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Advanced Robotics, 1993. Can Robots Contribute to Preventing Environmental Deterioration? Proceedings, 1993 IEEE/Tsukuba International Workshop on

Date 8-9 Nov. 1993

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Displaying Results 1 - 22 of 22
  • Proceedings of 1993 IEEE/Tsukuba International Workshop on Advanced Robotics

    Publication Year: 1993
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  • Future use of robotics in forestry

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 103 - 107
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (476 KB)  

    This paper attempts to describe the extent of mechanization in forestry in Sweden and Japan today and the environmental problems caused by the methods and machinery used. How robotics can be used to solve these problems are explained and some applications are suggested. An annotated bibliography on robotics research for forestry applications is also included View full abstract»

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  • Recycling on network: an information-control architecture for ecologically-conscious industry

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 9 - 14
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (580 KB)  

    An inter-site communication framework is presented for the computer integration of product manufacturing and resource recovery operations. Product knowledge is transferred via the inter-site network to induce the incentives for recycling View full abstract»

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  • An experimental robot system for investigating disassembly problems

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 37 - 42
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (480 KB)  

    The traditional approach to automation and robotics has always been focused on assembly problems, whereas the managing of manufactured products at the end of their life cycle has been mostly neglected. However, disassembly and recycling are becoming important factors in a society like ours, which is increasingly concerned about the ecological and economical implications of manufacturing. In this p... View full abstract»

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  • Conceptual design of disassembly automation system for automated manufacturing with ecological recycling

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 25 - 28
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB)  

    Human beings are using and consuming resources to make various products. However, the resources on the Earth are limited. Therefore, recycling of the resources is very important for human beings now and in the future. By throwing away or burning disused products, this will pollute the environment of the Earth and the resources are being exhausted. In order to reuse the resources and to protect the... View full abstract»

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  • Recycling of printed wiring board waste

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 55 - 58
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (260 KB)  

    We have developed a new material recycling process for printed wiring board (PWB) wastes. The main characteristics of the process are pulverizing the PWB wastes under 1 millimeter effectively, and separating copper rich powder from glass fiber and resin powder gravitationally. Copper recovery is up to 97 wt %. The residual glass fiber and resin powder is recyclable as a filler for resin constructi... View full abstract»

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  • Vision system for part disassembly using a high-speed range sensor

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 59 - 64
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (468 KB)  

    Disassembly of manufactured products has become important in recycling. In this paper, specifications of a vision system for disassembly are studied. A combined system of both range image processing and gray image processing is proposed as vision system for disassembly. An algorithm using extended Gaussian image is proposed to recognize simple features in a range image. Experiments indicate the ef... View full abstract»

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  • Integrated limb mechanism of manipulation and locomotion for dismantling robot-basic concept for control and mechanism

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 81 - 84
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (288 KB)  

    In the technologies for preventing environmental deterioration, recycling work is considered as important and difficult. To automate unstructured works to dismantle used products into re-usable parts, new robot technique is proposed. “Integrated limb mechanism” is the concept to include both of manipulation and locomotion. In the complicated work of dismantling, the coordinated motion ... View full abstract»

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  • Seashore robot for environmental protection and inspection

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 69 - 74
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    Contamination of seashore with trash is a serious problem near large cities. Cleaning tasks are hard and tedious for human. To cope with this problem, a seashore robot project has been started. This paper presents the concept of the robot and basic technologies on recognition and simulation View full abstract»

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  • Dynamics and control of aerial mobile legs

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 91 - 96
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (260 KB)  

    A wire suspended mobile robot for telecommunication cable was proposed, which is equipped with legs by which it walks suspended from cables. A linkage mechanism creates a gait kinematically which causes the robot legs to touch the path at intervals. That is why the robot moves stably and avoid obstacles simultaneously in construction and maintenance work. This paper analyzes the robot kinematics a... View full abstract»

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  • The concept of model free robotics for robots to act in uncertain environments

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 85 - 90
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)  

    A concept of model free robotics was proposed for a robot to act stably in an uncertain environment, which is a bounded but unpredictable environment. In the concept a robot is devised to act stably in an uncertain environment with little or no sensing of the environment. The stability may be realized by control, by mechanisms, or by both. The concept of model free robotics was demonstrated using ... View full abstract»

