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This letter addresses the problem of beamforming design for an amplify-and-forward (AF) based two-way relaying network (TWRN) which consists of two terminal nodes and several relay nodes. Considering a two-time-slot relaying scheme, we design the optimal beamforming coefficients to maximize the sum-rate of AF-based TWRN under total relay power constraint (TRPC). Although the optimization problem is neither convex nor concave, we show that the global optimal solution can be obtained by the branch-and-bound algorithm. To address the computational complexity concern, we also propose a low-complexity suboptimal solution which is obtained by optimizing a cost function over one real variable only. Simulation results show that the proposed optimal solution outperforms existing schemes significantly. Moreover, we show that the suboptimal solution only suffers small sum-rate losses compared to the optimal solution.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2011