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In recent years, a series of important emergencies have been taken place in China, such as Wenchuan earthquake, Hainan `banana cancer crisis and Shang Hai Jing' an fire. Chinese scientists played more and more significant roles in each stage of emergency response process. First of all, scientists engaged in decision-making process as professional consultants. Secondly, scientists did valuable research-supporting work for risk response. Thirdly, Chinese scientists gave authoritative conclusions to clarify the valid incidents disposal strategy. Fourthly, scientists were the pioneers in risk reduction and emergency management researches. Lastly, scientists played an important role in training emergency personnel. Chinese government already formed a series of strategies in many aspects of public administration to improve the scientists' engagement and performance in emergency incidents. There are five main working mechanisms for Chinese scientists to take part in emergency management: government-specialists-mechanisms, science-community-systematization, expertcontact-mechanism, scientist-media interaction mechanism and combination of emergency science research and popularization.