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System Sciences, 1989. Vol.III: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track, Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Hawaii International Conference on

Date 3-6 Jan. 1989

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  • Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Vol.III: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track (Cat. No.89TH0244-4)

    Publication Year: 1989
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Parallel savings heuristics for designing multi-center tree networks

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):762 - 769 vol.3
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (536 KB)

    Parallel savings heuristics are presented for the multicenter tree-network design problem, where the objective is to find the least cost connection between a given set of user and backbone nodes (centers). Each subtree has to satisfy the capacity restriction of the backbone nodes. This approach combines the savings method with the matching problem, and is compared to L.R. Esau and K.C. Williams' (... View full abstract»

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  • Topological design of computer communication networks

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):770 - 779 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (772 KB)

    The author develops a nonlinear formulation of the topological design problem, and obtains a Lagrangean relaxation of the problem. The Lagrangean solutions provide lower bounds on the optimal solutions, which are further improved using subgradient optimization procedures. Heuristics are developed for generating feasible solutions to the problem. The quality of solutions generated by this heuristic... View full abstract»

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  • Income and price elasticities in the US demand for computers

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):105 - 113 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (564 KB)

    To assess the impact of changing income and computer prices on the demand for minicomputers and mainframes, the author has developed simple demand models. The model proposed relates the number of computer units sold with measures of computer prices and the industrial production index. The results, applied to computers during the years 1965-86, indicate that demand for minicomputers is more sensiti... View full abstract»

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  • Group support systems in practice: experience at IBM

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):378 - 386 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (19)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (876 KB)

    The authors present the results of a group support system field study conducted at an IBM site. Data collected included session pre- and postquestionnaires and facilitator observations plus follow-up interviews with managers and participants. Process and outcome effectiveness, efficiency, and user satisfaction were consistently higher with group support systems. A comparison of man-hours expended ... View full abstract»

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  • Integrated design as a cooperative problem solving activity

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):387 - 396 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (900 KB)

    The authors present integrated design as an improved design method involving cooperative problem-solving. Integrated design takes advantage of commonly occurring task decompositions in design problems and encourages group problem-solving rather than sequential problem-solving. The cooperative problem-solving approach is characterized by dynamic cooperation between knowledge sources with overlappin... View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge-based real-time machines interaction

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):192 - 199 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB)

    The authors describe the need for robotic machine interaction and discuss their recent and ongoing research projects in two main areas: multirobot systems, and interactive robotic devices (IRD) for handicapped persons. In both areas they have found the knowledge-based interaction increases significantly the flexibility, reliability, and responsiveness of the system. A number of decision-support mo... View full abstract»

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  • An object-oriented design for distributed knowledge-based systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):55 - 63 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (664 KB)

    Many management information systems have requirements that are inherently distributed, either logically or physically. An architecture for distributed knowledge-based systems (DKBS) is presented which satisfies these requirements. A distributed knowledge-base management system (DKBMS) is described which manages the metaknowledge necessary to coordinate multiple local KBSs. The authors propose an o... View full abstract»

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  • Supporting intelligent organizations: problem solving and learning

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):476 - 482 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (492 KB)

    The foundations of a psychology of intelligent organizations based on contemporary and traditional cognitive theory is described. This organizational psychology is then used to describe the architecture for an integrated learning and problem-solving system. The ultimate purpose of the system is to support organizational cognition by facilitating the understanding, formalization, and development of... View full abstract»

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  • Building knowledge acquisition systems-a conceptual framework

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):200 - 210 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (820 KB)

    The objective of this study is twofold: first, it explores the various techniques used in knowledge acquisition. Second, a framework is presented to provide a systematic view and guidelines for the design of knowledge acquisition systems. Emphasis is placed on the mapping between learning strategies and the other attributes of a knowledge acquisition system. By doing this, the authors abstract the... View full abstract»

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  • Using students as subjects in experiments on decision support systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):176 - 180 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (340 KB)

    An examination is made of the decision-making of managers and undergraduate business students for the production scheduling problem, using decision support systems (DSS). The experiment described found significant differences between undergraduate students and managers in costs, the effectiveness of their decision heuristics, and in level of erratic decision-making. These differences occurred in b... View full abstract»

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  • Concurrent problem solving and organizational learning

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):483 - 491 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (848 KB)

    Basic outlines of a theory of coordination are presented as a foundation for understanding the possibilities of computer-based support for distributed decision-making. Relationships between entities and organizational learning, allowing improved coordination based on experience, are also discussed. The authors argue that at its present stage of development, the KBO (knowledge-based organization) t... View full abstract»

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  • Routing and capacity assignment in a network with different classes of messages

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):780 - 788 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (540 KB)

