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The Twelfth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances

14-17 Jan. 1997

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  • The Twelfth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances

    Publication Year: 1997
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (441 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Author index

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):327 - 328
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • LaNi5-xMx metal hydride alloys for alkaline rechargeable cells

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):323 - 325
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (248 KB)

    This work centers on making alloy modifications to LaNi5 by replacing Ni with various metal elements. The primary goal of the alloy modifications is to stabilize the alloy during electrochemical cycling in an alkaline medium. The reasons that some elements promote cyclic stability are explored, and the relative magnitude of their effect is Ge>Sn>Si>Ga>Al>In>Ni. Other p... View full abstract»

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  • Room-temperature ionic liquid battery electrolytes

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):261 - 266
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (540 KB)

    Room-temperature molten salts possess a number of unique properties that make them ideal battery electrolytes. In particular, they are nonflammable, nonvolatile and chemically inert, and they display wide electrochemical windows, high inherent conductivities and wide thermal operating ranges. Although these ionic liquids have excellent characteristics, the chemical and electrochemical properties o... View full abstract»

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  • Surface-modified Mg2Ni-type negative electrode materials for Ni-MH battery

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):317 - 322
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (616 KB)

    In order to further improve the electrode performance of Mg1.9Y0.1Ni0.9Al0.1 alloy at ambient temperature, its surface was modified by an ultrasound pretreatment in the alkaline solution and microencapsulation with Ni-P coating. The effects of various surface modifications on the microstructure and electrochemical performance of the alloy electrodes were... View full abstract»

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  • The recyclability of lead alloys

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):79 - 83
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (284 KB)

    In 1996, the production of battery lead and alloys from the recycle industry was 3 times the primary lead production in the United States. The Buick Resource Recovery Center of the Doe Run Lead Company at a capacity of 90000 tons per year is one of 25 plants recycling lead metal in the United States. This plant was commissioned in 1991 and has been running with a 0.30 Lost Time Accident rate per 2... View full abstract»

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  • Cathodic decomposition of propylene carbonate at graphite electrodes

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):255 - 259
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (408 KB)

    The decomposition reaction of propylene carbonate (PC) has been studied at graphite electrode in 1.0 M LiClO4 employing a variety of transient electrochemical techniques. Results show that the PC decomposition reaction takes place through an EC' (electron transfer followed by catalytic reduction) reaction path. The pseudo first order rate constants of the chemical decomposition step has... View full abstract»

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  • Life cycle testing of a sealed 24-V, 42-Ah nickel-cadmium aircraft battery

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):17 - 21
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (364 KB)

    Extensive research has been conducted in the design and manufacture of very long life sealed maintenance free nickel-cadmium aircraft batteries. This study presents data on a 100% depth of discharge (DOD) life test performed on a nominal capacity 42-Ah battery. The purpose of this study is to validate design concepts, determine the life characteristics of the newly designed sealed nickel-cadmium b... View full abstract»

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  • Studies on the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy of Zr-based Laves phase metal hydride electrodes

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):313 - 316
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (268 KB)

    The impedance spectra of Zr(V0.4Ni0.6)2 , Zr(V0.2Mn0.2Ni0.6)2, Zr(V0.2Mn0.2Ni0.55Si0.05) 2 alloys for Ni-MH batteries have been investigated. An equivalent circuit for the reaction of an MH electrode is proposed. The results reveal that: (1) the additions of Mn and Si... View full abstract»

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  • Prismatic cell lithium-ion battery using lithium manganese oxide

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):121 - 125
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (348 KB)

    Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have demonstrated the ability to fulfill the energy storage needs of many new technologies. The most significant drawbacks of currently available technologies, such as LiCoO 2 based Li-ion cells, is their high cost and significant environmental hazards. Li-ion cells which use a lithium manganese oxide (LiMn2O4) spinel) based cathode m... View full abstract»

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  • Electrical resistance tests of glass mat type separators

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):73 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (380 KB)

    Resistance measurement of glass mat separators for VRLA batteries is necessary for proper design selection. The equipment described makes sample comparison possible under compression in either flooded or starved condition. The equipment described is the Palico Model 9000-9200 Test Bath which accepts the 903 Carrier View full abstract»

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  • Polyethylene glycol as a solid polymer electrolyte

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):249 - 253
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (428 KB)

    Polymer electrolytes were prepared from polyethylene glycol (PEG)-lithium perchlorate complexes and characterized at a stainless steel electrode using a variety of electrochemical techniques. The charge transfer process was affected by the oxide film on the stainless steel electrode surface in the early stages of redox processes. The polymer electrolytes showed a transference number of 0.2 for Li<... View full abstract»

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  • The kinetics of PbSO4/PbO2 on Pb-Ca-Sn-Al grid alloys with bismuth additions at different temperature

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):273 - 276
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (304 KB)

    Potentiodynamic measurements have been employed to study the electrooxidation-reduction reaction of PbSO4/PbO2 on a common lead-calcium-tin-aluminum grid alloy in sulfuric acid solution from -10°C to 50°C. The logarithm of the peak current density of the electro-oxidation reduction of PbSO4/PbO2 vs. The reciprocal of absolute test temperature ha... View full abstract»

