6)  |  Patents (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (564 KB)

    This article describes the implementation of the Autonomous Driving project. Furthermore, it shows the concept of the vehicle diagnosis in detail. The vehicle diagnosis monitors a test car on a proving ground and substitutes the surveillance of a human test driver. Therefore, the human diagnostics capabilities have to be replaced by measuring equipment in order to automate the detection of malfunc... View full abstract»

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  • An intelligent (semi-)autonomous passenger transportation system

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):374 - 379
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (764 KB)

    We describe the hardware design and the control and navigation system of a (semi-)autonomous robot vehicle whose primary task is the transportation of people in crowded public environments. The system was initially designed as a robotic wheelchair for elderly and disabled people, called the MAid (mobility aid for elderly and disabled people). One of MAid's core functions is deliberative autonomous... View full abstract»

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  • The electronic copilot for an autonomous vehicle: design and first results

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):521 - 526
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (300 KB)

    Deals with design and the first step in the development of an electronic copilot (ECP). ECP is used within an autonomous vehicle as a partially redundant system for vehicle control. The ECP gets the necessary information from various sensors such as a laser scanner or vision sensors. At the current state of development it is applied to automatic braking in case of emergency. The paper contains an ... View full abstract»

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