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Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, 2005. Eco Design 2005. Fourth International Symposium on

Date 12-14 Dec. 2005

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 253
  • [Cover]

    Page(s): C1
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  • [Breaker page]

    Page(s): i
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  • [Breaker page]

    Page(s): iii
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  • [Breaker page]

    Page(s): iv
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  • Table of contents

    Page(s): v - xvi
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  • Preface: Toward the new stage of EcoDesign

    Page(s): xvii
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  • Contributor listings

    Page(s): xviii - xix
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  • [Breaker page]

    Page(s): 1
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  • Vision 2050 and the Role of Japan toward the Sustainable Society

    Page(s): 2 - 4
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2128 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    An indispensable approach for realizing the sustainable society is to propose and discuss visions that indicate directions of our society and technological development. I have proposed Vision 2050 that suggests requirements for constructing the sustainable society in terms of energy and material circulation. Japan has confronted emerging issues, including the environmental contamination, shortage of energy resources, and shortage of final disposal sites, as a front-runner of the world and these issues are getting severer and severer especially in Asia. In this sense, Japan should work as a front-runner in EcoDesign area so that Asian countries can absorb various hints for solving these problems. And one of the key technologies is "structuring knowledge." View full abstract»

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  • [Breaker page]

    Page(s): 5
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  • The Development Pattern and Policy Framework of Circular Economy in China

    Page(s): 7 - 16
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1736 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    In the paper, the characteristics of circular economy in China are analyzed. According to the theory and practice of circular economy in China and international experiences, the development pattern of circular economy covers industrial development pattern and regional development pattern. The policy and legislations framework are established for promoting circular economy. The recommendations are proposed to build resource-efficient and environmental-friendly society. View full abstract»

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  • [Breaker page]

    Page(s): 17
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  • Standardization to realize global eco-design harmonization

    Page(s): 18 - 21
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2176 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper analyses essential background of an recently emerging trend of eco-design; global eco-product policies (legislations), market competition and eco-supply-chain management. In the light of this trend, an on-going project of international standardization is described, by highlighting its basic strategy; "load-sharing with data-sharing", as well as its expected contributions to worldwide harmonization and solutions for technical/information gaps to overcome. View full abstract»

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  • The Standardization of EcoDesign in EU The work of CENELEC TC 111X "Environment" and the program of standardisation work in the field of eco-design of Energy-using Products (EuP)

    Page(s): 23 - 26
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    The activity of environmental standardization in Cenelec, the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization, is very important and active. Starting several years ago (1995) with the Task Force BTTF 85-3 that monitorized the environmental matters related to the standardization in electronic and electrotechnical field (to minimising any detrimental impact of electrotechnical activities on the natural environment), is followed from the end of 2004 by the Technical Committee TC 111X "Environment", with the main task of prepare the necessary standards framework and co-ordinate the development, in co-operation with other CENELEC Technical Bodies, or when necessary produce the needed standards documents (guides, basic and horizontal standards, including technical reports), in particular when requested (with a Mandate) by the European Commission in relation to an European Directive on environmental matters. View full abstract»

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  • [Breaker page]

    Page(s): 27
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  • Ecodesign and Sustainable Business Practice: Insights from design-led SMEs in Wales (UK)

    Page(s): 28 - 29
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    This paper outlines some key lessons for industry uncovered in a study carried out by Design Wales into how two Welsh small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are rising to the challenge of ecodesign and sustainable business practice View full abstract»

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  • Marketability of Long Life Products

    Page(s): 30 - 37
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    This study examines the marketability of long life products. We selected furniture, motorcycle, automobile, and refrigerator as study subject, used Evaluation Grid Method, AHP and conjoint analysis to clarify whether "long life" is an attractive purchasing factor. According to the result of analysis, it is understood that although consumer acceptance of long life products is not very high, it is promising to sale to segments that prefer these. It is also clarified that long life product must have reasonable price and good design. View full abstract»

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  • Sustainable Cycle-Oriented Society from the Viewpoint of Diversity in Consumers' Decision Making

    Page(s): 38 - 42
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    An approach to change the present cycle-oriented society is needed. Such a society has progressed in a direction that mainly restricts consumer behavior, such as by promotional and legal restrictions, in a closed loop of product circulation. We proposed the hypothesis that an effective approach to developing a recycling society is to diversify consumers' behavior. We considered the support of the behavior information at the time of product disposal as a method of social control of the diversity of consumer behavior. We verified this hypothesis by conducting simulations using different social scenario models. We also analyzed the control conditions of behavior diversity. As a result, we determined that an increase in behavior diversity could become effective for cycle-oriented society development View full abstract»

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  • Decision Making of Economic Agents for Durable-Goods Recycling

    Page(s): 43 - 50
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    This paper describes how a recycling system works with or without a recycling dealer based on two economic models. Whereas a producer recycles used products in the first model, a recycling dealer does so instead of the producer in the second one. Using the models, we examine the decision making and interactions of economic agents. Based on these models, we advance hypotheses and then examine them by analyzing the models with theoretical analysis, an economic experiment, and a computer simulation. The results of those examinations reveal two important roles of the recycling dealer. First, the recycling dealer recycles more used products than the producer. Second, the recycling dealer encourages consumers to use products for a long time. Consequently, we conclude that the existence of the recycling dealer improves the efficiency of material usage View full abstract»

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  • [Breaker page]

    Page(s): 51
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  • A Conceptual Model for Sustainable Consumption

    Page(s): 52 - 53
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    To solve the more and more serious conflict between human society and environment, the traditional consumption style should be changed to a more sustainable style. The paper brings forward a conceptual model for sustainable consumption against the traditional style of consumption. The duration between natural material extracted from environment and emitted to environment again is divided into four phrases: extraction, manufacture, consumption, and recycle. The traditional style of consumption has another phrase that is waste. In the conceptual model we brought forward, there is no waste phrase which is replaced by a helical consumption style View full abstract»

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  • How design of products affects user behaviour and vice versa: the environmental implications

    Page(s): 54 - 61
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    Most efforts to improve the environmental impact of a product focus on technological aspects. However, the biggest environmental impact, of most electronics, occurs during the Use phase. Industrial Design has developed a number of methodologies to study the way users behave with objects. This paper shows that studying user behaviour can be the first step in offering solutions to decrease a product's environmental impact during the Use phase. The research began as field experiments of product use in users' homes. Such experiments provided the evidence to suggest feasible solutions for the short term. The research was informed by theories of affordances, ontological design and scripts View full abstract»

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  • Agent-based and Term-rewriting Method for Product Upgradeable Design

    Page(s): 62 - 69
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    The increasingly higher and stricter requirements from the environmental directives and the end-users have made it more and more important to design products with higher upgradability that availed the producers of the possibility to extend the product lifetime, improve recycling ratio and decrease manufacturing cost. However, the changes of the requirements are unpredictable, so two approaches are provided for the producers in this research. One is to design products with lowest upgrading cost for the most possibly adopted upgrading direction. Another is to design product with the lowest average upgrading cost for all possible upgrading directions. Here, cost is determined by the replacement ratio of components when the product is upgraded, which, in turn, is decided by the assembly method and the component assembly sequence. This paper proposes a design & assessment method by employing term-rewriting method to analyze assembly method and an agent-based method to analyze assembly sequence of components View full abstract»

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