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Engineering Management Conference, 2007 IEEE International

Date July 29 2007-Aug. 1 2007

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 65
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): c1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • [Title page]

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): i
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • [Copyright notice]

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): ii
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): iii - vii
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (570 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Creativity mechansm, knowledge management capacity, and innovation performance

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 1 - 7
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1386 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    We examined the role of knowledge management capacity in the relationship between creativity mechanism and innovation performance. Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses in a sample of 94 firms. The results indicate that creativity mechanisms are positively related to knowledge management capacity which, in turn, has a positive effect on innovation performance. Our results provide evidence that knowledge management capacity plays a mediating role between creativity mechanism and innovation performance. Managerial implications and future research directions are discussed. View full abstract»

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  • Model of Technology Foresight: An innovative approach

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 7 - 14
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (6301 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Companies are looking for Technology Foresight (TF) models to focus strategy and innovation management. This paper establishes an ldquoimplementationrdquo gap in TF practices based on empirical research in multinational companies in Europe and Japan. The ldquoimplementationrdquo gap refers to the neglected use of TF results in strategy and innovation management. Thus the paper suggests a TF model focusing on guiding ideas for a structured approach to eliminate this ldquoimplementationrdquo gap. Concepts of ldquobackcastingrdquo, ldquofunctionalitiesrdquo and ldquobottleneck technologiesrdquo are introduced to set priorities in the foresight process. View full abstract»

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  • Relational capital, causal ambiguity, and knowledge transfer performance

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 16 - 21
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1323 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of relational capital and causal ambiguity on knowledge transfer performance. Regress analysis was used to test the hypotheses in a sample of 97 observations of Taiwanese firms. The findings suggest that firms would achieve a higher degree of knowledge transfer performance if they build up a better relation capital with their partners and if there is less causal ambiguity in the knowledge transfer process. Further, the effect of relational capital on knowledge transfer performance is positively moderated by uncertain imitability. Managerial implications and future research directions are discussed.. View full abstract»

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  • Towards understanding the impact of crisis environments on the distributed cognition of multidisciplinary crisis control center teams

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 22 - 35
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (8522 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This investigation developed and empirically tested a conceptual framework capturing the systemic impact of crisis environments on distributed cognition phenomena occurring in organizational control centers. A systems approach was used [1] to develop a means of profiling a crisis environment from the perspective of a control center and, separately, [2] to develop a structured view of the interacting conceptual constructs researchers have developed to understand distributed learning. A resulting conceptual framework combined these two efforts. An applied research case study methodology was used to [1] iteratively refine the framework and [2] to demonstrate the value of the framework for understanding the impact of crisis environments on distributed cognition phenomena. The case involved a US Air force base's survival recovery center preparing for a formal external operational readiness inspection, a scripted wartime simulation, using internal exercises to practice for the final event. The developed framework served as a basis for evaluating performance and for developing tailored scripted scenarios for successive exercises to maximize training value. View full abstract»

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  • Why did california electricity crisis occur? A view of multi-agent intelligent simulator

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 36 - 41
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (3534 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    During summer (2000), wholesale electricity prices in California were approximately 500% higher than those during the same months in 1998-1999. The price hike was unexpected by many policy makers and individuals who were involved in the power industry. They have been wondering whether electricity deregulation produces benefits of competition promised to consumers. Unfortunately, no scientific research has previously examined why the electricity crisis occurred in California. Hence, this study proposes a use of multi-agent intelligent simulator to empirically examine several reasons regarding why it occurred. A proposed intelligent simulator has been developed on the basis of the knowledge-based reinforcement learning and is applied to a data set on the California electricity crisis in 2000-2001. The proposed simulator estimates accurately a dynamic fluctuation of electricity price and it provides empirical results that were not identified in the previous research by Joskow and Kahn (2002). View full abstract»

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  • Philosophical profile of the individual

