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Record of Conference Papers Industry Applications Society 52nd Annual Petroleum and Chemical Industry Conference

Date 12-14 Sept. 2005

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  • IEEE Industry Applications Society 52nd Annual Petroleum and Chemical Industry Conference (IEEE Cat. No. 05CH37704)

    Publication Year: 2005
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  • In memoriam: Andrew W. Smith, P.E.

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s): nil1
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  • [Title page]

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s): nil2
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  • Copyright page

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s): nil3
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  • [Society related material]

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s): nil4
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  • Conference committee

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):nil5 - nil8
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  • [Society related material]

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):nil9 - nil10
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  • [Society related material]

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s): nil11
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  • Award winners

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):nil12 - nil14
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):nil15 - nil18
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  • Division 2/zone 2 auxiliary devices - understanding global hazardous area requirements

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):1 - 10
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5008 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Under the auspices of the standards subcommittee within the Petroleum and Chemical Industry Committee (PCIC), IEEE recommended practice 303 auxiliary devices for rotating electrical machines in Class I, Division 2 and Zone 2 Locations has been radically updated to address worldwide requirements. Originally US based, this document is now expanded to include the Canadian Electrical Code, Internation... View full abstract»

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  • Installing control circuits per the National Electrical Code

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):11 - 15
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1024 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Over the last two code cycles, changes have been made to requirements for the installation of control circuits. These changes have made the task of installing control circuits from PLC and DCS systems even more difficult than they were in the past. This paper outlines the changes and their impact. The paper makes suggestions on how to install control circuits to be in compliance with the current r... View full abstract»

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  • Safety at work in hazardous (classified) locations

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):17 - 23
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3744 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper discusses technical and legal requirements applicable to explosion prevention in the oil industry that are enforced in several countries. It includes requirements of the European Directive ATEX 137, which is applicable to end users, and related practices documented by experienced professionals in this field. View full abstract»

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  • Field experience using a microprocessor relay to protect a 14,000 hp motor

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):25 - 34
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5832 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The protective relays discussed in this paper along with individual solid-state relaying protect a 14,000 hp 4-pole compressor induction motor. All protection is located in an outdoor breaker cubicle located at a Gulf coast petrochemical plant without the benefit of HVAC. The protection scheme was designed so that all fault types and abnormal operating conditions are properly detected and cleared.... View full abstract»

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  • Hazardous lighting - from safety to savings

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):35 - 42
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2704 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Lighting in hazardous (classified) locations poses application challenges in class 1, division 2 areas that require improved temperature classes (T-ratings or T-codes). For instance, oil refineries classify numerous areas with a T3 temperature class rating. A 70-watt (W) high pressure sodium (HPS) light source achieves this rating. The often-preferred wattage of 100 or 150 typically obtains a T2A ... View full abstract»

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  • Electrical design guide for zone classified areas

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):43 - 49
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4608 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Most papers in the past that have addressed issues with zone classified areas, have discussed the concept of the three zone classification method, the merits of the methods of explosion protection (EEx/AEx) developed for use in these areas or some experience with such installations. It is a large jump to decide to design and install a zone classified electrical installation based on the content of... View full abstract»

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  • Applying the API alternate method for area classification

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):51 - 61
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3488 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The 1997 editions of API RP 500 and RP 505 pertaining to the classification of petroleum facilities included a new informative Annex - an alternate method for area classification. The intent of this paper is to go beyond the development of the alternate method and provide some insight and ideas on the application of the alternate method. The paper briefly covers the history behind the development ... View full abstract»

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  • Locating a ground fault in low-voltage high-resistance grounded systems via the single-processor concept for circuit protection

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):63 - 69
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1488 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Low-voltage resistance-grounded systems may provide significant advantages to the facility in terms of system reliability and safety. However, maintenance of these systems is more complex than for solidly grounded wye systems and improper first-fault isolation and lack of timely repair may present a risk to the facility. Identifying the location of ground faults within the distribution system is t... View full abstract»

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  • A motor primer - part 5

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):71 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6680 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In recent years much has been written about motors concerning efficiencies, vibration and resonance conditions as they relate to the American Petroleum Institutes (API) standard 541 and motor diagnostics. Most of these papers and articles assume that the reader has significant knowledge of motor theory and operation. However, this assumption is overly optimistic, considering that only a few colleg... View full abstract»

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  • Load preservation systems at facilities utilizing co-generation for the real time protection of critical loads during utility outages

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):85 - 93
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6576 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Many industrial facilities utilize co-generation as a means of reducing the costs of energy purchases while providing needed resources, such as steam, to their production process. On large power systems where only a portion of the facilities electrical load is generated by the co-generation process there is a risk that one or more power sources may be lost without warning. Such a loss can create i... View full abstract»

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  • Using current signature analysis technology to reliably detect cage winding defects in squirrel cage induction motors

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):95 - 101
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6672 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper demonstrates, through industrial case histories, the application of current signature analysis (CSA) technology to reliably diagnose rotor winding problems in squirrel cage motors. Many traditional CSA methods result in false alarms and/or misdiagnosis of healthy machines due to the presence of current components in the broken cage winding frequency domain that are not the result of suc... View full abstract»

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  • Considerations for application of mineral insulated electrical resistance heating cable

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):103 - 111
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2392 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Mineral Insulated (Ml) cable has a non-polymeric construction that gives it some unique characteristics regarding exposure temperatures, well beyond polymeric materials. These characteristics make it an attractive solution for certain heat tracing applications. This paper addresses those characteristics that require consideration in the design and applications of Ml heating cable. View full abstract»

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  • Distribution system power quality assessment phase II: voltage sag and interruption analysis

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):113 - 120
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5504 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The quality of electricity service required by customers of all classes is increasing. This requirement for increasing quality is due to many factors, including increasing sensitivity of the devices used by customers and their awareness of the impacts of small variations in the quality of the electricity supply. In the early 1990s, EPRI initiated a project called the distribution power quality (DP... View full abstract»

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  • Highly accurate fiber-optic DC current sensor for the electro-winning industry

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):121 - 128
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3992 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A fiber-optic current sensor for direct currents up to 500 kA is presented. Applications include current measurement for process control and protection in the electro-winning industry, for example at aluminum smelters. The sensor offers significant advantages with regard to performance and ease of installation compared to state-of-the-art Hall effect based current transducers. The sensor exploits ... View full abstract»

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  • Cascading failures in large rectifiers or the myth of N-1

    Publication Year: 2005, Page(s):129 - 132
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2064 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Large rectifiers depend on the parallel operation of significant numbers of parallel devices, either diodes or SCRs. Protection systems against cascading failure range from periodic visual inspection of an indicating system, to a wide variety of automatic alarm/trip systems. Historically, many of these systems have experienced cascading failures in spite of these systems, sometimes with catastroph... View full abstract»

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