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  • An electronic fuel gauge accuracy study

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):211 - 213
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)

    This paper is prepared for battery cell manufacturers who want to optimize battery pack fuel gauging in light of uncertain user patterns and less-than-ideal cell behavior outside of the laboratory. The idea of coulomb-counting the gain or loss of energy to and from the battery pack is a popular and low-cost method. This technique finds use in nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH), nickel-cadmium (NiCd), se... View full abstract»

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  • A statistical approach to domain performance modeling for oxyhalide primary lithium batteries

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):163 - 170
    Cited by:  Papers (18)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (412 KB)

    Lithium batteries have emerged as the power source of choice for a large number of commercial and medical applications. Commercially important lithium battery chemistries include lithium/iodine, lithium silver vanadium oxide, lithium/carbon monofluoride, lithium/sulfuryl chloride with chlorine, and lithium/thionyl chloride. The ability to accurately estimate the discharge performance of a cell is ... View full abstract»

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  • Commercial nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) technology evaluation. Military aircraft battery implications

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):9 - 15
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (656 KB)

    Available cylindrical and prismatic commercial Ni-MH batteries using AB5 and AB2 cathodes were evaluated for possible application to military aircraft batteries. Commercial AB5 technology is further advanced than AB2 technology and would require less alloy, electrolyte and single cell/battery development for near term (3-5 years) applications. Tested AB... View full abstract»

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  • Optimizimg the mobile PC battery through smart battery software

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):201 - 204
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (484 KB)

    This paper provides an overview of why smarter battery technologies are required for today's PCs. Software use of smart battery data to extend the battery life of mobile PCs through the use of smart battery technology is explored. The measurement function and power management are discussed View full abstract»

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  • Lithium/silver vanadium oxide batteries for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):151 - 155
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (328 KB)

    Medtronic has developed a line of lithium/silver vanadium oxide batteries for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Unique features of the system are described, and improvements in mechanical packaging efficiency are presented. Cell chemistry and design are outlined View full abstract»

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  • A low pressure bipolar nickel-hydrogen battery

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):307 - 312
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (496 KB)

    Ergenics is developing a low pressure high power rechargeable battery for electric vehicles and other large battery applications. The Hy-StorTM battery couples a bipolar nickel-hydrogen electrochemical system with the high energy storage density of metal hydride technology. In addition to its long cycle life, high specific power, and energy density, this battery offers safety and econom... View full abstract»

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  • Zinc and silver migration during rechargeable silver-zinc cell cycling

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):111 - 119
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (636 KB)

    A study has been established to obtain zinc and silver migration rate data on cellulosic separators derived from a variety of cellulose and cellophane sources in silver-zinc alkaline rechargeable cells. The purpose of the study is to utilize the cycle and wet life data which are, in part, a function of the formation of soft and hard shorting in the rechargeable cell set, to designate a “best... View full abstract»

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  • Cycle life testing of a 24-V, 15-Ah sealed lead-acid aircraft battery

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):1 - 4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (272 KB)

    This paper presents the results of cycle life testing of 24-V, 15-Ah sealed lead-acid batteries intended for use in the B-1B aircraft. Test samples were procured from two different manufacturers and subjected to cycle testing at 33% and 100% depth-of-discharge (DOD). The cycle life at 33% DOD ranged from 500 to 750 cycles. The cycle life at 100% DOD ranged from 160 to 260 cycles View full abstract»

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  • Design considerations for lithium-ion cells. II. Safety and abuse testing

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):189 - 193
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (340 KB)

    The development of lithium-ion battery systems, a relatively new technology in comparison to conventional rechargeable battery systems, has encompassed an extensive number of design considerations. These considerations are based primarily on safety, performance and cost. In this section of the paper, the authors focus on safety and abuse testing of lithium-ion cells View full abstract»

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  • Hybrid fuel cell for pulse power applications

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):37 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (296 KB)

    A hybrid fuel cell demonstrated pulse power capability. It successfully ran a pulse power load simulation synonymous with electronics and communications equipment. The hybrid consisted of a 25 W proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack in parallel with a 70 farad capacitor assembly. A cyclic regime of 18.0 W for 2 minutes followed by 2.5 W for 18 minutes was chosen as the basic test regime... View full abstract»

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  • TMF ultra-high rate discharge performance

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):139 - 143
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)

    BOLDER Technologies Corporation has developed a valve-regulated lead-acid product line termed Thin Metal Film (TMFTM) technology. It is characterized by extremely thin plates and close plate spacing that facilitate high rates of charge and discharge with minimal temperature increases, at levels unachievable with other commercially-available battery technologies. This ultra-high rate per... View full abstract»

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  • Advanced developments in NiH2 Dependent Pressure Vessel (DPV) cell and battery technology

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):295 - 300
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (540 KB)

    The Dependent Pressure Vessel (DPV) nickel-hydrogen (NiH2 ) design is being developed by Eagle-Picher Industries, Inc. (EPI) as an advanced battery for military and commercial, aerospace and terrestrial applications. The DPV cell design offers high specific energy and energy density as well as reduced cost, while retaining the established Individual Pressure Vessel (IPV) technology flig... View full abstract»

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