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1999 International Symposium on Technology and Society - Women and Technology: Historical, Societal, and Professional Perspectives. Proceedings. Networking the World (Cat. No.99CH37005)

29-31 July 1999

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  • 1999 International Symposium on Technology and Society - Women and Technology: Historical, Societal, and Professional Perspectives. Proceedings. Networking the World (Cat. No.99CH37005)

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (305 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • MentorNet: leveraging technology to increase the numbers of women in engineering and science

    Publication Year: 1999
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (71 KB)

    Summary form only given. The underrepresentation of women in engineering and related fields has been well documented, with. Negative consequences for the talent pool available for the future workforce and equal opportunity. Mentoring has been lauded as a strategy to improve retention of women students in engineering and related fields. Electronic communications now can support a cost-effective opp... View full abstract»

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  • Estrogen controversy and closure mechanisms: how did estrogen recover from being discredited?

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):141 - 152
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1205 KB)

    First Page of the Article
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  • Dating, mating, and electricity: the impact of electronic devices on courting behavior

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (43 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. The author examines the impact of various electronic devices-telephones, radio, television, VCRs, and so on-on courting behavior. These devices have changed notions of public and private space, and of acceptable and unacceptable behavior. They have altered every aspect of the courting scene, from how persons become acquainted to how they establish contact, in e... View full abstract»

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  • "Vibration is life!": electromechanical vibrators and women consumers, 1899-1930

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s): 184
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • 'Engineeresses' 'invade' campus: four decades of debate over technical coeducation

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):195 - 201
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (722 KB)

    The history of engineering education for women helps identify the ways in which observers have interpreted the gendered nature of the engineering profession. Historically, women in engineering programs, even more than in science, stood out due to their rarity. Thus, their very presence led people to confront questions about what it means to be a man or a woman in a technological society, what it m... View full abstract»

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  • Balancing work life issues: a two dimensional/two generation perspective

    Publication Year: 1999
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (60 KB)

    Summary form only given. A key issue for technical and professional women that is raised year after year is the necessary trade-off between devotion to spouse and family vs. to career. And, year after year, we learn of unique solutions to help balance this trade-off-from women who have been there and done that. We are now even beginning to hear about how men are considering and responding to this ... View full abstract»

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  • Marie Hegeler Carus-an accidental engineer

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (74 KB)

    Summary form only given. Marie Henriette Hermine Hegeler was born in LaSalle, IL, USA in January 1861. She was born on the grounds of the Matthiessen & Hegeler Zinc Co. (M&H), and grew up around the plant. She often accompanied her father in his work at the plant. By the age of 16, she was working in the weigh office and later worked in many other departments throughout the factory. Marie Hegeler ... View full abstract»

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  • "We release them little by little": maturation and gender identity as seen in the use of mobile telephony

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (33 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. This paper examines the social meaning behind the adoption of mobile telephones by teenagers in Norway. Through this adoption process, one can see the way in which youths are developing their adult identity as well as their gendered identity. The primary database used in this analysis is from two telephone questionnaires of Norwegian youths aged 13 to 20, carri... View full abstract»

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  • Chinese and American women compared: experiences and opportunities in science and technology

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (63 KB)

    Summary form only given. Reports on the interchange between the Women in Science Delegation of the USA and their Chinese counterparts, during a visit of the delegation to China in June 1999. This program was founded to establish and maintain interpersonal communication among members of the world community. The delegation met with numerous women in China. The aim of the Women in Science exchange wa... View full abstract»

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  • Why is there a gap in the salaries of male and female engineers?

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (70 KB)

    Summary form only given. Recent studies have found that in the US, women earn between 71 to 74 cents for every dollar earned by men. However, such findings often do not take into account a variety of other factors that alone or together may explain much of this gap between men's and women's salaries. The article examines the gender salary gap in the occupation of engineering, in which women held 1... View full abstract»

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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):402 - 403
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Symbiotic model for a working cyberschool: the tentative findings of a two-year case study

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):383 - 392
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (844 KB)

    The debate surrounding the implications of use of computers and online media in our schools is presently an ongoing conversation in scholarly and educational circles. As a contribution to this conversation, the paper discusses the tentative findings of a two-year case study at Kamiak Cyberschool, a technology based public high school for credit deficient juniors and seniors in Mukilteo School Dist... View full abstract»

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  • The contingent construction of the relationship between gender and computer science

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):299 - 311
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1200 KB)

