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Programmable neural logic

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3 Author(s)
Bohossian, V. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; Hasler, P. ; Bruck, J.

Circuits of threshold elements (Boolean input, Boolean output neurons) have been shown to be surprisingly powerful. Useful functions such as XOR, ADD and MULTIPLY can be implemented by such circuits more efficiently than by traditional AND/OR circuits. In view of that, we have designed and built a programmable threshold element. The weights are stored on polysilicon floating gates, providing long-term retention without refresh. The weight value is increased using tunneling and decreased via hot electron injection. A weight is stored on a single transistor allowing the development of dense arrays of threshold elements. A 16-input programmable neuron was fabricated in the standard 2 μm double-poly, analog process available from MOSIS. We also designed and fabricated the multiple threshold element. It presents the advantage of reducing the area of the layout from O(n2) to O(n), (n being the number of variables) for a broad class of Boolean functions, in particular symmetric Boolean functions such as PARITY. A long term goal of this research is to incorporate programmable single/multiple threshold elements, as building blocks in field programmable gate arrays

Published in:

Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology, Part B: Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Nov 1998

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