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  • Leg-wheel robot: a futuristic mobile platform for forestry industry

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 109 - 112
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (248 KB)  

    An approach to a mobile robot platform for rough terrain is discussed in this paper. The situation of the forest industry in Japan and the necessity of developing robots for the forests are also discussed. A locomotion method using a leg and wheel mechanism is presented here, and its advantages compared with the single use of legs or wheels for steep slope rough terrain, as found in Japan, are asc... View full abstract»

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  • New robot applications in production and service

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 15 - 23
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (760 KB)  

    In the past considerable efforts have been invested in developing systems which support autonomous task execution or navigation of robots in (partially) unstructured environments. Technological advances resulted in a new application area for robots: the service sector. This paper presents several examples of service robots and an example of an industrial robot with different degrees of automation ... View full abstract»

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  • Intelligent robotic technology for environment conscious reusable manufacturing

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 43 - 48
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (520 KB)  

    Technologies for improving productivity that we have developed so far are causing environmental deterioration. Recently, it becomes a key issue to save and use resources effectively from the view point of environmental protection. Therefore, trends of technology are now changing from improving the productivity to improving the recycling. This paper presents robotic technology for reusable manufact... View full abstract»

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  • Concept of ecofactory

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 3 - 8
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (520 KB)  

    To reduce ecological burden, an innovative manufacturing technology should be established. In this paper, a concept of ecofactory-ecologically conscious factory-has been proposed, and important technologies are discussed mainly for machining and assembling type industries View full abstract»

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  • The concept of robot society and its utilization

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 29 - 35
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (568 KB)  

    Societies are formed as collaborative structures to execute tasks which are not possible or are difficult for individuals alone. There are many types of biological societies, but societies formed by machines or robots are still rare. The concept offers, however, interesting possibilities especially in applications where a long term fully autonomous operation is needed and/or the work to be done ca... View full abstract»

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  • An image recognition method for rusty and damaged car parts after road traffic accident

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 65 - 68
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    This paper presents a new image recognition method which can recognise undamaged car parts of a car after a road traffic accident. This image recognition method defines concepts by using a set of images as examples. It recognises a new image by collecting evidence from the images in the example set. A simple example was used to illustrate this method View full abstract»

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  • Some considerations on robotics for environmental friendliness

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 113 - 120
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    This paper presents a series of considerations regarding the use and potential of robotic devices for supporting humans in a variety of tasks, while maintaining, if not improving, environmental friendliness. One of the main considerations brought forward here relates to the type of human-support functions which the robots are, or will be, expected to perform, and from this, a clear differentiation... View full abstract»

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  • Motion planning for robotic spray cleaning with environmentally safe solvents

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 49 - 54
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (500 KB)  

    Automatic motion planning of a spray cleaning robot with collision avoidance is presented. In manufacturing environments, electronic and mechanical components are traditionally cleaned by spraying or dipping them using chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) solvents. As new scientific data show that such solvents are major causes for stratospheric ozone depletion, an alternate cleaning method is needed. Part cl... View full abstract»

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  • ProLab 2: a driving assistance system

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 97 - 101
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB)  

    This paper deals with a driving assistance system developed by the French Pro Art group of Prometheus. The system gives advice about risks and possibilities when the driver executes a manoeuvre. It is embedded in a normal car (605 Peugeot of PSA). It is composed by a perception system and a decision one. This system diagnoses the situation and determines the potential or real risks. The resulting ... View full abstract»

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  • Synthesis of parallel manipulators using Lie-groups Y-STAR and H-ROBOT

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 75 - 80
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (460 KB)  

    Our aim is to give a complete presentation of the application of Lie group theory to the structural design of manipulator robots. We focused our attention on parallel manipulator robots and in particular those capable of spatial translation. This is justified by many industrial applications which do not need the orientation of the end-effector in the space. The advantage of this method is that we ... View full abstract»

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  • Global environmental problem and its implication to technology

    Publication Year: 1993 , Page(s): 1 - 2
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    Our big challenge global environmental issue - how wisely the human being can use the natural resources on this planet? - is now recognized to be one of the most crucial factors that limit the activities of human being towards next century. We can identify global change problems as some physical phenomena separately, such as climate change, ozone layer depletion, deforestation, loss of biodiversit... View full abstract»

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