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AI in Medical Decision Making, IEE Colloquium on

Date 10 Apr 1990

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  • Metapattern recognition in medical diagnosis

    Publication Year: 1990 , Page(s): 1/1 - 1/2
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (108 KB)  

    Medical diagnosis is a classification problem. Individual patients are assigned to one or more classes of illness on the basis of their symptoms. There are several complementary and competing approaches to computer based classification, including neural networks and expert systems. These approaches are discussed as examples of pattern recognition. Metapattern recognition (MPR) provides an environm... View full abstract»

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  • A computer-aided diagnostic system and its application to a large medical database

    Publication Year: 1990 , Page(s): 2/1 - 2/2
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (88 KB)  

    Describes the design, implementation, evaluation of a computer-aided diagnostic system (the G&T system) and its application in the field of gastroenterology. One of the distinct features of the methodology implemented in the system is that is does not assume independence among symptoms. The basic architecture of the system has five major parts: a database of a large number of accumulated medic... View full abstract»

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  • An expert system for choosing electromedical equipment and running a medical equipment inventory

    Publication Year: 1990 , Page(s): 9/1 - 9/3
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (132 KB)  

    In 1972 the Department of Clinical Physics and Bio-Engineering was asked to set up an advisory service on electromedical and related equipment for the six West of Scotland Health Boards. An extensive database was developed on paper to provide the information on which this advice was based but it became obvious that data management would be impossible without computer assistance. Software was devel... View full abstract»

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  • Intelligent information management in medical systems

    Publication Year: 1990 , Page(s): 7/1 - 7/3
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (188 KB)  

    The making of intelligent decisions in any sphere of activity is dependent on the information which is accessible to the decision making process. Arguably one of the primary reasons why the application of AI and expert system techniques has not gained the widespread use and popularity which might have been expected, is that the techniques have been applied to incomplete and often badly structured ... View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge-based techniques for alarm rationalisation in patient monitoring

    Publication Year: 1990 , Page(s): 8/1 - 8/4
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB)  

    The goal of an intelligent monitor is to continuously interpret data acquired from critically ill patients, providing relevant alarms and causal explanations for any abnormalities. One of the key aspects of this will be the monitor's ability to generate and manage alarms, providing the clinician with a timely description of the problem. The description of current problems must also be in a manner ... View full abstract»

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  • IEE Colloquium on `AI in Medical Decision Making' (Digest No.062)

    Publication Year: 1990
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (24 KB)  

    The following topics were dealt with: metapattern recognition in medical diagnosis; computer-aided diagnostic system and its application to a large medical database; decision support system for gated blood pool studies; medical differential diagnostic system (DDS) using fuzzy inferencing methods; task driven specification of a knowledge acquisition tool for medical diagnosis (KAT-MED); decision su... View full abstract»

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  • Task driven specification of a knowledge acquisition tool for medical diagnosis (KAT-MED)

    Publication Year: 1990 , Page(s): 5/1 - 5/7
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (304 KB)  

    The authors' knowledge acquisition methodology is moving away, from reliance on the knowledge engineer, as a skilled interviewer, to the development of task and model driven tools. Such tools, based on strong domain models, are very useful in well structured areas such as medicine. The authors' project investigates a more general approach based on the decomposition of expertise into generic tasks,... View full abstract»

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  • Decision support and the medical data environment: an example from breast surgery

    Publication Year: 1990 , Page(s): 6/1 - 6/3
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (132 KB)  

    Much development work in expert and decision support systems (ES/DSS) has used medicine as its application domain. To be of value to practising clinicians ES/DSS's must be fully integrated into the medical information environment, and this implies that computer systems offering such support must also provide other information-handling functions or draw on and feed systems which do. The authors hav... View full abstract»

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  • Medical differential diagnostic system (DDS) using fuzzy inferencing methods

    Publication Year: 1990 , Page(s): 4/1 - 4/5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (204 KB)  

    In the paper the problem of differential diagnosis (DDP) in the area of medicine is addressed. These DDP's can be represented in the standard form, an extension of clausal form, as disjunction of conclusions as: D1;D2;D3;. . .;Dm ←S1,S2,S3,. . .,Sn. Where Si, i=1,n are the symptoms and D... View full abstract»

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  • A decision support system for gated blood pool studies

    Publication Year: 1990 , Page(s): 3/1 - 3/3
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (132 KB)  

    A gated heart study is a noninvasive method of detecting ventricular wall motion abnormalities. Since patients may be monitored at intervals over several years, the results of the test must be reproducible and quantitative. Currently, the parametric images of first harmonic phase and amplitude, together with the original images are assessed visually by a consultant in making his diagnosis. More in... View full abstract»

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