Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment. ISEE - 1998 (Cat. No.98CH36145)

6-6 May 1998

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  • Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment. ISEE - 1998 (Cat. No.98CH36145)

    Publication Year: 1998
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Author index

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s): 341
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • An industry approach to consumer computer recycling: the San Jose Project

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):36 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (496 KB)

    The San Jose Project utilized a unique industry approach to collect and recycle used computer equipment from consumers. This paper presents the methodology, sample economies and barriers associated with the Project. Despite a net program cost, the Project showed that collecting consumer equipment through a network of electronic equipment retail stores is a feasible approach View full abstract»

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  • Battery recycling technology and collection processes

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):30 - 35
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (732 KB)

    This paper summarizes the environmental, legislative, technical, and economic factors affecting the use and disposal of batteries, an overview of various battery technologies, their applications and annual production volumes establishes the scope of their impact an the environment. Legislative reaction and technological solutions to the potentially harmful environmental and human health effects re... View full abstract»

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  • Take IT back-European approaches for setting up reverse logistic systems

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):25 - 29
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (676 KB)

    The paper in hand flashlights actual developments within the field of waste electrical and electronically equipment's recycling in Europe, as one of the most important IT-markets worldwide. In addition it gives an idea of some important aspects actually under discussion between research, industry and policy-makers and shows some of the latest results of the Fraunhofer IML's applied-research activi... View full abstract»

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  • Nortel's green design research project environmental telephone

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):260 - 263
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (400 KB)

    Since 1995, Nortel (Northern Telecom Ltd.) has made several environmental achievements, including: a lead-free interconnection technology; use of a nonhalogenated flame retardant for printed circuit broads; and a reduction in the diversity of plastics in telephones. In 1997, Nortel decided to consolidate these achievements into one green design research project, using a telephone as a predictive m... View full abstract»

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  • An international comparison of product end-of-life scenarios and legislation for consumer electronics

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):19 - 24
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    This paper presents an overview of the differences in end-of-life scenarios and legislation for electronic products across different regions in the world, i.e. Japan, Western Europe and the United States. It is analyzed what decisive factors that the cause of the differences and how these relate to the producing companies' aim of designing products with a low impact in the end-of-life phase. Some ... View full abstract»

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  • Life cycle assessment of a business telephone

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):255 - 259
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (384 KB)

    This joint study between Environment Canada and Northern Telecom aimed at carrying out an LCA on a manufactured product, the Nortel M7310 business telephone, in order to identify improvement strategies. The telephone, invented a century ago, by Alexander Graham Bell in Canada, is emblematic of a sophisticated but common everyday product. As such, this study provides an excellent demonstration of t... View full abstract»

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  • Implementation of DFE in the electronics industry using simple metrics for cost, quality, and environmental merit

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):219 - 224
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (852 KB)

    This paper presents a methodology that uses simple-to-apply, narrowly-bounded (within the walls) environmental metrics and that incorporates simultaneous consideration of cost, performance, and environmental merit during the design phase of an electronic product. The examples presented demonstrate that design and process decisions may be made with only a few basic metrics and without highly specif... View full abstract»

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  • Materials declaration questionnaire

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):14 - 18
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (388 KB)

    This paper describes the work done in a working group at IEC-ACEA for an outline of a materials declaration questionnaire. A voluntary cooperation between manufacturing companies to create a questionnaire has now started and the goals and some tasks of that work are shortly reported View full abstract»

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  • Analysing environmental issues. A case study of a product under development

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):249 - 254
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (644 KB)

    The aim of this case study was to systematically analyse the major environmental issues associated with the full life cycle of a business keyboard, from market through to end-of-life. From the analysis design improvements could be made which could significantly improve the products environmental performance. The study involved both quantitative and qualitative analysis of the key environmental iss... View full abstract»

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  • Disassembly evaluation of electronic and electrical products

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):79 - 81
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (468 KB)

    At the design stage the costs for disassembly and recycling after the end of the product life are largely determined. To increase the awareness for this fact design engineers need support in terms of a tool that helps them to assess the impact of their proposed design and to direct them to an environmental friendly product. This paper proposes such an assessment tool which is developed by the Inst... View full abstract»

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  • Energy efficiency uncertainty in environmentally conscious design

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):213 - 218
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (800 KB)

    Uncertainty is an unavoidable part of environmentally conscious design. Uncertainty in energy efficiency can impact both operating costs and environmental damage such as global warming. This paper presents a spreadsheet-based decision tool for helping engineers make tradeoff decisions under uncertainty. An example of air conditioning chillers utilizing alternative refrigerants illustrates how the ... View full abstract»

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  • Mobile phone takeback and recycling: analysis of the ECTEL project

