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Engineering and Technology Management, 1996. IEMC 96. Proceedings., International Conference on

Date 18-20 Aug. 1996

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 140
  • Proceedings of SPDP '96: 8th IEEE Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (643 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Organizational visions of virtual manufacturing: sociotechnical aspects of adopting technology computer-aided design based manufacturing process

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):570 - 575
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (304 KB)

    This paper describes a virtual manufacturing system consisting of technology computer-aided design tools for semiconductor manufacturing companies. This virtual factory is shown to be very efficient for development of advanced process technology evaluation of process manufacturability, and improvement of existing fabrication processes. By using computer aids, the design and manufacturability of th... View full abstract»

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  • Improving competitive responsiveness via the virtual environment

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):52 - 62
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (592 KB)

    The changing nature of the global competitive environment is bringing with it significant changes to both the internal and external activities of companies. One of the key competitiveness drivers of the new environment is a company's degree of “agility” or responsiveness. The need to retain and concentrate on core competencies means that many needed activities have to be resourced exte... View full abstract»

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  • New wave of managing innovation

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):761 - 765
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (328 KB)

    In the computer network era, it is imperative that the policy of “closed-management using principal management resources” be renewed to “open-management using outside resources”. This renewal significantly alters corporate identity (autonomy, originality). Administrative behaviors to alter corporate identity are different from those used to maintain the present identity. We... View full abstract»

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  • Matching Team Management Strategy With The Organizational Culture

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (364 KB)

    First Page of the Article
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  • Technological learning, architectural innovations, and the virtual utility concept

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):94 - 105
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (948 KB)

    This paper highlights the potential benefits derived from deploying new methodologies in technology assessment and risk management that drive strategic technological and infrastructural investments by power utilities in response to internal and external contingencies they are confronted with in a rapidly deregulating, increasingly competitive environment. The role of technological learning in help... View full abstract»

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  • The iterative component of design

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):564 - 569
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (396 KB)

    Iteration is a common thread that runs through most definitions of the design process. In spite of its importance, it lacks precise definition. Iteration exists in many varieties that play different roles in design. Efforts to improve design by manipulating iteration, or to develop automated methodologies that include iteration, should be preceded by an understanding of iteration and its role in t... View full abstract»

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  • Challenges in technology development and commercialization: a case study of fallen power line detection

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):47 - 51
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB)

    Presents a case study providing the challenges involved in the development and commercialization of technology to detect fallen power lines on electric utility systems. Fallen high-voltage conductors are a significant safety hazard to the public and utilities have sought technology to detect fallen lines for decades. This technology represents a significant technical accomplishment, but the succes... View full abstract»

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  • IT-enabled affiliations as organizational forms

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):419 - 422
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (268 KB)

    The authors have found that information technology allows the creation of virtual enterprises-thereby enabling new forms of organization. The paper addresses the problem where expertise about customers and physical assets are separate. Traditional organizations couple these two aspects, often overlooking the contribution externalities make to incentives. They describe how IT-enabled affiliations c... View full abstract»

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  • Impact of owner involvement on innovation: lessons from power plant projects

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):391 - 401
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (400 KB)

    Information asymmetry between suppliers and buyers constitutes a major barrier to innovations. Incorporating novel solutions into engineering projects increases the problems of calculating long-term costs and benefits. Industrial marketing suggests that overcoming these barriers is easier when owners are knowledgeable and involved in the design process. Our study examines whether the same proposit... View full abstract»

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  • Impact of client/server computing on the telecommunications industry

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):605 - 610
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (488 KB)

    Client/server computing splits a computer application into tasks that are performed using three separate components. These components consist of a client computer, a server computer, and a network which connects the client to the server, where in most cases the client is a personal computer sitting on a user's desk. Client/server technology touches just about every part of the computer market, par... View full abstract»

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  • Research on the “Agglomeration Economies” model-analysis of the development of high technology zone

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):89 - 93
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (280 KB)

    We have presented the agglomeration economies model using the system dynamics model, drawing from the practices of the Beijing Municipality Experimental Zone for the Development of New Technology Industries (the Beijing Experimental Zone). Our agglomeration economies model describes the critical mass required for high technology zone development. It also captures phenomenon that when the factors a... View full abstract»

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  • Real-time resource tracking system for semiconductor industry

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):559 - 563
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (256 KB)

    In the high growth of the electronic industry, a manufacturer needs to maintain the resource reliability and maximise the critical resource utilization. The manufacturer must define or track the actual resource downtime and cause of those resource problems. The real time resource tracking system has increased the response time to better control the resource reliability and utilization. It is the m... View full abstract»

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  • Content selection for a course in total quality management

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):42 - 46
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (348 KB)

