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Road Traffic Monitoring and Control, 1994., Seventh International Conference on

Date 26-28 Apr 1994

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 43
  • Speed violation deterrent system

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):119 - 122
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (200 KB)

    In summer 1993 Travers Morgan undertook a feasibility study into a revolutionary method of speed deterrent which utilises the latest techniques in machine vision to identify vehicle speed and display violation details to the road user. The purpose of the study was to test the robustness of emerging machine vision techniques, its suitability as a potential enforcement tool and to monitor driver beh... View full abstract»

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  • An image-processing system for pedestrian data collection

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):123 - 126
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    The aim of this research project was to investigate the software techniques which can be used to obtain information on pedestrian movements automatically using image processing technology. To fulfil this aim, two separate algorithms have been developed. One is designed to give a measure of the pedestrian density within a crowd scene and the second to count and determine the walking direction of in... View full abstract»

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  • Automated measurement of crowd density and motion using image processing

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):127 - 132
    Cited by:  Papers (18)  |  Patents (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (428 KB)

    Some image processing techniques applicable to the measurement of density and motion in crowded scenes have been presented. These give results comparable to human observers with potential for real-time implementation. A useful characteristic of these techniques is their independence from the apparent shape of individual pedestrians. Detailed studies of site usage and real-time monitoring then beco... View full abstract»

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  • Adaptive lane finding in road traffic image analysis

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):133 - 136
    Cited by:  Papers (14)  |  Patents (9)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (340 KB)

    The application of image processing and computer vision techniques to the analysis of video sequences of traffic flow offers considerable improvements over the existing methods of traffic data collection. The key to the development of a road monitoring system based upon IA is adaptability. An adaptive system would ease installation of the equipment by aiding with its own initialisation. Such auto-... View full abstract»

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  • Vehicle detection for advanced transport telematics

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):164 - 167
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (260 KB)

    This paper describes issues concerning the application of vehicle detection devices in Advanced Transport Telematics (ATT), reviews current technologies in use or near to market and provides a list of traffic data parameters relevant to ATT View full abstract»

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  • CELTIC bus priority in Lyon

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):77 - 80
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB)

    In this paper, the microscopic simulator SITRA-B+ is used in order to analyze the impact of a bus priority strategy in Lyon. That strategy which corresponds to the requirements of the Lyon authorities is developed and coded in compatibility with the microscopic simulator. An assessment scenario is defined and the strategy tested for various configurations View full abstract»

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  • Design of a coordinated ramp-metering system near Amsterdam

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):185 - 189
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (300 KB)

    This paper describes the project for the evaluation of strategies for coordinated ramp-metering on the A10. It focuses on the simulation studies, the design of the communication network and the assessment study View full abstract»

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  • Results of the Tristar AID system obtained from 3 field experimentations

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):168 - 171
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    Tristar is an automatic incident detection system based on image processing techniques. Images are provided to the system by video cameras monitoring the traffic along the motorways. Outputs are alarms triggered when an incident is detected or traffic measurement values. The system is also known as the local module of the INVAID System. Tristar is an issue of the DRIVE I project named INVAID. It i... View full abstract»

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  • Carmarthen Road, Swansea-bus priority within SCOOT

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):81 - 88
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)

    The traffic signals in this area were controlled by West Glamorgan County Council's urban traffic control system using fixed time plans which were several years old. Although some additional capacity might be gained from the introduction of new timings, it was assessed that significant additional capacity could only be achieved by introducing SCOOT control to the region. The prime objective of thi... View full abstract»

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  • Radio interconnect for urban traffic control systems

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):29 - 32
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (256 KB)

    Discusses the technology whereby urban traffic control systems are synchronised by radio signals. Installation, maintenance and operation are cheaper than with cable, and reconfiguration is easier. The radio equipment is discussed, and reliability issues are briefly considered View full abstract»

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  • Traffic flow improvements at Newbridge Roundabout

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):101 - 105
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (216 KB)

    Newbridge Roundabout has been a notorious congestion point on the primary network in Scotland for at least 10 years, particularly during peak periods. The implementation of traffic management improvements, by the installation of traffic signal control, has provided a control system which allows a "queue balancing" approach to be adopted in accordance with adopted policies. As such, it represents a... View full abstract»

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  • What are the benefits and safety implications of route guidance systems for elderly drivers?

