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1997 International Symposium on Technology and Society Technology and Society at a Time of Sweeping Change. Proceedings

20-21 June 1997

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  • 1997 International Symposium on Technology and Society Technology and Society at a Time of Sweeping Change. Proceedings

    Publication Year: 1997
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): viii
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The era of telepresence: global village and “media slums”

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):269 - 277
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (808 KB)

    Telepresence is the generic term for a set of activities performed from a distance through the use of telecommunication means. It refers to working (telecommuting), playing, providing and using services (telemedicine, teleshopping), teaching and learning (teleeducation).-from a distance. The dialogue presented in the paper between a “True Believer” and a “Devil's Advocate” ... View full abstract»

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  • Information technology cultures and women's lives

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):75 - 81
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (684 KB)

    The paper discusses the need for building theoretical positions in relation to gender and information and communications technologies (ICTs), particularly in regard to women's use of these technologies. It criticizes “common sense” views of the perceived problem of women's participation in computing, and goes on to suggest that attention to four, as yet under-researched areas, may prov... View full abstract»

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  • Intellectual property in cyberspace-what technological/legislative tools are necessary for building a sturdy global information infrastructure?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):66 - 74
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1208 KB)

    In order to accommodate the increased Internet traffic of the past several years, the infrastructure of the Internet has grown, and has subsequently become more and more complex. The technological subtleties of expanding the Internet are not the only nor even the greatest problems associated with the growing cyberspace population, however. More troubling (to the Internet pioneers and purists) are ... View full abstract»

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  • World information flows and the impact of new technology. Is there a need for international communication policy and regulation?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):209 - 218
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1020 KB)

    Communication is the fastest growing industry in the world due to a transformation of world information flows caused by the convergence of telecommunication, information technology and mass media institutions. The emerging conglomerates are leading the world towards the information age. The new technology at their disposal is creating ever increasing world information flows which are changing poli... View full abstract»

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  • Linking labor and engineering to enable high performance technology design

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):24 - 31
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    The paper describes how engineers who design workplace technologies might build on their distinctive competencies in design by considering the inherently political dimensions of engineering practice. The paper discusses how some firms leverage the fact that technology decisions affect work organization by explicitly addressing controversial issues such as control over work. In particular, new orga... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics, law and information technology: the transformative role of rhetoric

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):58 - 65
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    Following a brief consideration of the role of rhetoric in law and science, the paper explores how rhetorical accounts of new technologies influence the course of legislative, judicial and regulatory decisions. It proposes that such themes have the powerful capacity to determine outcomes and to shape modern concepts of individual as well as societal freedoms and rights View full abstract»

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  • Engineering as a political activity

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):18 - 23
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (596 KB)

    Because the practice of engineering authoritatively reshapes the world, it deserves to be seen as a public and political activity. If technology is a form of legislation, are engineers the legislators or do they occupy some other political role? Because engineering in the 20th century has served some social interests much better than others, might those who have been disadvantaged reasonably const... View full abstract»

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  • Productivity and economic performance of information technology

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):261 - 268
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    The paper examines what economists have said about the problematic assumptions of the productivity concept and their critiques of the difficulties involved in using it to make performance evaluations. We endeavor to show the complexity of using the productivity concept to evaluate the performance impact of investing in information technology. This critique is directed toward economists and manager... View full abstract»

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  • Patenting biotechnology: ethical and philosophical issues

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):194 - 199
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (512 KB)

    Every week seems to bring a new biotechnology and hopeful predictions of new treatments for disease. The greatest hope is in genetic engineering, using techniques of genetic manipulation to eliminate genetic diseases and create improved crops and farm animals. But some see clouds on this rosy horizon and warn us of dangers that will accompany them. Allowing for-profit companies to patent particula... View full abstract»

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  • Technologies of representation's relation to public opinion regarding the use of military force

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):50 - 57
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB)

    The dysfunctional aspects of television news media's reporting on war can usefully be thought of as originating the simulation and virtual presence technologies with which the news media gather and construct the news in the first place. Some characteristics of those technologies are discussed and the limitations of each's capability to represent events is tied to the common complaints about the TV... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of technology enhanced education on a developing country: a South African perspective

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):306 - 312
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    Technology will have an increasingly serious impact on the way educational institutions define their markets, present their services (especially training) and also perceive other role players. In South Africa, technological developments must be used as a multiplier to solve the escalating problem of the massification of education. At the same time it should not only account for the demographics an... View full abstract»

