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System Sciences, 2007. HICSS 2007. 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on

Date 3-6 Jan. 2007

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  • 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - Cover

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): c1
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  • 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - Title

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): i - iii
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  • 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - Copyright

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): iv
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  • 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): v - lv
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  • Preface

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): lv
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  • Proceedings overview

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): lvi
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  • Conference Administration

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): lvii
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  • list-reviewer

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): lxix
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  • Track Introduction

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (106 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Teams, Organizations, and, indeed, societies exist to create value that their stakeholders cannot create as individuals. Collaboration means joint effort toward a goal. This minitracks seeks to advance knowledge of the individual, organizational, societal, and technical issues that affect the outcomes attained through collaboration. The papers in this track cut across many application domains industry, academia, military, and government. The papers span the range of scientific enquiry, from the most theoretical to the most applied. The authors take a variety of epistemological perspectives -- logical positivist, interpretivist, criticalist, and engineering approaches all appear in this year¿s track. This track began a number of years ago with the increased interest in both Group Support Systems and Negotiation Support Systems minitracks. Out of this interest, the Collaboration Systems and Technology Track emerged. It consists of minitracks in eight areas. View full abstract»

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  • Minitack Introduction: Advances in Teaching and Learning Technologies

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 2
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (69 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The Advances in Teaching and Learning Technologies Minitrack serves as an outlet for research dealing with theories, tools, tool development, enabling platforms, communication media, distance learning, supporting infrastructures, user experiences, research methods, social impacts, and measurable outcomes as they relate to improving teaching and learning. As such, this Minitrack is intended to include all aspects of learning from the original inceptions of theories and tools through the measurement of learning outcomes. Usage environments range from same-time, same-place to anytime, anyplace that increase interactions among the learners and the teachers or facilitators. This is the fourth year of this Minitrack which resulted from the combination of the Asynchronous Learning Networks, Next Generation of Learning Platforms, and Technology Supported Learning Minitracks. The papers this year are organized into three presentation sessions, each focusing on a different aspect of technologies for teaching and learning. View full abstract»

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  • Distance Education: Some Differences in Course Type

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 3
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (131 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Building on prior research which distinguishes the distance environment from the traditional environment, this study adds the dimension of course type to the research. The same questionnaire surveyed students across multiple types of courses (communications versus programming) and multiple formats (on-campus versus online). The findings reveal some differences identifiable to delivery type and to course type. These results suggest that researchers and practitioners should consider one more issue - course type - when dealing with the distance education environment View full abstract»

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  • Control Structure in Project-Based Asynchronous Collaborative Learning

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (287 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Although project-based, collaborative learning (PBCL) activities have been established as effective learning experiences, they have been shown to be difficult to implement, especially in an asynchronous, distributed environment. Students and faculty alike have shown resistance to team-based exercises, citing numerous management concerns such as equitably distributing the work, assessing the performance of the individuals comprising the team, and resolving conflicts within the team. One major issue has been how to establish control within the team. Control structure refers to the manner in which responsibility for executing the tasks associated with the role is assigned. Control structure within a (PBCL) assignment can vary on a continuum from an entirely democratic model to an autocratic model. The goal of this study was to examine the impact of the type of control structure on team functioning by comparing both performance in and attitude toward PBCL in democratically and autocratically controlled teams View full abstract»

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  • Faculty Motivators and De-motivators for Teaching Online: Results of Focus Group Interviews at One University

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 3
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (266 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    What are the most significant factors that motivate and inhibit faculty with regard to teaching in online environments? And what are the specific kinds of experiences that underlie and explain the importance of these factors? Exploring these questions through structured focus group discussions is the primary goal of this study. The second goal is to provide insight regarding how to engage and retain a larger number of faculty in online teaching. This paper describes the methods and results of a pilot study conducted using focus group interviews of faculty experienced in teaching using "asynchronous learning networks" (ALN) at one university. Leading motivators are the flexibility allowed by being able to teach "anytime/anywhere;" better/more personal interaction and community building supported by the medium; the technical and creativity challenges offered by this mode of teaching; being able to reach more (and more diverse) students; and better course management. Major sources of dissatisfaction are more work, medium limitations, lack of adequate support and policies for teaching online, and the fact that the medium is not a good fit for some students View full abstract»

