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High-Performance Distributed Computing, 1992. (HPDC-1), Proceedings of the First International Symposium on

Date 9-11 Sept. 1992

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 27
  • Proceedings of the First International Symposium on High-Performance Distributed Computing (HPDC-1) (Cat. No.92TH0455-6)

    Publication Year: 1992
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • ADAPTIVE: a flexible and adaptive transport system architecture to support lightweight protocols for multimedia applications on high-speed networks

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):174 - 186
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1436 KB)

    This paper describes a high-performance transport system architecture called ADAPTIVE, `A Dynamically Assembled Protocol Transformation, Integration, and Validation Environment'. The authors are developing ADAPTIVE to support multimedia applications running on high-speed networks. ADAPTIVE is a transformational system providing policies and mechanisms that automatically specify and configure a fle... View full abstract»

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  • A scalable packet switch for distributed computing

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):85 - 93
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (540 KB)

    To address the growing demands of distributed computing, the authors propose a new switch architecture called VIPER+ that is based on a self-routing nonblocking network design. VIPER+ can be designed from simple 2×2 switching elements, either electrical or photonic. The self-routing properties of the switch enable scalability with the technology of the switching devices employed. The switch ... View full abstract»

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  • A radiative heat transfer simulation on a SPARCStation farm

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):124 - 132
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (608 KB)

    At the Supercomputing Research Center the authors have built a compute farm consisting of 16 SPARCStation ELCs. The ELCs all support the Mether distributed shared memory, which has primitives to support efficient synchronization and use of the network and processors. The first parallel application they ran on the farm was a Monte Carlo radiative heat transfer simulation. The performance they achie... View full abstract»

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  • Lattice Boltzmann method on a cluster of IBM RISC System/6000 workstations

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):242 - 247
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (364 KB)

    There is a wide consensus among researchers that parallel computing is the most promising way to cope with the ever increasing quest of computational power raised by modern research in science and engineering. The specific way how parallelism is effectively implemented at the architectural level, remains, however still an open issue. An instance of parallel computing which is gaining a growing pop... View full abstract»

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  • High performance PDU processing for application layer

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):161 - 170
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (780 KB)

    Encoding/decoding is a functionality which takes about half of the protocol processing. ASN.1 is a standard language to define messages of the application/layer. BER is the standard that describes encoding/ decoding of PDUs defined in ASN.1. The authors show that decoding can be divided into two phases: parsing and type-value matching. Algorithms are developed for these transformations. Distribute... View full abstract»

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  • Harmonizing a distributed operating system with parallel and distributed applications

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):114 - 123
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (808 KB)

    This paper presents several methods for harmonizing a distributed operating system with parallel and distributed applications. `Harmonization' means that the system does not conflict with the parallel/distributed applications and enables them to control mapping and scheduling for speedup and reliability. In conventional distributed operating systems, one of the most important goals is to achieve n... View full abstract»

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  • Physical-level synthetic workload generation for load-balancing experiments

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):208 - 217
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1044 KB)

    Synthetic workload generation uses artificial programs to mimic the resource-utilization patterns of real workloads. It is important for systematic evaluation of dynamic load-balancing strategies because load-balancing experiments require the measurement of task-completion times under realistic and reproducible workloads. The authors describe a generator that permits accurate replay of measured sy... View full abstract»

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  • A requirement analysis for high performance distributed computing over LANs

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):142 - 151
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (712 KB)

    With the proliferation of high performance workstations and the current trend towards high speed communication networks. the cumulative computing power provided by a group of general purpose workstations is comparable to supercomputers. However a number of obstacles have to be overcome before the full potential of these network-based distributed systems can be exploited. This paper investigates th... View full abstract»

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  • Allocation of computations with dynamic structures on hypercube based distributed systems

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):228 - 237
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (852 KB)

    A dual-level dynamic load distribution strategy is proposed for allocating parallel computations with unpredictable structures to hypercube based distributed systems. Computations with dynamic structures represent a wide range of recursive and divide/conquer algorithms. The allocation strategy supports dynamic partitioning of these computations into communicating sub-tasks. Using the topological c... View full abstract»

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  • Parallel networking and visualization on the Connection Machine CM-5

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):78 - 84
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (620 KB)

    The Connection Machine CM-5 supports a Unix-compatible, data-parallel, transparent networking architecture to send parallel data over HIPPI, FDDI and Ethernet. CM-5 and serial computer processes can now all communicate simply and efficiently with each other. This interprocess communication system has been proven useful for parallel X Window drawing support and parallel data visualization systems s... View full abstract»

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  • A distributed scheduling simulation

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):270 - 279
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    The paper presents a distributed scheduling simulator designed for the analysis of distributed scheduling algorithms. It presents the scheduler and shows its ability to test various scheduling policies. Although preliminary test results are shown, these results are used to show the effectiveness of the scheduler, not to compare scheduling policies. Using a simulation tool named SES Workbench as it... View full abstract»

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  • MOVIE model for open systems based high performance distributed computing

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):37 - 56
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1988 KB)

