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Proceedings of 1993 2nd IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Communication

3-5 Nov. 1993

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  • Proceedings of 1993 2nd IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Communication

    Publication Year: 1993
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (28 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Predictive force display for tele-handling/machining system

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):160 - 164
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (400 KB)

    With the development of virtual reality, tele-existence and remote collaboration technologies, it has become possible for a human being to operate a machine and handle objects in worlds that are in remote locations, vastly different in scale from the human world, or in which the governing physical laws are different from those in the normal human world. To develop such a system, it is necessary to... View full abstract»

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  • A methodology for automatization of human operator's skill under uncertainly-informed operating environment

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):247 - 252
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (344 KB)

    Describes an experience-based, i.e., human-operator-like, methodology for regulation of plant state. It includes mental image pattern formation and conceptualization of phenomena. This fact makes it easy to construct a control system View full abstract»

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  • Study on face robot for active human interface-mechanisms of face robot and expression of 6 basic facial expressions

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):276 - 281
    Cited by:  Papers (20)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (456 KB)

    In order to develop an active human interface (AHI) that realizes heart-to-heart communication between intelligent machine and human being, we have been undertaking the investigation of the method for improving the sensitivity of “KANSEI” communication between intelligent machine and human being. This paper deals with the mechanical aspects of “Face Robot” that produces fac... View full abstract»

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  • An evaluation of multi-agent-behavior in a sensing communication world

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):302 - 307
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (468 KB)

    In systems which complete a goal by agent cooperation, i.e. a multi-agent system, the communication between agents is a very important problem. To solve a problem by the agent cooperation, the communication between agents is necessary and indispensable. We introduce a model which consists of many agents. These agents have limited communication ability. They complete a goal in cooperation with each... View full abstract»

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  • Coordinates for trajectory formation of human multi-joint arm movement

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):102 - 107
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (356 KB)

    Trajectory formation during human multi-joint arm movements was investigated. Experiments showed the trajectory of unconstrained sequential movements (elliptical drawing movements) in a horizontal plane is heavily influenced by differences in body coordinates. Therefore it is suggested that trajectory planning in such movements is not solely based on the task-oriented visual coordinates but depend... View full abstract»

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  • Active vision system for human-robot interface

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):146 - 149
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (236 KB)

    In order to provide a better human-robot interface, the system should be active so that it can utilize implicit information from both user and surrounding environment. To realize active interface, we propose active vision system that utilizes neural network for the recognition process. We also have evaluated our active vision system by simulation View full abstract»

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  • Micro-macro tele-manipulation system

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):165 - 170
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (284 KB)

    In recent years, robotic manipulator system have been developed in various fields for various purposes. Today there are many systems in practical use. However most of them are considered on the assumption that the size of slave manipulator is nearly equal to the size of master manipulator. We have developed a bilateral controlled master-slave manipulator system to manipulate targets of quite diffe... View full abstract»

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  • A universal keyboard switch for a feeling test

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):225 - 230
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (416 KB)

    People sometime can recognize the quality of a computer keyboard by both the feel and/or sound of the key switches when they are pressed. For a good quality keyboard the switches when pressed, should have a feeling that is neither too heavy nor too light, and should also convey a clear confirmation of the switching being made. We focus on the man-machine interface of the keyboard and investigate t... View full abstract»

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  • Combining advisory and credibility information as communication message from intelligent machine for efficient man-machine cooperation

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):253 - 258
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (396 KB)

    Importance of credibility information supplied by multiple agents, each conducting a diagnostic task based on mutually dissimilar functioning principle, was examined in terms of diagnostic performance of a machine-intelligent system. The aim of the system is to provide dependable assistance to operators of a large-scale complex artifact in a complicated and inexperienced abnormal situation. The va... View full abstract»

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  • A new interface for 3D manipulation

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):282 - 286
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (388 KB)

    This paper describes a new three-dimensional pointing device that uses tactile sensors. This device senses the pattern of the user's fingers touching the device surface and determines the number, positions, and pressures of the contact points. The motion commands for manipulating the object are interpreted from this information. The results of experimentally evaluating the performance of this devi... View full abstract»

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  • Artificial emotions as emergent phenomena

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):420 - 425
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (428 KB)

    Although some researchers claim that emotion is unique to mammals, this paper describes a notion of artificial emotion as a phenomenon resulting from a series of modifications to emergent behaviors generated by a behavior-based artificial intelligence (AI) approach. Such modifications to behaviors are caused by stimuli (including those from humans) which a robot receives from its environment. The ... View full abstract»

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  • A knowledge representation for the communication between robots

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):308 - 313
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (448 KB)

    The present study deals with the case in which a robot teaches the knowledge to another robot through questions and answers. In this case, the expression format of the necessary knowledge and the knowledge transmission method are proposed. Both robots must hold the minimum level of knowledge so that the teaching side robot must know in advance what types of knowledge are possessed by the taught si... View full abstract»