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  • Delivering Chalk Talks on the Internet

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (297 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    A well-presented chalk talk often provides a rich and interactive learning environment that cannot easily be replaced with PowerPoint slideshows. However, it has a disadvantage in that information written on the blackboard is hard to archive or share with others who do not attend. We developed a ChalkTalk system that automatically produces e-learning materials from a videotaped chalk talk lecture in front of an ordinary blackboard or whiteboard. The system separately captures images of the blackboard with and without the lecturer from a chalk talk lecture video recorded with a high-definiton digital camcorder placed in the back of the room. The ChalkTalk system automatically tracks the lecturer as he/she moves in front of the blackboard and stores the images near the lecturer as a movie. Meanwhile, it stores occasionally updated information on the entire blackboard as an animation of snapshot images. Our method can dramatically reduce the necessary network bandwidth View full abstract»

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  • Do Mobile Device Applications Affect Learning?

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (129 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Mobile devices (e.g., PDAs and smartphones) are increasingly emerging as part of daily life, particularly with university students. The City University of Hong Kong has embarked on a long-term program to develop and integrate mobile learning activities into the context of undergraduate courses. This paper reports on the development, introduction and evaluation of a portfolio of collaborative mobile learning applications. Results support convictions that intrinsic and extrinsic motivation to embrace mobile applications correlates with enhanced performance, albeit with constructive alignment of student learning interests as a moderator View full abstract»

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  • An Abstract Transcript Notation for Analyzing Interactional Construction of Meaning in Online Learning

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1431 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This work is based on the premise that the interactional construction of meaning is as important in online settings as it is face-to-face, especially in collaborative learning. Yet most studies of online learning use quantitative methods that assign meaning to contributions in isolation and aggregate over many sessions, obscuring the situated procedures by which participants accomplish learning through the affordances of online media. Methods for studying the interactional construction of meaning are available, but have largely been developed for brief episodes of face-to-face data, and need to be adapted to online learning where media resources, time scale, and synchronicity differ. In order to resolve this tradeoff, we have prototyped an abstract transcript notation to support sequential and interactional analysis of distributed and asynchronous interactions. The paper describes applications to data derived from asynchronous interaction of dyads and small groups View full abstract»

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  • Teacher Bridge: Creating a Community of Teacher Developers

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1601 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    As teachers gain practical experience, they develop best practices, often exploring and refining personal innovations as part of their pedagogy. However, many of these good ideas are practiced in isolation - there is little infrastructure for sharing and knowledge management in schools. We describe Teacher Bridge, a suite of tools and an associated online community for teachers' professional development. Teachers can use these tools to build online activities for their students and for themselves. Because the teachers develop these activities as part of an online community, the resulting content can be explored and used by other educators, either in direct support of their own teaching goals, or as a model for related activities. We report on the design process we followed to create Teacher Bridge and discuss how we have used it to create an online community of teacher developers View full abstract»

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  • TXT-2-LRN: improving students' learning exper ience in the classroom through interactive SMS

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 5
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The increasing sophistication and rapid uptake of mobile phones among university students is providing an unprecedented platform for the development of classroom interaction systems. This paper describes the development of a SMS-based classroom interaction system and explores the impact that this application can have on students' learning experience. The findings indicate that instructors and students perceive a number of benefits from the additional channel of communication in the classroom. The paper concludes with a summary and recommendations for future practice and research. View full abstract»

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  • Design Experiences with the Learning Objects Board System

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 5
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (314 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Repositories of learning objects are increasingly becoming available on the Internet. The quality of the learning objects that they store as well as the mechanisms provided to easily find them for reusing are very important. Learning objects board (LOB), built around the "stock exchange" metaphor, brings a new concept of learning objects repositories pushing users motivation to produce good learning objects as well as increasing the cooperation between users either by submitting suggestions, comments or rating existing learning objects. To achieve such high level of motivation and interest some kind of healthy competition is promoted, assigning credits to users and setting a value cost for each learning object. This credit-based system allows the creation of users and learning objects rankings, and consequently permits reward those users that collaborate by creating LO or by adding valuable information to the existing LO, and increases the value of the most popular LO. This paper presents the major results from the design experiences that have been developed during the LOB implementation phase. Finally, the paper discusses some open issues and future work View full abstract»