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):137 - 140
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (264 KB)

    The evaluations using the "TraveIpilot" route guidance system have shown that a sample of 35 elderly drivers has been able to use the device in a real driving situation, in an unfamiliar car and a largely unfamiliar area, with no safety-related problems. Furthermore, in the opinion of an expert driving assessor, the overall standard of the sample's driving was not adversely affected when the route... View full abstract»

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  • Privatisation of traffic control, surveillance and related systems in the Klang Valley, Malaysia

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):16 - 18
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (188 KB)

    The Klang Valley in Malaysia is centred around the River Klang and includes Klang and Port Klang on the West Coast, Shah Alam the capital of Selangor State, Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia and other major urban areas of Petaling Jaya and Subang Jaya. It is the main urban development area of peninsular Malaysia. The article describes proposals for an automated traffic surveillance and control... View full abstract»

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  • The network effects of alternative road pricing systems

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):46 - 49
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (268 KB)

    This paper reports the results of a study funded by the UK Science and Engineering Research Council and related work for the US Transportation Research Board, on the performance of different methods for charging for the use of road space. Most work on road pricing has assumed that charges would be levied at points on the road network, which could be combined to form one or more cordons or screenli... View full abstract»

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  • Congestion analysis and diagnosis in UTC networks

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):172 - 176
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (224 KB)

    In the UK, networks of signals in urban areas are usually controlled by an Urban Traffic Control (UTC) system based either on fixed time plans derived using TRANSYT or by the traffic responsive system SCOOT. This paper describes simulation studies carried out to gain an understanding of the mechanism by which congestion spreads, and to investigate those situations and circumstances where SCOOT in ... View full abstract»

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  • Dynamic traffic management systems on the ring road of Amsterdam

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):150 - 155
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (308 KB)

    In the region around Amsterdam, the policy of the government is to reduce traffic and to optimise the traffic systems in such a way that the infrastructure is used near the optimum. With the plans for the near future the Amsterdam region will get new systems that will operate automatically and in coordination with each other. The systems include: the motorway control and signalling system (MCSS), ... View full abstract»

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  • The development of LRT signal control techniques for the Sheffield Supertram system

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):89 - 92
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (280 KB)

    The Sheffield Supertram system is a new light rail transit (LRT) system which is currently in the process of construction, and Phase 1 of the scheme is now in full operation. Although the system is partly constructed along an old railway formation, the new trackwork is used throughout the system, on an alignment specially designed for LRT operation. Of particular significance for the signalling ar... View full abstract»

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  • Integrated management of the urban mobility

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):33 - 37
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (324 KB)

    ATC (Azienda Trasporti Consorziali), the public transport operating company in Bologna, manages both the urban and the extra-urban bus network with about 900 vehicles. ATC is implementing a global project dedicated to the urban mobility through new systems application and integration, in order to improve life quality in the city of Bologna. The Bologna AVM system will be able to collect and to com... View full abstract»

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  • The CARS demand-responsive traffic control system: recent improvements and experiences

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):93 - 96
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB)

    CARS is a third generation traffic control system that follows a centralised approach and can operate either on isolated junctions, arterials, or networks. It does not rely on the traditional concepts of cycle, split and offset, but calculates acyclic settings. Coordination between junctions is achieved through an underlying simulation model that deals with packets of vehicles moving according to ... View full abstract»

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  • An update on road traffic monitoring in the United States

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):111 - 114
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (268 KB)

    The author (1992)gave an overview of traffic monitoring programs in the United States. In this paper the author focuses on recent trends and changes to the programs View full abstract»

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  • Zone access control in central Barcelona using ATT technologies

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):38 - 41
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (220 KB)

    This paper reports on progress made towards implementation of a zone access control (ZAC) scheme based upon telematics technologies in Barcelona. This case study is presented as one of a number of integrated developments within the Gaudi project V2027 of the DRIVE programme that is supported by DG XIII of the European Commission, and which seek to facilitate the realisation of a more effective and... View full abstract»

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  • Electronic sign strategies and their benefits

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):141 - 144
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (244 KB)

    Recent years have seen the introduction of many electronic signs providing dynamic information to road users. These variable message signs (VMS) are, in most cases, connected together to form systems over increasingly large geographical areas, and have the opportunity to influence significant numbers of drivers. Much work is currently under way to measure the performance of such systems in order t... View full abstract»

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  • The `Instrumented City': data provision for traffic management and research

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):19 - 22
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (352 KB)

    A multipurpose transport database facility, known as the “Instrumented City”, has been developed by the Nottingham University Transport Research Group in collaboration with Leicestershire County Council (LCC), and with the financial support of the Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC). This development has been based on the collection, processing and storage of traffic-relate... View full abstract»

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  • Automatic fee collection on German autobahns-the ChipTicket system

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):50 - 54
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (344 KB)

    The German Federal Ministry of Transport is conducting a large-scale automatic fee collection experiment on German motorways. It has been taking place since June 1993 and will extend until mid 1995. The A555 Cologne-Bonn motorway is the test route. The companies of Siemens AG, ITF Intertraffic (a subsidiary of Daimler Bent AG) and Siemens are participating as the Siemens SNI project group. The Chi... View full abstract»

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  • TACRIM: some results

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):177 - 180
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB)

    TACRIM (the Spanish acronym for a critical junction antiblocking technique) is a new traffic control adaptive system that has demonstrated, through some extensive field trials and evaluation process, its real time capability to improve urban junctions optimization. It can be installed on both isolated or centralized local controllers (the two cases have been tested in Madrid and Barcelona, Spain).... View full abstract»

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