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Engineering Management Conference, 1994. 'Management in Transition: Engineering a Changing World', Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE International

17-19 Oct. 1994

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  • Proceedings of 1994 IEEE International Engineering Management Conference - IEMC '94

    Publication Year: 1994
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (137 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The heuristic analysis of the diffusion

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):123 - 130
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    The principles of the heuristic analysis are presented in the form of the heuristic diffusion model. The model is based on the theoretical issues of mathematical diffusion models. It specifies the life cycle of an innovation, defines typical features of diffusion phases and some features of the diffusion as a phenomenon. The heuristic model is a tool that increases understanding of the complicated... View full abstract»

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  • Technology organisations and corporate R&D. Recent developments

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):158 - 163
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (512 KB)

    Often, corporate R&D has been confined to a limited role in the strategic planning and R&D strategy processes. Work in the strategic management field has shown that a major source of sustainable competitive advantage is a firm's unique competencies, i.e. a set of firm-specific knowledge, skills, technologies and capabilities, that are able to lead to generate a series of profitable innovat... View full abstract»

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  • An engineer's perception of the path to the executive suite

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):401 - 406
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (404 KB)

    Problems in engineering education are often addressed in relation to professional and technical engineering areas. While these problems are undoubtedly real, the factors which are important in relation to promotion of engineers to upper management may be overlooked by not only engineers, but also by engineering educators, even those educators engaged in student career advisement. Here, the authors... View full abstract»

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  • Analyzing the technology acquisition process in the electronics industry of the silicon forest: a survey

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):131 - 134
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (200 KB)

    This report presents the results of a research project on technology acquisition in the electronics industry. The objective of this research was to identify the alternatives used for technology acquisition and then to explain the implications of the various alternatives. For the purpose of this study, technology acquisition has been defined as “obtaining and adapting new technologies through... View full abstract»

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  • An approach to balancing the risks of R&D performance goals

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):164 - 167
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (264 KB)

    In setting the performance goals for a product development project, the project manager is faced with two risks: the risk of early obsolescence of the product, and the risk of project failure. If the performance goals are set too low, a competitor may bring an improved product on the market shortly after completion of the project, thus drastically curtailing the product's market life. If the perfo... View full abstract»

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  • Achieving software quality through requirements analysis

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):78 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (404 KB)

    A thorough requirements analysis prior to developing software can significantly improve the quality of the end product. The key benefit of this analysis is a better understanding of the end users' actual and underlying needs. Often the initial description of requirements does not accurately portray what the end users want. The outlined methodology including interviews with a cross section of users... View full abstract»

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  • The application of backpropagation neural networks to predict the results of combat

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):199 - 203
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (300 KB)

    The information age changes how US Army decision makers predict future trends. The Army is responding with innovative technology to help it's planners to understand the complexities of its decisions, and their impacts, as the Army embraces a post Cold War world view. Using neural network technologies is one way to attack this social technical challenge. Several neural networks were developed to pr... View full abstract»

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  • A process for organizational learning

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):407 - 414
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (732 KB)

    The authors explain a process they have enacted several times for facilitating so called “organizational learning”. They show how the process is based on the authors' current understanding of the concept referred to as organizational learning. Finally, they advocate future participatory action research whereby organizational learning theory is tested and modified through the design, en... View full abstract»

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  • European community (EC/EU) support programs for international R&D projects and distribution agreements

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):111 - 118
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    A near term goal of the EC/EU is the creation of a free-trade and borderless Europe. Europe however is not a homogeneous group of people, but a mixture of different cultures, languages, morals and business attitudes. Trading goods seems, and in actuality is, more simple to achieve than being successful in a complicated R&D program involving several EC/EU member countries. The EC parliament wan... View full abstract»

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  • QFD at Loral Aeronutronic

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):64 - 71
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (608 KB)

    Engineering organizations that want to improve their processes, develop new procedures, or reengineer systems must look to their internal and external customers. They need to be intimately familiar with the needs and wants of those who receive their products and services. Too often organizations and their management assume they already know, or worse yet, never think to ask the question before mov... View full abstract»

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  • Creating innovative behavior among R&D professionals: the moderating effect of leadership on the relationship between problem-solving style and innovation

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):48 - 55
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (636 KB)

    Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test whether problem-solving style interacted with leadership variables (leader-subordinate relationship and manager role expectations) in determining innovative behavior in a sample of R&D professionals. The results indicated that manager role expectations moderated the relationship between problem-solving style and innovative behavior View full abstract»

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  • Managing a computer software hotline

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):24 - 25
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (60 KB)

    The management of a computer software hotline has many challenges. These include cost pressures, productivity improvement, technology and staff. A computer software hotline can be an important service. It helps the end users solve problems and avoid delays. A few experts can handle most problems and once a common problem is solved that solution can be applied to many callers. With this service, en... View full abstract»

