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2008 IEEE History of Telecommunications Conference

11-12 Sept. 2008

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 38
  • Committees

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): i
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • [Title page]

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): 1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • ‘In a parental position to our telegraph system’: Charles Wheatstone

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):2 - 5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (371 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Prince Albert said that Wheatstone was dasiain a parental position to our telegraph systempsila. Was that description justified? The practical electric telegraph began with the work of Cooke and Wheatstone in Britain and of Morse in the USA. The first commercial installation was arranged by Cooke, using Wheatstonepsilas dasiafive-needlepsila instruments, on the Great Western Railway. It led to the... View full abstract»

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  • Salvá’s electric telegraph based on Volta’s battery

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):6 - 11
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (642 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Contemporary of such important figures as d'Alembert, Buffon, Franklin, Kant, Betancourt or Goya, Francisco Salva y Campillo was also a prominent Enlightenment scientist who shared with all of them his passion for knowledge and his support to the empiricism and to the scientific method. Five years before Samuel Thomas von Sommering demonstrated his electro-chemical telegraph to the Munich Academy ... View full abstract»

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  • Marconi in Switzerland True story or fairy tale ?

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):12 - 19
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (688 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    According to the reminiscences of a senior citizen, at some time during the summer of 1895 Marconi carried out original wireless transmission experiments near the village of Salvan in Switzerland. The IEEE acknowledged this event and inaugurated a Historical Milestone on September 22, 2003. And now the ITU recognized the site of Salvan ldquofor its invaluable contribution to the Telecommunication ... View full abstract»

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  • The true inventor of the radio communications

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):20 - 23
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (337 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    There are more than just a few examples in the history of innovations when it is not so obvious who exactly should be praised as the inventor of a specific device. The invention of radio communications are certainly one of them. This paper is based on historical documentation and describes the battle of Nikola Tesla and Guglielmo Marconi in the USA as well as the parallel and independent work of t... View full abstract»

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  • Tesla’s multi-frequency wireless radio controlled vessel

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):24 - 27
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (488 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A review of the Teslapsilas contribution to dual-band wireless radio controlled vessel is presented. The intention of this paper is to describe multi-frequency remote controlled vessel using two transmitters and which operate a distant receiver which comprises two or more circuits, each of which is tuned to respond exclusively to the signals of one frequency and so arranged that the operation of t... View full abstract»

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  • Edouard Estaunié, electrical engineer, novelist and teacher, the man who coined the term telecommunications

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):28 - 31
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (302 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper, we describe how the term telecommunications and its related concepts were introduced. We first recall that this term was coined in 1904 by Edouard Estaunie who was a French writer, known for his novels of character, and also by profession an engineer. We then explain why and how this neologism was coined. Finally we briefly consider past and present definitions of telecommunications... View full abstract»

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  • “He was the father of us all.” Ernie Guillemin and the teaching of modern network theory

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):32 - 35
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (494 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Historians of electrical technology deal routinely with inventions, inventors, theoreticians, large-scale socio-technological systems, and corporate and institutional history. Yet one category of major contributor to the development of the discipline is rarely considered in detail: the engineering educator. This paper presents the contribution of one of the outstanding teachers of electronics of t... View full abstract»

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  • Meissner’s generator of electrical waves: On the history of an artifact

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):36 - 40
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (783 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Alexander Meissner, an engineer at the laboratory of the Telefunken Company, prepared a patent application with regard to a 'set for generating electric oscillations' early in 1913. The history of this set, which was realized with a Lieben valve in the same year, will be investigated from its invention process over its role in the production of transmitters and receivers up to its display in the e... View full abstract»

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  • Vigenère through Shannon to planck — a short history of electronic cryptographic systems

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):41 - 46
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (587 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The history of cryptography goes right back to ancient times but modern electronic coding for secrecy essentially uses similar principles for poly-alphabetic ciphers and their variants; recent algorithm developments are based on the rules of secrecy as enunciated by Claude Shannon in the late 1940psilas; many of these schemes are published as standards. We now have public-key systems, and quantum ... View full abstract»

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  • Shannon’s Information Theory “rides-on” strong after more than half a century

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):47 - 51
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (397 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this sixtieth anniversary of the publication of Shannonpsilas ldquoA Mathematical Theory of Communicationsrdquo, this paper presents two relatively recent developments that are based on the fundamentals presented and defined by Shannon. Briefly and simply stated, they are, advanced forms of compression (also referred to as ldquoSequence Reductionrdquo or ldquoBit Pollution Reductionrdquo) and l... View full abstract»

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  • From large technical systems to technological complexes