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):54 - 59
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (596 KB)

    This paper reports the results of a life-cycle energy study of a pilot mobile phone “takeback” scheme carried out by the ECTEL consortium in Sweden and the UK in 1997. Using data collected from the scheme, the model calculates a snapshot “energy balance” associated with mobile phone takeback for a variety of phone types and takeback scenarios, It also develops a dynamic tim... View full abstract»

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  • Practical experience in the Sony Disassemly Evaluation Workshop

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):94 - 98
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1124 KB)

    The Sony Disassembly Evaluation Workshop is an assessment project aimed at evaluating disassembling and recycling qualities of electronic products. Assessment outcomes should lead to a better integration of disassembling aspects in new products. Since 1995, different product groups have been examined. This paper describes the principles the evaluation methodology is based on, the structure of the ... View full abstract»

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  • Developing European ecolabels for PCs

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):9 - 13
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (312 KB)

    In Europe today, there are five existing Type I ecolabels for personal computers plus one that is in development. One Type III ecolabel for PCs exists, and another one is in development. One energy label for PCs is established in Europe, and another one is about to be introduced. This paper reports on the Type I ecolabel in development, the European Union (EU) Eco-label. It outlines the aims of Ec... View full abstract»

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  • LCA for electronic products. A case study for CD-ROM drives

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):176 - 179
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    A life cycle analysis (LCA) case study evaluates the environmental load of CD-ROM drives. We performed a life cycle inventory using data for mechanical parts compiled from company records and data for electronic parts compiled from governmental and industrial records. We evaluated carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and found that their suppression depends heavily on the design parts and cir... View full abstract»

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  • Intensity of use, its relevance in environmental product assessment. A case study on televisions

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):243 - 248
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB)

    The environmental impact of consumer electronic products mainly focuses on material and energy reduction, rather than on optimizing the lifetime. A number of strategies have been developed to optimize the life of products. However, it is not possible to make a prioritization of the best strategy for a specific situation. In this paper we describe how an analysis of the user behavior provides direc... View full abstract»

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  • Indoor air quality and office equipment

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):75 - 78
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (404 KB)

    A technology for evaluating the impact of office equipment operation on indoor air quality has been evaluated. Ozone, particle, and volatile organic emissions were measured from photocopiers, laser printers, and personal computers under standardized test conditions View full abstract»

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  • Microelectronics design for pollution prevention: a decision tradeoff tool

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):292 - 297
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (412 KB)

    After exhausting all “pollution prevention pays” opportunities, further efforts towards environmental protection often engender some type of cost to the manufacturer. Then, designers must weigh tradeoffs between environmental impacts and equally pressing needs to reduce rests, improve product quality and reduce cycle time. This paper presents a computer aid for making these tradeoffs. ... View full abstract»

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  • Uncertainty model for product environmental performance scoring

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):207 - 212
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (680 KB)

    As product designers begin to make design decisions motivated by environmental performance, it is critical for environmental experts to present designers with useful information about the quality of both performance measures and the data on which the measures are based. In this paper, we discuss sources of uncertainty in environmental performance measurement using Motorola's Green Design Advisor e... View full abstract»

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  • A new approach for recycling optical disks

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):147 - 150
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    Responding to the increase of optical disk waste, we developed a new technology for recycling disks especially for CD-R (CD write-once). This technology enables not only material recycling of the gold reflection layer and dye in the recording layer, but also reuse of polycarbonate disk substrates to produce new disks View full abstract»

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  • Marginal emission and variation across models: life-cycle assessment of a television

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):48 - 53
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (500 KB)

    By evaluating two environmental aspects of televisions-lifecycle energy use and the impact of the lead in the cathode ray tube, we explore practical approaches to lifecycle assessment. Specifically, comparing the environmental impacts of different models is easier and more informative than trying to assess the environmental significance of the average impact in absolute terms. By examining the dif... View full abstract»

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  • Linking demanufacturing operations with product DFE initiatives

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):270 - 274
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (580 KB)

    Effective product stewardship strategies require computer manufacturers to employ effective design for environment (DFE) practices and efficient recycling operations to meet customer requirements and maximize asset recovery from end-of-life (EOL) equipment. This is especially true as public and government sectors continue to discuss and define extended product and producer responsibilities. Howeve... View full abstract»

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  • Disassembly process planning using Petri nets

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):88 - 93
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (488 KB)

    We generate a disassembly PN (DPN) from a disassembly precedence matrix. The resulting DPN can be analyzed using the reachability tree method to generate all feasible disassembly process plans (DPPs), and cost functions can be used to determine the optimal DPP. Since generating the reachability tree is NP-complete, we develop a heuristic algorithm to limit the size of the reachability tree. The al... View full abstract»

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