The Twelfth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances

14-17 Jan. 1997

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  • The Twelfth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances

    Publication Year: 1997
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (441 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Author index

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):327 - 328
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Evaluation of overcharge protection life in nickel cadmium cells with nonnylon separators

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):49 - 59
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (488 KB)

    Hydrogen gassing and the potential for cell rupture in aerospace nickel cadmium cells is directly related to loss of overcharge protection built into the cell during manufacturing. It is well known that cells having nylon separators contribute to this loss via a hydrolysis reaction of the nylon in the potassium hydroxide electrolyte environment in the cell. The hydrolysis reaction produces lower c... View full abstract»

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  • Commercial nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) technology evaluation. Military aircraft battery implications

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):9 - 15
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (656 KB)

    Available cylindrical and prismatic commercial Ni-MH batteries using AB5 and AB2 cathodes were evaluated for possible application to military aircraft batteries. Commercial AB5 technology is further advanced than AB2 technology and would require less alloy, electrolyte and single cell/battery development for near term (3-5 years) applications. Tested AB... View full abstract»

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  • A low pressure bipolar nickel-hydrogen battery

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):307 - 312
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (496 KB)

    Ergenics is developing a low pressure high power rechargeable battery for electric vehicles and other large battery applications. The Hy-StorTM battery couples a bipolar nickel-hydrogen electrochemical system with the high energy storage density of metal hydride technology. In addition to its long cycle life, high specific power, and energy density, this battery offers safety and econom... View full abstract»

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  • Studies on hydride-forming alloys as the active material of a metal hydride electrode for a nickel metal hydride cell

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):43 - 48
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (344 KB)

    Multi-component AB5 hydrides are attractive replacements for the cadmium electrode in nickel-cadmium batteries. The archetype compound of the AB5 alloy class is LaNi5, but in a typical battery electrode mischmetal is substituted for La and Ni is substituted in part by variety of metals. This paper deals with the effect on cycle life upon the partial substitution of... View full abstract»

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  • A statistical approach to domain performance modeling for oxyhalide primary lithium batteries

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):163 - 170
    Cited by:  Papers (19)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (412 KB)

    Lithium batteries have emerged as the power source of choice for a large number of commercial and medical applications. Commercially important lithium battery chemistries include lithium/iodine, lithium silver vanadium oxide, lithium/carbon monofluoride, lithium/sulfuryl chloride with chlorine, and lithium/thionyl chloride. The ability to accurately estimate the discharge performance of a cell is ... View full abstract»

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  • Advanced EV/HEV battery pack testing using the ABC-150 power system

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):127 - 131
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB)

    The ABC-150 battery test system is the first system designed for the demanding requirements of electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) secondary battery testing. With high accuracy, fast response and flexible test automation capabilities, the ABC-150 provides the most advanced set of capabilities for EV/HEV battery pack testing. These features are described and several examples of ... View full abstract»

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  • Operational testing of valve regulated lead acid batteries in commercial aircraft

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):5 - 8
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (280 KB)

    Valve regulated lead acid (VRLA) batteries provide electrical performance that is virtually identical to sintered plate nickel-cadmium battery systems. In addition, the VRLA batteries offer the user a no maintenance battery and other enhanced features that make this a very desirable battery for aircraft applications. In field trials, where VRLA batteries were substituted for nickel-cadmium batteri... View full abstract»

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  • Cold charge nickel hydrogen geosynchronous satellite batteries

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):301 - 305
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (308 KB)

    It has been well recognized that the capacity of nickel hydrogen batteries is improved if the batteries are operated at relatively cool temperatures (~0°C to 10°C). This is somewhat contra-intuitive relative to other batteries and is generally ascribed to the competition between the useful nickel electrode recharge reaction. At Space Systems/Loral we have recognized that the inverse capaci... View full abstract»

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  • Hybrid fuel cell for pulse power applications

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):37 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (296 KB)

    A hybrid fuel cell demonstrated pulse power capability. It successfully ran a pulse power load simulation synonymous with electronics and communications equipment. The hybrid consisted of a 25 W proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack in parallel with a 70 farad capacitor assembly. A cyclic regime of 18.0 W for 2 minutes followed by 2.5 W for 18 minutes was chosen as the basic test regime... View full abstract»

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  • TMF ultra-high rate discharge performance

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):139 - 143
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)

    BOLDER Technologies Corporation has developed a valve-regulated lead-acid product line termed Thin Metal Film (TMFTM) technology. It is characterized by extremely thin plates and close plate spacing that facilitate high rates of charge and discharge with minimal temperature increases, at levels unachievable with other commercially-available battery technologies. This ultra-high rate per... View full abstract»

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  • Two volt, high power, high energy density rechargeable lithium polymer battery

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):157 - 162
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (160 KB)

    The research and development of organo-sulfur polymer composite cathodes has produced a family of materials which are electroactive and rechargeable in nonaqueous secondary battery systems. This paper describes the latest improvements in performance of AA cells and indicates the directions to be taken for further development. Applications oriented performance characteristics (including high-rate c... View full abstract»

