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Even-odd-mode analysis is applied to symmetric composite right/left-handed (CRLH) structures in order to decompose the network into the two impedances Ze and Zo. It is shown that these impedances are sufficient to completely describe the behavior of arbitrary symmetric CRLH structures. Consequently, the propagation constant, as well as the Bloch impedance, are derived based on Ze and Zo. Furthermore, the balancing condition, as well as the band limits, are formulated in terms of poles and zeros of Ze and Zo . This simplifies significantly the analysis and design process of unit cells, especially when the structure comprises transmission lines. The theoretical expectations are validated by circuit simulations and electromagnetic simulations, as well as measurements of fabricated prototypes.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:60 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: May 2012