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Advanced Forum on Transportation of China (AFTC 2009), 5th

Date 17-17 Oct. 2009

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 53
  • Cover

    Page(s): 1
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    The paper deals with the following topics: policy and management of integrated transportation; transportation planning and optimization; and applications of transportation technologies and approaches. View full abstract»

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  • Contents

    Page(s): 1 - 3
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    First Page of the Article
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  • The growth potential of container shipping on the Yangtze River

    Page(s): 1 - 9
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    Despite the rapid economic growth in the Yangtze River Delta area, the Yangtze River itself lagged behind in the ratio of container volume to total freight volume. According to the Ministry of Communications' statistics, more than 70% of cargoes generated in the Yangtze Valley are suitable for containerised transport, but at this moment, only a fraction of these cargoes are actually transported in containers on the Yangtze River. This paper investigates, in a structured way, what the bottlenecks for container transport are along the Yangtze. We look at the geography of the river, and physical bottlenecks, the development of port capacity, the available container ship fleet and service networks along the Yangtze. As a final element, we estimate, for the first time, container flows along the Yangtze River. The analysis shows that there is no immediate capacity shortage in either ports or the fleet. The analysis also shows that current service networks are inefficient, and could carry up to twice as much cargo with the same amount of ships. In terms of physical barriers, the Nanjing bridge turns out to be both a physical and an economic barrier. The Three Gorges dam is not a bottleneck yet, but with the current growth of container traffic, it will be in the next few years. View full abstract»

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  • Development strategy of rail freight transportation under financial crisis

    Page(s): 10 - 14
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    The American subprime mortgage crisis began to appear in 2007. As the crisis broke out, China has been affected. Chinese Railway has been among the industries to be influenced most by the spreading subprime mortgage crisis. Facing the financial crisis, Chinese government released expanding domestic demand policy which put strengthening the railway construction in the first place. Thus, railway transportation will be faced up to opportunities and challenges. Under the circumstances, the paper analyzes the present situation of railway freight transport. The SWOT analysis has been adopted to analyze the developing trend of the railway freight transport. Based on the result, freight transport development strategy has been made about railway line capacity, freight facilities, freight operating layout, freight process optimization and freight transport dispatching. A case study of Chengdu Railway Bureau has been analyzed. View full abstract»

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  • A comparative study on port hinterland intermodal container transport: Shanghai and Rotterdam

    Page(s): 15 - 25
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    World trade liberalization, developments in information technologies and enlargement in ocean shipping transport in the last two decades lead to an increasing demand of hinterland transport, and caused capacity shortage and environmental problems, especially in the metropolitan areas with large ports. Intermodal transport is recognized as an effective way to reduce congestion and pollution, and is promoted in the main export/import regions, such as China, and Europe since the 1990s. Many multi-participant multiobjective projects have been carrying out aiming to shift the cargo flow from unimodal trucking to intermodal transport. These projects mainly focus on infrastructure construction investment, technology development, and regulatory policy implementation. This paper presents up to date insights of intermodal transport development in port of Shanghai, port of Rotterdam and their hinterlands via a comparative study. The paper introduces the recently completed or underway projects carried out in both of the hinterland transport systems. The projects of each port hinterland system are summarized to a package of solutions. The paper concludes with the overall effects of these packages. View full abstract»

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  • Long-distance gas medium pipeline transportation—Coal as an example

    Page(s): 26 - 29
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    Nowadays, railway-based transport can no longer meet the increasing demand for coal day by day. The advanced mode of water medium pipeline transportation is also not suitable for regions which are in short supply of water. Focusing on the existing pipeline-transport technology, this paper proposes pipeline transportation with gas as the key transport medium, and such chief technical links as coal pre-treatment, gas medium type and pressure, pipe diameter, intervals between elbows, pipe abrasion resistance, pipeline flow measurement, blockage prevention as well as heat dissipation are explored and discussed hereby. As can be seen through the paper, gas medium pipeline transportation has significant advantages for coal transport over long distance, especially in those arid areas in western China. View full abstract»

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  • Regulatory mechanism of Chinas Highway-Market

    Page(s): 30 - 34
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    Market regulation is an indispensable means of maintaining order of market economy. This paper first discusses the regulatory pattern of market, analyses the main body supervision of China's highway market, and discusses the subject, object, basis, scope, means of the current market supervision of China's highway and so on, further proposes the regulatory mechanism in line with the developing law of China's Highway-Market, Such as the establishment of specialized agencies supervising market; the improvement of relevant laws and regulations as the regulatory basis; strengthening the monitoring team; the establishment of nongovernmental associations; strengthening the community supervision from the intermediary institutions, the media, various social groups and individuals, and so on. Market mechanisms have been widely used in the highway operation and played its advantages in resource allocation. It is necessary to supervise the market for market failures and inefficient of government administration in the highway construction and operation. In the investment and financing, market regulation benefits for recovering the defects of available highway (services) in the market and improves efficiency in the use of funds; It aims at controlling the construction process and quality in the construction management; It is good for controlling the standards of tolls and quality of service in the operation of highway market. View full abstract»

