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Electric Power, 2007 IEEE Conference on the History of

Date 3-5 Aug. 2007

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  • 2007 IEEE conference on the history of electric power

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): i
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  • 2007 IEEE conference on the history of electric power conference proceedings

    Publication Year: 2007
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  • [Copyright and reprint permission]

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): iii
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): iv - v
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  • Introduction

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): vi
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  • History of power systems development in Japan

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 1 - 9
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1350 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    There are similarities and differences between the study of history in general and that of the history of engineering in particular. Since the study of engineering seeks for the practical use, the productivity of the study will be essentially estimated, if it will meet with the need of human life and society, just like "Innovation," for instance, will be. This paper tries to find some keys for the successful innovation through the history of engineering. It suggests what can be called as "The Repeat Model." Taking the case of power systems engineering development in Japan, the author finds in the Model the repetition of such sub-stages as "introduction," "application," "innovation" and "turbulence" in each stage of history. Since power system planning is one of essential know-how in power systems engineering, it will be critically important to improve the know-how through the use of "The Repeat Model" for the welfare of society in the future under such condition as human needs, deregulation and social contradiction. The author also discusses that the study of history is important and effective to establish public literacy and ethics on engineering and to develop the engineering in the right direction for the welfare of society. View full abstract»

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  • Harnessing the earth: Nikola tesla and the idea of broadcasting electric power, 1890–1905

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 10 - 47
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    The paper discusses the history on the work of Nikola Tesla to transmit electric power from one point to another through electromagnetic waves. View full abstract»

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  • Forgotten roots

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 48 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1311 KB)  

    This paper presents the history of electric power during the 1885-1965 period that is remembered by very few. It was a period in which coordination and cooperation between companies and among the engineers involved led to great progress. View full abstract»

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  • The Swedish development of turbogenerators with directly water-cooled rotors

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 109 - 116
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    Large steam turbine-driven generators rated at a few hundred MW and higher constitute, in many respects, a big engineering challenge. The Swedish manufacturer of heavy electrical equipment, Asea was faced with this challenge in the late sixties, when the company started to develop such generators for nuclear power plants. Due to the company's background, it was necessary to choose new design concepts, and Asea decided on a very unique concept, turbogenerators with directly water-cooled rotors. The development led to difficult teething problems before the generators could be delivered and operate satisfactory; a process, which took around a decade to complete. Since then, the operation records have been very good. These turbogenerators constitute the only existing group with a significant number of two-pole, directly water-cooled rotors. The background, the development and results are summarized in this paper. View full abstract»

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  • Understanding the history of fuel cells

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 117 - 122
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (677 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Fuel cells are one of the key enabling technologies for future hydrogen economy. For the last 20 years applications for the fuel cells are mostly replacing internal combustions engines, and providing power in stationary and portable power applications. But the history of the fuel cells is more than the last 20 years; actually it has more than 150 years! It is the purpose of this paper to present the development of the fuel cells across the time. The paper discuss the typical characteristics and electrochemical reactions a fuel cell. Additionally, the paper presents the basic concepts, applications for the six main types of fuel cell technologies. Finally, it is intended with the paper to present the concepts and history related to the fuel cells in a basic way. This paper will be very helpful for undergraduate researches, history and professional engineers without previous knowledge of the technical fields related to the fuel cells. View full abstract»

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  • The power innovation process: Electric technology effects on policy and electricity policy effects on technology

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 123 - 129
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    This article discusses about the electric technology and systems advance within complex economic and political systems. This has been true almost from the beginning of the electric power industry. It is important to appreciate that the feedback flows in both directions. In other words, technology causes some policy changes and policy can cause some technology changes. View full abstract»

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  • “Electric power in Nepal: History, experiences & possibilities.”

