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Technology and Society, 1998. ISTAS 98. Wiring the World: The Impact of Information Technology on Society., Proceedings of the 1998 International Symposium on

Date 12-13 June 1998

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  • ISTAS 98. Wiring the World: The Impact of Information Technology on Society. Proceedings of the 1998 International Symposium on Technology and Society (Cat. No.98CH36152)

    Publication Year: 1998
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (162 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The role of municipal officials in telephone system development: San Francisco, 1893-1915

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):59 - 71
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1472 KB)

    The San Francisco Board of Supervisors employed several different strategies in its attempt to secure better telephone service in the city between 1893 and 1915. By describing these different strategies for addressing the problem of monopoly privilege (high rates, poor service, and municipal corruption), this paper illuminates the involvement of municipal politicians in determining the dynamics of... View full abstract»

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  • Globalization versus independent cities: what is best?

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):72 - 84
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1212 KB)

    The independent city is a simplification of the modern world. An overlay of local, state and national governments, and international treaties control and increasingly influence the management and evolution of cities. Effective urban management is difficult when the city is a sub-system of a complex and often cumbersome hierarchical structure. This is especially true when community spirit and solid... View full abstract»

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  • Toward an engineering ethics for the global information era

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):52 - 57
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (496 KB)

    Because they fall prey to increasing relativism as the diversity of interpretive schemata proliferate in a global context, neither traditional Conceptual Ethics nor Virtue Ethics can provide a workable framework for evaluating the ethical significance of the variety of technological systems and structures being set loose upon the planet by contemporary engineering practice. Grounded in the notion ... View full abstract»

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  • Cultural issues in planet-wide Internet management and administration

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):167 - 169
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (276 KB)

    The Internet nowadays reflects various cultural axioms, mostly derived from the culture in which it originally developed (the American academic/research environment). Analyses of these issues have in the past focused only on low-level aspects, like the choice of language (and its consequences, e.g. defining the related character set). An attempt is made in this paper to prove that cultural axioms ... View full abstract»

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  • Characteristics correlated with an individual's predisposition to making a computer-related ethical judgment

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):44 - 51
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    The purpose of this study was to identify the inherent characteristics that are correlated with an individual's predisposition to making a computer-related ethical judgment in accordance with a behavioral model of ethical and unethical decision making developed by Harrington (1992). The inherent characteristics identified were negative-affectivity, other-directedness, moral perspective, locus-of-c... View full abstract»

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  • Teamwork, team performance, and team interfaces: historical precedence and application significance of the research at the USAF Fitts Human Engineering Division

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):161 - 166
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB)

    Warfare is a complex activity that requires the coordination and integration of many teams to accomplish directives and strategies. Teamwork required in battle management situations often occurs at command posts and is necessarily bound (or enhanced) by the collaborative information infrastructure in place. This paper provides a historical review of the work at the US Air Force Fitts Human Enginee... View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge and information structuring: projecting a dynamic and transformative frame of reference

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):37 - 43
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (828 KB)

    Holistic “techno-humanistic” and “human-centered design” objectives that evolved with interdisciplinary ergonomic and human-computer interaction (HCI) requirements are suggested as a promising route to avoid the deformative and crippling consequences of unbridled technological applications. Mismatched human-machine symptoms can take the form of techno-stress, techno-addicti... View full abstract»

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  • Experiences in distance learning from a student's perspective

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):155 - 160
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    Presents the author's experiences as an online class participant. This paper presents a discussion of the current scholarly research on the impact of technology in education, particularly postgraduate work. It provides a brief overview of the format of the online classes which were experienced, i.e. approximate class size, class style, academic requirements, class participation and exam format. Th... View full abstract»

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  • A framework for applying technology to learning

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):33 - 36
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (372 KB)

    On the surface, this article addresses technology in education, but in reality it is about people's lives. The future is not about technology but about people who will need higher interpersonal relationship skills, collaboration skills and lifelong learning skills to be able to adapt in a rapidly changing world. While it may appear to be an oxymoron, technology will play a key role in helping peop... View full abstract»

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  • Invisible Africa: information traffic patterns as illustrated by technical training, the Internet, African mail systems, Baywatch, and books

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):1 - 6
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (476 KB)

    While serious efforts are underway to improve the information infrastructure of the developing world, major shortcomings in information flow continue to make much of Africa invisible to the rest of the world, and invisible to itself. Whether it is where managers go for technical training, the fight for reliable phone lines, old patterns of mail delivery, new patterns of television broadcasting (e.... View full abstract»

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  • Access to computers: is there a gender gap?

