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Distance Learning and Education (ICDLE), 2010 4th International Conference on

Date 3-5 Oct. 2010

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 64
  • [Front and back cover]

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): c1 - c4
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  • [Title page]

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): i - xiv
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  • Notice of Retraction
    Academic program accreditation approach to E-learning benchmarking

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 1 - 5
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1788 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Notice of Retraction

    After careful and considered review of the content of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles.

    We hereby retract the content of this paper. Reasonable effort should be made to remove all past references to this paper.

    The presenting author of this paper has the option to appeal this decision by contacting TPII@ieee.org.

    The long experience of academic program accreditation is utilized to create a similar quality assurance measures to the emerging E-learning paradigm. In this paper; we used Accreditation parameters (eleven parameters): 1. Mission and Objectives, 2. Governance and Administration, 3. Management of Quality Assurance and Improvement, 4. Learning and Teaching, 5. Student Administration and Support Services, 6. Learning Resources, 7. Facilities and Equipment, 8. Financial Planning and Management, 9. Faculty and Staff Employment Processes, 10. Research, 11. Institutional Relationships with the Community. We also used E-learning benchmarks, such as; a- Institutional Support, b-Course Development, c-Teaching/Learning, d- Course Structure, e- Student Support, f- Faculty Support, and g-Evaluation and Assessment are examined. We found that three Academic accreditation elements are not covered in the E-learning benchmarks; namely Mission and Objectives, Research, and Institutional Relationships with the Community. In this paper we established the missing elements in e-learning benchmarks to satisfy academic accreditation, and we suggested some new benchmarks to remedy this issue. The outcome of this paper is a set of new added elements to some of the seven e-learning benchmarks. Those newly found elements will make the e-learning benchmarks in alignment with the academic accreditation elements. View full abstract»

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  • A kind of SVM fast training method based on samples segmentation learning

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 6 - 9
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (605 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Aiming at the problem of slow training in case of Support Vector Machines (SVM) training in massive samples, the paper analyzed relationships and rules between training samples number and training time. The good characteristic of small samples learning of SVM was utilized to lay basis for SVM fast algorithm based on samples segmentation learning, which divided massive samples into small partition for training and obtained classifier after weighted processing on multiple SVM. As proved by experiment, the method can greatly improve training speed, while ensuring good generalization at the same time. View full abstract»

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  • Performance improvements in schools with Adaptive Learning and Assessment

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 10 - 14
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    This paper presents Amrita Learning, a web-based, multimedia-enabled, Adaptive Assessment and Learning System for schools. Computer-based adaptive assessments aim to use an optimal and individualized assessment path to determine the knowledge level of students. The new goal for adaptive assessment is based on educational outcomes, which describe what learners must be able to do as a result of items studied. Assessment based on outcomes creates the initial roadmap for the educational model, ensuring that students are not learning items that are already mastered. Learners and instructors can accurately determine their areas of strengths and weaknesses, and use this to determine future instruction. This paper explains the underlying principles used in the initial adaptive assessment followed by evaluation that is closely interwoven with learning. An expert module continuously adjusts the content and method of presentation based on the sequence of learner's recent responses and prior knowledge. The system maintains and updates both the individual learner profile and group profiles. Amrita Learning, targeted to school students, is built upon the principles of spiral learning with mixed presentation from multiple skill areas, thus providing continuous reinforcement in all skill-areas. The proposed competency model has been pilot tested in both city and rural area schools. In the majority of cases where students used it consistently, there were quantifiable improvements in learning levels and performance in schools. Summaries of the results and recommendations are included in this paper. View full abstract»

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  • Modeling higher-order cognitive skills in technology enhanced distance learning

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 15 - 19
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (553 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Supporting the development of higher-order cognitive skills necessary for successful life-long learning, such as metacognition and communication skills presents a significant challenge in distance education. Current approaches to supporting a learner's cognition in distance learning tend to be developed as stand-alone systems that are often difficult to assess. This paper outlines how existing and validated psychometric tests may be used as a blueprint for structuring and organizing a cognitive user model to support the acquisition of such life-long learning skills. The aim of the approach presented is to create a general user model that can be applied to a range of psychometric tests. The paper presents how the model is structured, and a statistical analysis of the populations' metacognitive regulation. These results may be used to prime the values of the cognitive user model. Additionally, this paper outlines a set of considerations for realizing such cognitive models. View full abstract»

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  • Opinion Maps for tracking and visualizing feedback on digital video content