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  • Prismatic cell lithium-ion battery using lithium manganese oxide

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):121 - 125
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (348 KB)

    Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have demonstrated the ability to fulfill the energy storage needs of many new technologies. The most significant drawbacks of currently available technologies, such as LiCoO 2 based Li-ion cells, is their high cost and significant environmental hazards. Li-ion cells which use a lithium manganese oxide (LiMn2O4) spinel) based cathode m... View full abstract»

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  • Cycle life testing of a 24-V, 15-Ah sealed lead-acid aircraft battery

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):1 - 4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (272 KB)

    This paper presents the results of cycle life testing of 24-V, 15-Ah sealed lead-acid batteries intended for use in the B-1B aircraft. Test samples were procured from two different manufacturers and subjected to cycle testing at 33% and 100% depth-of-discharge (DOD). The cycle life at 33% DOD ranged from 500 to 750 cycles. The cycle life at 100% DOD ranged from 160 to 260 cycles View full abstract»

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  • Advanced developments in NiH2 Dependent Pressure Vessel (DPV) cell and battery technology

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):295 - 300
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (540 KB)

    The Dependent Pressure Vessel (DPV) nickel-hydrogen (NiH2 ) design is being developed by Eagle-Picher Industries, Inc. (EPI) as an advanced battery for military and commercial, aerospace and terrestrial applications. The DPV cell design offers high specific energy and energy density as well as reduced cost, while retaining the established Individual Pressure Vessel (IPV) technology flig... View full abstract»

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  • Using high speed pulse as an analysis tool [for secondary batteries]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):103 - 107
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)

    The advent of high-speed pulse technology in battery and cell test instrumentation has provided researchers with a number of important analytical and modeling tools for battery and cell research. This paper is a survey of some of those procedures View full abstract»

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  • Design factors for a super high energy density Ni-MH battery for military uses

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):33 - 36
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB)

    The nickel-metal hydride battery is a relatively new commercial product which meets the needs for a more environmentally friendly battery than either the lead-acid or nickel-cadmium couples. While the presently available product also provides significantly improved performance over these other batteries, it is believed possible to develop a new generation of Ni-MH batteries with perhaps 80% greate... View full abstract»

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  • Polyethylene glycol as a solid polymer electrolyte

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):249 - 253
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (428 KB)

    Polymer electrolytes were prepared from polyethylene glycol (PEG)-lithium perchlorate complexes and characterized at a stainless steel electrode using a variety of electrochemical techniques. The charge transfer process was affected by the oxide film on the stainless steel electrode surface in the early stages of redox processes. The polymer electrolytes showed a transference number of 0.2 for Li<... View full abstract»

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  • Design considerations for lithium-ion cells. I. Cell components

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):181 - 188
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (680 KB)

    The development of lithium-ion battery systems, a relatively new technology in comparison to conventional rechargeable battery systems, has encompassed an extensive number of design considerations. These considerations are based primarily on safety, performance and cost. In this part of the paper, the authors discuss the design considerations for lithium-ion cells at a cell component level View full abstract»

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  • Development with quasi-bipolar HorizonR technology

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):135 - 138
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (296 KB)

    Electrosource Inc. (ELSI) is now in production with an electric vehicle (EV) battery based on fundamental advances in materials design, manufacturing processes and well understood lead-acid electrochemistry. The production 12 V-85 Ah module is rated at 45 Whr/kg, 223 W/kg and 400 C/3 cycles. Production test modules have achieved over 50 Whr/kg and 500 cycles. Chrysler has chosen the Electrosource ... View full abstract»

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  • Lithium/silver vanadium oxide batteries for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):151 - 155
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (328 KB)

    Medtronic has developed a line of lithium/silver vanadium oxide batteries for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Unique features of the system are described, and improvements in mechanical packaging efficiency are presented. Cell chemistry and design are outlined View full abstract»

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  • Zinc and silver migration during rechargeable silver-zinc cell cycling

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):111 - 119
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (636 KB)

    A study has been established to obtain zinc and silver migration rate data on cellulosic separators derived from a variety of cellulose and cellophane sources in silver-zinc alkaline rechargeable cells. The purpose of the study is to utilize the cycle and wet life data which are, in part, a function of the formation of soft and hard shorting in the rechargeable cell set, to designate a “best... View full abstract»

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  • Room-temperature ionic liquid battery electrolytes

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):261 - 266
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (540 KB)

    Room-temperature molten salts possess a number of unique properties that make them ideal battery electrolytes. In particular, they are nonflammable, nonvolatile and chemically inert, and they display wide electrochemical windows, high inherent conductivities and wide thermal operating ranges. Although these ionic liquids have excellent characteristics, the chemical and electrochemical properties o... View full abstract»

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  • Market feasibility study of utility battery applications: penetration of battery energy storage into regulated electric utilities

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):195 - 200
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB)

    Although studies indicate there could be significant opportunities for battery systems in electric utility applications, markets for this and other dispersed energy storage technologies have been slow to develop. Prior analyses had suggested that the slow market development has resulted from reluctance to make the necessary investments on the part of both suppliers and customers. In order to confi... View full abstract»

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