1997 International Symposium on Technology and Society Technology and Society at a Time of Sweeping Change. Proceedings

20-21 June 1997

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  • 1997 International Symposium on Technology and Society Technology and Society at a Time of Sweeping Change. Proceedings

    Publication Year: 1997
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): viii
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Eco-efficient technology

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):1 - 7
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    The linear, open system of industrial development-`produce/use/throw away'-is unsustainable even if it is restricted to the existing industrialised countries. If an attempt is made to spread it globally, it would not only be environmentally disastrous, it would also have severe economic and social consequences. Since the early 1970's, the Indices of Sustainable Economic Welfare of the UK, the US a... View full abstract»

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  • Progress depends on unbalance and disorder

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):42 - 49
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    Walking is a state of unbalanced body-not to fall down, it takes away. Technology is another state of progress depending on unbalanced structures of human functions and relations. In balanced societies and cultures which are considered as technologically primitive, what we see is a lack of technology, but also a state of balance and order. It is not surprising to see that great technological devel... View full abstract»

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  • The coevolution of society and technology: understanding the dynamics of communities and utility infrastructures

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):32 - 41
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    The ability of our societies to adapt in a sustainable way depends, in part, upon the coevolution of communities with those utilities which deliver fundamentally important services and products such as water, waste disposal, energy, telecommunications and transport. The paper seeks to contribute to such an understanding by advancing current thinking on the design of technological infrastructures. ... View full abstract»

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  • Intellectual property in cyberspace-what technological/legislative tools are necessary for building a sturdy global information infrastructure?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):66 - 74
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1208 KB)

    In order to accommodate the increased Internet traffic of the past several years, the infrastructure of the Internet has grown, and has subsequently become more and more complex. The technological subtleties of expanding the Internet are not the only nor even the greatest problems associated with the growing cyberspace population, however. More troubling (to the Internet pioneers and purists) are ... View full abstract»

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  • Productivity and economic performance of information technology

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):261 - 268
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    The paper examines what economists have said about the problematic assumptions of the productivity concept and their critiques of the difficulties involved in using it to make performance evaluations. We endeavor to show the complexity of using the productivity concept to evaluate the performance impact of investing in information technology. This critique is directed toward economists and manager... View full abstract»

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  • Outcomes, proxies and standards: performance-based environmental management approaches within arbitrary (political) boundaries

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):322 - 328
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    Trends toward devolution and performance based environmental regulation represent the simultaneous change of two major policy variables. This poses a major challenge to the policy maker and the policy analyst alike. Although there are strong arguments suggesting caution in implementing either of these changes, given that they are happening, there is a very real need to find state level environment... View full abstract»

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  • Linking labor and engineering to enable high performance technology design

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):24 - 31
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    The paper describes how engineers who design workplace technologies might build on their distinctive competencies in design by considering the inherently political dimensions of engineering practice. The paper discusses how some firms leverage the fact that technology decisions affect work organization by explicitly addressing controversial issues such as control over work. In particular, new orga... View full abstract»

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  • Cultural imperialism and the Internet

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):288 - 295
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    The paper examines a number of the central concepts which underlie much of the discussion of cultural imperialism. In particular, it gives an account of cultural imperialism, discusses the role of the Internet, and considers some arguments which purport to show that it is a problem and others that it is not. The arguments discussed are based on social Darwinism, cultural relativism, diversity, and... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of new technology on science communication

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):191 - 193
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    The convergence of computer and communication technologies have a wide ranging influence in society. The article describes ways in which the working practices of modern scientists have been influenced by these developments and discusses implications for the teaching of science and the study of communication in science View full abstract»

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  • Ethics, law and information technology: the transformative role of rhetoric

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):58 - 65
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    Following a brief consideration of the role of rhetoric in law and science, the paper explores how rhetorical accounts of new technologies influence the course of legislative, judicial and regulatory decisions. It proposes that such themes have the powerful capacity to determine outcomes and to shape modern concepts of individual as well as societal freedoms and rights View full abstract»

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  • World information flows and the impact of new technology. Is there a need for international communication policy and regulation?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):209 - 218
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    Communication is the fastest growing industry in the world due to a transformation of world information flows caused by the convergence of telecommunication, information technology and mass media institutions. The emerging conglomerates are leading the world towards the information age. The new technology at their disposal is creating ever increasing world information flows which are changing poli... View full abstract»

