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Image Processing, 1999. ICIP 99. Proceedings. 1999 International Conference on

Date 24-28 Oct. 1999

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  • 1999 International Conference on Image Processing ICIP '99 [front matter]

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):i - iv
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):v - liv
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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):lxiii - lxxix
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  • A study on assembly part recognition using part-based superquadric model

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):78 - 82 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (260 KB)

    This paper presents a new volumetric approach to 3D object recognition by using PBSM (Part-Based Superquadric Model). The assembly part object usually can be constructed with the set of volumetric primitives and the relationships of them. We describe volumetric properties of the model object with superquadric parameters. In addition, our model base has the relationships of volumetric primitives as... View full abstract»

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  • Lossless compression for RGB color still images

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):73 - 77 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (16)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (256 KB)

    In the present paper we propose lossless compression for RGB color still images which consist of three planes, though many of the proposed techniques for lossless compression are for gray scale images. In the proposed method, we realize effective coding by modifying the prediction errors obtained from each plane. We use color space correlation in modification of prediction errors. High speed and e... View full abstract»

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  • From LOGO-I to the JPEG-LS standard

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):68 - 72 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (332 KB)

    LOGO-I (LOw COmplexity LOssless COmpression for Images) is the algorithm at the core of the new ISO/ITU standard for lossless and near-lossless compression of continuous-tone images, JPEG-LS. The algorithm was conceived as a “low complexity projection” of the universal context modeling paradigm, matching its modeling unit to a simple coding unit based on Golomb codes. The JPEG-LS stand... View full abstract»

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  • Estimation of random trajectories on manifolds: application to object tracking

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):103 - 107 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (332 KB)

    The parameters to be estimated in dynamical image analysis are usually restricted to a subset of the Euclidean space. This constraint is often neglected in the design of image analysis algorithms although it allows one to achieve significant improvements. This paper describes an algorithm for the estimation of parameter evolution on manifolds exploiting three sources of information: the manifold g... View full abstract»

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  • Trainable pedestrian detection

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):35 - 39 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (57)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (348 KB)

    Robust, fast object detection systems are critical to the success of next-generation automotive vision systems. An important criteria is that the detection system be easily configurable to a new domain or environment. In this paper, we present work on a general object detection system that can be trained to detect different types of objects; we focus on the task of pedestrian detection. This parad... View full abstract»

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  • The morphological lomo filter for multiscale image processing

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):157 - 161 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (400 KB)

    Locally monotonic (lomo) images are defined as root signals of a morphological lomo filter. The morphological approach allows a multidimensional generalization of local monotonicity. This generalization is well motivated in that it retains the essential properties of one-dimensional (1D) local monotonicity. Repeated application of the lomo filter produces a lomo root signal of a specified scale. B... View full abstract»

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  • Lossless image compression using adaptive predictor symbol mapping and context filtering

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):63 - 67 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (6)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    Common components in recently published lossless image compression algorithms include adaptive prediction, context-based error feedback and adaptive entropy coding. Each component has a number of building blocks. In this paper, we present a new algorithm which uses three new building blocks: an adaptive predictor, a symbol mapping scheme and a context filtering scheme. Experimental results show th... View full abstract»

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  • Cartography and dead reckoning using stereo vision for an autonomous car

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):30 - 34 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (340 KB)

    Our main objective in this paper is to perform a cartography of a road scene into a reference frame at rest, where 3D measurements delivered by on-board sensors serve as input. The main sensors of our autonomous vehicle are two CCD cameras. Their pictures are combined using stereopsis to generate 3D data. We need dead reckoning to properly associate 3D data among the frames. This necessitates us t... View full abstract»

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  • MPEG-4 shape coding with morphological enhancement

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):290 - 294 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (188 KB)

    The current MPEG-4 shape coding scheme is “bitmap-based”, and consists of two steps: first, distortion is introduced by down and up scaling; then, context-based arithmetic encoding is applied. Recently bitmap-based methods have been reported to produce more irritating images than contour-based methods, while introducing a similar amount of quantization error. In this paper, we propose ... View full abstract»

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  • Quality evaluation method considering time transition of coded video quality

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):338 - 342 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (192 KB)

    We propose the new quality evaluation method of coded video which is considering the time transition of video quality. The evaluated quality value is computed as the weighted mean of the frame quality by using the weighted function which is derived from the short-term characteristic of human memory. In this case, the time transition of video quality is obtained from the series of the frame quality... View full abstract»

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  • Video denoising by combining Kalman and Wiener estimates

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):152 - 156 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (47)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (476 KB)

    The paper proposes a computationally fast scheme for denoising a video sequence. Temporal processing is done separately from spatial processing and the two are then combined to get the denoised frame. The temporal redundancy is exploited using a scalar state 1D Kalman filter. A novel way is proposed to estimate the variance of the state noise from the noisy frames. The spatial redundancy is exploi... View full abstract»