    MOVIE (multitasking object-oriented visual interactive environment) is the new software system for high performance distributed computing (HDPC), currently in the advanced design and implementation stage at Northeast Parallel Architectures Center (NPAC), Syracuse University. MOVIE System is structured as a multiserver network of interpreters of high-level object-oriented programming language Movie... View full abstract»

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  • FDDI support for multimedia traffic

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):187 - 196
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (796 KB)

    Three transport services are offered by FDDI: asynchronous, synchronous, and isochronous (FDDI-II). In order to support the stringent multimedia (e.g., real-time video and voice) delay and bandwidth requirements the asynchronous transfer service will not suffice. The isochronous and synchronous transport services differ considerably in their implementation, but the differences in the service provi... View full abstract»

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  • Computing radiosity solution on a high performance workstation LAN

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):248 - 257
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (736 KB)

    The notion of optimality of a parallel algorithm is closely tied to the characteristics of the parallel machine. A parallel implementation of radiosity solution is chosen for studying relationship between algorithms and parallel architectures. The radiosity method determines a view independent solution to scene illumination. This approach is computationally intensive and can benefit from paralleli... View full abstract»

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  • High performance computing on a cluster of workstations

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):152 - 160
    Cited by:  Papers (14)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (704 KB)

    The effective utilization of a cluster of workstations for the implementation of a scientific application requires a highly flexible software environment. The characteristics of such an environment are considered and two novel data distribution aspects of this environment are explored. The performance of a distributed memory multicomputer, such as a workstation cluster, is very sensitive to the st... View full abstract»

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  • Determining update latency bounds in Galactica Net

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):104 - 111
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (688 KB)

    This paper looks at the problem of ensuring performance of real-time applications hosted on Galactica Net, a mesh-based distributed cache coherent shared memory multiprocessing system. A method for determining strict upper bounds on worst case latencies in wormhole routed meshes is presented, and it is shown that the update latency of Galactica Net is deterministic. A tool for determining strict u... View full abstract»

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  • Particle simulation on heterogeneous distributed supercomputers

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):133 - 140
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (472 KB)

    The authors describe the implementation and performance of a three dimensional particle simulation distributed between a Thinking Machines CM-2 and a Cray Y-MP. These are connected by a combination of two high-speed networks; a high performance parallel interface (HIPPI) and an optical network (Ultra Net). This is the first application to use this configuration at NASA Ames Research Center. The au... View full abstract»

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  • Data-parallel programming on a network of heterogeneous workstations

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):28 - 36
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (660 KB)

    The authors describe a compiler and run-time system that allows data-parallel programs to execute on a network of heterogeneous UNIX workstations. The programming language supported is Dataparallel C, a SIMD language with virtual processors and a global name space. This parallel programming environment allows the user to take advantage of the power of multiple workstations without adding any messa... View full abstract»

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  • Performance comparison of active-sender and active-receiver policies for distributed caching

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):218 - 227
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (812 KB)

    The authors propose a distributed caching approach to off-loading data access requests from overloaded data servers in a distributed system to nodes that are idle or less busy. Helping out the busy servers on data accesses, the idle or less busy nodes are called mutual servers. Frequently accessed data are cached in the main memory of mutual servers in addition to server and client local caches. T... View full abstract»

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  • No pain and gain!-experiences withMentat on a biological application

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):57 - 66
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (844 KB)

    Throughout much of the parallel processing community there is the sense that writing software for distributed memory parallel processors is subject to a `no pain-no gain' rule: that in order to reap the benefits of parallel computation one must first suffer the pain of converting the application to run on a parallel machine. The authors believe this is the result of inadequate programming tools an... View full abstract»

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  • On flow control in multimedia networks

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):197 - 205
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    A flow control procedure is presented for virtual circuit computer networks with multimedia data traffic. It is assumed that the data packets belong to different priority groups. Power is used as the performance measure for a virtual circuit (VC). The input rate controller of every virtual circuit selects a throughput which maximizes its own objective function. A distributed algorithm is given whi... View full abstract»

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  • Distributing a climate model across gigabit networks

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):16 - 25
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (676 KB)

    The authors investigate the distribution of a climate model across homogeneous and heterogeneous computer environments with nodes that can reside at geographically different locations. The application consists of an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) coupled to an oceanic general circulation model (OGCM). Three levels of code decomposition are considered to achieve a high degree of paral... View full abstract»

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  • Issues in networking and data management of distributed multimedia systems

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):4 - 15
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (952 KB)

    The authors provide an overall assessment of the current state-of-the art in multimedia information technology, the future directions and the engineering challenges faced by the designers and researchers working in this area. They describe how the newly emerging networking and high performance storage technologies can provide unique opportunities for building interesting multimedia applications, w... View full abstract»

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  • Experiences in high performance computing with Pleiades and ESP

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):67 - 76
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    This paper describes experiences gained during the process of implementing a standard serial bench-mark (SLALOM) on a distributed computing system (Pleiades running ESP). The purpose of the authors experiments has been to maximize the speedup of a distributed implementation of SLALOM when compared to its serial implementation View full abstract»

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