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Technology and Society, 1997. 'Technology and Society at a Time of Sweeping Change'. Proceedings., 1997 International Symposium on

Date 20-21 June 1997

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  • 1997 International Symposium on Technology and Society Technology and Society at a Time of Sweeping Change. Proceedings

    Publication Year: 1997
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): viii
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The expansion of Western progress through technology transfer: social implications for the Third World

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):296 - 305
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    Since the early 1970s, the issue of Third World development has emerged in contemporary literature as a problem of “technology transfer”. In short, technology transfer is being increasingly embraced on a global level as a tangible solution to the development issue. The solution is often characterized in economic or technical terms, while leaving under-scrutinized, the social link betwe... View full abstract»

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  • Regional innovation networks-multimedia and regional development strategies in Germany

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):278 - 287
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    Based on an analysis of restructuring activities in the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg (Germany), which aim at a reduction of the economic dependence on some industrial key sectors (car manufacturing, machine tool industry), the question is addressed of what role regional innovation networks can play in this context. Most restructuring activities at the moment are stressing information and communicat... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of conversion policy on society and technology in Russia

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):148 - 156
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    The dynamics of government policy and the process of conversion of military technology in Russia in 1988-1997 are considered. The mutual influence of government policy, social and technological development in Russia is under investigation. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the realisation of Conversion Programmes and their influence on technological potential concentrated in the former ... View full abstract»

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  • The cyber battlefield-is this the setting for the ultimate World War?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):100 - 106
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    It is clear that all of the elements normally associated with conventional war exist on the cyber battlefield; these elements just have different names. Additionally, the motivations for war are different in the cyber environment. The focus is not one of territorial acquisition, but one of information piracy and information system vandalism. The one exception to this notion is that there are no eq... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of new technology on science communication

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):191 - 193
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    The convergence of computer and communication technologies have a wide ranging influence in society. The article describes ways in which the working practices of modern scientists have been influenced by these developments and discusses implications for the teaching of science and the study of communication in science View full abstract»

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  • World information flows and the impact of new technology. Is there a need for international communication policy and regulation?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):209 - 218
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    Communication is the fastest growing industry in the world due to a transformation of world information flows caused by the convergence of telecommunication, information technology and mass media institutions. The emerging conglomerates are leading the world towards the information age. The new technology at their disposal is creating ever increasing world information flows which are changing poli... View full abstract»

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  • “Life on Mars?”: a review of the news

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):129 - 138
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    The paper seeks to examine the British press and television coverage of ALH84001. This involved a content analysis of newspaper and television coverage and focus groups to evaluate the audience reception. Coverage in the British media is extensive and reflects scepticism of the research findings. The relationship between science and the media is also examined with respect to gaining funding for fu... View full abstract»

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  • Raw materials-why should they ever run out?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):181 - 184
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    Modern technology is leading to great economies in the use of raw materials so that yesterday's shortages no longer exist. Some years ago, there was so much copper in electronic devices and communication links that supplies ran short. Now we use very small quantities of silicon, which is one of the most abundant elements on the Earth's crust. Millions of integrated circuits and the expected world ... View full abstract»

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  • Cultural imperialism and the Internet

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):288 - 295
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    The paper examines a number of the central concepts which underlie much of the discussion of cultural imperialism. In particular, it gives an account of cultural imperialism, discusses the role of the Internet, and considers some arguments which purport to show that it is a problem and others that it is not. The arguments discussed are based on social Darwinism, cultural relativism, diversity, and... View full abstract»

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  • Patenting biotechnology: ethical and philosophical issues

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):194 - 199
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    Every week seems to bring a new biotechnology and hopeful predictions of new treatments for disease. The greatest hope is in genetic engineering, using techniques of genetic manipulation to eliminate genetic diseases and create improved crops and farm animals. But some see clouds on this rosy horizon and warn us of dangers that will accompany them. Allowing for-profit companies to patent particula... View full abstract»

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  • Developing ethical practices to minimise computer misuse

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):219 - 225
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Various researchers have suggested the need to develop sound ethical information technology practices to combat the increased incidence of computer misuse. Relating to the ubiquity of information technology, the paper presents a basis to understand the nature of computer misuse. Such an analysis will help in developing ethical practices so as to minimise computer misuse. Finally, the paper argues ... View full abstract»

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  • Potential and limitations of biotechnology for socio-economic transformation in developing countries