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  • Environmental progress versus economic development in central and eastern Europe. A case study of Poland from 1988 to 1995

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):8 - 17
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    As the nations of Central and Eastern Europe transform from centrally planned to market driven economies, they also struggle to address the environmental degradation incurred over the last 50 years. Are these goals complementary and simultaneously achievable? The paper explores changes in air and water quality in Poland from 1988 to 1995, and considers the effects of economic growth, development a... View full abstract»

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  • The future of electronic commerce: implications for businesses, governments and societies

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):244 - 253
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    How electronic commerce (EC) develops into and through the first decade of the next millennium will dramatically affect economic, political and cultural life. The paper reports the results of a high level debate on the future of EC in Europe which was held in November 1996 in Windsor, England, and further discusses the implications of these possible alternative paths for the future on business org... View full abstract»

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  • Can courts “force” technological discovery to occur?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):313 - 321
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    In determining our social relationships to the natural world, we assume that between the natural and social, the natural can determine and resist the social, but not vice versa. Furthermore, in pluralist cultures, we allow the legal aspects of our social world to determine the moral aspects. Consequently, if something is legal, it is therefore good. Where does technology fit into this presumed lin... View full abstract»

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  • Technology and society: how information and communication technologies can enhance the lives of persons with a disability

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):235 - 243
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    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) can enhance the lives of people with a disability (who number over 500 million worldwide). For the information technology (IT) industry, there is an incredible potential to do more to adapt to this global market. The kinds of technologies that are useful to people with a disability are also useful to society as a whole. Designing for all kinds of p... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of conversion policy on society and technology in Russia

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):148 - 156
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    The dynamics of government policy and the process of conversion of military technology in Russia in 1988-1997 are considered. The mutual influence of government policy, social and technological development in Russia is under investigation. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the realisation of Conversion Programmes and their influence on technological potential concentrated in the former ... View full abstract»

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  • Information warfare: radar in World War II as an historical example

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):92 - 99
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Emerging technologies have increased the capability to acquire and use data as a weapon in warfare. Although aggregated under a common term, information warfare actually represents a variety of different ways with different actors in different environments that information can be used as part of an arsenal. One important form of information warfare is decision making (or OODA-loop) warfare, in whi... View full abstract»

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  • Engineering as a political activity

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):18 - 23
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    Because the practice of engineering authoritatively reshapes the world, it deserves to be seen as a public and political activity. If technology is a form of legislation, are engineers the legislators or do they occupy some other political role? Because engineering in the 20th century has served some social interests much better than others, might those who have been disadvantaged reasonably const... View full abstract»

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  • Towards equilibrium engineering

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):165 - 174
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    Until thoughtful people work together to produce a vision of a world in which humanity lives in permanent stable equilibrium with the ecosphere we shall continue to destroy it. The contribution required from engineers to this stable system is vitally important because there are far too many people in the world for us to emulate the nomadic societies that lived in stable equilibrium for thousands o... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of technology enhanced education on a developing country: a South African perspective

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):306 - 312
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    Technology will have an increasingly serious impact on the way educational institutions define their markets, present their services (especially training) and also perceive other role players. In South Africa, technological developments must be used as a multiplier to solve the escalating problem of the massification of education. At the same time it should not only account for the demographics an... View full abstract»

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  • Potential and limitations of biotechnology for socio-economic transformation in developing countries

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):200 - 208
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    The paper looks at the potential role of the emerging plant biotechnologies in raising agricultural productivity in the developing countries. It begins with a brief overview of some of the environmental and social problems encountered during the Green Revolution, particularly in India, and then considers how the new biotechnologies may assist developing countries in promoting a more sustainable an... View full abstract»

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  • Academic engineering research at a time of change: the tilt towards industry

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):226 - 234
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    A study is being performed of university based engineering research contributions to industry in the United States. Preliminary results from telephone interviews with academic engineering researchers who reported that their research had led to major developments in industry, and with their industrial counterparts, indicate a variety of research activities related to industrial needs, a number of t... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of space technology on society

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):139 - 147
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    Space technology and the images it has created are credited with having a significant impact on society. In the 1960s, society was undergoing a period of tremendous change, when to be `modern' was de rigeur. Space exploration was a superlative symbol, a cultural icon of the sixties, and it became a driving force for change within the putative consumer society. Space Age images have been used, part... View full abstract»

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