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Proceedings Sixth Australian Conference on Computer-Human Interaction

24-27 Nov. 1996

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  • Proceedings Sixth Australian Conference on Computer-Human Interaction

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (538 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Experiences with Cocoa

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (50 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. Cocoa is a programming environment that enables children to create their own simulations and games. They can then share their creations by adding them to web pages. Cocoa is distributed from a World Wide Web site, and that site serves as a community center for Cocoa users. Cocoa was designed over several years, involving users from the very start. The experienc... View full abstract»

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  • Global telerobotics: exploring effective Internet access to robots

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):326 - 327
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)

    This paper describes an Industrial Automation research project at the University of Wollongong, Australia. The project aims to develop a telerobotic planning and control architecture and human robot interface that can be used for intervention robots which require task level programming. In order to investigate global telerobotic principles, the workspace will be made accessible across the Internet... View full abstract»

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  • W4: a World Wide Web browser with CSCW support

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):334 - 335
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (497 KB)

    There has been much recent interest in using the World Wide Web to facilitate distributed cooperative work. Unfortunately, most existing Internet tools do not provide adequate cooperative work support to make this possible. This short paper describes how a simple Web browser was extended to support a range of CSCW facilities, including telepointers, group awareness widgets, text chats, collaborati... View full abstract»

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  • An application interface with multiple workspaces: the context switcher

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):318 - 319
    Cited by:  Patents (14)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)

    One difficulty in the design of user interfaces is the limited amount of screen area available. A conflict arises between the need for displaying numerous interface elements at one time and the danger of confusing the user with too much information. The context switcher is designed to solve this conflict for applications consisting of several related subtasks which will be carried out repeatedly i... View full abstract»

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  • Designing interfaces for culturally diverse users

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):316 - 317
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (236 KB)

    Cultural diversity is a phenomenon of increasing interest to HCI designers given the development of global markets and multi-user applications, such as Internet and CSCW. However, current HCI methods provide little specific guidance on how to design systems that are usable by a culturally heterogeneous user group. It is argued that the internalisation-localisation process, here called culturalisat... View full abstract»

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  • A visual approach to procedural tutor specification

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):190 - 196
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (588 KB)

    TANDEM (Task and Domain Environment Model) is a package for aiding the design of procedural tutors. Using this system, domain experts and teachers (the authors) can cooperate to produce an accurate model of a device or procedure and also incorporate appropriate feedback for the potential users of the simulation. This paper describes the interface to TANDEM and demonstrates how graphical representa... View full abstract»

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  • Locales, social worlds and support for collaboration

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):332 - 333
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB)

    Building collaborative systems based on an understanding of work is difficult. We outline work in progress towards the development of a locales framework which is aimed at bridging the gap between social studies of work and systems design. This framework is based on Strauss' notion of social worlds and the implications of individuals being involved in multiple social worlds simultaneously. The loc... View full abstract»

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  • GIGA: a pen-based constraint drawing system

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):314 - 315
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (292 KB)

    Traditional sketching/drawing tools on computers lacked the freedom of real pens. They also ignore human perception. In order to avoid such limitation, we developed new techniques such as interactive beautification with extended pie-menu (PieSlider), sketch with perceptual recognition (PerSketch), the function of layout according to human perception (PerLayout), and new data structure for PerSketc... View full abstract»

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  • Animating indirect manipulation in direct-manipulation editors

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):184 - 188
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (504 KB)

    If judiciously applied, the techniques of cartoon animation can enhance the illusion of direct manipulation that many human computer interfaces strive to present. Previously, we have shown how animation helps convey a feeling of substance in the objects a user manipulates directly; this paper extends that work to indirect manipulation operations in a drawing editor-those operations initiated by co... View full abstract»

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  • User interface evaluation: a comparison of 18 techniques when implementing the EU-Directive on Human-Computer Interaction

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):328 - 329
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB)

    Several methodologies and criteria have been proposed for the evaluation of user interfaces. They stem from different disciplines and are based on different techniques for measurement. There exist only few structured reviews and catalogs for reviewing the different approaches. We report on a comparative study that has been performed in the course of putting the EC-Directive on Human-Computer Inter... View full abstract»

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  • Generating direct manipulation program editors

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):177 - 183
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (828 KB)

    Language specific editors are cognisant of the syntax and semantics of the programming language they manipulate. Despite the various potential advantages of language specific editors, they have not been widely accepted by software developers for serious software development. On the other hand direct manipulation editors, which are also cognisant of the entities they manipulate, have proven to be s... View full abstract»

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  • Using Object-Z to specify a web browser interface

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):236 - 243
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (816 KB)

    A specification describes the functions which a system provides to its users without explanation of how those functions are implemented. A specification of an interactive system's user-interface is an abstract description of the interactive system itself. Such a specification indicates which functional aspects of the system are perceivable by the user and the logical organisation of information pr... View full abstract»

