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Energy and Environment, 2009. ICEE 2009. 3rd International Conference on

Date 7-8 Dec. 2009

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 90
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): c1
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  • [Title page]

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): i
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  • Sponsors and support

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): ii
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  • Foreword

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): iii
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  • Acknowledgement

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): v
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  • Organizing Committee

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): iv
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): vi
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  • Keynote 1

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): vii
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    In the post-Copenhagen world, the electric power sector must plan for a future where emissions of greenhouse gases are no longer costless. While a number of options are available, the transition to a low carbon future will not be easy or necessarily cheap. Moreover, focusing solely on the supply-side may be misguided and insufficient. View full abstract»

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  • Keynote 2

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): viii
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    The research topic which was first and poorly called “cold fusion” is now termed Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR). Due to relentless experimentation over the past 20 years, we now know that it is possible to use chemical energies on the scale of electron volts (eV) at ordinary temperatures to trigger nuclear reactions, which yield millions of eV (MeV) of energy per reaction. But, ... View full abstract»

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  • Keynote 3

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): ix
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    In the future a shortage of fuels is to be expected. The keynote address discusses a decentralized energy installation that can be created by grouping externally fired micro-turbines linked to a stationary fluidized-bed combustion chamber, which corresponds to specified requirements. Issues in implementing the system are highlighted. The group of externally fired micro-turbine and stationary fluid... View full abstract»

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  • Keynote 4

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s): x
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1637 KB)

    Sustainability criteria demand that economic decisions incorporate environmental stewardship and social justice. Given that the energy sector is critical to the functioning of most economies, and is often linked to impacts on the environment, issues related to the latter are pertinent and identifying solution to them should be a high priority. Insofar as hydropower is concerned, water management i... View full abstract»

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  • List of papers

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):xi - xviii
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  • Prediction of PVT properties in crude oil systems using support vector machines

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):1 - 5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (259 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Calculation of reserves in an oil reservoir and the determination of its performance and economics require good knowledge of its physical properties. Accurate determination of the pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) properties such as the bubble point pressure (Pb) and the oil formation volume factor (Bob) are important in the primary and subsequent development of an oil field.... View full abstract»

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  • Deduction of temperature fluctuations in transient compression wind tunnels using incompressible turbulent flow data

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):6 - 11
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (311 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Wind tunnels and other aero-thermal experimental facilities are likely to make a contribution to the optimisation of energy and propulsion systems for the foreseeable future. Short duration wind tunnels such as shock tunnels and gun tunnels rely on a transient compression process and are likely to generate significant turbulent fluctuations in the nozzle reservoir region. In the present study, the... View full abstract»

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  • Instantaneous heat flux simulation of S.I. engines: comparison of unsteady thermal boundary layer modelling with experimental data

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):12 - 19
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (910 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Due to the inherently unsteady environment of the internal combustion engine, unsteady thermal boundary layer modelling could make a useful contribution. Instantaneous heat flux measurements in three different spark ignition internal combustion engines were simulated using a quasi-one dimensional engine simulation program developed in Matlab. Simulation parameters were tuned within reasonable limi... View full abstract»

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  • Numerical analysis of wood combustion in an updraft gasifier

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):20 - 26
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (449 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Waste wood, a renewable energy source is used as feedstock for Universiti Teknologi Malaysia's newly-developed two-stage incinerator system. The research goals are to optimize the operation of the thermal system, to improve its combustion efficiency and to minimize its pollutants formation. During experimental work, the feedstock will undergo four different processes; drying, devolatilisation, gas... View full abstract»

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  • Neuro-fuzzy and PSO based model for the steam and cooling sections of a Cogeneration and Cooling Plant (CCP)

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):27 - 33
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (295 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Developing a first principle nonlinear model for a thermal system that is already in operation is a very difficult task attributed to missing design parameters. This paper considers nonlinear modeling of subunits of a Cogeneration and Cooling Plant (CCP)-Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG), Steam Header (SH) and Steam Absorption Chiller (SAC). Neuro-fuzzy approach trained by a sequence of optimiz... View full abstract»

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  • A novel single-phase shunt hybrid power filter configuration for power quality improvement

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):34 - 39
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (458 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper deals with a novel configuration of single-phase hybrid active power filter. One of the advantages of the proposed hybrid filter is its adjustable capability to determine voltage rating and current rating of active power stage by selecting appropriate values for its passive filter parameters. Equivalent circuit of proposed hybrid filter has been presented and its filtering characteristi... View full abstract»

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  • Study the effect of variable vanes on performance of axial compressor for single shaft gas turbine cogeneration plant

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):40 - 44
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (329 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The study of the performance of a gas turbine power plant involves complex components. One of the most important component in the modeling of a gas turbine is an axial compressor as in the first few stages involve variable vanes to regulate the flow and avoid surging. Furthermore, a single shaft gas turbine cogeneration plant maintains the exhaust gas temperature for the sake of steam production b... View full abstract»

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  • An experimental investigation of unmodified DI diesel engine with hydrogen addition

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):45 - 49
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (219 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The consumption of fossil fuels spawns environmental considerations in addition to issues of energy demand, national security and resource availability. At global level, scientists warn that the combustion of fossil fuels is significantly changing the world's climate system. Local or regional concerns include smog, acid rain, and health implications of urban air pollution. Due to stringent emissio... View full abstract»

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  • Thermodynamic studies on removal of reactive blue 19 dye on cross-linked chitosan/oil palm ash composite beads

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):50 - 54
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (221 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The effect of temperature on adsorption of reactive blue 19 (RB19) by cross-linked chitosan/oil palm ash composite beads was investigated. Temperature studied from range 30 to 50°C. It was observed that the uptake of this dye increased with increasing in temperature. Results revealed that sorptions of reactive blue 19 (RB19) on cross-linked chitosan/oil palm ash composite beads was endotermic in ... View full abstract»

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  • Effect of washing and feedstock size of oil palm empty fruit bunches in acid hydrolysis studies

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):55 - 58
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (266 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Water washing of raw samples was carried out to determine its effect on the acid hydrolysis process used for producing sugars from EFB. The results showed that sugar yield obtained from washed EFB is more reflective of the actual conversion rate compared to unwashed EFB. Sugar yields were 24.6 % for washed samples and 13 % for unwashed samples. Also deviations in the various measurements made were... View full abstract»

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  • Performance of air-cathode microbial fuel cell with wood charcoal as electrodes

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):59 - 61
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    A cheap and locally available wood charcoal was used as the main electrode component of an air cathode MFC. The air cathode was build with fine charcoal powder and cement plaster as binder; while anode is a packed bed of charcoal granules. Mangrove estuary brackish water was inoculated in the anodic chamber as the fuel and source of exoelectrogens. The constructed fuel cell was monitored by measur... View full abstract»

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  • Autonomous wind turbines with Doubly-Fed Induction Generators

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):62 - 70
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (401 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper, a vector control mechanism has been suggested and applied to simulate the operation of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) attached to an isolated off-the-grid wind turbine, to demonstrate that these generators can be used at lower costs to control the power quality in stand alone wind turbines. In order to achieve this end, the alignment of the d-axis of the synchronously rotat... View full abstract»

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  • A techno-economic analysis of biogas plant from palm oil waste

    Publication Year: 2009, Page(s):71 - 77
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (396 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Renewable energy is one of the vital sources to meet partially the global energy demand of developed as well as developing countries. Biogas plant can be one of the major sources of renewable energy in Malaysia as huge amount of palm oil waste is available. Biogas plant can be of different types of which fixed dome and floating cover are in use in many countries for many years. The bag design is b... View full abstract»

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