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):200 - 208
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    The paper looks at the potential role of the emerging plant biotechnologies in raising agricultural productivity in the developing countries. It begins with a brief overview of some of the environmental and social problems encountered during the Green Revolution, particularly in India, and then considers how the new biotechnologies may assist developing countries in promoting a more sustainable an... View full abstract»

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  • Academic engineering research at a time of change: the tilt towards industry

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):226 - 234
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    A study is being performed of university based engineering research contributions to industry in the United States. Preliminary results from telephone interviews with academic engineering researchers who reported that their research had led to major developments in industry, and with their industrial counterparts, indicate a variety of research activities related to industrial needs, a number of t... View full abstract»

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  • Technology and society: how information and communication technologies can enhance the lives of persons with a disability

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):235 - 243
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (908 KB)

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) can enhance the lives of people with a disability (who number over 500 million worldwide). For the information technology (IT) industry, there is an incredible potential to do more to adapt to this global market. The kinds of technologies that are useful to people with a disability are also useful to society as a whole. Designing for all kinds of p... View full abstract»

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  • Information warfare: radar in World War II as an historical example

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):92 - 99
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (784 KB)

    Emerging technologies have increased the capability to acquire and use data as a weapon in warfare. Although aggregated under a common term, information warfare actually represents a variety of different ways with different actors in different environments that information can be used as part of an arsenal. One important form of information warfare is decision making (or OODA-loop) warfare, in whi... View full abstract»

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  • Information technology cultures and women's lives

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):75 - 81
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    The paper discusses the need for building theoretical positions in relation to gender and information and communications technologies (ICTs), particularly in regard to women's use of these technologies. It criticizes “common sense” views of the perceived problem of women's participation in computing, and goes on to suggest that attention to four, as yet under-researched areas, may prov... View full abstract»

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  • The coevolution of society and technology: understanding the dynamics of communities and utility infrastructures

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):32 - 41
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    The ability of our societies to adapt in a sustainable way depends, in part, upon the coevolution of communities with those utilities which deliver fundamentally important services and products such as water, waste disposal, energy, telecommunications and transport. The paper seeks to contribute to such an understanding by advancing current thinking on the design of technological infrastructures. ... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics, law and information technology: the transformative role of rhetoric

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):58 - 65
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    Following a brief consideration of the role of rhetoric in law and science, the paper explores how rhetorical accounts of new technologies influence the course of legislative, judicial and regulatory decisions. It proposes that such themes have the powerful capacity to determine outcomes and to shape modern concepts of individual as well as societal freedoms and rights View full abstract»

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  • Watching, welcoming, and analyzing cyberspace

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):125 - 128
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    The paper begins to ask questions regarding analysis of the effects of information technology on society. An interdisciplinary analysis is called for, but equally important is the need for dialogue that spans geographic, academic, and experiential borders View full abstract»

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  • Sustainable development and engineering: ethical and public policy implications

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):175 - 180
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The paper explores the concept of sustainable development and its ethical and public policy implications for engineering. Sustainable development involves achieving objectives in three realms: ecological (sustainable scale), economic (efficient allocation) and social (just distribution). The success of public policy to promote sustainable development is dependent upon achieving all three objective... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of technology enhanced education on a developing country: a South African perspective

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):306 - 312
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    Technology will have an increasingly serious impact on the way educational institutions define their markets, present their services (especially training) and also perceive other role players. In South Africa, technological developments must be used as a multiplier to solve the escalating problem of the massification of education. At the same time it should not only account for the demographics an... View full abstract»

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  • Engineering as a political activity

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):18 - 23
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    Because the practice of engineering authoritatively reshapes the world, it deserves to be seen as a public and political activity. If technology is a form of legislation, are engineers the legislators or do they occupy some other political role? Because engineering in the 20th century has served some social interests much better than others, might those who have been disadvantaged reasonably const... View full abstract»

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  • Environmental progress versus economic development in central and eastern Europe. A case study of Poland from 1988 to 1995

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):8 - 17
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    As the nations of Central and Eastern Europe transform from centrally planned to market driven economies, they also struggle to address the environmental degradation incurred over the last 50 years. Are these goals complementary and simultaneously achievable? The paper explores changes in air and water quality in Poland from 1988 to 1995, and considers the effects of economic growth, development a... View full abstract»

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