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High-Tech Help for the Handicapped, IEE Colloquium on

Date 2-2 April 1990

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Displaying Results 1 - 16 of 16
  • The development of a robot arm and workstation for the disabled

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):14/1 - 14/2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (141 KB)

    The Bath Institute of Medical Engineering has several years' experience of using robotics to aid the disabled. The approach being followed at the Institute is to use a relatively low cost robotic arm in a semi-structured workstation environment. The initial work used a commercially available arm intended for the educational market. This has been built into a workstation and has undergone trials wi... View full abstract»

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  • Integrated control of mobility, manipulation and the environment

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):13/1 - 13/3
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (156 KB)

    The process of rehabilitation following severe trauma is an evolutionary one which is guided by recovery from the initial shock, both psychologically and in purely medical terms, by the early introduction of the possibilities of future life in the physically impaired state, and by the delivery of the necessary support in human and equipment terms. To prevent the physical disaster from becoming a p... View full abstract»

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  • Current research in communication systems for the disabled at Dundee University

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):12/1 - 12/4
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (236 KB)

    The Microcomputer Centre at Dundee University, with over twenty researchers, has the largest academic group in the UK investigating the design of computer systems for the disabled. The research team is multidisciplinary, including computer scientists and engineers as well as psychologists, linguists and therapists. This paper describes some of the research projects into communication aids for the ... View full abstract»

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  • Chatback the world over

    Publication Year: 1990
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (104 KB)

    The frustration and loneliness suffered by children with speech problems is being partly relieved by an electronic mail system. IBM is helping to fund the Chatback project which enables children with little or no speech to exchange messages with pen-friends all over the world. Each child accepted is given a CAMPUS 2000 (Prestel) account which includes Telecom Gold mailbox for his own personal use ... View full abstract»

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  • Advanced medical robotics: outcomes from the DTI feasibility study

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):2/1 - 2/2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (104 KB)

    Reports on a feasibility study into prospects for advanced medical robots. The brief for the study was to survey the current state of the art internationally in medical robots, and to identify the three most promising advanced medical robot concepts for future development. The concepts recommended were a patient handling robot to assist bed-ridden hospital patients, a precision surgery robot for a... View full abstract»

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  • Usability issues for people with special needs with regards to integrated broadband communications

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):8/1 - 8/2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (112 KB)

    The benefits likely to result from the use of integrated broadband communications are outlined, and it is suggested that the related equipment, should be designed with the disabled in mind, improving their ability to integrate into society and enabling them to buy the equipment at the same price as everyone else. The paper then examines the provision made in law for the handicapped in the various ... View full abstract»

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  • Autonomous mobile robots: an aid for the handicapped

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):15/1 - 15/2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (120 KB)

    Discusses the possibility of an intelligent wheelchair for the disabled. Stopping to avoid accidents is already possible, and avoidance movement planning could follow. At a higher level, navigation is possible using maps and databases combined with sensors. Vision is unreliable for this purpose, but the detection of active beacons is a feasible method. The robot can itself learn the connections be... View full abstract»

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  • Specification of user-configurable communication aids

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):10/1 - 10/3
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB)

    Individuals with speech impairment can generally benefit from an aid to expressive communication. Technological progress has permitted the specification of sophisticated assistive communication devices, where a principal goal is to embed functional flexibility into the design to allow maximal efficiency and availability in promoting inter-personal communication. This flexibility may be achieved in... View full abstract»

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  • A review of world rehabilitation robotics research

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):1/1 - 1/3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (216 KB)

    The paper reviews the intensive ongoing activity in rehabilitation robotics. It also highlights the different attitudes towards the design of robotic devices for people with disabilities from nation to nation. However, even though there has been a vast amount of funds and man-years of effort spent, the ideal of a general purpose rehabilitation robot which can be used by a large number of people wi... View full abstract»

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  • Robots in educational and vocational applications for the severely physically disabled

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):7/1 - 7/3
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (276 KB)

    An approach to controlling robots has been developed which forms the basis of an interactive robotic workstation for use in educational and vocational settings by severely physically disabled individuals. In such settings, the intelligence of the disabled person is supplemented with the manipulative power of a robot in order to carry out activities such as block play, cooking, science experiments,... View full abstract»

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  • Man machine cooperation in the robotized system MASTER

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):3/1 - 3/4
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (180 KB)

    Fast improvements of technology contribute to an increase in the autonomy of severely handicapped persons who can stay alone, without an attendant, for a few hours a day, safely. The robotized system MASTER meets this need. Its manipulator arm grasps aid handles objects and collaborates with the disabled user and an environmental control system, thus performing tasks of daily life such as helping ... View full abstract»

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  • The clinical application of microcomputers in the treatment of patients with severe speech dysfunction

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):9/1 - 9/2
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (112 KB)

    Reports on an investigation into the use of speech recognition systems coupled with high quality digitized speech recording in providing communication aids for patients with severe speech dysfunction secondary to brain damage. Commercially available speech boards are used to evaluate the practical problems in using a speech-driven voice prosthesis with brain damaged patients. The speech board inte... View full abstract»

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  • IEE Colloquium on `High-Tech Help for the Handicapped' (Digest No.054)

    Publication Year: 1990
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (116 KB)

    The following topics were dealt with: research worldwide; advanced medical robotics; robotic systems, namely MASTER, and DEX for materials handling; wheelchairs for very young children; robot hand grasp planning; educational and vocational robots; broadband communications equipment; communication aids for the speech-impaired and the language-impaired; an electronic mail system for speech-impaired ... View full abstract»

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  • DEX-a low cost remote-controlled fetch and carry robot

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):4/1 - 4/3
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (160 KB)

    A project to determine the important functional and design features of a mobile domestic robot for the disabled has parallelled the development of a first prototype, DEX. This project has included an ongoing investigation into the needs of Dundee's disabled population. Fifty-five persons were contacted by the School of Biomedical Engineering to assess their level of independence in their domestic ... View full abstract»

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  • Mobility for very young handicapped children

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):5/1 - 5/2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (104 KB)

    A very young child needs mobility as an aid to communication and exploration. The article explains how a handicapped child's development can be assisted by use of a powered wheelchair with a chin-operated switch system. User interfaces and restrictions on wheelchair use are discussed View full abstract»

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  • Automation of grasp planning for a dextrous hand

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):6/1 - 6/3
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB)

    An approach is presented for the automatic preshaping of a dextrous multifingered hand. Due to the high number of degrees of freedom, it is impossible to build and to explore the whole set of possible configurations of the gripper in order to choose a single way of grasping compatible with the object shape, as it is classically done for simple parallel jaws grippers. Research in neurophysiology ha... View full abstract»

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