1999 International Symposium on Technology and Society - Women and Technology: Historical, Societal, and Professional Perspectives. Proceedings. Networking the World (Cat. No.99CH37005)

29-31 July 1999

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  • 1999 International Symposium on Technology and Society - Women and Technology: Historical, Societal, and Professional Perspectives. Proceedings. Networking the World (Cat. No.99CH37005)

    Publication Year: 1999
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • MentorNet: leveraging technology to increase the numbers of women in engineering and science

    Publication Year: 1999
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (71 KB)

    Summary form only given. The underrepresentation of women in engineering and related fields has been well documented, with. Negative consequences for the talent pool available for the future workforce and equal opportunity. Mentoring has been lauded as a strategy to improve retention of women students in engineering and related fields. Electronic communications now can support a cost-effective opp... View full abstract»

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  • Estrogen controversy and closure mechanisms: how did estrogen recover from being discredited?

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):141 - 152
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    First Page of the Article
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  • Dating, mating, and electricity: the impact of electronic devices on courting behavior

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (43 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. The author examines the impact of various electronic devices-telephones, radio, television, VCRs, and so on-on courting behavior. These devices have changed notions of public and private space, and of acceptable and unacceptable behavior. They have altered every aspect of the courting scene, from how persons become acquainted to how they establish contact, in e... View full abstract»

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  • "Vibration is life!": electromechanical vibrators and women consumers, 1899-1930

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s): 184
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • 'Engineeresses' 'invade' campus: four decades of debate over technical coeducation

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):195 - 201
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (722 KB)

    The history of engineering education for women helps identify the ways in which observers have interpreted the gendered nature of the engineering profession. Historically, women in engineering programs, even more than in science, stood out due to their rarity. Thus, their very presence led people to confront questions about what it means to be a man or a woman in a technological society, what it m... View full abstract»

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  • Balancing work life issues: a two dimensional/two generation perspective

    Publication Year: 1999
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (60 KB)

    Summary form only given. A key issue for technical and professional women that is raised year after year is the necessary trade-off between devotion to spouse and family vs. to career. And, year after year, we learn of unique solutions to help balance this trade-off-from women who have been there and done that. We are now even beginning to hear about how men are considering and responding to this ... View full abstract»

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  • Marie Hegeler Carus-an accidental engineer

    Publication Year: 1999
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    Summary form only given. Marie Henriette Hermine Hegeler was born in LaSalle, IL, USA in January 1861. She was born on the grounds of the Matthiessen & Hegeler Zinc Co. (M&H), and grew up around the plant. She often accompanied her father in his work at the plant. By the age of 16, she was working in the weigh office and later worked in many other departments throughout the factory. Marie Hegeler ... View full abstract»

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  • "We release them little by little": maturation and gender identity as seen in the use of mobile telephony

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (33 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. This paper examines the social meaning behind the adoption of mobile telephones by teenagers in Norway. Through this adoption process, one can see the way in which youths are developing their adult identity as well as their gendered identity. The primary database used in this analysis is from two telephone questionnaires of Norwegian youths aged 13 to 20, carri... View full abstract»

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  • Chinese and American women compared: experiences and opportunities in science and technology

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (63 KB)

    Summary form only given. Reports on the interchange between the Women in Science Delegation of the USA and their Chinese counterparts, during a visit of the delegation to China in June 1999. This program was founded to establish and maintain interpersonal communication among members of the world community. The delegation met with numerous women in China. The aim of the Women in Science exchange wa... View full abstract»

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  • Why is there a gap in the salaries of male and female engineers?

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (70 KB)

    Summary form only given. Recent studies have found that in the US, women earn between 71 to 74 cents for every dollar earned by men. However, such findings often do not take into account a variety of other factors that alone or together may explain much of this gap between men's and women's salaries. The article examines the gender salary gap in the occupation of engineering, in which women held 1... View full abstract»

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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):402 - 403
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The socialist: “silicon ceiling”: East German women in computer science

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):347 - 355
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (872 KB)

    Up until the fall of the Wall in 1989, the Communist regime of East Germany promoted policies of gender equality in education and in the work force, but these policies fell far short of creating true equality of opportunity for women in information technology. In terms of sheer numbers, women came much closer to achieving equality in East German universities than was the case in the capitalist Wes... View full abstract»

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  • Women and people's science movements in India

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):378 - 382
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (408 KB)

    People's science movements (PSM) seek to bring social changes in India with science. The two schools prevalent in the intellectual climate of PSM are to promote modern scientific knowledge in place of superstitions and to promote Indian knowledge in place of western beliefs in science and technology. In both schools, women's issues related to science have not become a part of the mainstream of PSM... View full abstract»

