By Topic

System Sciences, 1993, Proceeding of the Twenty-Sixth Hawaii International Conference on

Date 8-8 Jan. 1993

Go

Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 88
  • Group support for technical review teams: an exploratory investigation

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):102 - 111 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1029 KB)

    Group technical reviews play an important role in the software development process and may potentially benefit from group support systems. An experimental study was performed to learn more about the group review task and the productivity of review teams so that the opportunities for group support could be better assessed. An experimental task involving the review of an analysis specification docum... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Object-oriented hypermedia support systems

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):311 - 319 vol.4
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    The autors explore the integration of three software technologies, hyper-navigational user control, multimedia, and object-orientation, to develop more responsive support systems. The merger of these technologies gives rise to a visionary hybrid system type referred to as hypermedia support systems (HSSs). HSSs promote higher levels of understanding because users can interact with rich data types-... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • An empirical study of task type and communication medium in GDSS

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):161 - 168 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (692 KB)

    The authors investigate the effects of task type and communication medium on group decision outcome in GDSS (group decision support system)-supported meetings. The two task types used are an intellective task and a preference task. The communication medium is varied by using a face-to-face setting and a dispersed setting. The group decision outcome variables of interest are consensus change, decis... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The I/S leader as `innovator'

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):352 - 358 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (568 KB)

    A number of challenges are facing senior information systems (I/S) executives, among them the demand to function as innovators and to promote creativity within their respective organizations. The authors present a model of I/S leadership which posits four key roles-technologist, manager, innovator and strategist-and focus attention on the particular role of innovator. They further discuss the cond... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The impact of group support systems on group conflict and conflict management: an empirical investigation

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):83 - 94 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (904 KB)

    The authors report on a study of the impact of group support systems (GSS) use on groups over the duration of five sessions spaced a week apart. The issue of primary interest in the study was the impact of GSS use on the nature of group conflict and conflict management. Twenty-five groups participated in the study. The first session was a training session. The four subsequent sessions were decisio... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Globalization and the Tower of Babel

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):460 - 468 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (704 KB)

    It is pointed out that according to present-day visionaries, man is heading toward a new form of social organization, a `borderless world' in which people will live as citizens in a `global village'-a change enabled by communications and information technologies. It is further noted that, in the absence of a clear-cut understanding of the direction of technological change, rhetoric takes over as p... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Problem evolution and solution in negotiation support systems

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):265 - 267 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (156 KB)

    As background for an open forum on problem evolution and solution in negotiation support systems (NSS), the subject is discussed from the viewpoint of evolutionary systems design. Some important research areas in problem evolution and solution in NSS are noted View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Using information technology to manage customer relationships: lessons for marketing in diverse industries

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):860 - 866 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (700 KB)

    It is noted that progress in information technology (IT) makes it possible to capture detailed customer data and analyze individual customer purchases, even in support of marketing inexpensive, routinely purchased goods and services. The goal of this research is to suggest some potentially valuable uses of this information and to examine their strategic implications. A study of numerous companies,... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The application of Petri-nets in object-oriented enterprise simulations

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):390 - 398 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (772 KB)

    The authors discuss experiences of and research into applying Petri net graphs and object-oriented techniques in simulating and modeling enterprise processes. Petri nets have been used with great success in the modeling of concurrent and asynchronous tasks in programming and communications systems. Extending this approach to simulating enterprise processes has significant potential for increasing ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Using AI-based monitoring technologies in management control

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):301 - 310 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (776 KB)

    The author asserts that alternative monitoring technologies will broaden the scope of contractual choices and thereby increase the likelihood of congruence with the organization's objectives, even in those cases where issues of measurability are ill defined. He reviews agency theory with particular reference to implications for organization theory; links agency theory with the empirical and theore... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Computer-mediated idea generation: the effects of group size and group heterogeneity

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):152 - 160 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (756 KB)

    A laboratory experiment investigated the effects of physical group size (five- and ten-member) and logical group size (i.e., group heterogeneity in regard to task demands) on the performance of groups addressing an idea generation task. Logical size was manipulated by varying the amount of task-relevant information given to each group member. Larger logical group sizes (heterogeneous groups) were ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Software quality: a market perspective

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):749 - 758 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (740 KB)

    The author investigates software quality in a market setting. He points out that imperfections in reputation place downward pressure on a product's price and lower the average quality of the delivered software. Testing, verification, and validation improve quality only when reputation is important to end users, when demand satiation is low, and when the marginal cost of improving quality is low in... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The application of artificial neural networks to quality control charts

