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2006 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing

25-28 Sept. 2006

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 94
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): C1
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  • [Title page]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): C2
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):nil1 - nil11
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  • Message from the General Co-Chairs

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): nil12
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  • Message from the Program Chair

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):nil13 - nil14
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  • Message from the Chair of IEEE Technical Committee on Scalable Computing

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):nil15 - nil16
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  • Cluster 2006 Commmittees

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):nil17 - nil19
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  • International Workshop on High Performance I/O Techniques and Deployment of Very large Scale I/O Systems (HiperIO'06)

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): nil20
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  • Message from the HeteroPar'06 organizers

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):nil21 - nil22
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  • 2006 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing (Cluster 2006)

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):nil23 - nil24
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  • The Petacomp Machine - A MIMD Cluster for Parallel Pattern-mining

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 10
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (477 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Multiple instruction stream-single data stream (MISD) architectures have not found many practical applications in supercomputing. We present a multiple instruction stream-multiple data stream (MIMD) cluster implementation that uses MISD search processors with extreme pattern mining performance as a building block. We use PCI cards that hold sixteen search processors with local memory to build a re... View full abstract»

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  • Emprical study on Reducing Energy of Parallel Programs using Slack Reclamation by DVFS in a Power-scalable High Performance Cluster

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 10
    Cited by:  Papers (22)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (542 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    It has become important to improve the energy efficiency of high performance PC clusters. In PC clusters, high-performance microprocessors have a dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS) mechanism, which allows the voltage and frequency to be set for reduction in energy consumption. In this paper, we proposed a new algorithm that reduces energy consumption in a parallel program executed on a p... View full abstract»

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  • Cluster-based IP Router: Implementation and Evaluation

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 10
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (440 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    IP routers are now increasingly expected to do more than just traditional packet forwarding - they must be extensible as well as scalable. It is a challenge to design a router architecture to support both high (and increasing) packet forwarding rates as well as a wide array of packet processing services. The most easily extensible design would be entirely software-based, but this is in tension wit... View full abstract»

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  • Protocol Offload Evaluation Using Simics

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 9
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (349 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper describes our work with Simics (Magnusson, 2002) in the evaluation of protocol offloading to keep low the communication overheads on the host CPU. Simics is a platform that can be used for a functional system simulation, including the application program, the operating system, the protocol stack and the device drivers. Nevertheless, network-oriented applications require a full-system si... View full abstract»

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  • Autonomic Management of Clustered Applications

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 11
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (761 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Distributed software environments are increasingly complex and difficult to manage, as they integrate various legacy software with proprietary management interfaces. Moreover, the fact that management tasks are performed by humans leads to many configuration errors and low reactivity. This paper presents Jade, a middleware for self-management of distributed software environments. The main principl... View full abstract»

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  • XCPU: a new, 9p-based, process management system for clusters and grids

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 10
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (147 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Xcpu is a new process management system that is equally at home on clusters and grids. Xcpu provides a process execution service visible to client nodes as a 9p server. It can be presented to users as a file system if that functionality is desired. The Xcpu service builds on our earlier work with the Bproc system. Xcpu differs from traditional remote execution services in several key ways, one of ... View full abstract»

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  • Autonomic Resource Management for a Cluster that Executes Batch Jobs

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 10
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (676 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Dynamic resource allocation in a server cluster has received much attention in recent years. We have developed heuristic algorithms for autonomic server provisioning for a cluster that executes batch jobs. These jobs have a common, or shared, completion deadline. External factors that may affect the decision to allocate servers are modeled as a time-varying cost function. The provisioning goal is ... View full abstract»

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  • Rapid Node Reallocation Between Virtual Clusters for Data Intensive Utility Computing

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 10
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (289 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Utility computing achieves efficiencies by dynamically reallocating shared resources between services operating on virtual clusters. These efficiencies can be hard to realize for data intensive applications; newly allocated nodes must be populated with a large amount of data which impedes rapid node reallocation. We describe a data management architecture that uses disk caches on each node to redu... View full abstract»

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  • The Influence of Operating Systems on the Performance of Collective Operations at Extreme Scale

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 12
    Cited by:  Papers (24)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (209 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We investigate operating system noise, which we identify as one of the main reasons for a lack of synchronicity in parallel applications. Using a microbenchmark, we measure the noise on several contemporary platforms and find that, even with a general-purpose operating system, noise can be limited if certain precautions are taken. We then inject artificially generated noise into a massively parall... View full abstract»

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  • Kernel-Level Measurement for Integrated Parallel Performance Views: the KTAU Project

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 12
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (537 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The effect of the operating system on application performance is an increasingly important consideration in high performance computing. OS kernel measurement is key to understanding the performance influences and the interrelationship of system and user-level performance factors. The KTAU (Kernel TAU) methodology and Linux-based framework provides parallel kernel performance measurement from both ... View full abstract»

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  • Efficient MPI Collective Operations for Clusters in Long-and-Fast Networks

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 9
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (28)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (224 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Several MPI systems for grid environment, in which clusters are connected by wide-area networks, have been proposed. However, the algorithms of collective communication in such MPI systems assume relatively low bandwidth wide-area networks, and they are not designed for the fast wide-area networks that are becoming available. On the other hand, for cluster MPI systems, a beast algorithm by van de ... View full abstract»

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  • Fine-Grained Message Pipelining for Improved MPI Performance

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 9
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (183 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    By its nature, MPI leads to coarse grained communications. This is because all current MPI implementations deliver two orders of magnitude more bandwidth for large message sizes (kilobytes) than small message sizes (bytes). This translates into applications that bundle their small communications into larger communications whenever possible. In modern implementations, this sacrifice in the granular... View full abstract»

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  • Designing High Performance and Scalable MPI Intra-node Communication Support for Clusters

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 10
    Cited by:  Papers (26)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (158 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    As new processor and memory architectures advance, clusters start to be built from larger SMP systems, which makes MPI intra-node communication a critical issue in high performance computing. This paper presents a new design for MPI intra-node communication that aims to achieve both high performance and good scalability in a cluster environment. The design distinguishes small and large messages an... View full abstract»

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  • FAIL-MPI: How Fault-Tolerant Is Fault-Tolerant MPI?

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 10
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (160 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    One of the topics of paramount importance in the development of cluster and grid middleware is the impact of faults since their occurrence in grid infrastructures and in large-scale distributed systems is common. MPI (message passing interface) is a popular abstraction for programming distributed and parallel applications. FAIL (FAult Injection Language) is an abstract language for fault occurrenc... View full abstract»

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  • A Hybrid MPI Simulator

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 9
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (298 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Performance analysis of large scale applications and predicting the impact of architectural changes on the behavior of such applications is difficult. Traditional approaches to measuring applications usually change their behavior, require recompilation, and need specialized tools to extract performance information. Often the tools are programming language specific and not suitable for all applicat... View full abstract»

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