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 130 - 139
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    This article basically indicates the historical perspectives of electric power in Nepal but not limited to this only. The present scenario as well as possibilities in future are also the part of the content. The history of electricity development of Nepal is not so old and has crossed 95 years since the start of construction of Pharping Hydroelctric Plant ( 500 KW) in 1911. Today, Nepal has an electric power of total installed capacity 609 MW in Integrated Power System with the major contribution from 25 numbers of hydroelectric plants. Out of total electric power, about 91 % is contributed from hydroelectric plants and rest of 9 % is supported from diesel plants. The existing largest hydroelectric plant in the country is Kaligandaki-A (144 MW). The generated electric power has been transmitted through 132 KV double circuit transmission line of 2076 km, 66 KV double circuit of 586 km, 66 KV double circuit underground cables of 7 km and 33 KV single circuits of 2485 km within the country. The country has a total sub station capacity of 1089 MVA to date. View full abstract»

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  • Underground secondary AC networks, a brief history

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 140 - 151
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    The first low-voltage AC network system is reported to have been installed in Memphis, Tennessee, c. 1907. The network transformers were supplied by primary feeders through distribution cutouts and were connected to a solid grid of low voltage cables that were protected with fuses. In 1921, improvements were made to the basic system in Seattle, Washington by Puget Sound Power & Light Co. This involved connecting the secondary terminals of the network transformers to the solid cable grid through network protectors. These protectors would trip automatically upon reverse power flow and were reset manually. In 1922, the first AC network system, in which network protectors were automatically tripped and closed by relays, was placed in service in New York City by the United Electric Light and Power Company. The cable grid was a three-phase/four- wire system which operated at a nominal voltage of 208Y/120V. By 1925, this type of system became an accepted method of supplying combined power and lighting load and there were six networks with a total load of 27.5MVA (over 100 transformers) in operation. By 1952, 82 companies operated 414 networks using this system. In 1974, 315 US companies had installed the low-voltage network system. Today's 208Y/120V network grid systems are very similar in configuration and basic operation to the first systems. View full abstract»

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  • History of electric power in India (1890 – 1990)

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 152 - 165
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    This paper gives an overview of the origins and development of hydroelectric and thermal power systems in India. Most of the early power generating stations, which were developed when India was a colony of the British, were hydro-electric in nature. These pre-independence generating stations fed loads in the urban areas and electrification of the villages was done mostly after 1947. The Electricity Supply Act of 1948 saw the emergence of State Electricity Boards (SEBs). The SEBs led to the rise of Regional Electricity Boards and efforts are being made to integrate the various regional grids into a single national grid. The latter half of the century saw inroads being made into other forms of energy, including nuclear and wind. These aspects have also been dealt with in the paper. View full abstract»

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  • Weston was the icon of meters in Japan

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 165 - 170
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    Weston Electrical Instrument Corporation was founded in 1888 and began to manufacture portable direct-current meters. At that time, the electricity power industry emerged in Japan, and in 1888, the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan (IEEJ) was also established. Many Weston meters were imported to Japan and used by government institutions and universities. Japanese meter manufacturers were established around 1900 and began to manufacture meters similar to Weston's meters. It took a while for them to become able to make meters that were comparable to Weston's. On the other hand, it took a long time for Japanese users to acknowledge that the performance of domestic meters achieved the level of Weston's. In other words, Weston's meters were the icon of meters for Japanese users and maintained their superiority status for a long time in Japan. The following meters were Weston's specialties: 1) Laboratory Standard Instrument (accuracy of 0.1%) 2) Portable Precision Instrument (accuracy of 0.25%) 3) Photographic Exposure Meter. Weston's superiority status in Japan continued until around 1950, after World War II. The arrival of digital instruments, however, changed the situation radically. Although the company had excellent patents, such as one for the dual-slope A/D converter, Weston Corporation passed on the opportunity to survive the competition in the meter industry. View full abstract»

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  • Fuel cell research and development and the pursuit of the technological panacea, 1940–2005

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 171 - 191
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    This paper argues that dreams for a commercial fuel cell have gone consistently unrealized largely because expectations have consistently outpaced the knowledge base. Researchers and their supporters perceived the fuel cell as a hybrid of the conventional galvanic battery and the internal combustion engine, combining the advantages of both without their handicaps. In conventional storage batteries, the electrodes are also the "fuel", and are gradually consumed over time. In contrast, fuel cells use chemical reactants that are stored externally, not within the battery casing itself. Researchers assumed that as long as fuel was supplied, fuel cell electrodes and electrolyte would continue to operate with no chemical deterioration, a state known as "invariance". View full abstract»

