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16th DASC. AIAA/IEEE Digital Avionics Systems Conference. Reflections to the Future. Proceedings

30-30 Oct. 1997

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  • Digital Avionics Systems Conference [front matter]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):i - xi
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index Volume I

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):0_4 - 0_5
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Real-time testbed spacecraft simulation for the Deep Space One Spacecraft

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):8.2 - 15-8.2-21 vol.2
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (588 KB)

    The Deep Space One (DS1) Project is the first advanced technology validation mission that is part of the New Millennium Program sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and it's industry partner for this endeavor, Spectrum Astro, Inc., are working together with a number of select integrated product development teams, and are tasked ... View full abstract»

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  • Collins GLS architecture for regional and business aircraft

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):6.1 - 16-6.1-22 vol.2
    Cited by:  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (604 KB)

    Regional airline and corporate operators stand to directly gain the most benefit from early use of satellite-based navigation equipment and will continue to benefit as GNSS-based operations and procedures are expanded. Even as a supplemental system, GPS will provide these operators access to new markets by providing instrument approach capabilities at air fields currently not equipped with ground-... View full abstract»

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  • CDMA for communications in the aeronautical environment

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):9.4 - 21-9.4-28 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (7)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (752 KB)

    MITRE's Center for Advanced Aviation System Development (CAASD) is involved in planning a next-generation voice/data network for the FAA's Air-Ground/Ground-Air communication system. This system has some unique operational requirements, which make the comparison between TDMA and CDMA a difficult one (as it also is in current cellular radio systems). This work, in support of CAASD, attempts to outl... View full abstract»

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  • The economic evaluation of CNS/ATM transition

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):6.1 - 28-6.1-36 vol.2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (828 KB)

    The CNS/ATM Focused Team (C/AFT) is an informal working group whose purpose is to develop a business-case driven prioritization of ATM system modernization plans, while attempting to resolve disparate regional requirements. The team has developed a process that allows a systematic analysis of ATM capacity and efficiency shortfalls and the phased regional modernization plans, along with a detailed ... View full abstract»

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  • Illustration of a broadcast architecture for flight information services

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):9.2 - 9-9.2-15 vol.2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (652 KB)

    This paper illustrates the use of a broadcast data link architecture to disseminate information such as text or graphical weather data; the status of airports, airspace, and facilities; and other operational information to aircraft in flight. Provision of this type of information to the cockpit is called flight information services (FIS), and many studies conclude that having better access to such... View full abstract»

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  • A critical perspective on some aspects of GPS development and use

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):9.4 - 9-9.4-20 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1088 KB)

    We seek to clarify a few problems associated with GPS use in order to propel their resolution by clearly elucidating the nature of these problems. We express our concerns about (1) certain aspects of prescribed GPS availability augmentation that currently calls for heavy supplemental reliance on (apparently risky) baro-altimeters, (2) the difficulty of ameliorating multipath effects in many civili... View full abstract»

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  • Fly-by-light aircraft system cable plants

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):7.3 - 1-7.3-8 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1516 KB)

    A program was completed with joint industry and government funding to apply fiber optics to aircraft. The technology offers many potential benefits. Among them are increased electromagnetic interference immunity and the possibility of reduced weight, increased reliability, and enlarged capability by redesigning architectures to use the bandwidth of fiber optics. Those benefits can be realized if f... View full abstract»

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  • ProphetTM-The engine for integrated risk management

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):6.1 - 9-6.1-15 vol.2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1400 KB)

    Hughes has developed a powerful risk management toolset, named ProphetTM, which has proven highly successful in managing several programs, and is now being deployed throughout Hughes. This paper describes ProphetTM features, the processes it supports, and the concepts behind them. Features include user-friendly input screens, roll-up risk factors, automated risk reduction cha... View full abstract»

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  • 777 optical local area network

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):6.1 - 23-6.1-27 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (328 KB)

    The Boeing 777 is the first commercial airplane to utilize fiber optic technology, and as such, faced many unique challenges. Design specifications, technology constraints, manufacturing methods, test equipment, airplane repair processes, all had to be determined, produced, and finally incorporated into the design View full abstract»

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  • Advanced fault tolerant computing for future manned space missions

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):8.5 - 26-8.5-32 vol.2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB)

    Planet Mars has been at the focal point of astronomical attention. As we enter the next millennium, Mars will play a key role in humanity's successful expansion into heliocentric space. Future Mars space transportation will require reliable operations over a lifespan of years. Unlike other long life deep space missions, human Mars operations require real-time masking of critical faults. This paper... View full abstract»

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  • A study of commercial flight crew self-separation

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):6.3 - 18-6.3-25 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (844 KB)

    The concept of “free flight” is intended to emphasize more flexibility for operators in the National Airspace System by providing more opportunities for aircraft self-separation. The purpose of this simulation was to begin examining some of the communication and procedural issues associated with self-separation in the enroute environment. A simulation demonstration was conducted in the... View full abstract»

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  • Smart sensors and system health management tools for avionics and mechanical systems

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):8.5 - 1-8.5-7 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (596 KB)

    This paper describes the development and application of smart sensors, Micro ElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) devices and system health management tools, developed at the Honeywell Technology Center, for avionics and mechanical systems. The Honeywell Technology Center has developed systems for Integrated Maintenance/Diagnostics that range from low-level MEMS-based sensing and diagnostic components... View full abstract»