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  • An introduction to mechanical engineering technology and computer aided design for women over thirty: a ten year follow-up study

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):130 - 134
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (344 KB)

    A ten year follow-up study of a course taught to seventeen women over thirty to introduce them to mechanical engineering technology and computer aided design was conducted to assess the effectiveness the course had in achieving the goal of increasing the number of female students in the Mechanical Engineering Technology Department of New York City Technical College, where few women have taken adva... View full abstract»

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  • Paradigms, pitfalls and the pipeline: gender issues in the information technology workforce

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):343 - 346
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (296 KB)

    The under-representation of women in technical fields has been a persistent problem in the USA, but the critical national need for a large number of information technology (IT) workers is now fueling considerable interest in how to deal with it. Typically few women have pursued careers in computer science and engineering (CS&E). The extent of their under-representation at all levels of educati... View full abstract»

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  • Success in a science and engineering research environment in industry: the relationship between success, gender and area of research

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):111 - 117
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (512 KB)

    To gain insight into the way women and men researchers at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center perceive success, a matched group of men and women was asked to reflect upon the accomplishments in their work with which they were especially satisfied. The answers show no significant gender differences, with the exception of a particularly competitive aspect of business leadership, which was mentioned ... View full abstract»

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  • The sex industry and Internet industry: partners in the globalization of sexual exploitation

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):334 - 341
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (728 KB)

    In the milieu of political and economic restructuring known as globalization, women and children are increasingly becoming commodities to be bought, sold and consumed by tourists, military personnel, organized crime rings, and men seeking sexual entertainment or non-threatening marriage partners. Those with power are using new information technologies to expand their capacity to exploit women and ... View full abstract»

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  • Engendering technology: culture, gender, and work

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):276 - 281
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (508 KB)

    In contemporary Western society, technological professions are gendered, and this differential attribution of meaning has implications for the composition of the professions and the experiences of men and women in them. In this paper, I briefly review a comparative framework which challenges conventional wisdom about the configurations of gender and technology. I consider examples which benefit fr... View full abstract»

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  • Representing female-friendly science and technology in fiction and film

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):19 - 26
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (760 KB)

    I am developing a socio-historical and literary analysis concerning the continuing problem of under-representation of women in science and engineering education and professions. Fictional representations of women engaged with science and technology offer images reflecting and refracting historical and contemporary cultural values regarding those influencing and affected by the consequences of inno... View full abstract»

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  • Computer misuse: search for a solution

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):91 - 98
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (624 KB)

    This paper argues that, in order to manage computer misuse, a greater understanding of its origins along with its effects is imperative. Further, it argues that individual attitudes and social norms with respect to illicit behaviour must be examined in the context of the personality factors, work situation and opportunities that may exist within organisations. While conducting the argument, the pa... View full abstract»

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  • The role of women in the history of computing

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):202 - 205
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (360 KB)

    Long before the electronic computing era, women were already a part of the information processing industry. For the first fifty years of information processing, women had an important role to play-from the women data entry operators of the early 1900s to the six women programmers of ENIAC in the 1940s and the scientific computation women computists of the 1950s. Sometimes an extraordinary partners... View full abstract»

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  • Gender differences in adaptation patterns among scientists in developing nations: exploring the case studies of Ghana, Kenya, and Kerala

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):321 - 333
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (984 KB)

    The paper examines adaptation patterns among female scientists in Ghana, Kenya, and Kerala and compares their level of scientific participation with that of males. The author discusses whether the inhospitable occupational climate in industrialized nations is relatively advantageous for women scientists when compared to the Third World, where women may be especially vulnerable to deleterious scien... View full abstract»

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  • An approach to the situation of Spanish women holding research/teaching positions based on the production/reproduction model

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):367 - 377
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (544 KB)

    The basis of this study is the concept of double presence in the theoretical mainframe of production-reproduction model. Current Spanish reality has created a conflict between productive and reproductive work and has caused an unequal distribution between women and men, of both the weight and the value of the work. The access of Spanish women scientists and engineers in technically related researc... View full abstract»

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  • Workspace design, ergonomics and gender

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):162 - 170
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (808 KB)

    Control of the worker and of the labor process, in an effort to maximize productivity, has always been of paramount importance for capitalist management. This attempt at control, historically, has been played out in the place of work or, more specifically, in the “space” of work. The capitalist workplace, as contested terrain and as the source of the methodologies of control, has been ... View full abstract»

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