    Describes the selection of the content for a graduate engineering course in total quality management (TQM). Simply defining the subject of TQM is challenging because it encompasses so many disciplines and “methods”. The majority of publications on TQM take either a technical approach or a managerial approach. Often missing is a balanced approach to TQM combining both aspects of the sub... View full abstract»

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  • Creating a virtual enterprise in manufacturing to manage the risk in discontinuous innovation

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):366 - 374
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (276 KB)

    The paper examines the extent to which elements of the manufacturing function are outsourced in discontinuous innovation. Preliminary observations indicate that a large portion of early manufacturing tasks are performed externally to reduce risk. Firms whose core lies in fabrication and assembly appear to perform more manufacturing tasks externally than do firm's whose core is in materials process... View full abstract»

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  • Fuzzy multiobjective linear-programming-based justification of advanced manufacturing systems

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):226 - 232
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (384 KB)

    Many of the objectives of advanced manufacturing technologies (AMTs) lie in strategic areas such as better quality, flexibility, and shorter lead times. The authors propose fuzzy multiobjective linear programming which considers intangible benefits in AMTs and expands the constraints by adding tolerances. The transition from vagueness to quantification is performed by applying fuzzy set theory. Th... View full abstract»

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  • Engineering research center: a new virtual innovation organization in China

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):747 - 752
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (392 KB)

    In the Western view, the virtual enterprise (VE) is an attempt to be more competitive. In China, VE is mainly used to bridge the capability gap between R&D, manufacturing and marketing. Because ERCs are a brand new style of scientific research organization there are inevitably some problems in the establishment and operation of ERCs. This paper, based on an extensive case study of the ERCs in ... View full abstract»

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  • Managing IT implementation in virtual enterprises

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):413 - 418
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (352 KB)

    The paper presents a framework of factors influencing information technology (IT) implementation in virtual enterprises. The framework is based on previous research on IT implementation, and field studies conducted in virtual enterprises. The aim is to increase the understanding of the implementation process in this organizational context, and the framework is intended as a basis for developing st... View full abstract»

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  • A mathematical understanding of the success of multidisciplinary development teams

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):386 - 390
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (332 KB)

    Today a product development problem has all the characteristics of a complex multi-criteria optimisation problem, with constraints that are often interdependent and sometimes conflicting. Until quite recently, a functionally organised development organisation would take 3-7 years to solve such a problem. Each step in the development process is doing a sub-optimisation over a limited set of constra... View full abstract»

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  • Outsourcing: focusing on core competencies by leveraging resources

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):163 - 167
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    This paper presents an overview of outsourcing as a means of performing tasks beyond, the scope of the permanent core staff of your organization, by having a wide variety of companies at your disposal to work with you, supplying their specific expertise on a job-by-job or project-by-project basis. This allows your company to stay focused and have the freedom to operate and maintain specialized bus... View full abstract»

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  • Virtual organizations-an opportunity for learning

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):201 - 205
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (272 KB)

    As the idea that new enterprises may be formed and operated successfully without the normal physical constraints and trappings of office buildings, incorporation organization charts and so on takes hold, so other opportunities will arise. One of these is the opportunity to learn and improve through the adoption of better practices from hitherto alien cultures. This paper presents just some of the ... View full abstract»

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  • The landscape of innovation and supply: a graphical model for visualising the interrelationship between the innovation functions and the supply chain

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):678 - 682
    Cited by:  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB)

    The conventional way of presenting an organisation's structure is by means of an organogram, which primarily shows the hierarchy, the functional arrangement and management control within the organisation. However, where it is necessary to visualise the interrelationships between organisational units, particularly the interconnections arising from the supply processes and the innovation processes, ... View full abstract»

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  • Infrastructure requirements for selected management practices

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):600 - 604
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (272 KB)

    Three management practices (Business Process Reengineering, Total Quality Management and Just in-Time) are revised in the context of a proposed business mission and operating paradigm for production enterprises. The infrastructure requirements for these practices are presented with respect to macro, operational and organizational requirements View full abstract»

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  • Requirements for virtual enterprise management in developing countries

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):84 - 88
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (320 KB)

    The management of Virtual Enterprises (VE) in developing countries faces different challenges then in industrialized countries. However, using the framework proposed by the Agility Forum as reference, some analysis can be done. In developing countries deficits in infrastructure have to be regarded, yet the cultural behavior in these areas outlines potentials for a successful application of VE. Thi... View full abstract»

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  • Is design quality a function of time?

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):296 - 300
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (312 KB)

    The study extends the work of Smith and Tjandra (1996) and Smith, Eppinger, and Gopal (1995). Using a group design exercise, it investigates the extent to which the final design quality is a function of the number of design iterations. Some recent models of engineering design prescribe ways to compress the time to design a product. These models imply that the total number of design iterations is n... View full abstract»

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