Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences

7-10 Jan. 1992

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  • Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Hawaii international conference on system sciences [front matter]

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):i - xiii
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • User evaluations of MIS success: what are we really measuring?

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):303 - 314 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1028 KB)

    Many empirical studies in MIS literature ask users for their evaluations of systems as a measure of IS success. These user evaluations are variously called user attitudes, information satisfaction, MIS appreciation, information channel disposition, value, usefulness, etc. Do all these terms refer to the same underlying construct? If there are different constructs, what are they, and which instrume... View full abstract»

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  • Developing neural networks to forecast agricultural commodity prices

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):516 - 522 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (396 KB)

    The paper evaluates neural networks as a univariate forecasting tool for two agricultural price series: weekly closing prices for live cattle and daily settlement prices for corn. Performance was evaluated using root mean squared error and mean absolute percentage error. Neural networks outperformed the best traditional method for cattle price forecasts made four, eight, and twelve weeks into the ... View full abstract»

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  • Issues and experiences designing and implementing two group drawing tools

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):139 - 150 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (24)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1120 KB)

    Groupware designers are developing multi-user equivalents of popular paint and draw applications. Their job is not an easy one. First, human factors issues peculiar to group interaction appear that, if ignored, seriously limit the usability of the group tool. Second, implementation is fraught with considerable hurdles. The authors describe the issues and experiences they have met and handled in th... View full abstract»

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  • Measurement of creativity of IS products

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):288 - 298 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (17)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (856 KB)

    While the literature on creativity/innovation in IS is sparse, the literature on measurement of creativity in IS products/services is non-existent. The paper provides a review of the literature on measurement of creativity, then concentrates on a discussion of the measurement of software products. Six software products are evaluated for their degree of creativity using a two-criterion approach: no... View full abstract»

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  • Currency exchange rate forecasting by error backpropagation

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):504 - 515 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (780 KB)

    The paper describes a neural network system for forecasting time series and its application to a non-trivial task in forecasting currency exchange rates. The architecture consists of a two-layer backpropagation network with a fixed number of inputs modelling a window moving along the time series in fixed steps to capture the regularities in the underlying data. Several network configurations are d... View full abstract»

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  • ODSS and the twilight of the decision support movement: social segmentation and the legacy of infrastructure

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):472 - 481 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (924 KB)

    The ODSS concept is new, and pulls into focus and into confusion aspects of the underlying decision support concept. The authors trace this concept's roots to the generalized management-as-decisionmaking (MAD) ideology that grew up following WW II and subsequently came to dominate many aspects of management thought. They liken the MAD movement to the medieval morality play, in both structure and e... View full abstract»

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  • How people write together [groupware]

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):127 - 138 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (23)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1048 KB)

    Builders of groupware writing technologies need a better understanding of collaborative writing if their systems are to adequately address user needs. The authors present a taxonomy of joint writing based on an analysis of interviews with authors who have written documents together. The taxonomy describes joint writing in terms of four components: roles played in the collaboration, activities perf... View full abstract»

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  • Creativity in GDSS: an integration of creativity, group dynamics, and problem solving theory

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):277 - 287 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (956 KB)

    Organizationally critical problems are often addressed by groups. GDSS have evolved to support the problem-solving processes of groups in a wide range of decision-making tasks. However, solving particularly unstructured problems (i.e. `wicked problems') often requires creative problem solving approaches which are best executed by individuals. In fact, many aspects of group dynamics detract from, r... View full abstract»

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  • The effect of bargaining orientation and communication medium on negotiation

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):174 - 184 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (892 KB)

    A controlled experiment was conducted to examine how the use of either audio or text forms of verbal communication, and the presence or absence of visual communication impacts the form, content and outcome of negotiation in a bilateral monopoly task. As hypothesized, a cooperative bargaining orientation and/or an audio mode of communication lead to a higher joint outcome. In addition, dyads whose ... View full abstract»

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  • Information technology and industrial cooperation

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):644 - 653 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (29)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (804 KB)

    Cooperation is becoming increasingly important in the modern business environment. The resulting emergence of new forms of organizational relationships is challenging managers to understand the fundamental dynamics of cooperation in order to evaluate and restructure their industrial relationships. IT can play an important role in the process of industrial restructuring, by altering the balance bet... View full abstract»

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  • SAGE: a HyperCard-based GDSS

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):14 - 22 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (576 KB)

    HyperCard is a widely used hypertext system. It has important hypertext characteristics and possesses a set of powerful user interface capabilities. The authors highlight the important features of HyperCard and discuss its strengths and weaknesses as a technology for building a GDSS. They describe SAGE, a HyperCard-based GDSS, to illustrate how HyperCard capabilities can be incorporated in a GDSS ... View full abstract»

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  • Strategies for integrating creativity principles into the system development process

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):268 - 276 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (760 KB)