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  • Automated analysis and detection of cracks in underground scanned pipes

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):395 - 399 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (360 KB)

    Closed circuit television (CCTV) surveys are used widely in North America to assess the structural integrity of underground pipes. The video images are examined visually and classified into grades according to degrees of damage. The human eye is extremely effective at recognition and classification, but it is not suitable for assessing pipe defects in thousands of miles of pipeline images due to f... View full abstract»

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  • Edge directed prediction for lossless compression of natural images

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):58 - 62 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (292 KB)

    Natural images are populated with edges characterized by abrupt changes of local statistics. They put severe challenges on probability modeling of image sources. This paper proposes to employ recursive least square (RLS)-based predictive modeling to characterize local statistics for edges. It can be viewed as estimating the covariance matrix from a local causal neighborhood and selecting the MMSE ... View full abstract»

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  • Ghost error elimination and superimposition of moving objects in video mosaicing

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):128 - 132 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (504 KB)

    The paper presents an approach for region based video mosaicing, treating moving objects separately from the background, and with improved ghost-like noise elimination. The mosaic images show the moving objects superimposed over a stationary background. Conventional technologies can reduce the ghost-like noise that occurs from moving objects by using temporal median filtering, but its efficiency d... View full abstract»

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  • From local to global parameter estimation in panoramic photographic reconstruction

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):113 - 117 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (312 KB)

    This paper addresses a key issue in the problem of reconstructing a panoramic view from several pictures taken with a hand-held camera, namely the estimation of some ill-posed parameters using an external constraint. For many practical reasons, a panoramic reconstruction has to be performed in several independent steps, resulting in a set of different measurements of the same reality. For example,... View full abstract»

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  • Moving object detection from MPEG coded picture

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):25 - 29 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (9)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (268 KB)

    Intelligent transport systems (ITS) have been developed as next generation systems which unite multimedia technology and the roadway. One ITS technology, image processing, for example, the detection and tracking of moving objects (e.g. vehicles), is studied. On the other hand, the coding technique of MPEG (Motion Picture Experts Group) is used as the worldwide standard method of video data compres... View full abstract»

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  • A method of inserting binary data into MPEG bitstreams for video index labeling

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):285 - 289 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (272 KB)

    We propose a method for inserting optional binary data into MPEG bitstreams. By inserting additional information like index label effectively into video database, we can deal the additional information with video data itself easily. The proposed method allows us to extract the inserted data perfectly though the MPEG video is a lossy algorithm, and the quality of the decoded images after extracting... View full abstract»

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  • Color image halftoning with the dot overlap printer model

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):333 - 337 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (364 KB)

    Color printers usually have only four inks (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black). They can not represent all colors of a color image. Traditional error-diffusion algorithm is proposed for solving this problem. In general, error-diffusion produces better halftoned images. Unfortunately, it also produces some artifacts, i.e. unstable phenomenon and smeared edges. These situations are much worse when do... View full abstract»

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  • Minimization of the spurious shot boundaries using principal components decomposition and progressive nonlinear filter

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):147 - 151 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (324 KB)

    Shot boundary detection is an important for retrieval of visual media in multimedia systems. Video temporal segmentation algorithms use thresholding techniques to identify both abrupt shot changes and gradual shot transitions. Thresholding methods frequently provide false positives due to large variations in gradual transition regions. The principal component decomposition and progressive nonlinea... View full abstract»

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  • Multiscale medial axis through a complete set of optimal scale ridges

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):390 - 394 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (268 KB)

    This paper presents an algorithm to extract a complete set of optimal scale ridges from the medialness scale space. The result is the multiscale medial axis. This algorithm differs from the previous implementations of optimal scale ridge in that it searches for the local maximum with respect to scale, rather than the global maximum. Therefore a single position is allowed to belong to separate axis... View full abstract»

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  • Imaging and analysis of traffic scene

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1 - 5 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (424 KB)

    Image processing plays an important role in ITS. Since a traffic environment heavily depends on visual information, machine vision is a must in ITS. There are many active research and development programs applying image technologies for ITS. First of all, we need a good and clear image as an input to obtain better image processing results. For this purpose, resolution and dynamic range of an imagi... View full abstract»

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  • Inter color and inter/intra band prediction on reversible wavelet for lossless progressive color coding

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):53 - 57 vol.4
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (248 KB)

    We propose a new lossless progressive color coding of color still images. An image is firstly transformed by reversible wavelet transform such as S transform due to progressive transmission of image. And we utilize for an improvement of the compression performance not only for the inter color correlation but also the inter/intra band correlation of the subbands of reversible wavelet transform. We ... View full abstract»

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