Engineering Management Conference, 1994. 'Management in Transition: Engineering a Changing World', Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE International

17-19 Oct. 1994

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  • Proceedings of 1994 IEEE International Engineering Management Conference - IEMC '94

    Publication Year: 1994
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) and technology transfer

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):149 - 157
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    This paper is the first in a planned series of research topics relating to Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) and their role in Federal research and development (R&D) technology transfer. In this initial paper, the authors (1) briefly outline the historical development of FFRDCs; (2) discuss the statutory and regulatory definition of FFRDCs; (3) examine FFRDC funding le... View full abstract»

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  • Technology organisations and corporate R&D. Recent developments

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):158 - 163
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    Often, corporate R&D has been confined to a limited role in the strategic planning and R&D strategy processes. Work in the strategic management field has shown that a major source of sustainable competitive advantage is a firm's unique competencies, i.e. a set of firm-specific knowledge, skills, technologies and capabilities, that are able to lead to generate a series of profitable innovat... View full abstract»

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  • Strategic R&D program selection and resource allocation with a decision support system application

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):225 - 232
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (676 KB)

    Continuous evaluation of engineering project ideas for portfolio selection and resource allocation is one of the most challenging decisions that managers make on an ongoing basis. Decisions regarding project portfolios must be continuously monitored and updated due to the emergence of new opportunities and availability of more profitable projects, changes in the technical and/or commercial success... View full abstract»

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  • An approach to balancing the risks of R&D performance goals

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):164 - 167
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    In setting the performance goals for a product development project, the project manager is faced with two risks: the risk of early obsolescence of the product, and the risk of project failure. If the performance goals are set too low, a competitor may bring an improved product on the market shortly after completion of the project, thus drastically curtailing the product's market life. If the perfo... View full abstract»

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  • Time to market problems-the organization is the real cause

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):338 - 345
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    Although the process for designing a product and delivering it to the market has been the subject of extensive study, its realization in many companies yields results much later than expected. Studies of this time to market problem largely describe symptoms of the problem, and the recommended solutions do not adequately address the root causes of the problem itself. The authors' research leads to ... View full abstract»

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  • A new triad: quality leadership, the learning organization and systems engineering

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):26 - 33
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    This paper examines the relationships between three areas of quality management that have developed independently, namely, quality leadership. The learning organization and systems engineering. First, thirteen rank-ordered attributes of a quality leader are cited, including the critical attributes of empowering, having a vision, team building and renewing. Then the five disciplines of Senge's Lear... View full abstract»

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  • Computer ethics: an engineering management paradigm

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):104 - 110
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    Most information technology (IT) products have for exhibited exponential unit growth performance annually. This rapid development, alongside the subsequent increased volume use, has led moral philosophers to examine problems raised by IT less by moral judgement than through methods such as normative ethical theory and scenario analysis. This research, though often based in small samples and largel... View full abstract»

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  • Moving work teams to the next level

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):43 - 47
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    In order to become and remain competitive, organizations across America are moving away from traditional hierarchical management toward a network of small work teams. Recent surveys suggest that as many as 80% of American businesses now have one or more work teams in place. Such teams, dedicated to the continuous improvement of their piece of the business, have the potential of becoming the primar... View full abstract»

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  • A quality system for project management

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):7 - 12
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (368 KB)

    Companies are justifiably concerned about the quality of their products and the facilities that produce them. In a world where mass production consists of sequences of short runs, management influences the quality of the end product. The importance of project management in quality is shown by the fact that ISO 9000 requires firms seeking ISO certification to have many key project management practi... View full abstract»

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  • Costs dynamics and optimal systems size in new computer environments

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):292 - 299
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    This work presents estimation algorithms of the four main effects of new computer environments, namely: the scale effect; the learning and experience effect; the scope effect; and the complexity effect. The methodological approach is, for the first time, an integrated approach in the sense that all these effects are interrelated to highlight the costs dynamics and the optimal size of these new sys... View full abstract»

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  • Concurrent design of products for manufacturing system performance

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):233 - 240
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (596 KB)

    Manufacturing cost forms a very major portion of the life cycle cost of a product. Also, performance of the manufacturing system directly affects the manufacturing cost of the product produced in the system. The design of products in the system also affects the performance of the manufacturing system. However, a survey of research shows that the research community has ignored consideration of manu... View full abstract»

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  • SPC with enable

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):170 - 176
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)

    This paper describes a set of spreadsheets which perform the calculations necessary to plot control charts used in statistical process control (SPC). The Enable office automation package was used to develop the spreadsheets. The SPC package is menu driven and includes on-line help. A full on-line manual provides program documentation. The control charts are Individual and Moving Average/Moving Ran... View full abstract»

