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Retrieval of leaf biochemical parameters from reflectance measurements using model inversion generally faces “ill-posed” problems, which dramatically decreases the estimation accuracy of an inverse model. While the standard approach for model inversion retrieves various parameters simultaneously, usually only based on one merit function, the new approach proposed in this paper assigns a specific merit function for each retrieved parameter. Each merit function is specified in terms of the wavelength domains that the given parameter was found to be specifically sensitive to in an earlier sensitivity analysis. The approach has been validated with both in situ measured data sets and an artificial data set of 10 000 spectra simulated by the PROSPECT model. Results indicate that the new approach greatly improves the performance of inversion models, with root-mean-square error (rmse) values for chlorophyll content (Chl), equivalent water thickness (EWT), and leaf mass per area (LMA), based on the simulated data, of 7.12 μg/cm2, 0.0012 g/cm2 , and 0.0019 g/cm2, respectively, compared with 11.36 μg/cm2, 0.0032 g/cm2, and 0.0040 g/cm2 when using the standard approach. As for field-measured data sets, the proposed approach also greatly outperformed the standard approach, with respective rmse values of 8.11 μg/cm2, 0.0012 g/cm2, and 0.0008 g/cm2 for Chl, EWT, and LMA when all data are pooled, compared with 11.84 μg/cm2, 0.0020 g/cm2, and 0.0027 g/cm2 when using the standard approach. Hence, the proposed approach for model inversion can largely alleviate the “ill-posed” problem, and it could be widely applied for retrieving leaf biochemical parameters.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:49 , Issue: 7 )
Date of Publication: July 2011