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 20 - 27
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (587 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    An increasingly large amount of digital video content continues to become available on the Internet. This content ranges from short entertainment clips by amateurs lasting a few minutes to full-fledged, significantly longer, serious course lectures and presentations by subject matter experts. As these video bits of content continue to get pushed out one-way, to the learner, the content authors have no quick or easy way of getting an objective, machine-processable opinion on arbitrary subsections of their content. In this paper, we explore the design and implementation of an innovative software visualization system that uses `Opinion Maps' and a WYSIWYG (When You See Is When You Give) approach to bring a much needed real-time focus to the feedback aspect of the video mode of instruction. In addition to using routine graphical charting to visualize server-side tabular data, an Opinion Map employs a combination of (i) a Tukey Box+ plot - a simple but powerful extension to the Tukey Box plot - to present N-point ordinal opinion scores, collected from learners potentially for every single second of the video content, (ii) a per-second opinion score histogram, and (iii) overall `best' and `worst' opinion score visualizations. The system is nonintrusive; it requires no special content authoring processes and bolts on to prerecorded digital video content. View full abstract»

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  • Realization of incremental autoupgrade for client on C/S architecture distance education platform

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 28 - 31
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    Autoupgrade has become an essential function in C/S architecture platform. This article introduces an incremental autoupgrade scheme based on custom upgrade script and adaptive connection. By executing killing process script, managing file script, operating database script, modifying configuration script and running process script, sophisticated upgrade operation can be implemented in the scheme. The scheme has been successfully applied in a distance education platform, the applied results show that it has a high application value. View full abstract»

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  • The virtual university: Advantages and disadvantages

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 32 - 36
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (623 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    In today's world everything is changing rapidly and development of technology and information has changed many existing facilities in the cultural, social, political and economic fields. Therefore, education like other changes in society and expectations that a society has from its people must change in an appropriate and acceptable way. Distance learning system (electronic) is a new approach and solution for institutions that want to move toward technology in order to change teaching methods and their environments. This system makes it possible to achieve modern education methods in an exhaustive and best way. In the virtual education, all systems, activities and policies must be designed in support of the feature of interaction between students and educational materials and courses. The authors of this paper try to understand the concepts, characteristics and definition of a virtual university to find the strengths and weaknesses of virtual universities and realize the solutions for the weak points. View full abstract»

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  • Design of distance education system on the basis of Scorm and IMS-LD specifications

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 37 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1145 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    In order to design a system that supports different teaching approaches, standardized courseware, real-time personalized learning environment and record and analysis of learning process, this article analyzes the SCORM, IMS-LD specifications and the characteristics of distance education in China. Moreover, based on the analysis and combining with the practice of Chinese distance education, a distance education system model is designed, which absorbs advantages from both SCORM and IMS-LD, tries to meet the requirements of different teaching patterns and resolve problems in learning process. View full abstract»

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  • An eLearning model in prevention of nutrition-related diseases for senior working adults

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 42 - 45
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (827 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    An eLearning model in prevention of nutrition-related diseases (NRD) was developed for the first time in Thailand utilizing innovative information and communication technology to deliver nutrition and health education to prevent the NRD diseases including obesity, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), diabetes and hypertension for senior working adults. It was developed following experts' opinions and then was tested with the focus group for reliability and satisfaction. Consisting of eight modules, the model was then installed on the website www.healthforthai.com using Moodle open source software version 1.9.9. Questionnaires were designed to collect data on demographic characteristics, health record, knowledge, eating behavior, physical activity, and anthropometric parameters. The eLearning model was conducted over a 12-week period with senior working adults who worked in managerial posts in public or private organizations. Participants enrolled voluntarily; thirty-five in the intervention group and thirty-three in the control group voluntarily. The results showed that the knowledge score of the intervention group increased significantly from 49.68 to 76.51% at week 0 and 12 respectively (P=.000*). Consumption of high fat food, sweet food, salty food and soft drink decreased significantly whereas consumption of fruit and vegetable increased significantly (p<;0.05). More participants engaged in physical activity and exercise. It was found that the anthropometric parameters such as body weight, BMI and waist circumference were significantly reduced. About 86% of the participants believed that information via eLearning is practical and comprehensive as the primary information for prevention of NRD. View full abstract»

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  • Software and hardware prototypes for virtual graduate programs

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 46 - 49
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1198 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Internet-based learning platforms facilitate, usually, exchange of text, image, and movie files, while higher education in design-oriented domains needs support in not only exchanging design related 2D drafting and 3D modeling files but also enabling collaborative real-time drafting and modeling interaction. In this context, multi-user interactive interfaces employing game engines offer a framework within which prototypes for Internet-based academic education in architecture, such as Protospace, have been successfully implemented and tested. View full abstract»

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  • Strong password authentication protocols

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 50 - 52
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (152 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Password-based authentication is the protocol that two entities share a password in advance and use the password as the basic of authentication. Existing password authentication scheme can be categorized into two types: weak-password authentication schemes and strong-password authentication schemes. In general, strong-password authentication protocols have the advantages over the weak-password authentication schemes in that their computational overhead are lighter, designs are simpler, and implementation are easier, and therefore are especially suitable for some constrained environments. In this paper, we propose a strong password authentication scheme (SPAS) based on previous research. The SPAS is resistant to Dos attacks, replay attacks and stolen-verifier attacks. It expects SPAS can be employed in application scenarios where lightweight and secure user authentication scheme is required. View full abstract»