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  • Supply and demand analysis on world shipping market with an insight into dry bulk market

    Page(s): 35 - 40
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    The global economic crises have started to filter through the world shipping market, and freight rates for the dry bulk sector have been in plummeting decline. On demand side is the shrinking demand, while, on the supply side, many carriers are in dire financial straits as there are scores of new ships heading for delivery. In this paper, we give our explanation for the features of the dry bulk market. After the demand and supply analysis of the market, we conduct prediction of the demand trend in 2009 and 2010, and finally we present suggestions for dry bulk shipping companies to help them avoid risks in the current threatening market. View full abstract»

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  • Joint hub system management and policy of integrated transport network

    Page(s): 41 - 45
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    This article introduces the concept of integrated transport joint hub system, the present stage of china and joint hub system administration mechanism. In the comprehensive transport network of railway, highway, airline, waterway etc., joint hub is what we call access network which is composed of different transport ways' hub, link-line and urban road to meet the transfer's need. Take comprehensive transportation hub as an example to explain the weak link, bottleneck, and the classification of the joint hub system at present stage, and to research on the management theory of integrated transport network and the development policy of the joint hub system. Through the influence of the bottleneck of the joint hub system, the management decision process and the decision method analysis, it is proposed that the comprehensive transportation strengthens the web intelligence technology as the support base. The coordination operation enterprise business model and application of one kind of new business strategy concept in comprehensive transport network joint hub system provide references for the customer-oriented chain type management of the integrated transport network y. View full abstract»

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  • Expanding capacity of Regional Freight Transportation Network in financial crisis

    Page(s): 46 - 50
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    Economic or social crisis frequently occurs in the same way as tempests occur in nature. Nature is evolving in a set fashion despite sudden and dramatic changes. The integrated traffic system sometimes experiences a balanced period, and sometimes suffers crisis induced by economic or social systems. It is expected that the integrated traffic system will evolve in a beneficial way. The paper would break provisionally away from the present theory in traffic and transportation. In line with biology's general principles (for example, evolution by natural selection, power law, etc.), a long and robust development model for a regional freight transportation network (RFTN) that can cope with the financial crisis is put forward. The RFTN of China's highways is selected as a demonstration. A significant conclusion appears: to RFTN, collocating resource reasonably between exploiting market and expanding selfcapacity is pivotal. The increase of freight volume on the RFTN depends heavily on the network infrastructure. View full abstract»

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  • Reflections on legislation about construction of integrated transportation system

    Page(s): 51 - 56
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    An integrated traffic and transportation system is a complex dynamic system consisting of transport network equipment, carriers, passenger and cargo flows and organizational management for different means of transportation. It is the infrastructure system that maintains the functioning of the entire socio-economic system .Its function is to meet transport needs and achieve this goal of being safe, fast, economic, convenient, and punctual. However, China has not yet established its integrated transportation legal system and its social development has generated enormous need for conducting legal research into integrated transportation. In this paper, the paper first analyze what integrated transportation legislation regulates; then it expounds the basic theory of integrated transportation and analyzed the characteristics of operators of integrated transportation systems; In the third step we analyze the way of regulating integrated transportation by government; In the last section, it describes the current status of integrated transportation legislation in China and proposes relevant suggestions on legislation. View full abstract»

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  • Competitiveness of inland ports based on F-AHP

    Page(s): 57 - 61
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    As an important branch of waterway transportation of China, the inland river transportation is playing a more and more important role in the social development and the growth of the national economy. Based on the analysis on the overall development level of inland port of China, a two-level indicator evaluation system for inland port competitiveness is established, and the weight of the indicators of different levels is determined through analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Moreover, based on Delphi technique method, six typical inland ports such as Chongqing Port and Wuhan Port are selected to conduct an analysis on the indicators of the port through F-AHP so as to obtain the overall sequence for the comprehensive competitiveness evaluation on the port, furthermore the evaluation results are analyzed. The results show that, the conclusion of competitiveness evaluation is essentially consistent with the actual situations, the evaluation indicator system is reasonably constructed and the evaluation method is correct. View full abstract»

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  • Pricing strategy of state-owned expressway company: From the perspective of social responsibility