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  • Mentoring in engineering careers: a case study

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):348 - 355
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    Mentoring is a work relationship in which a more senior member of an organization is committed to providing guidance and support to a less experienced colleague. Mentoring relationships have been shown to enhance organizational success as well as individual career development and career satisfaction. In a survey of 57 engineers and managers working at a plant site of a large Canadian petrochemical... View full abstract»

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  • Sources of growth, input structure and technical progress in American high-technology: a business cycle analysis

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):415 - 420
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (524 KB)

    General public concern about the strength of American manufacturing has lead to a consensus on the importance of the role of high-technology. With a time series data set on inputs and output of the high-technology sector for the period 1967-1982, this paper identifies the special features of this sector in terms of: (1) the sources of its output growth; (2) the substitution possibilities among its... View full abstract»

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  • Managing R&D: some key issues

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):135 - 141
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    This paper discusses some of the key issues of R&D management including: the importance of R&D, different R&D strategies, selection of R&D projects, interface between R&D and marketing, and methods for evaluating and improving the quality of R&D management. Particular emphasis is given to the management of the R&D-marketing interface. Some of the issues that are address... View full abstract»

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  • Preliminary forecast methodology for the defense technology and industrial base

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):93 - 100
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    This paper reports on the preliminary development of an improved defense technology and industrial base (DTIB) forecasting methodology. The approach examined several noted assessment and quality programs, began with previous industrial base assessment methods, and incorporated current quality perspectives. The methodology augments previous methods by improving the metrics of technology, integrated... View full abstract»

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  • Quality management in an engineering firm environment

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):34 - 39
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    Engineering firms find themselves in the middle of the quality movement. Clients want quality services and products. More than that, clients of engineering firms want evidence that engineering firms are improving internal quality while reducing fees to the clients. There is a shift from thinking high quality engineering services means high costs, to a demand for higher quality at lower prices. The... View full abstract»

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  • Saaty's AHP with inner dependent hierarchy and the choice of key industries

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):274 - 279
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    In China, the choice of key industries (KI) is one of the most important issues for administrative authorities and is also an important topic in economics. In China, this task is carried out in two ways: one is on the basis of decision-maker's own experiences; the other is based on criteria raised by economics. Both methods are far from satisfactory. The author has used the simple analytical hiera... View full abstract»

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  • An engineer's perception of the path to the executive suite

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):401 - 406
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (404 KB)

    Problems in engineering education are often addressed in relation to professional and technical engineering areas. While these problems are undoubtedly real, the factors which are important in relation to promotion of engineers to upper management may be overlooked by not only engineers, but also by engineering educators, even those educators engaged in student career advisement. Here, the authors... View full abstract»

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  • The heuristic analysis of the diffusion

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):123 - 130
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    The principles of the heuristic analysis are presented in the form of the heuristic diffusion model. The model is based on the theoretical issues of mathematical diffusion models. It specifies the life cycle of an innovation, defines typical features of diffusion phases and some features of the diffusion as a phenomenon. The heuristic model is a tool that increases understanding of the complicated... View full abstract»

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  • Achieving software quality through requirements analysis

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):78 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (404 KB)

    A thorough requirements analysis prior to developing software can significantly improve the quality of the end product. The key benefit of this analysis is a better understanding of the end users' actual and underlying needs. Often the initial description of requirements does not accurately portray what the end users want. The outlined methodology including interviews with a cross section of users... View full abstract»

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  • The state of engineering management: a view from the trenches

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):388 - 395
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (576 KB)

    There have been many theories and proposals for effectively managing engineers. Seldom discussed, however, are the impressions working level design engineers (i.e., nonmanagerial engineers) have of their managers or their company's management philosophies. This paper presents a critical analysis of engineering managers and management philosophies from the perspective of a working level engineer. T... View full abstract»

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  • European community (EC/EU) support programs for international R&D projects and distribution agreements

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):111 - 118
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    A near term goal of the EC/EU is the creation of a free-trade and borderless Europe. Europe however is not a homogeneous group of people, but a mixture of different cultures, languages, morals and business attitudes. Trading goods seems, and in actuality is, more simple to achieve than being successful in a complicated R&D program involving several EC/EU member countries. The EC parliament wan... View full abstract»

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  • QFD at Loral Aeronutronic

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):64 - 71
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (608 KB)

    Engineering organizations that want to improve their processes, develop new procedures, or reengineer systems must look to their internal and external customers. They need to be intimately familiar with the needs and wants of those who receive their products and services. Too often organizations and their management assume they already know, or worse yet, never think to ask the question before mov... View full abstract»

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