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Multisource multipath data routing to a remote sink node is an effective way to cope with unreliable and malicious nodes in autonomous wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In this paper we analyze the optimal amount of redundancy in terms of the number of source sensors sensing the same physical phenomena and the number of paths through which data are routed to a remote sink node in the presence of unreliable and malicious nodes so that the query success probability is maximized while maximizing the sensor network lifetime. Our dynamic multisource multipath routing algorithm design integrates with a voting-based distributed intrusion detection algorithm to remove malicious nodes from the sensor network. By controlling the redundancy level for multisource multipath and intrusion detection settings dynamically with energy considerations as prescribed by our algorithm, we demonstrate that the lifetime of a query-based autonomous WSN is maximized in response to changing environment conditions including node density, radio range, and node capture rate.
Date of Conference: 6-8 March 2013