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  • GROUPCRC: exploring CSCW support for software engineering

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):62 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1692 KB)

    Software engineers invariably work in teams. However the nature of the available tools tends to isolate individuals so that they effectively work on their own. This is partly because of the complexity of the systems involved and the high degree of formality required in the products. Computer Supported Co-operative Work (CSCW) aims to support and enhance the ability of groups of people to accomplis... View full abstract»

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  • Towards a constructor kit for visual notations

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):169 - 176
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (856 KB)

    BuildByWire is a constraint-based environment for specifying and implementing visual notations for environments developed using the MViews framework. Previous approaches to user-interface construction based on constraint propagation approaches have been limited. We describe a new approach that avoids some of these difficulties through the use of the multi-directional constraints of Snart, an objec... View full abstract»

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  • HCI factors affecting quality of information in crisis management systems

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):324 - 325
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)

    The design of an efficient indexing system that enhances user access to just-in-time information in crisis management systems offers new and challenging research problems. In investigating the type of information required by crisis managers to manage natural and man-made disasters, it became clear that the HCI factors affecting quality of information made available to the crisis manager affected n... View full abstract»

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  • Exploratory study of implicit theories in human computer interaction

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):338 - 339
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB)

    Development methodologies in human computer interaction (HCI) embody unstated assumptions (implicit theories) of what is and what is not important in relation to their processes and intended products. This project aims to develop a framework for identifying implicit theories of interaction held by HCI methods used for user interface development View full abstract»

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  • Reuse in the eye of its beholder: cognitive factors in software reuse

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):228 - 235
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (888 KB)

    We investigate the impact of human cognition on developers' ability to effectively reuse software artefacts. We look at the cognitive impediments to and furtherance of software reuse. We review the computing models of human knowledge and reasoning which may assist in the emulation of our abilities to reuse software. Finally we investigate the possibility of integrating human and machine capabiliti... View full abstract»

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  • Software internationalisation and localisation

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):348 - 349
    Cited by:  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (220 KB)

    Software internationalisation is a way in which software can be distributed to the rest of the world without any change to the software. Besides economic goals, other reasons motivate software internationalisation. A list of factors that need to be addressed in the internationalisation and localisation process is given. Even though more people have access to computers, little is still known about ... View full abstract»

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  • Towards effective usability evaluation in Asia: cross-cultural differences

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):135 - 136
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (244 KB)

    A study of cultural effects on the reliability of objective and subjective usability evaluation of software user interfaces is reported in this paper. Subjects comprised actual users involved in a real system development project. The results obtained indicated that cultural effects exist and exerted a strong influence on the outcome of user interface evaluation. Implications of the findings for pr... View full abstract»

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  • Semantic telepointers for groupware

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):54 - 61
    Cited by:  Papers (14)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1764 KB)

    Real time groupware systems often display telepointers (multiple cursors) of all participants in the shared visual workspace. Through the simple mechanism of telepointers, participants can communicate their location, movement, and probable focus of attention within the document, and can gesture over the shared view. Yet telepointers can be improved. First, they can be applied to groupware where pe... View full abstract»

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  • Scribble: a diagram editor with a minimal interface

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):162 - 168
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (720 KB)

    Existing CASE tool diagram editors have large, complex, and sophisticated graphical user interfaces. Because of their size, these interfaces are difficult to learn and hard to use. A minimal interface for a diagram editor provides only the essential behaviour required by the user in the simplest possible manner. Minimal interfaces are smaller than traditional interfaces, and should be easier and q... View full abstract»

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  • The holistic evaluation of expert system interfaces

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):322 - 323
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (236 KB)

    There has been little work done with respect to the evaluation of interfaces to expert systems. A methodology for comparing expert systems in a holistic fashion is discussed. The design of two interfaces to the same expert system and their evaluation are reviewed. The qualitative analysis of the observations and interview transcripts is discussed and the major findings with respect to expert syste... View full abstract»

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  • Architecture model for a user interface software tool supporting application independence

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):205 - 212
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (888 KB)

    User interface software tools are based on architecture models which usually fail to separate the application from the user interface as strictly as needed for application independence. The architecture model proposed in this paper tries to overcome this problem by providing a bidirectional mapping mechanism for interaction objects. Interactions as well as user interface data are mapped to textual... View full abstract»

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  • Object-oriented specification and design of user-interfaces

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):336 - 337
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (204 KB)

    The specifier of a user-interface describes user-perceivable functions and information organisation in an implementation independent way. The designer is concerned with both the presentation and software structure of the user-interface. The path from specification to software design can be assisted by design patterns. In this paper we examine techniques for specification and the design of both the... View full abstract»

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