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End-to-end Internet packet dynamics

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1 Author(s)
Paxson, V. ; Lawrence Berkeley Nat. Lab., California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA

We discuss findings from a large-scale study of Internet packet dynamics conducted by tracing 20000 TCP bulk transfers between 35 Internet sites. Because we traced each 100-kbyte transfer at both the sender and the receiver, the measurements allow us to distinguish between the end-to-end behavior due to the different directions of the Internet paths, which often exhibit asymmetries. We: (1) characterize the prevalence of unusual network events such as out-of-order delivery and packet replication; (2) discuss a robust receiver-based algorithm for estimating “bottleneck bandwidth” that addresses deficiencies discovered in techniques based on “packet pair;” (3) investigate patterns of packet loss, finding that loss events are not well modeled as independent and, furthermore, that the distribution of the duration of loss events exhibits infinite variance; and (4) analyze variations in packet transit delays as indicators of congestion periods, finding that congestion periods also span a wide range of time scales

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Networking, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 3 )