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  • Watching, welcoming, and analyzing cyberspace

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):125 - 128
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    The paper begins to ask questions regarding analysis of the effects of information technology on society. An interdisciplinary analysis is called for, but equally important is the need for dialogue that spans geographic, academic, and experiential borders View full abstract»

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  • Academic engineering research at a time of change: the tilt towards industry

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):226 - 234
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    A study is being performed of university based engineering research contributions to industry in the United States. Preliminary results from telephone interviews with academic engineering researchers who reported that their research had led to major developments in industry, and with their industrial counterparts, indicate a variety of research activities related to industrial needs, a number of t... View full abstract»

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  • Regional innovation networks-multimedia and regional development strategies in Germany

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):278 - 287
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1076 KB)

    Based on an analysis of restructuring activities in the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg (Germany), which aim at a reduction of the economic dependence on some industrial key sectors (car manufacturing, machine tool industry), the question is addressed of what role regional innovation networks can play in this context. Most restructuring activities at the moment are stressing information and communicat... View full abstract»

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  • Progress depends on unbalance and disorder

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):42 - 49
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    Walking is a state of unbalanced body-not to fall down, it takes away. Technology is another state of progress depending on unbalanced structures of human functions and relations. In balanced societies and cultures which are considered as technologically primitive, what we see is a lack of technology, but also a state of balance and order. It is not surprising to see that great technological devel... View full abstract»

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  • Can courts “force” technological discovery to occur?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):313 - 321
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (932 KB)

    In determining our social relationships to the natural world, we assume that between the natural and social, the natural can determine and resist the social, but not vice versa. Furthermore, in pluralist cultures, we allow the legal aspects of our social world to determine the moral aspects. Consequently, if something is legal, it is therefore good. Where does technology fit into this presumed lin... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of space technology on society

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):139 - 147
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    Space technology and the images it has created are credited with having a significant impact on society. In the 1960s, society was undergoing a period of tremendous change, when to be `modern' was de rigeur. Space exploration was a superlative symbol, a cultural icon of the sixties, and it became a driving force for change within the putative consumer society. Space Age images have been used, part... View full abstract»

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  • Telepresence-the technology and its economic and social implications

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):118 - 124
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (33)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (684 KB)

    Telepresence is the experience of being present at a real world location remote from one's own immediate physical environment. This is much more than simple teleconferencing since it attempts to allow the user to feel immersed in the remote environment and to be able, through teleoperation, to manipulate or control remote events. By using the Strathclyde Transparent Telepresence Research Group and... View full abstract»

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  • Security implications of high-power microwave technology

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):107 - 111
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (392 KB)

    The development of high-power microwave (HPM) weaponry, and its proliferation into subversive organizations, offers the means to commit the “perfect crime.” HPM attacks typically leave no residual evidence and their effects can range from nuisance to catastrophic. The paper highlights some of the unusual aspects of HPM technology and raises issues regarding security of airliners, comme... View full abstract»

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  • Empirical study on the impact of electronics on stock exchange indices

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):254 - 260
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    This paper explains the results of research into the impact of the electronics industry on the macroeconomic environment. The paper concludes that the following hypothesis can be verified: that information concerning the volumes of different electronic product categories contributes to explaining stock exchange indices View full abstract»

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  • The impact of new technology on science communication

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):191 - 193
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    The convergence of computer and communication technologies have a wide ranging influence in society. The article describes ways in which the working practices of modern scientists have been influenced by these developments and discusses implications for the teaching of science and the study of communication in science View full abstract»

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  • Women, the doctorate, and equity in engineering education

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):82 - 91
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1196 KB)

    A common explanation for the under-representation of women in faculty appointments in science, mathematics and engineering (SME) fields is that women drop out of graduate school without completing their degrees and thus are under-represented among those qualified for such appointments. The study explores both the empirical validity and textual sources for this explanation. An analysis of enrollmen... View full abstract»

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  • The coevolution of society and technology: understanding the dynamics of communities and utility infrastructures

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):32 - 41
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    The ability of our societies to adapt in a sustainable way depends, in part, upon the coevolution of communities with those utilities which deliver fundamentally important services and products such as water, waste disposal, energy, telecommunications and transport. The paper seeks to contribute to such an understanding by advancing current thinking on the design of technological infrastructures. ... View full abstract»

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