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):616 - 625 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    Reports on the development of artificial neural networks that function as alternatives to conventional quality control charts. Multilayered feedforward networks using a backpropagation learning algorithm were trained and tested. The results illustrate the feasibility of using artificial neural networks to detect out-of-tolerance conditions in a manufacturing process View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Application of group support systems to promote creativity in information systems organizations

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):332 - 341 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (992 KB)

    The authors describe how group support systems (GSS) can be used to promote creativity in information systems (IS) organizations. A discussion of GSS concepts and tools is presented first. A model of the creative problem solving process in organizations is described. An in-depth discussion of the benefits of using GSS to promote creativity as well as examples of actual and potential application of... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • An integrated framework for the study of group decision support systems

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):179 - 188 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (756 KB)

    The authors consolidate the work of prior frameworks for group decision support systems (GDSSs) and present the results of that consolidation, using the major factors of contextual, intervening, adaptation, and outcome variables. The end result is a comprehensive list of factors that have been studied or suggested, organized into these four categories. The model proposed offers a control system ty... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Facilitation and group support systems

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):199 - 207 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (744 KB)

    A combined qualitative/quantitative data collection and analysis of group support systems (GSS) and group process facilitators has been carried out. The data presented represent the initial phase of the study, in which semistructured interviews were conducted with a group of practicing facilitators with a range of GSS experience in order to discover similarities and differences in their educationa... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A cognitive foundation for comparing object-oriented analysis methods

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):699 - 708 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1012 KB)

    Presents a framework for examining constructs found in object-oriented methods. The framework consists of a formal information systems model, called MIMIC (morphological information model of instances and classes), which is based on a theory of classification. MIMIC is used to evaluate two object-oriented modeling methods. The comparison shows that the constructs of these methods partly reflect th... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Negotiation in organizational DSS using extended relational views

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):677 - 686 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (700 KB)

    Presents a novel approach to views in relational databases that supports the negotiation process and monitors incremental changes in the groups' positions. The common body of information is stored in a relational database. A view augmented with a differential file is called an independently updated view (IUV). Each group has a different IUV that corresponds to its particular position in the negoti... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Distributed decision support systems: characterization and design choices

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):660 - 668 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (708 KB)

    The authors develop a clear definition of a distributed decision support system (DDSS), and explore design issues related to the DDSS from an organizational perspective. Based on the premise that the options available for designing a DDSS depend upon whether it is aligned with the organizational structure or not, the authors contend that DDSS design choices lie in a continuum between rigidity and ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Tasks matter: modeling group task processes in experimental CSCW research

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):71 - 80 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (964 KB)

    The authors present a model of how individuals process tasks in a group setting. They review the literature on tasks and integrate this literature in the context of experimental collaborative group work. The bulk of the task literature suggests that a workable and valid classification system must be built both on characteristics that are innate to a task and on characteristics of the task performe... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Motorola cash management: The evolution of a global system

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):450 - 459 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (776 KB)

    The set of interorganizational information systems used for global cash management in business markets is analyzed. A longitudinal case study of Motorola is presented. Their strategy has evolved from an internal cost saving focus to a cooperative one, yielding significant strategic benefits by the inclusion of trading partners. The financial aspects of Motorola's business relationships with tradin... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The new fuzzy Delphi methods: economization of GDS (group decision support)

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):255 - 264 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (328 KB)

    From the viewpoint of managing GDS (group decision support), the author attempts to economize the decision making on the part of a group of experts while maintaining the quality of their decisions, i.e., their forecasting, by introducing a fuzzy Delphi method. By doing so, the interaction time and the time for information exchange can also be remarkably saved. The author examines both the developm... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Understanding barriers to IT implementation: a case study of `rationality,' human error, and undiscussable issues

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):850 - 859 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (908 KB)

    It is pointed out that much of the technology and practice of organizational information technology (IT) implementation assumes that organizational decisions are consequences of individuals and organizations objectively using information in a rational manner. However, recent data from case studies on IT implementation suggest that rationality may be the exception, rather than the rule. Research on... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Comparing innovation styles profile of IS personnel to other occupations

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):378 - 386 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (460 KB)

    W.C. Miller's Innovation Style Profile instrument was used to collect data from IS (information systems) personnel to compare the innovation styles of IS personnel to those in other occupations. Analysis of the results revealed significant differences. Knowledge of these differences should enable teams composed of IS personnel and user personnel not only to better tolerate their differences but al... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Distributed intelligent agents in decentralized organizations

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):292 - 300 vol.4
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (636 KB)

    A distributed problem solving schema is presented which uses a blackboard architecture for problem solving. In this distributed problem solving architecture, not only one but several intelligent agents (or knowledge-based systems) are involved to collaboratively perform problem solving. Each system in this environment has different expertise which can be used to solve part of the complex problem. ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.