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1995 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics. Intelligent Systems for the 21st Century

22-25 Oct. 1995

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  • A predictive real-time software for robotic application

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):3994 - 3999 vol.5
    Cited by:  Patents (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (723 KB)

    In the design and implementation of the software structure used in the distributed execution of a robotics language, there arises the problem of the modelization of distributed applications in a real-time context. Robotics applications need rigorous validation of the control software, at both the logic level and the temporal level. For a developer, one expected goal is to find an appropriate model... View full abstract»

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  • An evolutionary algorithm for fuzzy controller synthesis and optimization

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4021 - 4026 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (538 KB)

    This paper illustrates an evolutionary algorithm for the automatic synthesis and optimization of fuzzy controllers for the weight associative rule processor (WARP) manufactured by SGS-Thomson Microelectronics. The philosophy of this work was to exploit the full potential of such a processor rather than use very simple membership functions and rule structures to reduce the number of degrees of free... View full abstract»

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  • An interactive fuzzy satisficing method for multiobjective structured linear programs and its application

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4045 - 4050 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (585 KB)

    We present an interactive fuzzy satisficing method for multiobjective structured linear programs. By considering the imprecise nature of human judgements, we assume that the decision maker (DM) may have a fuzzy goal for each of the objective functions. Having elicited the corresponding linear membership functions, if the DM specifies the reference membership levels for all the membership functions... View full abstract»

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  • On the analysis of discrete event systems using continuous Petri nets

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4184 - 4189 vol.5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (475 KB)

    For the purpose of controlling discrete event systems (DES) modelled by variable speed continuous Petri nets (VSCPn), the authors propose in this paper a transformation of equations describing the marking time evolution in terms of state equations. The authors discuss the use of this representation. View full abstract»

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  • Ergonomic agent

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4239 - 4244 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (453 KB)

    This paper concerns simulation design by integration of expert knowledge bases. The ergonomic agent is a complex entity used in all simulations. Our methodology uses ergonomics of simulation design. The concept of ergonomics lies behind the agent modelling and links between the agents. These links represent flows between agents. It is sometimes possible to exploit one agent concept in several simu... View full abstract»

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  • Toward a specification procedure of operational functions for an automated system

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4480 - 4485 vol.5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (691 KB)

    The objective of this paper is to propose a functional specification method that takes into account simultaneously the mechanical and automation aspects. This iterative method takes progressively information from the needs of the client. Its first aim is to obtain a product in accordance with the requirements, and the second goal is to reduce the design time under the concurrent engineering concep... View full abstract»

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  • Implementation of head-behaviour based control for navigation within virtual reality applications

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4644 - 4649 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (736 KB)

    Virtual reality (VR) has became now a concept known and is recognised as the man-machine communication interface of the future. However, in this field there are still much problems to discuss and to solve. One of the main requirements of the most VR based applications is to enable the users to achieve navigation task within virtual environments (VE). We review the actual means manners spreaded to ... View full abstract»

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  • Time-optimal interception of objects moving along topologically varying paths

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4089 - 4094 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB)

    In this paper, the online planning of gross robot motion for target interception is considered within the context of an active prediction planning and execution (APPE) strategy. The objective is to plan online an optimal robot trajectory such that the robot end-effector and the object will arrive simultaneously at a planned pre-grasping rendezvous-point. Three issues must be addressed: rendezvous-... View full abstract»

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  • A multifeature-based algorithm for small target detection

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4085 - 4088 vol.5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (340 KB)

    In this paper, an efficient algorithm of small target detection has been developed which combines the geometric properties of low-order moments of specific targets with the signature of discontinuity not widely used in current methods between small targets and its neighbor regions. This algorithm includes two steps: 1) to construct an average grey absolute difference maximum map (AGADMM), eliminat... View full abstract»

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  • A predictable high-throughput file system for video conference recording

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4296 - 4301 vol.5
    Cited by:  Patents (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (456 KB)

    In this paper, the design and implementation of a video conference recorder on an inexpensive PC is described. The recorder can simultaneously record several video and audio (A/V) streams in Unix file format. The objectives of the file system design are high throughput and low loss rate. A hard disk device driver and a file system are modified and tuned for A/V recording. The new file system can h... View full abstract»

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  • From nomad to explorer: active object recognition on mobile robots

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4079 - 4084 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (748 KB)

    This paper demonstrates the importance of active behavior in machine vision systems. It proposes using activity of the observer for object finding and recognition. The presented robotic system is based on active and qualitative vision approaches which are supplemented by a hierarchical, multiresolution image representation and a parallel implementation of the active vision algorithms. The system u... View full abstract»

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  • Autonomous animation of human figures using intelligent agents

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4291 - 4295 vol.5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (816 KB)

    The task of animating human characters is complex and has many degrees of freedom. There is an obvious need to provide a consistent framework to organize the knowledge and tools required so that the creative, intelligent animator working together with a series of reasoning systems, can quickly develop a complex animation. We investigate an approach in which the animator works with a system which p... View full abstract»

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  • On training radial basis function networks as series-parallel and parallel models for identification of nonlinear dynamic systems

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4609 - 4614 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (380 KB)

