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A novel backgate modulation technique alleviating limitations associated with supply-regulated polar transmitters is proposed. The backgate of a partially depleted silicon-on-insulator metal-semiconductor field-effect transistor with a breakdown voltage of 15 V is used to modulate the gain and output power of an RF power amplifier (PA). The high-impedance backgate provides high-efficiency and wide-dynamic-range modulation of PA gain. Measured results at 1.8 GHz demonstrate 16% power-added efficiency improvement at 6-dB backed-off output power, compared with the same RF PA without backgate modulation.