    There is a striking difference in female participation in computer science (CS) courses between developing countries and industrially developed ones. In industrially developed countries, there has been a decline in female participation in CS courses. Less well known is the fact that there is actually a difference in female participation in CS courses and in the rate of decline within Europe. It ca... View full abstract»

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  • The trials and tribulations of women in the engineering workforce

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):283 - 287
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (332 KB)

    There is no doubt that women have come a long way in their representation in the hi-tech field. Although still few in number, women can be found in various technical roles, ranging from engineers to technical managers, vice presidents and presidents. Despite their growth within industry, there seems to be an element of surprise, or wonder, when a women succeeds in a technical position. Women const... View full abstract»

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  • Globally diversifying the workforce in science and engineering

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):54 - 59
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (512 KB)

    To remain competitive in this global and technological world, academic institutions and corporations worldwide need to take serious steps to created a diverse, well-trained and multicultural workforce. To this end, the Global Alliance in Science and Engineering for Diversifying the Workforce was created to offer an opportunity to share best practices in education, industry, government and professi... View full abstract»

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  • Women and people's science movements in India

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):378 - 382
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (408 KB)

    People's science movements (PSM) seek to bring social changes in India with science. The two schools prevalent in the intellectual climate of PSM are to promote modern scientific knowledge in place of superstitions and to promote Indian knowledge in place of western beliefs in science and technology. In both schools, women's issues related to science have not become a part of the mainstream of PSM... View full abstract»

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  • From the basement to the kitchen: constructing the gendered personal computer user

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):295 - 298
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    Users are now appearing in accounts of research in the fields of science and technology studies, and the history and sociology of technology. These accounts move beyond `the user' to multiple, heterogeneous groups of `users' who shape technology through their interactions with and transformations of it. In doing this, the gendered nature of users' relationships to the technology can be made eviden... View full abstract»

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  • Engendering technology: culture, gender, and work

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):276 - 281
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    In contemporary Western society, technological professions are gendered, and this differential attribution of meaning has implications for the composition of the professions and the experiences of men and women in them. In this paper, I briefly review a comparative framework which challenges conventional wisdom about the configurations of gender and technology. I consider examples which benefit fr... View full abstract»

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  • Computers, ethics, law and society: what do we teach undergraduates?

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):249 - 253
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (372 KB)

    University computer science (CS) curricula have traditionally been rich in technical courses, but have lacked content related to the impact of technology on our world. Many CS departments have added more pragmatic courses, such as software engineering and program management, but as technology plays an ever-increasing role in our society, more attention must be focused on its ethical, social and le... View full abstract»

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  • Women in computer science: where have we been and where are we going?

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):242 - 244
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    We discuss the historical and current perspectives on women in computer science and the recent downward trend of women's participation in this field. We then present results from a survey that asked respondents their views on why women's participation in the field of computing is decreasing, what we can do to reverse this trend, and what they predict the future holds for women in computing. We con... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of history and technology on women's careers

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):224 - 229
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (500 KB)

    The impact of the information revolution and the feminist movement on the lives of three women is discussed. The women were born in the decade when the first modern computers were built (1940s) and entered the workforce in the decade when the National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded (1960s). All three women rose to management levels in the computing industry, significantly beyond their ea... View full abstract»

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  • Using the World Wide Web for social change: drummergirl.com, a case study

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):48 - 53
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (436 KB)

    Traditionally, drumming has been a male-dominated field. Even today, mainstream drum publications have continued to ignore the existence and contributions of female musicians. Additionally, they do not provide positive role models or inspiration for aspiring female drummers and continue to reinforce negative stereotypes and prejudices against women. In 1995, I created “drummergirl.com”... View full abstract»

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  • A woman engineer's view of 50 years in the profession

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):219 - 222
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (348 KB)

    Based on several photographs and clippings which span a period of over fifty years, a dozen newspapers will touch on some of the highlights and unusual aspects of the author's engineering career, as well as the careers of her two engineering daughters. The author's scrapbook begins with publicity she received after winning engineering school scholarships, and later, was the first woman to graduate... View full abstract»

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  • An approach to the situation of Spanish women holding research/teaching positions based on the production/reproduction model

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):367 - 377
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (544 KB)

    The basis of this study is the concept of double presence in the theoretical mainframe of production-reproduction model. Current Spanish reality has created a conflict between productive and reproductive work and has caused an unequal distribution between women and men, of both the weight and the value of the work. The access of Spanish women scientists and engineers in technically related researc... View full abstract»

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