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OCEANS '85 - Ocean Engineering and the Environment

Date 12-14 Nov. 1985

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 222
  • [Front cover and table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s): 0
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Ocean mining - 1985

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):1 - 3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (211 KB)

    Several reasons for the continuing reduction of activity in ocean mining are presented in the historic context of the 1965 to 1980 governmental, academic and industrial programs. The causes are identified as primarily economic with uncertainties raised by the Law of the Sea Treaty debate and political indecisiveness contributing to restriction of private sector investment. Revitalization of ocean ... View full abstract»

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  • Offshore oil and gas technology assessment

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):4 - 16
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    In recent years offshore drilling and production technology has evolved in response to the challenges of deep waters and Arctic conditions. In this paper we discuss the development of offshore drilling rigs, platforms, subsea completion systems, pipelines, and tanker loading facilities. We conclude that current technologies modified to meet site-specific requirements are capable of drilling and pr... View full abstract»

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  • Ocean waste disposal

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):17 - 21
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    First Page of the Article
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  • Damming of rivers in California leads to beach erosion

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):22 - 26
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (405 KB)

    Historically, where rivers enter the coast directly, they have been the primary source of sand for the beaches, When there is a seasonal balance of sand on the beach, the beach responds to wave action by adjusting its profile to dissipate the available wave energy. When there is a deficiency of sand on the beaches, waves attack cliffs and coastal property directly. The evidence supporting these si... View full abstract»

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  • Environmental assessments: A tool for engineers

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):27 - 32
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    Examples from the U.S. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) program show that the information collected during the environmental compliance process can be used profitably by engineers and scientists to plan and construct well-designed, safe, and economically-feasible projects in the oceans. Geologic and physical oceanographic data collected for the OTEC-1, Pilot Plant and Seacoast Test Facility ... View full abstract»

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  • Ocean space technology outlook

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):33 - 35
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (190 KB)

    A survey recently conducted among coastal communities throughout the nation revealed that more than forty percent of them have plans and/or programs, either in development stage or in implementation phase, for the managment of ocean space in their contiguity. Responding to this increasing need and interest ministries and national agencies are engaged in the development of plans and concepts for th... View full abstract»

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  • International cooperation in science and technology with Japan, China and Chile

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):36 - 41
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    The U.S.-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources (UJNR) has a general objective of promoting development and conservation of natural resources through cooperative activities. Forms of cooperation include joint research projects, such as deep-sea diving, and the reciprocal exchange of scientific information, technical data, specialists, study tours and research equipment. Technical documents... View full abstract»

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  • Air independent power systems for autonomous submarines

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):42 - 55
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    United Stirling AB (USAB), the world leader in Stirling external combustion engine development and Kockums AB are jointly testing in a full scale submarine test section a new 100 kW Stirling engine, the V4-275R, for the Royal Swedish Navy. The engine is integrated with a liquid oxygen storage and a closed cycle combustion system is provided for underwater propulsion. The successful development of ... View full abstract»

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  • RANGER 1: A self-propelled data buoy

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):56 - 61
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (489 KB)

    This paper describes a radically new concept in deep-water ocean data collection platforms. The Ranger 1 buoy, an extension of the Active Driftter concept developed at the Institute of Ocean Sciences, Patricia Bay, B.C., is an autonomous, self-propelled vehicle. It is designed to perform the functions of intelligent drifting buoys: oceanographic and meteorological data acquisition, but at the same... View full abstract»

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  • Bio-Shield: An anti-fouling system for offshore platforms that works!

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):62 - 70
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (832 KB)

    A major consideration in the design and maintenance of offshore platforms is the growth rate and extent of marine biofouling. Shell Development Company, in response to a request to help provide some design parameters for new platforms in the BETA field offshore Huntington Beach, California, combined existing technologies into a new system to provide a protective anti-fouling sheath for offshore st... View full abstract»

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  • Using the NEDRES interactive database to find oceanographic information

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):71 - 77
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (482 KB)

    The National Environmental Data Referral Service (NEDRES) enables marine scientists to search for oceanographic information. The NEDRES data base is an on-line computer catalog of descriptions of environmental data sets which refer the user to the holder of the data. NEDRES is accessible by computer terminal via telecommunication networks. Data base searching capabilities allow the user to search ... View full abstract»

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  • Recent R&D accomplishments at the Coastal Engineering Research Center Field Research Facility

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):78 - 84
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    The U.S.Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Coastal Engineering Research Center (CERC), Field Research Facility, Duck, NC, provides the Corps of Engineers and the international coastal research community with the capability to conduct a wide variety of field R&D studies vital to the Corps' coastal engineering mission. Long-term, high quality engineering and oceanographic data are being... View full abstract»

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  • Contributions of Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Studies program to knowledge of ocean environments