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  • Limits to growth: results from the detailed policy assessment tool [air traffic congestion]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):9.2 - 1-9.2-8 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (708 KB)

    Congestion-induced delay is one of the recognized metrics for assessing performance in the National Airspace System (NAS). Delay can arise from many causes, including factors specific to airline operations as well as factors that can be traced to NAS operations. In this paper we introduce a recently developed tool, the Detailed Policy Assessment Tool (DPAT), and use it to explore delay and the pre... View full abstract»

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  • Surveillance monitoring of parallel precision approaches in a free flight environment

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):9.4 - 1-9.4-8 vol.2
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (424 KB)

    The FAA is conducting evaluations of precision runway monitoring (PRM) surveillance techniques. This paper describes the evaluation results of the Multilateration/ADS-B system trials conducted at Atlanta-Hartsfield international airport (ATL) in 1997. The performance of time difference of arrival (TDOA) position multilateration of aircraft Mode S and mode A/C transmissions was evaluated, in additi... View full abstract»

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  • Spacecraft attitude sensor calibration from on-orbit experience

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):8.4 - 1-8.4-8 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (744 KB)

    Soon after launch, most spacecraft go through an in-orbit checkout phase. Activities during this phase often include calibration of the attitude sensors. Occasionally, recalibration is required during the life of the mission. This paper contains a description of the types of calibration that are performed, the reasons for performing them, factors that must be considered when planning calibration, ... View full abstract»

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  • In-flight transport performance optimization: an experimental flight research program and an operational scenario

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):7.2 - 33-7.2-49 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1284 KB)

    A flight research program exploring the practical application of real-time performance optimization based on aircraft measurements and calculation of incremental drag from forced-response maneuvers is presented. The outboard ailerons of the L-1011 test bed aircraft were modified to provide for symmetric deflections to permit a recambering of the wing in that localized area, which in turn modifies ... View full abstract»

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  • Microelectromechanical instrument and systems development at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):8.5 - 33-8.5-40 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (760 KB)

    Draper Laboratory and Boeing North American have formed an alliance to develop very small, low-cost rate sensors for commercial and military applications. Several generation of micro-mechanical gyroscopes have been developed at Draper, using a dissolved wafer process that features single crystal Si anodically bonded to a glass substrate. Resulting sensor die size is approximately 1 mm. When integr... View full abstract»

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  • Overview: Precision landing/hazard avoidance concepts and MEMS technology insertion for human Mars lander missions

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):8.5 - 18-8.5-25 vol.2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (604 KB)

    Recent images from the Hubble Space Telescope offer conclusive evidence that the presence of clouds and dust storms can impair hazard detection and pose a threat to safe landing of planetary exploration spacecraft. It is also well documented that current technology and planetary landing methodologies that use the Deep Space Network (DSN) are inadequate to support all human Mars mission phases. The... View full abstract»

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  • Harmonisation of human machine interface the intuitive approach

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):6.3 - 10-6.3-17 vol.2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (600 KB)

    EUROCONTROL, in co-operation with European Aviation Administrations (and recently the FAA) has conducted experiments involving the use of advanced HMI (Human Machine Interface) for Controller Working Positions. From ODID (Operational Display and Input Development) through to PHARE (Programme for Harmonised ATM Research in EUROCONTROL) and EATCHIP III (European ATC Harmonisation and Integration Pro... View full abstract»

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  • Using air-ground data link and operator-provided planning data to improve ATM decision support system performance

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):9.3 - 18-9.3-26 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1228 KB)

    Decision support systems (DSS) are being developed for many air traffic management (ATM) applications. Examples include conflict detection, conflict resolution, evaluation of user reroute requests, and flow management. The usefulness of these systems, and hence their capability to provide benefits to airspace users, is strongly dependent on their ability to accurately predict aircraft trajectories... View full abstract»

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  • A flat panel display upgrade solution replaces military CRT technology

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):7.1 - 26-7.1-31 vol.2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (448 KB)

    Successful technology insertion programs must satisfy many system constraints in order to incorporate new capabilities into aging avionics systems while meeting program cost requirements. Such constraints frequently include form, fit, and functional replacement specifications, as well as power and electrical performance restrictions. This paper describes a technology insertion program undertaken b... View full abstract»

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  • Robust/low cost SSPCs are finally available

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):7.3 - 31-7.3-36 vol.2
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (468 KB)

    New commercial aircraft, satellites, tanks, and various military platforms are turning to Solid-State Power Controllers (SSPCs). SSPCs in the late 1990's offer system cost savings, higher reliability, CPU interfacing, low power dissipation, and smart circuit breaker options with true I2T trip characteristics. They provide features that only solid-state switching technology can support s... View full abstract»

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  • New low cost avionics with INS/GPS for a variety of vehicles

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):8.3 - 1-8.3-8 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (572 KB)

    Development of a new vehicle avionics suite is described, including integration of a low-cost, tightly-coupled integrated Inertial Navigation System/Global Positioning System (INS/GPS) to support vehicle guidance, navigation, and control (GN&C). The new IMGTS avionics product makes maximum use of commercial off the shelf (COTS) electronics, for low cost, and standard Versa Module European (VME... View full abstract»

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