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Building HMM-TTS Voices on Diverse Data

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7 Author(s)
Wan, V. ; Speech Technol. Group, Toshiba Res. Eur. Ltd., Cambridge, UK ; Latorre, J. ; Yanagisawa, K. ; Braunschweiler, N.
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The statistical models of hidden Markov model based text-to-speech (HMM-TTS) systems are typically built using homogeneous data. It is possible to acquire data from many different sources but combining them leads to a non-homogeneous or diverse dataset. This paper describes the application of average voice models (AVMs) and a novel application of cluster adaptive training (CAT) with multiple context dependent decision trees to create HMM-TTS voices using diverse data: speech data recorded in studios mixed with speech data obtained from the internet. Training AVM and CAT models on diverse data yields better quality speech than training on high quality studio data alone. Tests show that CAT is able to create a voice for a target speaker with as little as 7 seconds; an AVM would need more data to reach the same level of similarity to target speaker. Tests also show that CAT produces higher quality voices than AVMs irrespective of the amount of adaptation data. Lastly, it is shown that it is beneficial to model the data using multiple context clustering decision trees.

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Selected Topics in Signal Processing, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 2 )