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Proceedings of the 18th IEEE Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems

22-22 Oct. 1999

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  • Proceedings of the 18th IEEE Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems

    Publication Year: 1999
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):v - viii
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  • Workshop on Reliable Middleware (Wremi) Foreward

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s): 309
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  • Workshop on Electronic Commerce (Welcom) Foreward

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s): 329
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  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):401 - 402
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  • Approaching a formal definition of fairness in electronic commerce

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):354 - 359
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (72 KB)

    The notion of fairness is a very general concept and can be used to coin terms in many different application areas. Recently the term fairness has appeared in the context of electronic commerce. Here, the term fair exchange refers to the problem that two parties want to swap some distinct items in a way which ensures that no participant can gain advantage over the other. Many protocols for fair ex... View full abstract»

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  • A practical guideline to the implementation of online shops

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):348 - 353
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (52 KB)

    Implementing an online shop can be a risky project, since there's no widespread and profound knowledge or experiences. This guideline is intended to support the management of organizational, technical and human challenges in online shop implementation projects. An overview of the implementation process is given. Subsequently, the development of a concept, using the services offered by a company to... View full abstract»

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  • Quality of service in business-to-business e-commerce applications

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):342 - 347
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (80 KB)

    Electronic commerce has attracted a great deal of attention recently. Among the different types of electronic commerce, business-to-business is the one most widespread in terms of turnover. An important aspect in business-to-business e-commerce scenarios is how to meet the response time and throughput requirements of applications in spite of execution taking place across corporate boundaries and, ... View full abstract»

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  • Failure data analysis of a LAN of Windows NT based computers

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):178 - 187
    Cited by:  Papers (62)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (64 KB)

    This paper presents results of a failure data analysis of a LAN of Windows NT machines. Data for the study was obtained from event logs collected over a six-month period from the mail routing network of a commercial organization. The study focuses on characterizing causes of machine reboots. The key observations from this study are: 1) most of the problems that lead to reboots are software related... View full abstract»

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  • View divergence control of replicated data using update delay estimation

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):102 - 111
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (352 KB)

    We propose a method to control the view divergence of replicated data when copies of sites in a replicated database are asynchronously updated. The view divergence of the replicated data is the difference in the lateness of the updates reflected in the data acquired by clients. Our method accesses multiple sites and provides a client with data that reflects all the updates received by the sites. W... View full abstract»

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  • Formal hazard analysis of hybrid systems in cTLA

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):68 - 77
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB)

    Hybrid systems like computer-controlled chemical plants are typical safety critical distributed systems. In present practice, the safety of hybrid systems is guaranteed by hazard analysis which is performed according to procedures (e.g., Ha2Op) where experts discuss a series of informal argumentations. Each argumentation considers a specific required system property. Formal property pro... View full abstract»

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  • Service provision and composition in virtual business communities

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):336 - 341
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (88 KB)

    Service provisioning is at the base of the business economy and is a major driver for business-to-business interaction. The strong competition induced by market globalisation is forcing businesses to concentrate on their core competencies and to rely on specialised third parties for the provisioning of corollary service infrastructure. New expectations and opportunities are emerging for business u... View full abstract»

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  • The “QoS query service” for improved quality-of-service decision making in CORBA

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):274 - 285
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (152 KB)

    We present the quality-of-service query service (QQS) a CORBA service which provides quality-of-service-related “decisions” for the configuration and parameterization of CORBA applications. Applications and services query QQS for those QoS-related decisions, and input data into QQS, so that evaluators have the necessary information to execute their decision-making algorithms. QQS consi... View full abstract»

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  • Security mechanisms for using mobile agents in electronic commerce

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):378 - 383
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (44 KB)

    In order for mobile agents to be accepted as a basic technology for enabling electronic commerce, proper security mechanisms must be developed. Hosts must be protected from malicious agents, agents must be protected from other agents and also agents must be protected from malicious hosts. For solving the first three problems, existing technology from operating systems and distributed systems resea... View full abstract»

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  • Fault injection based on a partial view of the global state of a distributed system

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):168 - 177
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (88 KB)

    This paper describes the basis for and preliminary implementation of a new fault injector, called Loki, developed specifically for distributed systems. Loki addresses issues related to injecting correlated faults in distributed systems. In Loki, fault injection is performed based on a partial view of the global state of an application. In particular, facilities are provided to pass user-specified ... View full abstract»