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 42 - 48
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2752 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Just as psychological profiles give us an idea on the type of personality of an individual; it can be argued that a philosophical profile can provide similar access to the embedded values of individuals; to delve more into their biases, assumptions and predispositions. Most attempts to define an individual and the way he/she sees reality and the way he/she seeks knowledge has been done through cognitive studies and rarely through different realms of philosophy, such as ontology and epistemology, which in such cases, have been analyzed separately. This paper presents a philosophical profile that considers ontology, epistemology and teleology to create a framework for assessing the individual philosophical perspective. This framework can be used to establish predispositions and possible ways an individual can choose to address problems. View full abstract»

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  • Ancient wisdom for Engineering Managers: Drucker and Judeo-Christian concepts for managing creativity

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 49 - 53
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1236 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper discusses some of Peter Drucker's management concepts for ldquoknowledge workersrdquo and correlates them with ancient Judeo-Christian principles. Drucker emphasized contribution and service, morality and the value of the individual-all reflecting wisdom of the ancient principles- all essential for productive engineering creativity. The paper addresses the challenge to engineering managers resulting from the decline in cultural values. View full abstract»

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  • You're Dilbert's new boss — overview of Engineering Management issues

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 54 - 57
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (730 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Many of us have been laughing at Dilbert cartoon sketches for years. Thanks to the creative genius of Scott Adams, many sketches have us laughing on the floor. Our bosses get lampooned as ignorant, irresponsible and just plain crude. But wait a minute! Every one of us is managing. We manage people, projects and money, or we manage all three. Is there just a tiny bit of Dilbert inside each of us? Where does your IEEE Engineering Management Society fit into this scenario? How can EMS publications, meetings and workshops actually help you? Do you really want help? Popular authors, like Richard N Bolles have been writing about job issues for years. Bolles gives ideas for job change in What Color Is Your Parachute? John Crystal and Bolles co-authored Where Do I Go From Here with the Rest of My Life?, the result of an IEEE contract to actually help engineers and others. Popular speakers, like Barry Flicker have conducted EMS hands-on workshops to help people define engineering management issues and develop a plan to deal with those issues. Join us for some fun looking at recent Dilbert issues and results. View full abstract»

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  • Systematic approach to superior innovation structures

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 58 - 64
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1342 KB)  

    Companies realize the new challenges arising from disruptive business environments and dasiaroutinizationpsila of innovation. However, the track-record of companies successfully encompassing both, incremental and radical change, has been poor. This paper proposes a systematic approach for practitioners to design innovation structures, process architectures and consistent organizations. The approach is based on strategies of modularity, complexity reduction and a process-based organizational view. A case study illustrates the approach. View full abstract»

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  • Creating change and developing large-scale organisations

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 65 - 70
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1500 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Public organizations in Britain are undergoing significant changes brought about by the need for the creative modes of service delivery, improved performance, more effective management, and sharpened governance. These are closely linked to initiatives that move the focus of organizations from transactional activity to strategic planning aligned to transformational themes. This paper will analyze the innovative and transformational approaches being take in two key sectors - the health service and higher education, and compare and contrast the distinct approaches being taken to create structural change; assess the associated burden of effort being expended and the early gains being achieved, as well as highlight some of the critical issues arising in the implementation. View full abstract»

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  • Impact of knowledge networking and organizational learning on the performance of organizations

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 71 - 78
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (257 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper analyzes the impact of different kinds of change on the performance of an organization, depending on the underlying organizational form: hierarchical organizations are optimized top-down with only formal communication, while in networked organizations members have many lateral ties and informal communication channels are available. Based on the hypothesis that in face of change networked organizations learn faster than purely hierarchical ones, a model for performance comparison between these two organizational types is introduced. A theorem is presented and proved, which shows that as long as the communication overhead required for networking activities is smaller than a certain amount, an organization with networking culture and structures performs better than a corresponding purely hierarchical organization. Finally, a series of case studies providing evidence supporting the hypothesis will be presented examining the effects of networking at Siemens IT Solutions and Services PSE at project, corporate, and international level. View full abstract»