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  • Alphabet and grammar in visual search

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):50 - 54
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (288 KB)

    A quantitative analysis was made to clarify the ability of human observers to detect a line of a unique orientation against a background of lines of a different orientation. Results of a psychophysical experiment indicated that the performance of correct judgments increased with the number of adjacent lines under the control of lateral masking effects. A model for decision making was formulated to... View full abstract»

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  • Redundant manipulator for obstacle avoidance and inverse kinematics solution by least squares

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):108 - 113
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (376 KB)

    An 8 degree-or-freedom (DOF) redundant manipulator is designed and realized for uses in robot-human environments requiring obstacle avoidance. The extra two DOF provides the flexibility in kinematics for obstacle avoidance. The modular mechanical structure associates both simple mechanical construction and an easy forward kinematics solution. A motor-control module is implemented to perform a cons... View full abstract»

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  • Investigation of the exhibition of facial expressions within human computer interaction

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):182 - 187
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (532 KB)

    This paper describes research which was conducted to determine if humans exhibit facial expressions while interacting with a computer system. Fourteen college-aged subjects were chosen for the experiment. The subjects included 3 Hispanics and 11 Caucasians. Six of the subjects' were female. Each of these subjects performed five computer-based tasks which were chosen to simulate a wide range of typ... View full abstract»

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  • Intelligent scene recognition by personal computer networking

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):150 - 155
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (392 KB)

    A human uses both image and language to represent his own idea and to communicate with others. He may not be conscious of this fact, but images and words are translated to each other frequently in his brain when he is thinking. The functions of such translation and understanding are essential in constructing intelligent man-machine interfaces. It is also important to pick images and words in accor... View full abstract»

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  • Mutual adaptive interface: basic concept

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):454 - 459
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (460 KB)

    The basic concept of the mutual adaptive interface (MADI), which has two outstanding features for overcoming difficulties in adaptation is proposed. The first one is that the proposed adaptive interface utilizes the information about the human estimated through the physiological measures. The other point is that the proposed interface covers the extensive range of the man-machine interaction with ... View full abstract»

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  • Motion based integration of auditory-visual information

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):39 - 44
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (468 KB)

    How integration of information from various sensory systems occurs is one of the most difficult challenges in understanding human and robot perception and cognition. The problem of auditory-visual integration is defined as a correspondence problem. A motion based integration schema of auditory-visual information is proposed as a solution to the correspondence problem between perceived auditory and... View full abstract»

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  • Two dimensional control for 6-DOF hand robot teleoperator

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):171 - 176
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (320 KB)

    This paper proposes a two dimensional control and obstacle avoidance methods using a virtual plane in the environment where the virtual space that generates computer graphics is superimposed on the real space in which a hand robot actually exists. In the present method the human operator, having stereo scope scene given by two cameras, controls the end effector of the hand robot using only a mouse... View full abstract»

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  • Interference detection among objects for operator assistance in virtual cooperative workspace

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):442 - 447
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (496 KB)

    We propose an efficient method for detecting interference and potential collisions among objects to facilitate cooperative work in a virtual space. The method consists of two main stages: 1) the coarse stage, an approximate test is performed to identify interfering objects in the entire workspace using octree representation of object shapes; and 2) the fine stage, polyhedral representation of obje... View full abstract»

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  • A model of emotions and emotion communication

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):29 - 34
    Cited by:  Papers (6)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (776 KB)

    This paper sketches a psychological model of emotions. Emotions are regarded as provisions for signalling the relevance of events for the major goals or concerns of the individual, and for modifying action readiness in a way that corresponds with the appraisal of the events. Different emotions correspond both with different appraisals, and with different modes of change in action readiness. Emotio... View full abstract»

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  • Extender: a case study for human-robot interaction via transfer of power and information signals

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):10 - 20
    Cited by:  Papers (50)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1036 KB)

    A human's ability to perform physical tasks is limited by physical strength, not by intelligence. The author defines “extenders” as a class of robot manipulators worn by humans to augment human mechanical strength, while the wearer's intellect remains the central control system for manipulating the extender. The author's research objective is to determine the ground rules for the contr... View full abstract»

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  • An autonomous eye robot for tele-operation

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):331 - 334
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    This paper proposes an autonomous eye robot which moves arbitrarily in the slave spaces, acquires appropriate visual informations and transmits them to the master sides. By watching these informations, the operators can easily understand the real situation of the slave side, and they can easily execute the tele-manipulation. The first part of this paper shows some examples to demonstrate the effec... View full abstract»

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  • Situation-adaptive degree of automation for system safety

    Publication Year: 1993, Page(s):231 - 236
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB)

    This paper discusses responsibility allocation between human and computer, or degrees of automation, in supervisory control of large-complex systems. Strategies for responsibility allocation in emergencies are analyzed in a probabilistic manner by taking into account human's distrust on an alarm subsystem, inappropriate situation awareness, and dynamics of a controlled process under various situat... View full abstract»

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