    A mathematical model is presented for the problem of jointly assigning routes to the communicating pairs of nodes and capacities to the links in a packet-switched network. It is assumed that several classes of flow are using the network, different service requirements and message characteristics being associated with each class. An algorithm that generates good feasible solutions to the model, tog... View full abstract»

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  • Event grammars: a modeling representation for business procedures

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):553 - 559 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (492 KB)

    An alternative representation for modeling organizational procedures is proposed, called event grammars, which is based on the definite-clause grammar formalism used for natural-language parsing. A graphical counterpart, called event nets, is also introduced. In effect, a history of events is recognized as conforming to a particular procedure, analogous to the way in which a list of words is recog... View full abstract»

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  • The potential for parallel processing and neural computing in management decision support

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):181 - 189 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (784 KB)

    Some of the current parallel-processing architectures are discussed, and management-science-type problems amenable to solution using coarse-grained multiple-instruction, multiple-data parallel computers are identified. Applications of neural computing in management science are also discussed. It is shown that the real promise of parallelism is not just in doing the same things faster, but in routi... View full abstract»

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  • The MIS research program at the University of Arizona

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):852 - 862 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (880 KB)

    Following a description of the Management Information Systems (MIS) department, the author examines the director of the PhD program in MIS and details departmental research activities. The history and foundation of the PLEXSYS information systems development research is outlined. Research, philosophy and systems development perspectives are also addressed View full abstract»

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  • A knowledge-based mail system to support managerial activities

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):650 - 659 vol.3
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (908 KB)

    Provides a framework to analyze the communication activities of the managers, discusses some of the problems inhibiting the growth of EMS (electronic mail systems) in organization, and presents the functionality of knowledge-based mail systems (KMS) to expand the role of EMS in organizations. The architecture and components of the prototype Executive Communication System (EXECOMS), which is based ... View full abstract»

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  • Using repertory grid-centered knowledge acquisition tools for decision support

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):211 - 220 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB)

    A discussion is presented of the use of repertory grid-centered tools such as the Expertise Transfer System (ETS), Aquinas, Kitten, and KSS0. Classes of use are presented along with specific applications. Applications are discussed within the context of ETS and Aquinas use at Boeing View full abstract»

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  • A satisficing knowledge-based system

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):590 - 599 vol.3
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    A satisficing knowledge-based system reaches a satisfactory resolution as quickly as possible. The author focuses on the principles that can be used to support a methodology that will produce satisficing decisions in a data-driven knowledge-based system. A codified satisficing methodology that has been implemented is also presented. The purpose of satisficing is to resolve as few initial condition... View full abstract»

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  • GDSS laboratory experiments and field studies: closing the gap

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):300 - 309 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (960 KB)

    The authors highlight key differences between previous experimental use of GDSS (group decision support systems) and the previous use of GDSS by business groups, and to discuss the implications that these differences have for researchers in designing future GDSS research. The authors examine previous GDSS laboratory studies and field studies. They then highlight key differences for researchers bet... View full abstract»

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  • Expert systems and their impact on the firm: the effects of PlanPower use on the information-processing capacity of the Financial Collaborative

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):791 - 802 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (908 KB)

    A discussion is presented of the Financial Collaborative (TFC), which is a small, expertise-intensive and relationship-orientated financial planning firm whose aim is to serve individuals with incomes of six figures or more who also have a net worth of over $1,000,000. In late 1985, TFC's immediate needs centered on increasing its ability to write financial plans and to service clients better. TFC... View full abstract»

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  • Executive workstations-information delivery for executives

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):161 - 165 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (416 KB)

    The development of EWS (executive workstation) places certain requirements on the hardware and operating system of the computing engine and on the user software component of the system. The tools to accomplish these ends are examined. The authors' discussion covers: hardware/operating system requirements; windows, icons, menus and printing interface; multitasking/window environments; functional re... View full abstract»

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  • Optimal decision making in a complex business simulation

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):822 - 831 vol.3
    Cited by:  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (712 KB)

    The author provides insights into the possibility of inculcating the next generation of management with a commitment to consider optimization of management decision models. The approach used was to integrate the Business Management Laboratory/Systems Laboratory for Information Management (BML/SLIM) and the Interactive Financial Planning System/Optimum (IFPS/Optimum) in a semester-long course on de... View full abstract»

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  • An adaptable parallel search of knowledge bases with beam search

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):262 - 270 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    An online computer-supported expert system is described which is designed for searching complex knowledge bases. Searching is performed in parallel with beam search, so that only a limited number of specific features are examined on each level. Parameters for beam search are modified during application of the software package, so that self adapting capability of the beam search through an expert s... View full abstract»

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  • The University of Georgia's End User Computing Research Center

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):863 - 864 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The end-user computing phenomenon is discussed. The problems it raises are examined. The creation of the University of Georgia's College of Business Administration End User Computing Research Center to answer the various questions is discussed. The ways in which the center supports research and education are set forth View full abstract»

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