    Page(s): 62 - 68
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    The existing investment and financing system of expressway in China determines that a state-owned expressway company is under special status in the market. The state-owned expressway company bears special social responsibilities and the key for the company to fulfill its social and economic responsibilities is the pricing. In the game of deciding the toll rate of expressway, the expressway company possesses a privilege of actualizing the price strategy because of its superiority in getting information. It is difficult for the government to regulate that behavior with just a simple price control policy. It is, therefore, imperative for the state-owned expressway company to establish a suitable incentive mechanism which can balance its social and economic responsibilities. View full abstract»

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  • Thoughts on Chinas comprehensive transportation system under financial crisis

    Page(s): 69 - 74
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    Transport is a basic industry of the national economy, and is very important for a country to improve economic efficiency and quality. Since reform and opening up, China's railways, highways, aviation, water-transport and pipeline transport infrastructure achievements were obvious to all, and initially formed a comprehensive transportation network, but its development is uneven and the transport structure is not quite rational; there is still a wide gap between comprehensive transportation system and the target "reasonable division of labour, complement each other, organic convergence, highly efficient operation and sustainable development". In recent years, through the country's macro-control and substantial reforms, comprehensive transportation system has greatly developed, but in the last year of freezing rain and snow disaster, Wenchuan earthquake and other disaster tests, the comprehensive transportation system once again revealed many problems. Now, faced with the global financial crisis triggered by the US sub-prime crisis and the transport market weakness, how does the integrated transport look for opportunities under the "crisis" and make a steady development? In this paper, taking the economic crisis of the transportation market as an entry point, the author analyzes and discusses the status of China's current integrated transport, and then proposes some coping strategies on the development of the comprehensive transportation system. View full abstract»

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  • Return model of integration capital of railway industry with financing and return prediction

    Page(s): 75 - 79
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    Based on the analysis of current financing pattern, this paper claims using the integration of railway industries' capital with financial capital to solve railway industry's financing problem. In order to test the influence of the integration of the two kinds of capital on railway industry's financial status, this paper constructs the capital integration model and uses the model to predict the financial datum of railway industry from 2009 to 2020.The result shows that, such integration will not only help to solve the financing difficulties but also to bring down the capital costs, and enhance capital return. View full abstract»

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  • Green transport practice in Beijing

    Page(s): 80 - 84
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    To solve the air pollution problem and to achieve an environment-friendly urban transport system, Beijing has taken great efforts to control vehicle emissions, to develop public transportation system with priority, to explore and extend the application of new energy vehicles, etc. The 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing is a milestone and also a demonstration site for all these works, especially for the new energy vehicles. This paper gives an introduction of these practices in Beijing. However, it describes few on bicycles, walking and other measures existing now in Beijing because they are in steadily developing trends, not so sparkling as the public transport and new energy vehicles in the past about 10 to 20 years. View full abstract»

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  • Competitive advantage of Chinese Passenger Dedicated Line Co. based on customer value

    Page(s): 85 - 90
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    In this paper, customer value is introduced to railway passenger transportation for the first time. The paper studied the relationship between customer value and competitive advantage quantificationally and develops the customer value exploration and measurement scale-PCVAL, which is tested to have good reliability and applicability. The scale provides an effective method for Passenger Dedicated Line Co. to explore and measure customer value. Through the research which is related to customer value and competitive advantage, the paper proposes a model of the relationship between customer value and competitive advantage, and then proves that customer value is an important precondition to competitive advantage with the help of empirical researches in Beijing area by the authors. Based on this, a process model of Passenger Dedicated Line Co. to gain competitive advantage based on customer value is proposed. Meanwhile, Passenger Dedicated Line Co. may combine with its actual situation on customer value to analyze and work out corresponding plans to gain competitive advantage. Finally, the paper researches Jing-Jin Passenger Dedicated Line Co. empirically and proposes scheme that Jing-Jin Passenger Dedicated Line Co. gains competitive advantage. View full abstract»

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  • Freight transport demand prediction model of freight corridor

    Page(s): 91 - 95
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    Scientific and accurate transportation volume prediction for freight corridor is one of the essential works of transport network planning, which masters the corridor's development, trend, characteristic, raw and quantity. The traditional prediction method of freight volume includes exponential smoothing model, regression Prediction, GM (1, 1) model and combined model. This paper explores the procedures and characteristics of these models. And the GM (1,1) model and cubic exponential smoothing model are used to predict the Shuozhou-Huanghua railway freight volume. Based on that, the suitable conditions of the traditional models are discussed as well. View full abstract»

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  • Modeling discounted fares for Passenger Dedicated Lines