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  • A feasible Open Learning framework: The case of the National University of Rwanda

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 53 - 57
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (322 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Open Learning (OL) comes as a promising strategy for Higher Education in developing countries, especially Africa and particularly in Rwanda. The resources needed for conventional lecture driven presentation like buildings, libraries, learning platform, Software, Internet Connectivity are scarce given at the rate of expansion that Rwanda needs. However, web-based systems are also not practical as yet, because connectivity is unreliable and limited in geographical coverage (though networks are being improved at a fast pace), so a `low-tech' but electronic solution has been adopted by the National University of Rwanda (NUR) which we think will be viable even in remote areas. A strong blended learning system is being put in place to deliver multi-disciplinary degrees in the first instance, but with the intention of expanding into continuing professional development at all levels and to open routes to higher education for those who missed out or dropped out at the appropriate time. The system is in its infancy, but it looks promising as a solution to some of Rwanda's educational problems. View full abstract»

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  • The improvement of students' English proficiency and intelligences through Multiple Intelligence integrated Syllabus

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 58 - 62
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (225 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This study provides the effort to develop the English Conversation 1 Syllabus based on Multiple Intelligences Theory. This study aims at: (1) developing an effective MITA Syllabus for teaching English Conversation 1 course based on multiple intelligences theory based on the 80/80 standard level, (2): comparing the English proficiency of students that taught through the MITA Syllabus with that of students taught via a traditional method (3): comparing students' Multiple Intelligences both before and after learning through the MITA Syllabus, and (4) exploring students attitudes towards learning the English Conversation 1 course via MITA Instruction. This study was conducted with 66 management undergraduate students at Rajamangala University of Technology Isan Kalasin Campus in the academic year of 2009. Subjects were divided into experimental and control groups. The instruments used in this study included rubrics, English Proficiency Test, Students' Multiple Intelligences Inventory, and questionnaire. Subjects were asked to complete multiple tasks mentioned above. Data were analyzed quantitatively through SPSS in order to find mean, S.D., and Significant value. The results show that students' achievement of learning through the MITA Syllabus on the English Conversation Course was significantly better than through the traditional method. Secondly, students' intelligences after learning through MITA Syllabus were higher than before learning via MITA Syllabus. Finally, students revealed a very positive attitude toward learning via the MITA Syllabus. It is concluded that MITA Instruction is appropriate to be implementing in English language teaching. View full abstract»

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  • Relationship between distance education and staff's personality

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 63 - 65
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    In distance education, students learn without face-to-face contact with a teacher. This paper intends to introduce distance education and identify its advantages and disadvantages and also discuss the Big Five model of personality in organizations. Because most of the people who choose this kind of education are working in companies, firms and organizations, perhaps paying attention to the personality of the staff can make this method of education more effective and more suitable for every type of personality. Another topic to be discussed here is how managers can predict efficiency of distance education for different staff. View full abstract»

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  • Notice of Retraction
    Study of structural attributes and social function in Xinjiang ethnic groups

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 66 - 69
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    Notice of Retraction

    After careful and considered review of the content of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles.

    We hereby retract the content of this paper. Reasonable effort should be made to remove all past references to this paper.

    The presenting author of this paper has the option to appeal this decision by contacting TPII@ieee.org.

    Traditional Ethnic Minority Sports Culture are both production and living skills training, physical exercise and young people of social function. It is the local ecology and the natural and social results of mutual adaptation. It reflects the diverse culture of this region, sporting participants also showed the health, personality and identity needs, and therefore all the ethnic groups from the physical, social and cultural nature, and three important forms of social and ecological interactions results. In this paper, biological and cultural anthropology Ethnology and Cultural Relativity of the overall view of a typical traditional minority sports items of Xinjiang from the Cultural Ecology of the argument in its overall status in the culture and interaction with other cultural elements. Explaining its significance in the cultural reconstruction and function of minority, it discusses the prospect of Physical Culture Industry and the path. View full abstract»

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  • Notice of Retraction
    The impact of quality education on opened college sports arts

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 70 - 73
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (297 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Notice of Retraction

    After careful and considered review of the content of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles.

    We hereby retract the content of this paper. Reasonable effort should be made to remove all past references to this paper.

    The presenting author of this paper has the option to appeal this decision by contacting TPII@ieee.org.