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):85 - 98
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    The Minerals Management Service Environmental Studies Program was initiated in 1973 by the Secretary of Interior to conduct studies needed to predict, assess, and manage impacts on the human, marine and coastal environments of the outer continental shelf (OCS) and nearshore areas which may be affected by oil and gas activities. Studies in the Atlantic OCS Region have since made contributions to th... View full abstract»

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  • New tools for the ocean pollution data and information network

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):99 - 103
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (391 KB)

    Over the past few years, NOAA's Ocean Pollution Data and Information Network, through the Central Coordination and Referral Office, has played an increasing role in disseminating marine pollution data and information from Federally-supported projects. Data and information systems and files adapted to personal computer technologies are being developed to meet in a cost-effective way the need for im... View full abstract»

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  • A computerized high resolution underwater ultrasound triangulation mapping system

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):104 - 109
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)

    A computerized high resolution ultrasound underwater triangulation mapping system has been developed for the Institute of Nautical Archaeology. This system determines the position of a mobile ultrasound transmitter using a stationary calibration ultrasound transmitter and three ultrasound receivers. All three receivers and both transmitters are hardlinked to the surface via data lines connected to... View full abstract»

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  • An operational, global scale spectral ocean wave forecasting model

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):110 - 112
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (211 KB)

    In late September 1985, the first global scale spectral ocean wave forecasting model designed to provide forecast guidance was placed in an experimental, operational mode at the National Meteorological Center (NMC) in Washington, D.C. The numerical model generates 72 hour forecasts of wave elevation directional frequency spectra in 360 components, and summary statistics at approximately 5000 sea g... View full abstract»

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  • The Ocean Drilling Program I: Overview and science plans

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):113 - 123
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1266 KB)

    The Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) commenced its field operations in January 1985. Texas A&M University (TAMU), as Science Operator, has as its ultimate task to collect cores from the floor of the oceans and to ensure that adequate scientific analyses are performed on those samples. The Science Operator implements the science plans, provides logistical and technical support for the shipboard sci... View full abstract»

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  • The Ocean Drilling Program II: JOIDES Resolution - Scientific drillship of the 80's

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):124 - 132
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (895 KB)

    The Ocean Drilling Program, which began operations in January, 1985, required a drilling vessel with increased operational capabilities to achieve its ambitiously redefined objectives in sub-seafloor research. The vessel selected would be called upon to continue and exceed the remarkable accomplishments of Glomar Challanger and the Deep Sea Drilling Project. During 1984, the Sedco/BP 471 drillship... View full abstract»

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  • The Ocean Drilling Program III: The shipboard laboratories on "JOIDES Resolution"

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):133 - 145
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2167 KB)

    JOIDES Resolution (a.k.a. SEDCO/BP 471), the scientific drillship of the National Science Foundation's Ocean Drilling Program, contains over 12,000 square feet of laboratory space. Years of experience gained in the previous JOIDES program of scientific ocean drilling (the Deep Sea Drilling Project) have provided many ideas for improving upon the capabilities of a scientific drillship. Each laborat... View full abstract»

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  • The Ocean Drilling Program IV: Deep water coring technology-Past, present, and future

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):146 - 159
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1080 KB)

    Using the technology developed during 15 years of the highly successful Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP), the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) is continuing to pursue both the scientific objectives of recovering core samples from beneath the world's oceans and the technical objectives of advancing the state-of-the-art of deep water coring. The wide variety of wireline coring tools developed during DSD... View full abstract»

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  • The Ocean Drilling Program V: Logging for the Ocean Drilling Program - Results from the first two legs

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):160 - 169
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (711 KB)

    All wells drilled by the Ocean Drilling Program which penetrate more than 400 meters of sediment, and any wells with significant basement penetration, are now logged as part of routine operations on the JOIDES Resolution. Standard logs include resistivity, sonic velocity, neutron porosity, density, and both natural and induced gamma-ray spectrometry. Specialty logs include an acoustic borehole tel... View full abstract»

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  • The Ocean Drilling Program VI: Drill string model sensitivity to hydrodynamic approximations

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):170 - 172
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB)

    The computer simulated heave response of a drill ship deploying a drill string in regular waves is examined. The sensitivity of the heave response predictions to a variety of hydrodynamic and numerical modeling approximations are presented and briefly discussed. The results illustrate the dominance of the structural damping and sensitivity of the response predictions to increasing water depth. View full abstract»

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  • The Ocean Drilling Program VII: Expert systems for deepwater scientific drilling activities

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):173 - 175
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (227 KB)

    The development of knowledge-based expert systems for offshore scientific and engineering applications holds great promise for a wide variety of important problems. The problems range from technically complex and data intensive types to the more mundane logistics and scheduling problems. This relatively new computer based technology involves the development of sophisticated software incorporating ... View full abstract»

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  • Some international concerns in navigation

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):176 - 178
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    Navigation of the oceans is an international concern that is addressed by many agencies and groups, both international and domestic. Some of them are listed, along with the related topics that are the subject of reports and studies by specialist groups. View full abstract»

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