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Proceedings Sixth Australian Conference on Computer-Human Interaction

24-27 Nov. 1996

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 70
  • Proceedings Sixth Australian Conference on Computer-Human Interaction

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (538 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Experiences with Cocoa

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (50 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. Cocoa is a programming environment that enables children to create their own simulations and games. They can then share their creations by adding them to web pages. Cocoa is distributed from a World Wide Web site, and that site serves as a community center for Cocoa users. Cocoa was designed over several years, involving users from the very start. The experienc... View full abstract»

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  • Global telerobotics: exploring effective Internet access to robots

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):326 - 327
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)

    This paper describes an Industrial Automation research project at the University of Wollongong, Australia. The project aims to develop a telerobotic planning and control architecture and human robot interface that can be used for intervention robots which require task level programming. In order to investigate global telerobotic principles, the workspace will be made accessible across the Internet... View full abstract»

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  • W4: a World Wide Web browser with CSCW support

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):334 - 335
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (497 KB)

    There has been much recent interest in using the World Wide Web to facilitate distributed cooperative work. Unfortunately, most existing Internet tools do not provide adequate cooperative work support to make this possible. This short paper describes how a simple Web browser was extended to support a range of CSCW facilities, including telepointers, group awareness widgets, text chats, collaborati... View full abstract»

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  • Locales, social worlds and support for collaboration

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):332 - 333
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB)

    Building collaborative systems based on an understanding of work is difficult. We outline work in progress towards the development of a locales framework which is aimed at bridging the gap between social studies of work and systems design. This framework is based on Strauss' notion of social worlds and the implications of individuals being involved in multiple social worlds simultaneously. The loc... View full abstract»

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  • User interface evaluation: a comparison of 18 techniques when implementing the EU-Directive on Human-Computer Interaction

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):328 - 329
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB)

    Several methodologies and criteria have been proposed for the evaluation of user interfaces. They stem from different disciplines and are based on different techniques for measurement. There exist only few structured reviews and catalogs for reviewing the different approaches. We report on a comparative study that has been performed in the course of putting the EC-Directive on Human-Computer Inter... View full abstract»

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  • HCI factors affecting quality of information in crisis management systems

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):324 - 325
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)

    The design of an efficient indexing system that enhances user access to just-in-time information in crisis management systems offers new and challenging research problems. In investigating the type of information required by crisis managers to manage natural and man-made disasters, it became clear that the HCI factors affecting quality of information made available to the crisis manager affected n... View full abstract»

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  • The holistic evaluation of expert system interfaces

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):322 - 323
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (236 KB)

    There has been little work done with respect to the evaluation of interfaces to expert systems. A methodology for comparing expert systems in a holistic fashion is discussed. The design of two interfaces to the same expert system and their evaluation are reviewed. The qualitative analysis of the observations and interview transcripts is discussed and the major findings with respect to expert syste... View full abstract»

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  • A new interface for querying experts on prerequisite relationships

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):320 - 321
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (188 KB)

    A graphical user interface integrating a procedure for knowledge acquisition is introduced. This querying procedure supports the expert by omitting judgements which follow logically from previous ones, and by avoiding contradictions. The new interface is designed to enrich the experts task, and to reduce the number of the experts judgements View full abstract»

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  • Methodologies in tightly and loosely coupled dynamic information ecologies

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):272 - 278
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (720 KB)

    Network-accessible multimedia repositories are proliferating at a rapid rate, providing the potential for people to access a wide variety of distributed and dynamic information resources. This shift from traditionally closed systems (such as books and CD-ROMs) to open systems (such as the WWW) has resulted in the locus of control moving away from designers towards users. Supporting interaction in ... View full abstract»

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  • An application interface with multiple workspaces: the context switcher

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):318 - 319
    Cited by:  Patents (14)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)

    One difficulty in the design of user interfaces is the limited amount of screen area available. A conflict arises between the need for displaying numerous interface elements at one time and the danger of confusing the user with too much information. The context switcher is designed to solve this conflict for applications consisting of several related subtasks which will be carried out repeatedly i... View full abstract»

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  • Towards a constructor kit for visual notations

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):169 - 176
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (856 KB)

    BuildByWire is a constraint-based environment for specifying and implementing visual notations for environments developed using the MViews framework. Previous approaches to user-interface construction based on constraint propagation approaches have been limited. We describe a new approach that avoids some of these difficulties through the use of the multi-directional constraints of Snart, an objec... View full abstract»

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  • A formative model for hand input devices in virtual environments or haptic manipulation

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):312 - 313
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (184 KB)

    A condensed version of a general and formative user model for a hand input device in human-computer interaction is presented which arises from a single subject case study developing guidelines for a postural interface in a virtual environment. There was no model available in human-computer interaction, or other fields related or otherwise, thus the impetus for formulating a model. The user model t... View full abstract»

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  • Supporting casual or naive users of externally derived statistical data