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  • Concurrent design of products for manufacturing system performance

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):233 - 240
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (596 KB)

    Manufacturing cost forms a very major portion of the life cycle cost of a product. Also, performance of the manufacturing system directly affects the manufacturing cost of the product produced in the system. The design of products in the system also affects the performance of the manufacturing system. However, a survey of research shows that the research community has ignored consideration of manu... View full abstract»

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  • Managing R&D: some key issues

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):135 - 141
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (564 KB)

    This paper discusses some of the key issues of R&D management including: the importance of R&D, different R&D strategies, selection of R&D projects, interface between R&D and marketing, and methods for evaluating and improving the quality of R&D management. Particular emphasis is given to the management of the R&D-marketing interface. Some of the issues that are address... View full abstract»

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  • The role of the technical supervisor in creating and maintaining the optimal environment for university-based research

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):380 - 387
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (704 KB)

    The university-based scientific research laboratory is a complex, dynamic entity which is comprised of a team of enthusiastic and interesting individuals who increasingly differ considerably in their backgrounds and psychological/sociological dispositions. The purpose of this presentation is to explore the role that the technical supervisor performs in facilitating the formation and maintenance of... View full abstract»

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  • Quality management in an engineering firm environment

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):34 - 39
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (524 KB)

    Engineering firms find themselves in the middle of the quality movement. Clients want quality services and products. More than that, clients of engineering firms want evidence that engineering firms are improving internal quality while reducing fees to the clients. There is a shift from thinking high quality engineering services means high costs, to a demand for higher quality at lower prices. The... View full abstract»

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  • A quality system for project management

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):7 - 12
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB)

    Companies are justifiably concerned about the quality of their products and the facilities that produce them. In a world where mass production consists of sequences of short runs, management influences the quality of the end product. The importance of project management in quality is shown by the fact that ISO 9000 requires firms seeking ISO certification to have many key project management practi... View full abstract»

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  • From mentoring to executive coaching-a psychological case study

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):369 - 371
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (216 KB)

    A physical illness has triggered a mid-life crisis in the chief executive of a mid-size high-tech company-an electrical engineer by training. This personal problem had a deleterious effect on his job performance. Fortunately he had the capacity to heal himself and the perspicacity to seek the support of a knowledgeable coach to help him along. After a brief but intensive intervention, his well bei... View full abstract»

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  • SPC with enable

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):170 - 176
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)

    This paper describes a set of spreadsheets which perform the calculations necessary to plot control charts used in statistical process control (SPC). The Enable office automation package was used to develop the spreadsheets. The SPC package is menu driven and includes on-line help. A full on-line manual provides program documentation. The control charts are Individual and Moving Average/Moving Ran... View full abstract»

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  • Leading change in new product development: a case study of a generic process

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):86 - 92
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (580 KB)

    Research and development organizations, more so than most organizations, resist change. The task of leading change in product development is especially difficult. The traditional view of leadership revolves around charismatic leadership. Yet, two other facets of leadership are probably better-suited to initiate change in R&D organizations: instrumental leadership (use of “instruments&rdq... View full abstract»

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  • Development of a STEP based information model for a casting process

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):204 - 211
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (644 KB)

    The standard for the exchange of product model data (STEP) is an effort geared towards facilitating the computer-readable exchange of the total information used to define an industrial product. STEP is being released as a set of inter-related parts. Application protocols, the 200-series parts, describe the use of integrated resources satisfying the scope and information requirements for a specific... View full abstract»

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  • Mentoring in engineering careers: a case study

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):348 - 355
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (532 KB)

    Mentoring is a work relationship in which a more senior member of an organization is committed to providing guidance and support to a less experienced colleague. Mentoring relationships have been shown to enhance organizational success as well as individual career development and career satisfaction. In a survey of 57 engineers and managers working at a plant site of a large Canadian petrochemical... View full abstract»

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  • Artificial neural networks for real-time process control

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):250 - 253
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)

    The purpose of this study was to develop a neural network based on real-time control system for fluid level in a given tank. The tank has an “I” shape with a circular cross sectional area varying across the “I” shaped profile height. The simulated “I” shaped tank has a height of 12 meters and divided into three sections. Each of the sections has a height of four... View full abstract»

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  • Saaty's AHP with inner dependent hierarchy and the choice of key industries

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):274 - 279
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (376 KB)

    In China, the choice of key industries (KI) is one of the most important issues for administrative authorities and is also an important topic in economics. In China, this task is carried out in two ways: one is on the basis of decision-maker's own experiences; the other is based on criteria raised by economics. Both methods are far from satisfactory. The author has used the simple analytical hiera... View full abstract»

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