    Page(s): 96 - 99
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    The construction of high-speed railway passenger lines in China has being a thriving process, and the pricing has always been the main problem confronting the high-speed railway although the business model has not been finalized yet. Different income levels of consumers result in different degrees of sensitivity to the ticket price and thus different affordability. This article introduces the pricing method and builds up the pricing model in terms of discounted fare, and attempts to figure out how to optimize the high-speed railway pricing as well as how to maximize enterprise's profit through different ways of arranging seats. Beijing-Shanghai passenger line is taken as the object for empirical analysis. With the overall starting of the construction of our country's high-speed passenger lines and the continuing expansion of the network scale of railways, a network of express passenger lines named "four verticals and four horizontals" as well as three inter-city express passenger traffic systems will be built. At present, we adopt "cost plus pricing", considering only the distance factor in pricing. However, fare is the main source of revenue for passenger lines. Too low fares will reduce the operational efficiency and prolong the time of investment recovery while too high fares will force the price-sensitive customers to change their ways of travelling, thus losing competitiveness over other forms of transportation. To solve this problem we adopt a discounted fare scheme, in which tourists will find a balance point between time and price, and then our profit can be maximized. View full abstract»

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  • Competitiveness model of freight transport corridor

    Page(s): 100 - 105
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    The paper analyses the factors of influencing the freight corridor's competitiveness such as punctuality, operating speed, convenience and freight rate etc. And then, we propose competitiveness model of freight corridor by improving the Logit method. And we take a coal transportation corridor of western as a case to study the competitiveness between the road and rail. Finally, we make a elasticity analysis on the transport mode, and discuss the change of the competitiveness while a new transport mode is introduced into the corridor. View full abstract»

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  • Pricing mechanism in waste tires based on circular economy

    Page(s): 106 - 110
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    In the cyclic utilization of waste tires, the pricing mechanism is the basic condition for establishing circular economy. The paper proposes a diagram of prcing mechanism according to China's present state to standardize and theorize it. The paper analyzes the sections and objects in the diagram, defining three basic sections as a charging chain I, charging chain II and funds collecting. It also sets up the relationship among consumer, tire sourcer, and automotive sourcer. Furthermore, it advances some legal regulations about the pricing mechanism and possible problems and measures in the three sections, then presents the distinguishing features of the three respectively and makes a simple evaluation of the pricing mechanism. As a result, it has made out the complete design of the pricing mechanism in waste tires, which is proved to be effective and feasibile. At the same time, the collection of charges has obtained quantitatively during the operation of this pricing mechanism. View full abstract»

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  • Expression system of passenger train plan in high-speed railway

    Page(s): 111 - 114
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    As Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway will be launched and operated, it is urgent to generate an appropriate passenger train plan, but the methods of drafting and optimizing train plan are very complex and diverse, so providing the train plan with information technology support is becoming necessary, which will effectively help formulating and adjusting train plan. In this paper, the management systems related to the train plan as well as several of its some expression modes are analyzed and researched. Meanwhile, the multi-granularity expression system based on UML high-speed railway train plan is put forward, which can accelerate the modernization of the means of railway management and heighten the organization level in railway transport. View full abstract»

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  • Energy consumption calculation and consumption level of passenger commercial vehicles

    Page(s): 115 - 119
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    To identify energy consumption level of comprehensive transportation scientifically and reliably, the commercial passenger vehicles are selected as a research object. Through comparative analysis of available research results, using transport organization theory to develop energy consumption calculating methods with regard to data attainability and result reliability, and making good use of softwares such as SPSS to carry on the demarcation to the related parameter, the result implies that in 2007 the total petroleum consumption of commercial passenger vehicles in China is 12,744,200 tons, accounting for 3.48% of the total national petroleum consumption and 10.36% of the total petroleum consumption of transportation, respectively. View full abstract»

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  • Analysis on relationship between economic growth and freight transport

    Page(s): 120 - 124
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    This paper analyzes the relationship between freight and economic growth, and the main influential factor of the freight transport demand. On this foundation according to statistics data, we come to the conclusion that the freight present obvious linear relationship to the explanatory variables-the population, GDP, total retail sales of consumer goods and the fixed assets investment of transportation and telecommunication. Furthermore we set up regression model to conclude the freight has the positive relation with the GDP; while it has the negative relation with the total retail sales of consumer goods. In the end, this paper has empirical analysis on the relationship between freight and GDP on each economic development stage. View full abstract»

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  • Impact analysis of financial crisis on Chinas railway with life cycle theory

    Page(s): 125 - 128
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    This paper aims to assess the impact of financial crisis on China's railway. On the basis of seasonal and trend analysis on railway transportation and investment it is shown that, even though the financial crisis reduces the turnover, it makes a great deal of contribution to the investment on railway. Then a macro-analysis on China's railway's life cycle is conducted to predict its possible life cycle curve, followed by the fuzzy recognition, where a membership function is established for obtaining its current life cycle stage. According to this paper, in general term, the financial crisis has promoted the development of China's railway and has accelerated its transition from the growth stage to the maturity stage. View full abstract»

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