[1989] Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Volume III: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track

3-6 Jan. 1989

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  • Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Vol.III: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track (Cat. No.89TH0244-4)

    Publication Year: 1989
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Motivating strategic alliances for composite information systems: the case of a major regional hospital

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):641 - 649 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (712 KB)

    Explores the nature of strategic goals underlying composite information systems (CISs) and ways to increase the likelihood of success. The authors study a regional hospital and its relationships with its physicians as part of an actual case study for providing physicians and staff with a convenient interface to disparate hospital departments. Three approaches to motivate strategic alliances are id... View full abstract»

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  • A satisficing knowledge-based system

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):590 - 599 vol.3
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    A satisficing knowledge-based system reaches a satisfactory resolution as quickly as possible. The author focuses on the principles that can be used to support a methodology that will produce satisficing decisions in a data-driven knowledge-based system. A codified satisficing methodology that has been implemented is also presented. The purpose of satisficing is to resolve as few initial condition... View full abstract»

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  • Using repertory grid-centered knowledge acquisition tools for decision support

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):211 - 220 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB)

    A discussion is presented of the use of repertory grid-centered tools such as the Expertise Transfer System (ETS), Aquinas, Kitten, and KSS0. Classes of use are presented along with specific applications. Applications are discussed within the context of ETS and Aquinas use at Boeing View full abstract»

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  • Research issues involving hypertext in decision support systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):630 - 638 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (648 KB)

    A review of DSS (decision support systems) research and applications frameworks in the literature reveals several areas where further research may be valuable in identifying the usefulness and appropriate role of hypertext in DSS. These issues involve user characteristics, decision and problem characteristics, situational and organizational factors, and technological factors. Some areas which appe... View full abstract»

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  • A framework for comparative analysis of belief revision models in rule-based systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):582 - 589 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (616 KB)

    Belief revision in standard rule-based systems is NP-hard, and it is necessary to resort to quasiprobabilistic belief languages which are quite problematic on normative grounds. The author presents a framework designed to study the Bayesian interpretation and cognitive appeal of these languages. He uses this framework to review some well-known and some recent findings, and comments on the merit of... View full abstract»

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  • Building knowledge acquisition systems-a conceptual framework

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):200 - 210 vol.3
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    The objective of this study is twofold: first, it explores the various techniques used in knowledge acquisition. Second, a framework is presented to provide a systematic view and guidelines for the design of knowledge acquisition systems. Emphasis is placed on the mapping between learning strategies and the other attributes of a knowledge acquisition system. By doing this, the authors abstract the... View full abstract»

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  • Concurrent problem solving and organizational learning

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):483 - 491 vol.3
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    Basic outlines of a theory of coordination are presented as a foundation for understanding the possibilities of computer-based support for distributed decision-making. Relationships between entities and organizational learning, allowing improved coordination based on experience, are also discussed. The authors argue that at its present stage of development, the KBO (knowledge-based organization) t... View full abstract»

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  • A cost analysis of the software dilemma: to maintain or to replace

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):89 - 98 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (700 KB)

    The authors develop an analytical model for determining the optimal rewriting time. They consider two rewriting strategies involving two different technologies. Several interesting propositions with managerial implications emerge from the analysis. These include the impacts of increasing maintenance requirements and unstructuredness of the technology on the optimal rewriting time, the differences ... View full abstract»

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  • Integrating information across sections and between groups in group decision support systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):291 - 299 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (672 KB)

    The authors elaborate on the opportunities for integration of relevant information across sessions and between groups by the effective application of GDSS (group decision support systems). The construction of a GDSS database is presented. Aspects of the system described include real-time analysis of group activity and the use of a data browsing system to ease the viewing of external information an... View full abstract»

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  • Primary vs. secondary decision making: a proposed expansion of model management systems research

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):621 - 629 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (680 KB)

    Discusses the evolution of the use of models in DSS (decision support systems) and reviews work to date on the development of model management systems. In any but the most narrow DSS, model integration and model interactions necessitate determining the optimal scope of individual solution techniques and of the overall DSS. The authors identify several broad areas in model selection and integration... View full abstract»

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  • Defeasible logic and temporal projection

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):575 - 581 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB)

    A novel nonmonotonic system called defeasible logic is presented that disarms the Yale shooting problem and other familiar examples of common sense reasoning that cause problems for many nonmonotonic systems, including examples that involve inheritance hierarchies with exceptions. Defeasible logic is easily implemented as an extension to Prolog, and it has knowledge-representation capabilities not... View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge-based real-time machines interaction

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):192 - 199 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB)

    The authors describe the need for robotic machine interaction and discuss their recent and ongoing research projects in two main areas: multirobot systems, and interactive robotic devices (IRD) for handicapped persons. In both areas they have found the knowledge-based interaction increases significantly the flexibility, reliability, and responsiveness of the system. A number of decision-support mo... View full abstract»