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):52 - 55
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (311 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The paper locate telecommunications in what has emerged as the new paradigmatic technology of the third industrial revolution, the technological complexes. Modern telecommunications has a long history in its own right - evolving from the telegraph to contemporary multimedia services. A parallel process has been the integration of telecommunications with other infrastructures. Today, as part of the... View full abstract»

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  • Wired radio broadcasting technology in Britain: The early years

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):56 - 59
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (411 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The redistribution of public radio broadcasts through private cable networks was an important business in Britain from the late 1920s until after the Second World War. This paper presents some of the key stages in the development and use of this technology in Britain during this period. The contribution of P.P.Eckersley, former chief engineer of the BBC and one of the founders of the rediffusion c... View full abstract»

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  • The predigital period (1937–1965) in Europe

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):60 - 65
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (325 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The predigital period lasted 28 years from 1937 to 1965. In 1937 Alec Reeves invented the pulse modulations: PAM, PPM and especially PCM. In 1965, Gordon Moore published his famous law, planning a fast development of the Integrated Circuits (ICs). During this predigital period many theoretical and experimental works were carried on. The 1940psilas were the years of intense works on the Communicati... View full abstract»

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  • Establishing standards for measuring the performance of radio receivers

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):66 - 71
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (289 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Regularly scheduled radio broadcasting began in the United States in 1920, and just ten years later the majority of U.S. homes contained a radio. Radio engineering made great advances in this decade, particularly in the design of radio receivers. The engineering profession, notably the Institute of Radio Engineers, a predecessor society of the IEEE, made a vital contribution by devising and standa... View full abstract»

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  • Improving the noise performance of communication systems: 1930s to early 1940s

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):72 - 78
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (298 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This work came directly out of work done during the War on radar and control systems. Yet the radar work itself was an outgrowth of work beginning circa 1920 on improving the performance of communication systems in the presence of noise. We have previously reported on work carried out in this area during the 1920s in both radio (wireless) communications and wired telephony [1]. In this paper we fo... View full abstract»

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  • History of electroencephalography

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):79 - 82
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1957 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The author briefly reviews the development of EEG studies and methods. View full abstract»

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  • WW2 British Army battlefield wireless communications equipment

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):83 - 90
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1610 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Features of wireless communications equipment used by the British Army during and shortly after World War Two are described, within the context of advances in technology and their influence on repair and maintenance methods. View full abstract»

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  • The first computer communication network between east and west

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):91 - 95
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (395 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper deals with the development of computer communication networks in the former COMECON countries between the end of World War II and the beginning of the 1990s. View full abstract»

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  • Fracarro, from the disk of Nipkow to the digital convergence

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):96 - 101
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (385 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The dream of transmitting images, in addition to sounds, has been considered and studied since the distant 1880, and the best results were obtained in 1884 by a disk with a spiral pattern of holes punched through it. This was invented by a German physicist of Russian origins, Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, on 24th December 1883.When this disk, equipped with lenses in each hole, was spun rapidly,... View full abstract»

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  • Disseminating electronics: Bell Telephone and the emergence of electronic computing expertise in post-war Belgium, c1945–c1960

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):102 - 109
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (444 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We explore the role of Bell Telephone Mfg Co, hereafter dasiaBTMCpsila, a major European provider of electronics and switch technology from the 1910s onwards, in the emergence of electronic computing expertise in post-war Belgium. In 1951, BTMC entered into collaboration with two national research funding bodies, the FNRS and the IRSIA, towards the construction of a Belgian electronic computer, th... View full abstract»

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  • Evidence from the patent record on the development of cash dispensing technology

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):110 - 114
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (333 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    There are but a handful of systematic studies on the history of automated teller machines (ATMs) yet all fail to address the issue of paternity while perpetrating dasiacommon wisdompsila beliefs. This article looks at the birth of currency dispensing equipment, the immediate predecessor to the ATM. At the simplest level, at least four separate instance of innovation can reasonably claim to be the ... View full abstract»

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  • Contribution of Russian scientist A. S. Popov to the development of wireless communications

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):115 - 118
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (475 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The demonstration of transmission of electromagnetic signals for the first time in public took place on the 7th of May at the meeting of the Russian physical and chemical society in the St Petersburg University. Alexander Popov the teacher of physics and mathematics of the Torpedo school of the naval department showed his experiments. View full abstract»

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  • The birthplace of the first wireless communications between Japan and Europe —YOSAMI VLF Radio Station—

    Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):119 - 123
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (871 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In 1929 the big Radio Station using very low frequency was built at YOSAMI near NAGOYA, Japan. It was used as the trade and governmental communication station between Japan and European countries. The transmitters were made in Germany, with High Frequency Alternators. The stationpsilas destinations were Warsaw, Berlin, Paris, Geneva and Rome directly. During the Second WW, it was converted to the ... View full abstract»

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