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  • Mini-Track Introduction: Collaboration Issues in Cross-Organizational and Cross-Border IS/IT

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 6
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (84 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Current investments in IS/IT are increasingly being deployed across multiple countries and world regions. In this connected global economy, crosssystem integration and collaboration technologies play essential roles and often determine the success or failure of IS/IT systems and projects. The intensive investigation for two decades of different aspects of IS/IT collaboration sets the context of this minitrack. The theme is the integration of people, systems, processes and infrastructure across organizations, borders, nations and world regions to enable productive teamwork toward accomplishing mutual goals. Until now, studies have been almost entirely focused on a single country or region. View full abstract»

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  • Creating Strategic Value from Supply Chain Visibility- the Dynamic Capabilities View

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 7
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (202 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    To understand the role of supply chain visibility in creating strategic value, this study applies the dynamic capabilities view to investigate the nature of supply chain visibility. This research identifies four important measurable constructs of supply chain visibility that are proposed to drive supply chain reconfigurability and improve supply chain performance. They are sensing for visibility, learning for visibility, coordinating for visibility, and integrating for visibility. Implications for better understanding the nature and the role of supply chain visibility are provided based on the research model and survey results View full abstract»

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  • An Interoperability Framework for Pan-European E-Government Services (PEGS)

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 7
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (394 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Interoperability between public administrations receives nowadays a lot of attention. Also in the European Union interworking is high on the priority list, but the challenges to achieve the European administrative space is enormous. Many research projects are undertaken, especially in the domain of semantic interoperability. Many of these efforts seem to start from a technical solution rather than from an actual business problem. By taking a narrow view on the problem space, they only promise limited support for the many challenges in the domain of interoperability and innovation of e-government services. In this paper we present a business driven approach that looks promising in enabling entire classes of interoperability solutions View full abstract»

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  • Information Technology and Diversification: How Their Relationship Affects Firm Performance

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 7
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (135 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Information technology (IT) makes its fullest impact on organizations when it is deployed in conjunction with changes in business processes, structures, and strategies. While the importance of IT coupled with organizational changes for business performance has been widely discussed in the information systems (IS) literature, there has been little empirical research on the issue. Using information week's annual data set of IS budgets and the Compustat database, this research examines empirically the relationship between IT and diversification by employing multiple diversification measures. It also examines empirically the relative impact on performance of IT and diversification. Results show that diversification coupled with increased IT spending improves firm performance when its strategic emphasis is on related diversification. The results also show that firms place strategic focus on related diversification when they increase IT spending, and that they require more IT when their strategic emphasis is tilted toward related diversification. The findings imply that by providing a better means of coordination, IT enables scope economies, efficient utilization of business resources and collaboration across individual business units, eventually leveraging the benefits of diversification View full abstract»

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  • Minitrack: Collaboration support for Joint Modeling and Simulation

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 8
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (93 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This minitrack aims to share knowledge on the support of and actual development of complex modeling activities. The domain is the design of information systems or other organizationally related systems that allow organizations to function and collaborate more effectively. The track looks at processes that support collaboration activities and the tools and techniques employed. Modeling, including simulation, is specifically included and approached from two angles. Firstly, how does (joint) modeling as an activity support design? Secondly, how can we support modelers and their modeling activities so that they can be integrated in complex collaboration processes? Here tools or technology as such can figure prominently. View full abstract»

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  • Joint Reference Modeling: Collaboration Support through Version Management

    Publication Year: 2007 , Page(s): 9
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (291 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The derivation of specific models from reference models corresponds with the creation of reference model variants. Research on the design of such variant constructions generally assumes an unchangeable stock of reference models. The potential inherent in the management of these variant constructions which reflect the changes in jointly designed reference models through time and, in doing so, their evolutionary development, has not yet been tapped into. The article at hand analyzes this problem and presents a concept for the version management of jointly designed reference models as a solution. The task to be mastered with the proposed approach can be concretized using data structures and system architecture and then prototypically implemented View full abstract»

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