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  • Enterprise system's adaptability and its evaluation

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 79 - 83
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1924 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Nowadays enterprises are facing more and more uncertainties and challenges. As an important research topic, the enterprise system's adaptability should be paid more attention by researchers and managers. In this work, we focus on the adaptability of enterprise system, which determines enterprise's sustainable development. Based on prior research, we combine two theories insights: complex adaptive systems (CAS) theory and resource-based theory (RBT). Firstly, we present a conceptual model of adaptive evolution for enterprise system. Secondly, we develop evaluation index system for enterprise's adaptability. Finally, we apply the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation to evaluate the asset security and a case study is given as well. View full abstract»

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  • Project management maturity models: towards best practices for virtual teams

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 84 - 89
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1342 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Within the project management community, the concept of project management maturity models has recently been receiving a lot of business and research attention. Although the structure of most models has now been well defined and is quite sophisticated, a lot of potential exists in extending the currently described best practices that are part of these models by additions for specific problem areas, such as working with virtual (geographically distributed) teams. This paper describes the challenges faced by those working with virtual teams in the context of project management maturity models, establishes a strategy how these models can be extended to address these challenges, and identifies a set of best practices for virtual team collaboration that can be integrated into current maturity models. View full abstract»

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  • Systems engineering process standardization and cultural diversity

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 90 - 95
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1473 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Systems engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the development of large complex systems, managing both the design processes and the design of the systems. As such systems engineering has both a technical and a managerial focus. SE originated during the 1950s as a means to address the problems presented by large and consequently high risk US government acquisitions. The approaches described in the 1950s were largely broad guidelines for the approach to engineering projects. In later decades an approach to systems engineering which codified the processes through the use of detailed standards such as MIL-STD-499 became prevalent. These standards codified process for the execution of projects from a set of assumptions valid in the community which wrote the standards. The success of SE methodology in the US in improving the probability of project success has led people in other countries, with quite different cultures to apply the process centric SE standards in the hope of improving outcomes. This paper explores some specific matters related to Chinese culture to illustrate limitations in the use of copying process centric standards from one context to another, and explores means by which the field of concern oriented approach of the ISO15288 SE standard can enable development of appropriate SE methodology in diverse cultures and to enable cooperation in projects involving teaming across cultural boundaries. View full abstract»

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  • Growth and management systems complexity: Applying the Dunbar hypothesis to high growth organizations

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 96 - 100
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1075 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The Dunbar hypothesis, recently developed from primatology, posits that there is a natural limit to the growth of a group based on the ability of individuals to maintain cohesion. This paper examines the Dunbar hypothesis in relation to the disruptive change and high growth common to technology-intensive industries. In light of Dunbar's conclusions and other research, it examines how this limit may present itself in high growth innovation-based organizations such as startups or autonomous groups that are part of an industry leader. The paper suggests a methodology for managers to employ to ensure that an organization is prepared for and can effectively transition through the Dunbar limit. View full abstract»

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  • Access granted: The imperative of innovation and standardization in information security

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 101 - 107
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (4947 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The management of digital identities, despite its potential to generate business value, creates significant engineering challenges for modern firms. In this paper, we first provide an architectural overview of identity and access management (IDAM) technologies along with an analysis of patenting activities to establish that the IDAM market segment dominates the information security sector. An empirical study, based on data pertaining to public firms with a significant share of the IDAM market, shows that regulations and the frequency of malicious attacks are strongly correlated with increasing demand. While demand for identity and access management products has been exponentially increasing, innovation has only been moving at a moderate rate after declining near the end of the market bubble of 2000. The stock market's valuation of IDAM firms, while controlling for overall market conditions, has consequently been fairly static since 2001 and has followed similar trends in other segments of the IT industry. We therefore propose a two-pronged strategy involving: (i) standardization efforts on the engineering front; and (ii) additional regulations to stimulate innovation by IDAM firms. View full abstract»