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):94 - 97
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (288 KB)

    In 1984, we began to study student attitudes toward the computer to determine whether the computer might be viewed as a “critical filter”, discouraging women from using computers, enrolling in computer classes, and choosing some majors. In business, we were particularly interested in determining whether a differential approach to computers might have an impact on careers. This paper co... View full abstract»

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  • The cultural factor in information warfare

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):11 - 17
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (724 KB)

    In its most general meaning, information warfare is based on disrupting, faking or limiting access to information by whatever opponent you have. Usually, information warfare analyses are centred on the technical skills needed, on the specific instruments used and how to use them, and even (mainly in threat analysis) on the motivations that could push someone to use old, direct methods or more soph... View full abstract»

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  • Information warfare American style: the battle for page numbers, real time event data and other factual information. Recent legal developments

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):105 - 115
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (968 KB)

    The development of the National Information Infrastructure opens new avenues for information products and services. As these information products and services are developed and marketed, the producers of those products and service seek to protect their proprietary interest in the underlying information. Attempts to extend legal protection to basic facts and other public domain information demonstr... View full abstract»

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  • Parallel processing: the private creation of digital “law”

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):129 - 134
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (608 KB)

    Recent scholarship-legal and otherwise-condemns traditional notions of government and adjudication as being antithetical to the “revolutionary” essence of digital technology. The viability of this position is examined, along with the characteristics of paradigms which are offered as appropriate. The paper concludes by considering what will be gained and lost if law is recast in a digit... View full abstract»

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  • The conditions and consequences of profiling in commercial and governmental settings

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):148 - 154
    Cited by:  Patents (25)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (820 KB)

    Profiling is a technique whereby a set of characteristics of a particular class of person is inferred from past experience, and data holdings are then searched for individuals with a close fit to that set of characteristics. The results of profiling bring individuals' civil liberties and privacy into conflict with apparently legitimate applications of data collection, manipulation and filtering. T... View full abstract»

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  • Are less able readers disadvantaged by reading in electronic environments?

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):28 - 32
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (544 KB)

    Reports on an empirical investigation of the relationship between print and hypertext reading skills. The subjects in the study were university students at a public Midwestern US university. A repeated-measures, counter-balanced design was employed. Subjects were categorized as high- and low-ability readers based on a standardized measure of reading achievement. The experimental tasks required sub... View full abstract»

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  • Ensuring universal access to telecommunications technologies for all citizens: equity vs. economic considerations

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):170 - 175
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (576 KB)

    As telecommunications technologies become more integral to everyday life, those people lacking access are at a severe disadvantage. This paper introduces the concept of universal access and provides a history of the government's role. It then examines the need for universal access from the perspective of economic considerations, information requirements, political empowerment, connecting communiti... View full abstract»

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  • Gender and generational differences in the use of computer-mediated communications in households

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):85 - 93
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (912 KB)

    Currently, over 21% of American households have access to Computer-mediated Communications (CMC), providing members of these households with additional avenues for entertainment, information and interactive communication from the private space of their homes. This paper examines the gender and generational differences in the patterns of CMC use in the shared space of households, Data was gathered ... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of the WWW on engineering education

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):7 - 10
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (412 KB)

    The rapid growth of the World Wide Web (WWW) is changing the way students learn and the way that they demonstrate their learning. Engineering educators are beginning to use the Web as a vehicle for the presentation of both basic and supplemental materials for the instruction process. In addition, a wide range of engineering resources is available to students through searches on the Internet. Many ... View full abstract»

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  • Intensity impact of its escalation on people, society and the environment

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):98 - 104
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (820 KB)

    The author focuses on what seems to be the only constant in virtually all forms of media, electronic or paper: the accelerating escalation of intensity. There is no precedent, save perhaps in pitch battle, for the astonishing bit rates entering the human mind and emotions through eyes, ears and even noses. Yet, despite the awesome intensity of stimuli to which we, from the tenderest age, are daily... View full abstract»

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  • How to determine who is impacted by the introduction of new technology into an organization

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):116 - 122
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB)

    With the development of new being commonplace today, many organisations and businesses are faced with the daunting problem of how to go about introducing these technologies. One of the problems lies in determining the impact of the new technology on the work processes and productivity of their employees. Introducing a new technology to the workplace is a multidimensional problem that is addressed ... View full abstract»

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  • Privacy and security in the Digital Age

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):135 - 137
    Cited by:  Patents (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (300 KB)

    A serious problem of security has developed because of the popularity in the use of the Internet for all kinds of communications by both individuals and companies. This potential security issue has forced many to evaluate the need for even connecting to the Internet. Connecting has many benefits, but is it worth the risk of possible loss of confidential information, damage to files and systems, ha... View full abstract»

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  • “Abetting the enemy”: the repercussions of a Website-based information campaign to assist the flood victims of North Korea

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):18 - 23
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (708 KB)

    Unknown to most parts of the world, North Korea has been battling the aftermath of continuous severe floods since 1996. Rice harvests have been hit hard and about 1.7 million rural residents are in dire medical need. A joint FAO and World Food Program mission to the country in November 1997 estimated that the Communist state would need 2.36 million metric tons of food imports in 1997 to meet minim... View full abstract»

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  • The dynamics of an independent city

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):123 - 128
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (548 KB)

    The tools of modern systems theory have successfully helped land men on the moon, design the controls of the disk drive in your computer, and allow businesses to operate more effectively and efficiently. These same tools have not received serious attention in addressing the planning and operating needs of cities, even though there are numerous potential applications. An Independent City is influen... View full abstract»

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