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  • Group multicast in distributed mobile systems with unreliable wireless network

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):14 - 23
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (132 KB)

    We propose a multicast protocol for a distributed system that includes mobile hosts. The protocol guarantees reliable delivery, i.e. delivery of every multicast and absence of duplicates. The sender of each multicast may select among three increasingly strong delivery ordering guarantees: FIFO, causal, total. We make loose assumptions on the underlying computing system: (i) we consider an unreliab... View full abstract»

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  • Implementing a semi-active replication strategy in CHORUS/ClassiX, a distributed real-time executive

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):90 - 101
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (224 KB)

    The paper reports a practical implementation of a strategy to support semi-active replication of real-time software components (i.e. sets of tasks) running on the Chorus/ClassiX distributed operating system. The main property of the replication strategy developed in this paper is to solve the major difficulty of replica determinism. The semi-active replication scheme consists of a leader software ... View full abstract»

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  • An algorithm for fault-tolerant clock state & rate synchronization

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):36 - 47
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (252 KB)

    We propose a fault-tolerant algorithm for synchronizing both state and rate of clocks in a distributed system. This algorithm is based on rounds, uses our fault-tolerant optimal precision (OF) convergence function as the means of synchronization, and maintains a collection of intervals to keep track of real-time, internal global time, and clock rates. The analysis shows that the interlocking betwe... View full abstract»

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  • A general framework to solve agreement problems

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):56 - 65
    Cited by:  Papers (32)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (152 KB)

    Agreement problems are among the most important problems designers of distributed systems have to cope with. A way to solve them is to first provide a solution to the Consensus problem and then to reduce each agreement problem to Consensus. This “run-time customizing” approach is particularly relevant when upper layer applications have to solve several distinct agreement problems. We i... View full abstract»

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  • XML documents production for an electronic platform of requests for proposals

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):330 - 335
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (48 KB)

    Addresses the problem of document production in the context of an electronic market application, namely a platform dealing with requests for proposals (RFP). Our project relies on XML as the leading technology, in accordance with a general trend in electronic commerce. The consequences of the RFP workflow on the document publishing requirements are motivated. Various aspects of the XML technology ... View full abstract»

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  • Design and validation of a distributed industrial control system's nodes

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):300 - 301
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (24 KB)

    The Fault Tolerant Systems Group (GSTF) of the Technical University of Valencia has developed the DICOS (Distributed Industrial COntrol System) system. The architecture of DICOS nodes and the error detection mechanisms used are presented. These mechanisms are based on the built-in capabilities of the microcontroller used, control flow checking with the aid of a second microcontroller and double ex... View full abstract»

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  • Fault tolerance in three-tier applications: focusing on the database tier

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):322 - 327
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (48 KB)

    Discusses the issues involved in providing an integrated fault tolerance solution to enterprise applications with a distributed three-tier architecture. We examine end-to-end fault tolerance requirements for interactions between the tiers and describe available solutions. We perform a detailed assessment of fault tolerance technologies that are available for the database tier, which poses most cha... View full abstract»

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  • Exactly-once end-to-end semantics in CORBA invocations across heterogeneous fault-tolerant ORBs

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):296 - 297
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (20 KB)

    We propose a mechanism, based on fault tolerant request IDs piggybacked on GIOP messages, that can be used to enable fault tolerant CORBA invocations spanning multiple heterogeneous ORBs. The proposed mechanism supports replication at both server and client sides View full abstract»

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  • The mainframe as a high-available, highly scalable CORBA platform

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):310 - 315
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (76 KB)

    The increasing demand for interoperable systems requires the integration of traditional mainframe-based transaction processing (TP) monitors with CORBA-based middleware infrastructures. We discuss various integration approaches. The integration of IBM's IMS-TM (Information Management System Transaction Manager) and CORBA is discussed in detail, and up-to-date performance and scalability results ar... View full abstract»

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  • Enforcing determinism for the consistent replication of multithreaded CORBA applications

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):263 - 273
    Cited by:  Papers (27)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (384 KB)

    In CORBA-based applications that depend on object replication for fault tolerance, inconsistencies in the states of the replicas of an object can arise when concurrent threads within those replicas perform updates in different orders. By imposing a single logical thread of control on every replicated multithreaded CORBA client or server object, and by providing deterministic scheduling of threads ... View full abstract»

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