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  • Early history of Korean electric light and power development

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 192 - 200
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    This paper attempted to serve as a research for the revival of the electric light plant (Jeondeungso) erected at the Gyeongbokgung Palace in 1887. This report provided a chronological overview of the development of electric light and power in late Joseon dynasty (Korea) before 1900's. It mainly focused on the establishment of light plant in the palace and the erection of new plant for lighting a detached palace Changdeokgung in 1894. Major installations in the first plant were inferred and set up for reconstruction. The powerhouse was a one-story building divided into an engine and dynamo room, and a boiler room. It consisted of the Edison central station lighting system: two 3kW Edison dynamo belted to a high-speed engine which supplied from a coal-fired boiler. Dynamo had capacity of 60, 16-candlepower lamps, thus giving a capacity of 120 incandescent lamps to the station. The new plant was located about midway between the palaces stood apart one-mile, and had capacity of 2,000, 16- candlepower lamps. It is revealed that electric lighting in the palaces has effected nation modernization and finally led the Emperor Gojong to establish Seoul Electric Company in 1898. View full abstract»

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  • Fiftieth anniversary of modern power electronics: The Silicon Controlled Rectifier

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 201 - 211
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The paper reviews the history, commercialization and the operation of the silicon controlled rectifiers. View full abstract»

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  • Interpreting the early age of electricity

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 212 - 221
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    The paper concerns the early age of electricity and addresses the the questions: 1) Why did it take so long for the steady current of the battery to transform our civilization? and, 2) What else was needed, beyond the current of the battery, for the age of electricity finally to take off? View full abstract»

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  • Women working at the manufacture of electrical machinery, 1904: Film and text

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 222 - 233
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    The only significant early industrial films, before 1910, have been made available and show in detail the work conditions for women in heavy industry. These films show Westinghouse workers in 1904 fabricating parts for the rapidly growing electric industry. The literature of women workers from that time provides little insight to their conditions of work which were different from those of textile, garment, and cigar makers, which were better documented. The limited information on the background and work conditions of the workers is presented. The films clearly indicate the speed-up characteristics of the piece-work pay system and the physical discomfort of the workers. View full abstract»

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  • Recent trends in French historiography on electricity

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 234 - 243
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    Beginning practically from scratch about a quarter century ago, a vast storehouse of knowledge has been collected on the history of electricity in France and elsewhere. Caron described the publications by the AHEF as a sort of database. We know a lot more about production and consumption, about companies and people active in the electrical sector, about economic results and social effects, about the legal framework and the political context, about the cultural and artistic aspects of the novelty that was electricity. A large number of historians and graduate students have worked on many fronts. None can be said to have been neglected. That was the predominant trend. Recent historiography tried to embrace all of the history of electricity. To a large extent, it succeeded. What remains to be done ? Three suggestions can be advanced. First, more attention has to be paid to the very recent history of electrification. As time passes and EDF archives become available, more work based on sources will be done on the immediate past. Second, the international dimension has to be strengthened, in two respects. On the one hand, comparisons between France and other countries need to be encouraged. On the other, connections between national electrical systems remain hazy and require clarification and understanding. Third, greater use has to be made of the interdisciplinary approach, electricity being a subject at the crossroads, at the very least, of science, technology, economics, politics, sociology, literature, art and, of course, history. View full abstract»

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  • Carrier-wave telephony over power lines- early history

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 244 - 254
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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    In this paper we focus on the early history of using power lines for voice communications, beginning in 1918 and carrying the story forward to the early 1930s, when telephony using power lines had essentially established itself as a mature technology worldwide. View full abstract»

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  • Index

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 255
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  • The slot in the road: Manhattan's forgotten underground electric trolley system

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 1 - 22
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    First Page of the Article
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