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):268 - 269
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (216 KB)

    This paper describes a study of users of externally derived statistical data (EDSD) in academic, business, government and non-government organisations. It clarifies the terms casual user, naive user and novice user and applies these concepts to categorise the survey respondents. The survey reveals that users of EDSD are far more varied than has been previously thought. The paper identifies the typ... View full abstract»

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  • Designing interfaces for culturally diverse users

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):316 - 317
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (236 KB)

    Cultural diversity is a phenomenon of increasing interest to HCI designers given the development of global markets and multi-user applications, such as Internet and CSCW. However, current HCI methods provide little specific guidance on how to design systems that are usable by a culturally heterogeneous user group. It is argued that the internalisation-localisation process, here called culturalisat... View full abstract»

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  • Scribble: a diagram editor with a minimal interface

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):162 - 168
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (720 KB)

    Existing CASE tool diagram editors have large, complex, and sophisticated graphical user interfaces. Because of their size, these interfaces are difficult to learn and hard to use. A minimal interface for a diagram editor provides only the essential behaviour required by the user in the simplest possible manner. Minimal interfaces are smaller than traditional interfaces, and should be easier and q... View full abstract»

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  • Implementing World Wide Web forms: a case study

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):310 - 311
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (248 KB)

    Implementation of a complex query interface which allows novice users to select trees and shrubs suitable to their local growing conditions on the World Wide Web (Web) users points out some problems in using the Web for information delivery. A major limitation lies in implementing standards familiar to the target users. The paper outlines tradeoffs which must be considered when designing a complex... View full abstract»

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  • A goal-oriented approach for designing decision support displays in dynamic environments

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):78 - 85
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (936 KB)

    This paper reports on how the critical decision method, a cognitive task analysis technique, was employed to identify the goal states of tasks performed by dispatchers in a dynamic environment, the Sydney Ambulance Coordination Centre. The analysis identified five goal states: Notification; Situation awareness; Planning resource to task compatibility; Speedy response; Maintain history of developme... View full abstract»

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  • The design of a pen-based musical input system

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):260 - 267
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (752 KB)

    Computerising the task of music editing can avoid a considerable amount of tedious work for musicians, particularly for tasks such as key transposition, part extraction, and layout. However the task of getting the music onto the computer can still be time consuming and is usually done with the help of bulky equipment. This paper reports on the design of a pen-based input system that uses easily-le... View full abstract»

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  • GIGA: a pen-based constraint drawing system

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):314 - 315
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (292 KB)

    Traditional sketching/drawing tools on computers lacked the freedom of real pens. They also ignore human perception. In order to avoid such limitation, we developed new techniques such as interactive beautification with extended pie-menu (PieSlider), sketch with perceptual recognition (PerSketch), the function of layout according to human perception (PerLayout), and new data structure for PerSketc... View full abstract»

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  • Comparing interfaces: should we assume that ease of use influences users' preference?

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):159 - 160
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB)

    This paper reports a comparison of student preference for GUI and CLI interfaces as exemplified by the Apple Macintosh and IBM PC compatible. The paper considers one of the basic assumptions of interface research namely, that users will prefer the interface they find easier to use. The assumption has previously been considered intuitive, and there has been little research to consider the validity ... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluation of the task-action grammar method for assessing learnability in user interface software

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):308 - 309
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (172 KB)

    Many approaches to evaluation of user interfaces in HCI exist. Most methodologies evaluate prototypes through user testing. Since user testing is expensive and time consuming, other methods are sometimes applied before user testing. These other approaches aim to identify problems through expert evaluation techniques. In this paper we present a novel use of the TAG (Task-Action Grammar) method as a... View full abstract»

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  • Low-level and high-level CSCW support in the Serendipity process modelling environment

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):69 - 76
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (864 KB)

    In order to effectively collaborate using large cooperative work systems, both low-level and high-level CSCW facilities are required. Low-level mechanisms, including collaborative editing, messaging, annotations and communication, are needed. For large-scale cooperation, they should be augmented with higher-level process modelling, work coordination and work context awareness facilities. We descri... View full abstract»

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  • The oval menu-evolution and evaluation of a widget

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):252 - 259
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1368 KB)

    This paper describes the development and heuristic evaluation of the oval menu, a widget for use in applications for drawing networks and similar linked structures. It is a variety of pie menu, capable of being organised as a hierarchy and of having its contents updated dynamically. Thus it is suitable for environments where libraries of components are created and used. Care has been taken to opti... View full abstract»

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  • Subjecting CSCW to business: a model curriculum for CSCW validated against business needs

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):138 - 144
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (764 KB)

    Business and computing journals indicate a resurgence of interest in the competitive advantages offered by groupware products. However, problems and limitations in the development and implementation of such products suggest a lack of understanding of the interdisciplinary nature of computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW). A pilot study was conducted to formulate the core content of a universal ... View full abstract»

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