    Only recently has the MIS literature focused on the creative problem-solving literature for diminishing the seriousness and frequency of changes that occur during the system development process. Dozens of creative problem-solving techniques are applicable during the various phases of development. The paper presents examples of how different techniques might be used at each stage of development, in... View full abstract»

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  • Assessing the risk of software failure in a funds transfer application

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):602 - 611 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (644 KB)

    Software failure risk, the expected loss resulting from software faults, is a useful measure of software quality that can guide development, maintenance, testing, and operational use of software. The author describes the measurement of software failure risk in a funds transfer system and demonstrates how the external environment and the structure of the software minimize failure risk even when the... View full abstract»

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  • Effective intelligent organizations: knowledge is not enough implications for information systems planning

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):464 - 471 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (620 KB)

    The concept of the intelligent organization and the intelligent information system (IS) has intuitive appeal and face validity as one considers the next generation of systems as `knowledge processing' systems rather than `information processing' systems. The paper adopts the metaphor of the intelligent organization as `manager', positing that the concept requires refinement along three dimensions ... View full abstract»

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  • Modelling the process of GSS use: an adaptive structuration perspective

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):208 - 219 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1124 KB)

    Adaptive structuration theory (AST) provides a sound basis from which to study the use of group support systems (GSS). The need for a theoretical approach such as AST is especially urgent because it helps explain the process of GSS use, thereby providing insights into the reasons for inconsistent research results. The paper illustrates the development of a research model based on AST, and reports ... View full abstract»

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  • Rosenbluth International Alliance: information technology and the global virual corporation

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):678 - 686 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (736 KB)

    A rapid change in the competitive environment may create an opportunity to use information technology to gain lasting competitive advantage. Often, however, a company will not possess all the resources needed to exploit these opportunities independently, or to do so with sufficient speed to achieve advantage. Under such conditions, companies may choose to cooperate with others to gain access to ne... View full abstract»

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  • Group development and history in GSS research: a new research perspective

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):113 - 124 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1104 KB)

    The psychology, speech communications, and management literature is rich with theory on the topic of group history and development. Three general categories of developmental models have been proposed: progressive, cyclical, and non-sequential. These models suggest that group performance, member behavior, and task focus change as the group matures and develops. Group support systems (GSS) have been... View full abstract»

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  • Multiple theoretical perspectives for studying the assimilation of emerging information technologies

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):400 - 409 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (692 KB)

    The paper examines a number of theoretical perspectives that can be used to study the assimilation and impact of emerging information technologies (IT). The authors apply these theoretical perspectives to document image processing (DIP). The paper adopts an emergent perspective, constructing a conceptual framework that can be used to study both the process of implementation and the factors which a... View full abstract»

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  • Modelling for organizational change: from problems to objects to solutions

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):568 - 578 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (848 KB)

    A discussion is given on the question how to model organizations to better understand where changes are needed, and which changes will be effective. The author presents a dynamic, object-oriented modelling technique that can be shown to meet the main requirements for modelling and evaluating the structure of an organization, both as it is now and as it could be after changes have been implemented View full abstract»

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  • Building DSS for negotiators: a three-step design process

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):164 - 173 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (580 KB)

    A negotiation support system (NSS) is commonly defined as a set of negotiator's individual decision support systems (DSS) interconnected with a communications/group decision component. The author presents a three-step design framework to build a negotiator's DSS that offers its user analytical and strategic insights about the counterpart(s). The purpose of such an NSS is to improve the user's barg... View full abstract»

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  • Neural network models for forecast: a review

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):494 - 498 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (376 KB)

    Neural networks are advocated as a replacement for statistical forecasting methods. The authors review the literature comparing neural networks and classical forecasting methods, particularly in causal forecasting, time series forecasting, and judgmental forecasting. They provide not only an overview and evaluation of the literature but also summarize several studies performed which address the ty... View full abstract»

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  • Overcoming ad hoc development: enabling/disabling factors in software quality maturation

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):624 - 633 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (756 KB)

    Results obtained from a two year study of thirty software development organizations are given. The purpose of the study was to determine what factors enable software developers to advance beyond ad hoc development processes and what factors inhibit that advancement View full abstract»

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  • Combining group facilitation, decision modeling, and information technology to improve the accuracy of group judgment

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):232 - 243 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1244 KB)

    Interacting groups fail to make judgments as accurate as those of their most capable members due to problems associated with both interaction processes and cognitive processing. Group process techniques and decision analytic tools have been used with groups to combat these problems. While such techniques and tools do improve the quality of group judgment, they have not enabled groups to make judgm... View full abstract»

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  • The Minnesota Imaging Project research application for understanding an emerging technology

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):410 - 419 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (908 KB)

    The Minnesota Imaging Project (MIP) is a joint academic-practitioner research program at the Carlson School of Management. The MIP research team consists of individuals with diverse and significant experience with imaging, supported by group decision support systems (GDSS) technology. The MIP team is implementing a research application as the means to investigate several research issues. The proje... View full abstract»

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