    Based on the Higher Education and Historical Survey of Physical Education in Higher Education on our investigation and analysis of physical education based on the quality of higher education in physical education research are described in detail, the quality of university education in physical education the contents of the proposed improvement of physical education to improve the quality of university students the ways and means. Aims to improve the quality of university students and personnel training sports quality. View full abstract»

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  • The exploration in the education of professionals in applied Internet of Things Engineering

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 74 - 77
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (322 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    China has also entered Internet of Things time with booming development of Internet of Things industry worldwide. Numerous qualified engineering and technical professionals are the important guarantee for the rapid development of the Internet of Things. This article analyzes the present situation and development future of China's Internet of Things industry, proposes enterprises' demand on Internet of Things Engineering-majored professionals as well as the ability and quality composition of this type of professionals, demonstrates arrangements of course systems and practice parts to educate these professionals as well, and finally predicates the future of Internet of Things Engineering major and outline the direction this major moves. View full abstract»

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  • The application of Virtual Reality in the practice course of physical education

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 78 - 80
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    As new means of teaching in which the technique will be constantly perfected, the Virtual Reality (VR) will play a more and more important role in the physical education teaching. Based on literature research and experience summary, the paper researches and analyses the function of VR in physical education aims to looks into the distance to the application of VR in physical education. View full abstract»

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  • Modern distance learning and education system design of Liaoning Shihua University

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 81 - 83
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    According to the requirement of Liaoning Shihua University, a distance learning and education system based on B/S was designed. The system takes advantage of network effectively and maximizes the sharing of resources. There are more students who can enjoy outstanding teacher resources by this system. It has student profile management subsystem, performance management subsystem, course management subsystem, homework management subsystem, questions and answer subsystem and network testing subsystem. From taking course to completed course, almost everything can be completed through network. In addition, this system can also be used to teach optional course. View full abstract»

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  • The status of China modern distance learning and education system

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 84 - 86
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    Modern distance learning and education is new potential educational model. Along with the development of Internet and multimedia technology, the distance learning and education also develops accordingly in China. The development of modern distance learning and education accords with China situation presently. It is one new education model with huge potential of development, which can abate the conflict that is the absence of teachers and finances of high education, the pinch of environment resource on campus, and demand exceeding the supply of equipment condition. And it can reduce the conflict of the non-balanced development of high education in every reign of China. Though modern distance learning and education developed rapidly in China now, there are still some big problems. It becomes a bottleneck to limit the application of the distance education. This paper put forward the countermeasure, which was to consummate the management system, set the new view of talent and teaching, and enhance network resource construction and teachers training and so on. View full abstract»

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  • Research on higher education expansion in China—Based on the period during 1978–2008

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 87 - 90
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    In the three decades, higher education in China experienced the elite stage and steped into mass stage. This research is intended to be an overview of expansion charactersic of higher education and examine the possible factors impacted on the higher education in China during 1978-2008. The research finding revealed that the expansion of higher education in China are mainly contributed by its historical value. And it showed that the expansion of higher education have its own dependence. The full-time teachers and school-aged population have contributions for higher education expansion, while the factor of GDP is the minimum. Change in higher education must be based upon what it is inherited, while many elements in this heredity are now being challenged by the environment. It is clear that the higher education system in China will have to change and undertake mass higher education. View full abstract»

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  • Another digital divide? Instructional delivery and pay scale inequity among traditional and online lecturers: A labor market analysis

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 91 - 98
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (267 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    If the use of online delivery methods requires specialized training in online technologies, is this specialized training reflected in lecturer pay? This paper investigates the discrepancy between salaries offered amongst adjunct lecturers utilizing traditional methods of instructional delivery versus those employing online instructional delivery methods. This study incorporates human capital theory and labor market theory to explore this question. A cross-classified random effects model utilizing data compiled through various sources, primarily from the US Department of Education, and online recruiting sources, such as The Chronicle of Higher Education, suggests very little variation in pay scale amongst traditional and online lecturers. Though several measures have been taken by various colleges and universities in an attempt to ensure pay scale equity, pay scale inequity relative to workloads and training still exists and remains for the most part unaddressed. View full abstract»

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  • Notice of Retraction
    Study on foreign language teaching reform in higher engineering education

    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 99 - 101
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (282 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Notice of Retraction

    After careful and considered review of the content of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles.

    We hereby retract the content of this paper. Reasonable effort should be made to remove all past references to this paper.

    The presenting author of this paper has the option to appeal this decision by contacting TPII@ieee.org.

    The purpose of this study is to present the model of engineering education and the idea of foreign language teaching. According to the actual situation of foreign language teaching in higher engineering education, in the present information technology advancing with each passing day, the growing international communication and cooperation, integration with the global economy, the paper elaborates how to carry out foreign language teaching in higher engineering education, from the change of course content, reform of teaching method, reinforcement of students' self-directed learning motivate mechanism, and so on. Renew the idea of teaching, reform teaching ways and methods, and the new teaching idea of combining foreign language teaching with professional skills of practice are also proposed. View full abstract»

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