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  • A dynamically configurable networked knowledge-based system for group decision-making

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):709 - 715 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB)

    A group decision support system should ideally be tailored to the needs of the group on a continuous basis. Since most groups are formed and disbanded frequently, it is usually not feasible to create a group decision support system tailored to meet the specific needs of each group unless there already exists an infrastructure within the organization's computer system to do so. The authors propose ... View full abstract»

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  • Supporting intelligent organizations: problem solving and learning

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):476 - 482 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (492 KB)

    The foundations of a psychology of intelligent organizations based on contemporary and traditional cognitive theory is described. This organizational psychology is then used to describe the architecture for an integrated learning and problem-solving system. The ultimate purpose of the system is to support organizational cognition by facilitating the understanding, formalization, and development of... View full abstract»

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  • Embedding stakeholder analysis in object oriented organizational modeling

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):80 - 86 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (468 KB)

    Techniques are described which are used by the authors to introduce stakeholder analysis into an object-oriented organizational model. Knowledge-based representations of stakeholders' positions are used to assess their impact on simulated decision scenarios. The architecture of an object/rule-oriented stakeholder tool is described, as well as its interfaces with an object-oriented environment for ... View full abstract»

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  • A framework to support managerial activities using office information systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):532 - 540 vol.3
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (836 KB)

    A broad discussion is presented of the problems and issues involved in the development of integrated office systems to support higher-level tasks of managers. The authors provide conceptual integration by establishing a framework for the office activities of managers. They discuss the technological integration of disparate office systems through architecture and design of an integrated office info... View full abstract»

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  • Group operating systems for decision factories of the future: an extended relational GDSS architecture

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):280 - 290 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    The authors focus on technological issues for a unifying GDSS (group-decision-support system architecture) architecture. A relational GDSS architecture using extended database concepts and an associated processing kernel or GDSS operating system (GOS) are set forth. The proposed architecture is sufficiently robust to represent existing and anticipated group decision support systems. Major benefits... View full abstract»

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  • STRATEGY 1: distributed military strategy expert system on a microcomputer Ethernet

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):660 - 668 vol.3
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    The authors introduce STRATEGY 1, a distributed military strategy expert system on the Ethernet, which is used in requirement prediction for Chinese defense. They describe the system architecture, the methodology of distributed problem-solving by multiple expert systems using Lisp, Prolog, and fuzzy methods, communication among workstations, and graphic display of the results by AUTOCAD and AUTOLI... View full abstract»

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  • Object-oriented model integration in MIDAS [Manager's Intelligent Debt Advisory System]

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):612 - 620 vol.3
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (596 KB)

    A description is given of a system for debt decision support which flexibly integrates optimization and simulation modeling and heuristic reasoning for nonexpert users through an object-oriented, domain-specific knowledge base. Stable domain relationships and mathematical procedures are encapsulated in domain object classes; domain object instances are combined to form common model representations... View full abstract»

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  • On semantically-accessible messaging in an office environment

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):566 - 574 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (888 KB)

    Electronic messaging in an office environment is normally carried out in natural language. For a variety of reasons it would be useful if electronic messaging systems could have semantic access to (i.e. access to the meanings and contents of) the messages they process. Given that natural language understanding is not a practicable alternative, there remain three approaches to delivering systems wi... View full abstract»

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  • Computer support of groups: a search for theoretical models

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):310 - 320 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (816 KB)

    Empirical research in the area of computer support of groups is characterized by inconsistent results across studies and a lack of theoretical foundation. The authors argue for theory-based research as a means to progress in the area. They reconstruct the common assumptions implicit in previous studies and establish the links between the assumptions and existing theories relevant to the groups. Th... View full abstract»

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  • Discrete and continuous models for the performance of multi-stage systems in the presence of faulty components

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):724 - 732 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (648 KB)

    An analysis is made of the performance of multiprocessor systems with a multistage interconnection network in the presence of faulty components. Models for estimating the system performance, as measured by its bandwidth and processing power, are developed for two different modes of operation. In the first mode, the operation of the system is fully synchronized and all processors which need memory ... View full abstract»

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  • A heuristic framework for assessing factors influencing knowledge acquisition

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):419 - 426 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (672 KB)

    The authors describe a heuristic framework for understanding and investigating factors influencing cognitive malleability and, consequently, knowledge acquisition efforts. To examine their framework, they investigated the effects of modifying task materials and goal availability on engineering problem-solving performance and the nature of the knowledge acquired. For one set of four engineers, the ... View full abstract»

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  • The potential for parallel processing and neural computing in management decision support

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):181 - 189 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (784 KB)

    Some of the current parallel-processing architectures are discussed, and management-science-type problems amenable to solution using coarse-grained multiple-instruction, multiple-data parallel computers are identified. Applications of neural computing in management science are also discussed. It is shown that the real promise of parallelism is not just in doing the same things faster, but in routi... View full abstract»

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