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  • Holistic project management - A new approach for managed services

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 108 - 113
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (8559 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Project Management has come of age in a sense that there exists a class of professional ldquoproject managersrdquo who drive research and development projects, ramp up production processes, and deliver turnkey infrastructure projects. These traditional roles have been sufficiently investigated by academia and practitioners, and methodological frameworks are available. However, the arena of ldquomanaged servicesrdquo, dealing with long-term, ongoing operations rather than one-time deployment and commisioning, has been neglected until now. The telecommunications industry is one of those currently undergoing a rigorous paradigm shift and value migration from equipment sales towards operations related services. The unidirectional view of project management as implementation management turns out to be insufficient in the light of the complexity and nature of this new contracting and vendor-operator partnership style. In this paper, we propose a new, ldquoholisticrdquo approach towards services project management, where inter-project learning and feedback cycles are integrated into our concept of the ldquoimplementation-oriented sales processrdquo that provides a better basis for closing long-term, stable and profitable operations services transactions. The enriched scope and diversified responsibilities of project management require a modified skill profile of the individual project management professional - a ldquonew generationrdquo engineering manager. View full abstract»

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  • Firm's growth through resources' reallocation

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 113 - 117
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1075 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The importance of re-allocating human and capital resources in order to increase growth is justified and assessed. Based on macro economic models and their basic identities, growth is computed considering an economy with only two sectors, having different labor productivities and capital per worker values, when a number of workers move between sectors. Conclusions are taken from the model and illustrated by the case of the Portuguese economy. Finally, it is shown that, at firms' level, the same conclusion may apply. As such, firms should develop strategies for their business lines improving labor productivities and re-allocating their resources accordingly. View full abstract»

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  • Technology and competence alignment to the roadmap

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 118 - 123
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2282 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Roadmaps serve as a useful graphical tool to integrate strategic objectives, technology-assessment, technology-roadmapping and product road mapping against an axis of time. Much research has been done related to linking specific technologies with the product roadmap. It is equally important to understand how the sourcing of this technology can be done. This leads to the discussion of competence development to meet the technology gap. The paper describes the alignment of this technology and competence with the overall roadmap. View full abstract»

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  • An empirical research on R&D project management standardization and corresponding countermeasures

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 124 - 129
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2355 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The 21st century is an innovation age, and it's increasingly important to reinforce R&D project management for obtaining enterprise's competitive advantage and development. The R&D project management standardization (PMS) is a significant method in the R&D project management, while it is a controversial issue, and therefore, it's necessary to conduct this research. In this paper, based on sample data of some Chinese enterprises in electronic manufacture industry, we establish a conceptual model, use paired sample T-test, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis (SPSS 13) to analyze how the R&D PMS affect the R&D project performance. We find: the effect of standardized project management (SPM) on the R&D project performance differs with the enterprise scale, i.e., SPM has no obvious facilitative influence on the project performance in the small enterprises, while SPM will increase the project performance in the large and medium enterprises; the intrinsic effect of the R&D PMS on the R&D project performance also differs with the enterprise scale. Finally, we present research conclusions and limitations, and some countermeasures & proposals to reinforce the R&D SPM, and thus improve the R&D project performance and promote enterprises' unceasing development. View full abstract»

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  • The roles of statistics and planning tools in IT project management

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 130 - 138
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (6226 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Project management is typically a logistic challenge; including planning, coordinating, tracking and informing employees, suppliers, management, customers and other stakeholders. However in information technology the challenge normally comes not from complex logistics but from the quickly evolving technology that causes poor predictability of planned tasks. While one cannot improve the predictability of individual tasks, understanding statistics enables one to counter the effect of the poor predictability. This study describes how active planning techniques, some of which are counter intuitive, takes advantage of statistics, technical insight gained during the project, and early project's achievements to finish the project on time, on budget and on specifications. View full abstract»

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