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This study describes a high impedance-matched dipole antenna, which is composed of an inductive T-loop and a small bent dipole radiator with a slit for ultra-high-frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID) tag design. Simple adjustments of the T-loop and dipole radiator of the antenna allow for easy control of the antenna resistance and inductive reactance, from which a high chip reactance (or high Q-factor) requirement may be readily satisfied. For a conjugate match to the FEC-MM Gen2 microchip impedance of 46-j796 at 915 MHz, a compact (36 mm 28 mm) tag antenna with a Q-factor of 17 was designed. The T-loop coupling mechanism can excite two resonance modes with reactance match to enhance the impedance bandwidth for solving the relative high Q-factor of the RFID tag. The fabricated tag sensitivity of about -3.5-dBm, read range of 2.4-m on the x-z and y-z planes and measured orientation radiation patterns were obtained in the desired frequency band.
Date of Publication: April 12 2012