    Identification of linear and nonlinear dynamic systems can be performed with a series-parallel or parallel model. In this paper both approaches are compared. While many applications require the model to run in parallel to the process, usually the identification procedure is carried out with a series-parallel model. This paper shows that optimization of a series-parallel model does not necessarily ... View full abstract»

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  • Eco-problem solving for containers stacking

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4706 - 4711 vol.5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (464 KB)

    The aim of this paper is to present a new design for resources allocation in discrete simulation. This design uses the eco-problem-solving and object oriented paradigms which permit the representation of the entities and the resources. The intent is to obtain an available model that offers the user the ability to define the resource allocation policies. To make the work organization precise, the a... View full abstract»

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  • PRR: prime round-robin placement for implementing VCR operations

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):3920 - 3925 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (520 KB)

    From a user's perspective, VCR functions of variable-rate fast-forward and rewind are desirable features in many video applications. To implement VCR-like operations, the video server should be able to access noncontiguous segments of a video object without additional overhead. In this paper, we propose prime round-robin (PRR) placement scheme, which achieves uniform load-balance of disks for fast... View full abstract»

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  • A rapid mobile robot synthesis

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4073 - 4078 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (332 KB)

    In this paper, we design a new mobile robot in order to study the dynamic phenomena with a fast robot. This plate-form has a classical locomotion structure, two front free wheels and two rear driving wheels. We present a new multilayers architecture to decentralize the computation. We adopt a CAN protocol communication to connect the different layers. Dedicated cards have been developed for low le... View full abstract»

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  • An inter-object constraint model

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):3977 - 3982 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (500 KB)

    Both object-oriented and constraint technologies are powerful paradigms. Combining these two different but complementary paradigms can give a more powerful paradigm thanks to the merging of their properties. This paper presents the structure of a constraint oriented model: the OOC model. This model allows, on the one hand, the representation and the definition of constraints and, on the other hand... View full abstract»

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  • The ION architecture for robot learning

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4319 - 4324 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (484 KB)

    It is claimed that one of the main reasons why the development of intelligent robots has been slower than expected is that machine learning has been seen as an “add on” feature-one to be placed in the higher and later-developed levels of robot architectures. A case is made for incorporating machine learning at the earliest possible stage, and relying on it as the primary method of deve... View full abstract»

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  • An animated pictorial database

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4285 - 4290 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (360 KB)

    We introduce the concept of animated pictorial databases which are structured in a bottom-up architecture. To deliver quality of services to pictorial database users, the presentation and storage of pictorial objects must be efficient and effective. In this paper, we describe some frameworks in these two subsystems. In particular, we propose an indexing method that supports spatial queries and sho... View full abstract»

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  • Application of Kohonen's self-organizing network to the diagnosis system for rotating machinery

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4039 - 4044 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (412 KB)

    In this paper, we focus on the diagnostic algorithm of the diagnosis system for plant maintenance. In the current plant, the reduction of maintenance costs and the avoidance of sudden fault of equipment are required to improve the operation rate of the plant. The fault diagnosis is performed for this requirement, and the collection and analysis of actual fault data are indispensable to diagnose ma... View full abstract»

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  • Using vision-based control techniques for grasping objects

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4434 - 4439 vol.5
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (616 KB)

    We present additions to the controlled active vision framework that focus upon the autonomous grasping of a moving object in the manipulator's workspace. Our work extends the capabilities of an eye-in-hand robotic system beyond those as a “pointer” or a “camera orienter” to provide the flexibility required to robustly interact with the environment in the presence of uncerta... View full abstract»

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  • A neural fuzzy system to evaluate software development productivity

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4603 - 4608 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    Managing software development and maintenance projects requires early knowledge about quality and effort needed for achieving this quality level. Quality-based productivity management is introduced as one approach for achieving and using such process knowledge. Fuzzy rules are used as a basis for constructing quality models that can identify outlying software components that might cause potential ... View full abstract»

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  • Cluster validity for fuzzy criterion clustering

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4702 - 4705 vol.5
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (304 KB)

    Defines a validity measure for fuzzy criterion clustering which is a novel approach to fuzzy clustering that in addition to being non-distance based addresses the cluster validity problem. The model is then recast as a bilevel fuzzy criterion clustering problem. The authors propose an algorithm for this model that solves both the validity and clustering problems. The authors' approach is validated... View full abstract»

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  • Semantic support for multimedia information system

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):3914 - 3919 vol.5
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (472 KB)

    This paper addresses the problem of semantic support for multimedia information systems. The problem has become very important in the “infotainment” environment, which utilizes very large amounts of bitstream data. This voice, audio, picture, video, text etc., data has a very low semantic meta-information content. Further, the paper presents the Multimedia Information System (MMIS) whi... View full abstract»

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  • Operator interface testing of a space telerobotic system

    Publication Year: 1995, Page(s):4065 - 4072 vol.5
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (860 KB)

    The major goals for this hand controller study were to compare the performance and operator preferences for three hand controllers, evaluate the learning curves associated with each hand controller and to determine what, if any, effects of hand controller test order were present. The hand controllers tested included a joint position controller, a cartesian position controller and a resolved rate c... View full abstract»

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